A glossary of words used in the neighbourhood of Sheffield/B

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BABBY, sb. a child's name for a picture.

BABBY, sb. a baby.

BACHELOR'S BUTTONS, sb. pl. Lychnis diurna.

BACK-END, sb. the autumn.

BACKENING, sb. a relapse into illness.

' I hope he'll have no more backenings?

BACK-SIDE, sb. the back of a house.

BACK-SPITTLE, sb. a wooden shovel, with a small handle, used for turning oat-cakes.

BACK-US, sb. a bake-house. Similarly Brew-us, a brew-house; Malt-us, a malt-house.

'Edward Shewall for a garden a stede adcoynynge to the backsyde of the backhouse, viij d.'—T. T. A., 7.
'A kill, a back house, and another house.'—Harrison.
'A dwelling house and kitchen lying in Sheffield towne next unto the backhouse.'—Harrison.
'Mr. Mosley the bake-house in lease xx. li.' Rental in Sheffield Free Library, 1624.
Evidently there was a public bake-house in Sheffield.

BADE, v. to bathe. Germ, badon.

'Come on, surrey, let's go an' bade us.'

BADGER, sb. a dealer in flour and corn.

I have never heard this word used, but I have seen it used as a man's description in the Sheffield parish registers during the last century.

BADGER. A field in Dore is called 'Old Badger Limb.' See LUM.

BADLY, adv. unwell, in bad health.

BAFF, v. to bark in a low suppressed tone.

When a dog hunts for game in a wood he is said to make a baffing noise. M.E. baffin, to bark.

BAGE [baighe], a flat piece of land, usually moorland.

A tract of moorland between Dore and Hathersage is called Bage. 'Burbage bage is near Dore. Bage, a tract of land.' Sleigh. Whence the Derbyshire surname, Bagshaw. Perhaps akin to bache. See New Engl Dict. In Derbyshire a 'land' of curved or semi-circular shape is called a barge. These barges are much higher in the centre than ordinary 'lands' in a ploughed field. The earth on the top is deep, and is said to have been originally thrown up by the spade. The earth is thin and poor in the furrows, into which water drains.

BAGSHAW FIELD, in Ecclesall, anno 1807.

BAHN [barn] or BAHND, v. to go.

'I'm bahn to Heeley.'

BAHT [bart], prep. without.

'Way, thah ma go baht it.'

BAILEY CROFT, in Ecclesall, anno 1807.

BAILEY HILL, an artificial mound so called in Bradfield.

An account of this curious earthwork is given in Hunter's Hallamshire, and also in Dr. Gatty's A Life at One Living. See the word Bailey in New Eng. Dict. See a curious account of the way in which the tenants of a manor were summoned by the steward to the King's Hill, in Harrison's Description of England, ed. Furnivall, pt. i., p. 104. Blount's Tenures, 1874, p. 260. Canon Taylor, Words and Places, 6th ed., under the title 'Historic Sites,' c. 12. Cf. O. Icel. bæli, a farm, dwelling. Cf. Bailey fields in Sheffield, above Townhead Street, and between Trippet Lane and Broad Lane End. Old Map. 'Near the church at Folkestone is a place still known by the name of the "Bail," a name connected with the Court of Justice, as we see by the "Old Bailey" at London. Bailey Hill is also the name of a barrow in the parish of Friston (Suss. Arch. Coll., v. 208). See also Arch. Cant., ix. 64-5.' Gomme's Primitive Folk Moots, 1880, p. 154. The court leet at Rochester was held upon the Boley Hill (ibid., p. 151). There is a Bailey Hill within the walls of York. Bateman opened a barrow on Bailey hill between the Dove and Boston. Ten Years' Diggings, p. 169.

BAIRN or BARN, sb. a child.

BAITED. Wood is said to be long-baited or short-baited when the pieces are long or short before coming to a bough or knot.

BAKER'S DOZEN, sb. thirteen.

BAKSTONE [backstan], sb. a stone to bake oatcake on.

BALCŌNY, sb. a balcony. The o is long.

BALK, sb. a hayloft.

BALK, sb. an upturned furrow.

BALLIFIELD, a place near Handsworth.

M.E. balʒ, flat, smooth? See FLAT. The Derbyshire surname Balgay (pronounced Baugh-ey] appears to mean 'flat enclosure.'
See balʒ, baugh, in Stratmann. But see BAILEY HILL.

BALLY, sb. the belly.

BALM GREEN [borne green], a place in Sheffield so called.

