1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Brougham

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BROUGHAM, a four-wheeled closed carriage, seating two or more persons, and drawn by a single horse or pair, or propelled by motor. The modern “ brougham ” has developed and taken its name from the “ odd little kind of garden-chair ” described by Thomas Moore, which the first Lord Brougham had made by a coach maker to his own design.