A Critical Exposition of the Popular 'Jihád'/Appendix C

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Appendix C.

The references to the particular events and circumstances relating to the defensive wars mentioned in the Koran, quoted and referred by me in this work, may be classified as follows:—

I.—The Persecutions of the Koreish at Mecca (B.H. 10-1).

Sura xvi, 43, 44, 111.
Sura ii, 210, 214, 215.
Sura iii, 194.
Sura iv, 97, 99, 100.
Sura xxii, 57.
Sura lx, 8, 9.
Sura xlvii, 14.
Sura xlviii, 25.
Sura ix, 40, 48, 95.

II.—The Aggressions of the Koreish at Medina, as well as those of the Inhabitants thereof (A.H. 10).

Sura ii, 214; Sura viii, 72; Sura ix, 13, 48, 72.

III. The Wars of Defence against the Koreish and the Arabs, &c., with several References to their Aggressions (A.H. 1-8).

Sura xxii, 39-42.
Sura ii, 186-189, 214, 215, 245, 247, 252.
Sura iv, 76-78, 86, 91, 93.
Sura viii, 19, 39-41, 58-66, 73, 74.
Sura ix, 10, 13.

IV.—The Various Battles, &c.

(1) The Battle of Badr (A.H. 2).
Sura iii, 11, 119;
Sura viii, 5-19, 39-52, 66-72;
Sura xlvii, 4, 15.
(2) The Battle of Ohad (A.H. 3).
Sura iii, 117-122;
134-154;
159-162.
(3) The Second Battle of Badr (A.H. 4), and The Expulsion of the Bani Nazeer (A.H. 4).
Sura iii, 167; and
Sura lix, 2-14.
(4) The Battle of Ahzáb (A.H. 5).
Sura xxxiii, 9-25.
(5) The Jews, Bani Koreiza, &c. (A.H. 5).
Sura viii, 58-66;
Sura xxxiii, 26-27.
(6) The pilgrimic Expedition to Hodeibia (A.H. 6).
Sura xlviii, 1-3, 10, 11, 24, 25;
Sura lx.
(7) The Expedition to Khyber (A.H. 7).
Sura xlviii, 17, 20-22.
(8) The breach of the truce of Hodeibia by the Koreish (A.H. 8).
(a) Before the Conquest of Mecca.
Sura ix, 1-15.
(b) After the Conquest of Mecca,
Sura ix, 16-24.
(9) The Battle of Honain (A.H. 8).
Sura ix, 25-27.
(10) After the Battle of Honain (A.H. 9).
Sura ix, 28.
(11) The Expedition to Tabuk against the Christians (Romans) and their Jewish Allies (A.H. 9).
(a) Exhortation to go to war in defence.
Sura ix, 29-41, 124.
(b) Backwardness reproached.
42-52, 56-57, 82-90.
(c) Exhortations for contribution.
53-55, 58-60, 81.
(d) The disaffected chided.
65-76, 121, 122, 125-130.
(e) The Bedouins reprobated.
91-102.
(f) The penitents forgiven.
103-107, 118.

THE END.