1922 Encyclopædia Britannica/Andrassy, Julius, Count
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Andrassy, Julius, Count
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ANDRASSY, JULIUS, Count (1860- ), Hungarian statesman, son of the former Minister of the Interior, was born June 30 1860. Deputy (1885), Secretary of State for the Interior (1892), Minister of the Court (1892), he became Minister of the Interior in 1906. As Minister of the Interior, as well as earlier in connexion with the language of command in the Hungarian army and against the régime of Fejervary, he maintained a severe struggle with the prime ministers Khuen-Hedervary and Stephen Tisza. In 1913 he delivered three speeches in the Hungarian Delegation against the conduct of foreign affairs, and in Parliament he opposed the plan for the centralization of the internal administration of Hungary. At the outbreak of the World War he supported the Tisza ministry, but opposed Burian, the Foreign Minister, on the Polish and the Italian questions. In 1915 he pleaded for peace, and urged a wide extension of the franchise. In 1918, as Foreign Minister, he declared the alliance with Germany dissolved, and desired to conclude a separate peace. He retired from office on Nov. 5, was returned for Miskolcz to the National Assembly in Jan. 1920 as a non-party delegate, and later became leader of the Christian National party. In 1904 he was made an associate of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, in recognition of his distinguished work as a historian.
His works include: Ungarns Ausgleich vom Jahre 1867 (Hungarian and German, crowned by the Academy); Die Ursachen des Bestandes des Ungarischen Staates und dessen verfassungsmässiger Freiheit (3 vols., Hungarian, crowned by the Academy); The Development of Hungarian Constitutional Liberty (English); and in Hungarian and German Wer hat den Krieg verbrochen? Interessensolidarität des Deutschtums und Ungartums and Diplomatie und Weltkrieg. (E. V. W.)