1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Toran
|←Topography||1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 27
|See also Toran on Wikipedia, and our 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica disclaimer.|
TORAN, the name in Hindustani (Skr. torana, from tor, pass) of a sacred or honorific gateway in Buddhist architecture. Its typical form is a projecting cross-piece resting on two uprights or posts. It is made of wood or stone, and the cross-piece is generally of three bars placed one on top of the other; both cross-pieces and posts are usually sculptured.