1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Abbey/Austin Canons

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
Abbey sub-article navigator
  1. Santa Laura
  2. Vatopede
  3. Benedictine
  4. Canterbury Cathedral
  5. Westminster Abbey
  6. York
  7. Cluny
  8. English Cluniac
  9. Cistercian
  10. Clairvaux
  11. Citeaux
  12. Kirkstall Abbey
  13. Fountains Abbey
  14. Austin Canons
  15. Bristol Cathedral
  16. Premonstratensians
  17. Carthusians
  18. Clermont
  19. Mendicant Friars
  20. Norwich; Gloucester
  21. Hulne
  22. Cells

Austin Canons.[edit]

The buildings of the Austin canons or Black canons (so called from the colour of their habit) present few distinctive peculiarities. This order had its first seat in England at Colchester, where a house for Austin canons was founded about A.D. 1105, and it very soon spread widely. As an order of regular clergy, holding a middle position between monks and secular canons, almost resembling a community of parish priests living under rule, they adopted naves of great length to accommodate large congregations. The choir is usually long, and is sometimes, as at Llanthony and Christ Church (Twynham), shut off from the aisles, or, as at Bolton, Kirkham, &c., is destitute of aisles altogether. The nave in the northern houses, not unfrequently, had only a north aisle, as at Bolton, Brinkburn and Lanercost. The arrangement of the monastic buildings followed the ordinary type. The prior's lodge was almost invariably attached to the S.W. angle of the nave.