In Gosling's map, 1736, its position is marked as being on the south side of a pool, once used for public purposes, called 'Barker Pool.' It was at the south end of Brelsforth Orchards. The accounts of the Town Trustees show frequent payments relating to the repairs of the walls, &c., of Barker Pool, at which there was a small bridge, and which appears to have been at one time a public conduit or reservoir of water.
'Be it remembered that on the 9th day of September, 1658, it was agreed and ordered by the Burgesses of the Towne of Sheffield that the parcel of ground lying and being before the nowe dwelling-house of George Flint at the south end of John Stone's house on Balm Green shall not be lett to any person whatsoever, nor be made use of at any time hereafter for any purpose whatsoever, but that the same henceforth shall continue waste as formerly.'—T. T. A., 97.
I suspect that the herb balm (apiastrum) is here intended. ' Bawme is much sowen and set in gardens, and oftentimes it groweth of it selfe in woods and mountains : it is profitably set in gardens as Pliny writeth, lib 21, cap 12, about places where bees are kept' (Gerarde's Herball, 1633, p. 691). Honey formerly supplied the place of sugar (Pegge's Forme of Cury, 1780, p. xxvi). Honey-rents were common in ancient Wales (Seebohm's English Village Community, 1883, p. 207), and wax was often paid as rent in this country. Again, Gerarde says 'Smith's Bawme or carpenter's Bawme is most singular to heale up greene wounds that are cut with iron' (ibid., p. 692). We can, therefore, easily understand how in a village community the cultivation of balm would be useful.
See HIVE YARD, HONEY FIELD, ORCHARD STREET, LEIGHTON, and ANNIS FIELD.

BAMFORTH FIELD, in Ecclesall, anno 1807.

BAND.

The 'band of a house' is a string-course along the walls. 'A bande of a howse; lacunar, &c.'—Cath. Angl. The 'band of a cart' is a projecting piece of wood which goes round the top of the cart. 'A bande of a carte or a coppe; crusta, crustula.'—Cath. Angl.

BAND, sb. string, twine.

BANGBEGGAR HALL, the magistrates' hall, the town hall.

'At Bang-Beggar hall he assembled his train.'
Mather's Songs, 36.

BANNER CROSS, the name of a place near Sheffield.

Near this place four roads meet. The canons of Beauchief had a chapel adjoining it. Hunter mentions 'the base of an old stone cross still remaining' there (Hallamshire, p. 204). See CROSS. Cf. O. Icel., bæna-hús, a chapel, house of prayers. This appears to be bæna-kross, cross of prayers. Formerly a holy rood must have been erected at this place at which wayfarers worshipped. I have seen a drawing of the base or socket in which the cross stood. It was a rounded piece of stone, and in the centre was a square hole for the insertion of the cross. Banner field occurs amongst Ecclesall field names in 1807. Mr. Gomme mentions two mounds called 'the hills of the Banners' at Redbourn, near St. Albans. Primitive Folk Moots, 1880, p. 242.

BARBAT INGE, in Ecclesfield. Harrison.

'Johannes Barbof' occurs in the Poll Tax Returns for Ecclesfield, 1379, p. 10.

BARBER BALK, near Kimberworth. O. M. There is a Barber Nook near Sheffield.

BARBROOK, near Horsley Gate, Dronfield.

BARGHAST [bargast], sb. a ghost, spectre.

About sixty years ago a barghast appeared at 'The Brocco,' a steep hill between Solly Street and Allen Street. The hill was a piece of rough common, and it was a usual playground for children. The barghast, of course, turned out to be a hoax.

BARK, sb. a candle box made of tin. H. and L.

BARK, v. to cake, to encrust.

BARKLE, v. idem. Said of dried blood not washed off.

BARLEY, v. to appropriate, reserve.

'Barley me this;' I claim this as mine.
'Used among schoolboys to assert a prior claim to or rather possession of what was previously in common, as a good bearing hazel tree in a nutting expedition. But then the person who so cries out must be the first finder.'
Hunter's MS.

BARLEY HAGGS, fields in Ecclesfield. Harrison. See HAG.

BARLOW, a village near Dronfield.

BARLOW KNIVES, sb. pl. pocket knives with long 'bolsters' and one blade. They were named after one Barlow who first made them.

BARM-DUMPLINGS, sb. pl. boiled dough by means of yeast made light.

'Common dough made up in balls and boiled.'—Hunter's MS.

BARME-SKIN, sb. a high leathern apron worn by workmen.

BARMY, adj. silly.

BARNES FARM, in Dronfield. Anciently written Semes.

BARRING-OUT, sb. a yearly custom amongst schoolboys of barring or excluding the schoolmaster from school on a particular day. It was common at Dronfield, and Hunter gives an instance from Bolsterston school in 1720.

BARRON LANE, in Bradfield.

'An intacke called Barron lane.'Harrison. Johannes Baron of Handsworth in 1379.—Poll Tax Returns.

BASE GREEN, near Gleadless.

BASS, sb. a workman's wallet or basket.

