1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Ethyl Chloride
|←Ethyl||1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 9
|See also Chloroethane on Wikipedia; and our 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica disclaimer.|
ETHYL CHLORIDE, or Hydrochloric Ether, C2H5Cl, a chemical compound prepared by passing dry hydrochloric acid gas into absolute alcohol. It is a colourless liquid with a sweetish burning taste and an agreeable odour. It is extremely volatile, boiling at 12.5º C. (54.5º F.), and is therefore a gas at ordinary room temperatures; it is stored in glass tubes fitted with screw-capped nozzles. The vapour burns with a smoky green-edged flame. It is largely used in dentistry and slight surgical operations to produce local anaesthesia (q.v.), and is known by the trade-name kelene. More volatile anaesthetics such as anestile or anaesthyl and coryl are produced by mixing with methyl chloride; a mixture of ethyl and methyl chloride with ethyl bromide is known as somnoform.