1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Variscite
|←Variolites|| 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 27
|See also Variscite on Wikipedia, and our 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica disclaimer.|
VARISCITE, a native hydrous aluminium phosphate, AlPO4•2H2 named by A. Breithaupt, in 1837, in consequence of its occurrence in the Saxon Voigtland (Variscia). It is a green mineral generally occurring as an incrustation or in nodules. A compact nodular variety was discovered about 1894 in Cedar Valley, near Old Camp Floyd, Utah, and was described by Dr G. F. Kunz as utahlite. Its beautiful apple-green colour has led to its use, when cut and polished, as an ornamental stone. The term utahlite must be distinguished from utahite, the name given by A. Arzruni to a basic ferric sulphate, 3(FeO)2SO4•4H2O, from Utah.