1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Shawnee
|←Shawm||1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 24
|See also Shawnee on Wikipedia, and our 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica disclaimer.|
SHAWNEE or Shawano (said to mean “southerner”), a tribe of North American Indians of Algonquian stock. They are said to have been first found in Wisconsin. Under the name Sacannahs towards the end of the 17th century they had their headquarters in South Carolina on the upper Savannah. Moving eastward they came in contact with the Iroquois, by whom they were driven S. again into Tennessee. Thence they crossed the mountains into South Carolina and again spread northward as far as New York state and southward to Florida. Subsequently they recrossed the Alleghany mountains, once more came in contact with the Iroquois and were driven into Ohio. They joined in Pontiac's conspiracy. They fought on the English side in the War of Independence and again in 1812 under Tecumseh. They are now on a reservation in Oklahoma.