A light, limp basket for carrying joiners' tools, vegetables, fish, &c. Also a hassock.

BASSET or BASSET EDGE, sb. an outcrop of coal, &c.

BASSET COTTAGES, near Sheffield. O. M.

BASSINGTHORPE, near Kimberworth.

BASTARD, adj. barren, poor.

Land is said to be bastard when it will not yield a crop.

BASTE, v. to tack or make long stitches in sewing. Hunter says that it 'signifies hasty and temporary sewing preparatory to more earnest work, and to be picked out when the work is finished.' Hunter's MS. Palsgrave has 'I baste a garment with threde.'

BATE CROFT [bait croft], in Cold-Aston.

'Bate moors' are fields near Dronfield. The O. M. has 'The Batemoor.' See BEET.

BATTEN, sb. a small sheaf of straw.

BATTS, sb. pl. shale found in coal.

BAWSON, sb. a fright, an ugly person.

'You do look a bawson.' 'Well, you never saw such a bawson in all your life.' 'Nah, mind; it '11 tak thee. Tha'h '11 meet a bawson,' i.e., a 'goblin.'

BAY, sb. that part of a barn in which corn or straw is stored.

It was usual for Irish labourers who came over to reap the harvest to sleep in the bay. By indenture dated 1679, John Oldale, of Gleadless, conveyed to Alexander Fenton, of the same place, inter alia, 'one bay of a barne or lath abuting on the lath' of Fenton. Each barn has two bays, the threshing-floor lying between them, one containing unthreshed corn, and the other straw. Harrison frequently describes houses, barns, &c., as consisting of so many bays. See an example under FOX HILL. Probably these houses had no chambers or upstairs rooms, and were divided by wooden partitions. Examples yet remain of houses of this kind, the rooms communicating with each other. Probably a house was enlarged by building new bays at each end. See CORKE WALLS.

BEACON ROD, in Bradfield. See HOB HOYLE.

BEAGLE, sb. a fright, uncouth object.

'Yo nivver saw such a beagle.'

BEAM, v. to soak a leaky tub or other vessel in water.

BEANE YARD, the name of a field exceeding three acres in or near Sheffield. Harrison.

BEARD, sb. a tip of metal on the end of a knife haft.

BEARES STORTH.

'An intacke called Beares storth,' in Bradfield.—Harrison. See BRAWN HERST and STORTH.

BEAR-GARDEN, sb. a disorderly assemblage.

BEAST-GATE, sb. summer pasturage. Derbyshire.

BEASTINGS, sb. pl. the first milk given by a cow after calving.

BEATNEED, sb. a temporary help in a difficulty; a makeshift.

BEBBYBECK, sb. a bird which frequents the bottoms of streams; the water ousel.

My informant, a farmer at Dore, tells me that it is a rare bird. The word is found at Dore. 'Bebybeke, auis.'—Cath. Angl. Mr. Herrtage states that he was unable to identify this bird, or to find any example of its occurrence. It occurs as Beck-bibby in Lancashire. See Nodal and Milner's Lancashire Glossary.

BECALL, v. to abuse, to scold.

'To becalle,' prouocare.—Cath. Angl.

BECK, sb. a small stream.

A brook which divides the parish of Norton from Eckington is called the Hare-beck.

BEDDING CLOSE, a field in Ecclesfield containing ten acres. Harrison.

BED-FAST, adj. confined to bed with sickness.

BEDGREAVE WOOD, near Beighton. O. M.

BEDSTOCKS, sb. pl. a bedstead.

BEEAK, sb. a constable.

BEEAS, sb. pl beasts.

'T' beeas has got into t' corn.'

BEE-BY, sb. a word used by mothers and nurses to very young children, and meaning 'sleep' or 'rest.'

'Now go to bee-by'

BEE IN HIS BONNET. A man whose mind is not quite sound, or who is eccentric, is said to have a bee in his bonnet.

BEELDING, sb. a building.

The Prompt. Parv. has 'beeldynge.'

BEESOM, sb. a woman of loose habits. The word is also applied to a cow which kicks.

There is a saying 'as drunk as a beesom.'

BEET. Near Beet and Far Beet occur amongst the field-names of Ecclesall in 1807.

O. Icel. beit, pasturage. Beet occurs as a surname in the district.

BEETON GREEN. A place in Stannington. Harrison.

O. Icel. beit, pasturage, and tún, a farmstead. See BEET and BEIGHTON GREEN.

BEHINT, adv. and prep. behind.

BEHOLDEN, pa. p. placed under an obligation.

BEIGHTON GREEN, a place in Sheffield. Harrison.

A village in Derbyshire, near Sheffield, is called Beighton. See BEETON GREEN.

BEILING [bailing], sb. the thin serous fluid issuing from an ulcer or other sore.

BELAKINS, interj.

