1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Bora
|←Boppard||1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 4
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BORA, an Italian name for a violent cold northerly and north-easterly wind, common in the Adriatic, especially on the Istrian and Dalmation coasts. There is always a northern tendency in the winds on the north Mediterranean shores in winter owing to the cold air of the mountains sliding down to the sea where the pressure is less. When, therefore, a cyclone is formed over the Mediterranean, the currents in its north-western area draw the air from the cold northern regions, and during the passage of the cyclone the bora prevails. The bora also occurs at Novorossiyk on the Black Sea. It is precisely similar in character to the mistral which prevails in Provençe and along the French Mediterranean littoral.