1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Aeneas Tacticus

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AENEAS TACTICUS (4th century B.C.), one of the earliest Greek writers on the art of war. According to Aelianus Tacticus and Polybius, he wrote a number of treatises (Ψπομνλματα) on the subject; the only one extant deals with the best methods of defending a fortified city. An epitome of the whole was made by Cineas, minister of Pyrrhus, king of Epirus. The work is chiefly valuable as containing a large number of historical illustrations. Aeneas was considered by Casaubon to have been a contemporary of Xenophon and identical with the Arcadian general Aeneas of Stymphalus, whom Xenophon (Hellenica, vii. 3) mentions as fighting at the battle of Mantinea (362 B.C.).


  • Editions in I. Casaubon's (1619), Gronovius' (1670) and Ernesti's (1763) editions of Polybius also, separately, with notes, by J. C. Orelli (Leipzig, 1818).
  • Other texts are those of W. Rüstow and H. Köchly (Griechische Kriegsschriftsteller, vol. i. Leipzig, 183S) and A. Hug, Prolegomena Critica ad Aeneae ... editionem (Zürich University, 1874).
  • See also Count Beausobre, Commentaires sur la defense des places d'Aeneas (Amsterdam, 1757)
  • A. Hug, Aeneas von Stymphalos (Zürich, 1877)
  • C. C. Lange, De Aeneae commentario poliorcetico (Berlin, 1879)
  • M. H. Meyer, Observationes in Aeneam Tacticum (Halle, 1835)
  • Haase, in Jahns Jahrbuch, 1835, xiv. 1
  • Max Jähns, Gesch. der Kriegswissenschaften, i. pp. 26-28 (Munich, 1889)
  • Ad. Bauer, in Zeitschrift für allg. Geschichte, &c., 1886, i.
  • T. H. Williams in American Journal of Philology, xxv. 4
  • E. Schwartz in Pauly-Wissowa, Realencyclopädie (Stuttgart, 1894).