1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Wyandot
|←Wuttke, Karl Friedrich Adolf||1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 28
|See also Wyandot people on Wikipedia, and our 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica disclaimer.|
WYANDOT, or Huron (q.v.), a tribe of N. American Indians of Iroquoian stock. When first met by the French early in the 17th century, the Wyandots lived between Georgian Bay and Lake Simcoe, Ontario. They were then estimated at about 10,000, scattered over twenty villages. They were continually the victims of raids on the part of their neighbours the Iroquoian league of six nations and the Sioux, being driven from place to place, and a dispersal in 1650 resulted in one section settling in Quebec, while others found their way to Ohio, where they fought for the English in the Wars of Independence and 1812. By a treaty made in 1817 the latter section was granted territory in Ohio and Michigan, but the larger part of this was sold in 1819. In 1842 they migrated to Kansas. In 1855 many became citizens, the remainder being in 1867 removed to a reservation (now N.E. Oklahoma), numbering about 400 in 1905. The Hurons at Lorette, in Quebec, also number about 400.
See Handbook of American Indians, ed. F. W. Hodge (Washington, 1907), s.v. “Huron.”