BELDER, v. to roar, to bellow.

BELIKE or BYLIKE, adv. perhaps, probably.

BELIVE, adv. soon.

'This is one of the very few words in this list which I owe to a communication.'—Hunter's MS.

BELL, sb. the cry of the deer. Hunter's MS.

BELL, v. to cry as the hart does. Hunter's MS.

BELL, v. to bellow, to call loudly.

'Wot are ta bellin at, lad?' Addressed to a child when crying.

BELLAND. 'Belland Field,' 'Upper Belland Place,' and 'Lower Belland Place' are fields in Dore. Cattle are said to have the belland when they are poisoned with particles of lead ore. Lead was smelted in the neighbourhood.

BELLASES or BELLICES, sb. pl. bellows for an iron forge.

BELL-HAGG, a place near Sheffield. See HAG.

'Warren Scargill holdeth at will Bell Haggs farme by the yearly rent of xvli.' Harrison. Adjacent is Fox hagg. As to the word bell see the Introduction. Cf, Bell Wood in Ripon.

BELL-HORSES, sb. pl. a child's game.

'Bell-horses, bell-horses, what time o' day,
One o'clock, two o'clock, three and away.'
The first horse in a team conveying lead to be smelted wore bells and was called the bell-horse.

BELLHOUSE PLAIN, the name of a part of Sheffield Park. Harrison.

Some houses in Ecclesfield are called 'Bell houses.'

BELLY-TIMBER, sb. any kind of food.

BELLY-WARK, sb. belly ache.

Cf. hede-warke in Cath. Angl.

BELT, v. to shear the loose wool from sheep.

BELT, p. part. of to build.

BELTINGS, sb. pl. the loose wool shorn from sheep.

BEND-LEATHER, sb. a boy's phrase for a slide on a pond when the ice is thin and bends.

There is a game on the ice called 'playing at bend-leather.' Whilst the boys are sliding they say 'Bend leather, bend leather, puff, puff, puff.'

BENK, sb. a bench. A.S. benc.

BENK, sb. a part of a bed of coal allotted to several colliers in a coal mine. See GOB.

BENNET FIELD, in Sheffield. The same as BENT.

'Bennet grange,' near Fulwood. O. M.

BENSIL or BENZIL, v. to drub.

'Bensillin,' a drubbing.

BENT GRASS, thick, tough grass, with somewhat broad leaves, growing on the moors.

There is a place called Bents Green near Sheffield. It is in an elevated position, almost on the edge of the moors. In such a place reed-grass or sedge would be likely to grow. There is a Bents Lane in Cold-Aston, near Dronfield. Little Bentley (six acres) and Long Bentley (seven acres) are fields in Cold-Aston. In the same township is Bentley Hill. Cattle will not eat bent grass.

BENTY.

'Item Bentey feild lying &c.'—Harrison.
Bent grass (see above) is often called benty grass. 'Benty hough croft,' in Ecclesall, anno 1807.

BERKE GREAVES. See GREAVE.

'A piece of wood ground called Berke greaves.'—Harrison.
It means 'birch groves.' 'Birk greaves,' in 1807.

BERKIN DOLE.

'A close of pasture called Berkin dole lying next Crookesmoore.'
Harrison.

BERKWIN SICKE, in Stannington. Harrison.

BERRIN', sb. a burying, funeral.

'In an Act of Parliament, 3 Henry VI., mention is made of berynes (so written) being long delayed. It may be a question whether with this ancient orthography and this traditional pronunciation the word is not rather to be derived from the word to bear than to bury. . . . As late as the time of Bagshaw, who had been one of the assistant ministers in Sheffield, and who died in 1702, clergymen and gentlemen actually bore the coffin on their shoulders.'—Hunters MS.

BERRY, sb. the gooseberry.

'Will you have some berry pie ?'

BERRYIN CAKES, funeral cakes.

BERRYSFORTH, a wood between Sheffield and Handsworth, containing fifteen acres, in the occupation of widow Skelton, 'which she hath for wages in regard she is one of the parke keepers.' Harrison. 'Berry storth.' Rental, 1624.

BESSY, sb. a female idiot. Hunter's MS.

BETANY, sb. a bottle-shaped basket put at the end of a spigot to prevent the malt or hops from getting into the spigot. It is called the tap-wisk in Evans's Leicestershire Words, and a strumme in Cath. Angl.

BETIMED, p. pa. exhausted by fatigue.

'This I have only by report.'—Hunter's MS.

BETTER, adj. later.

'It's better than four o'clock.'

BE-TWITTERED, /. pa. excited, frightened, overcome with pleasing excitement.

BEVERAGE. The wearer of a new suit of clothes is called upon to pay beveridge. H.

BEWAR, v. to beware.

BEYE [beigh], v. to stop, to wait.

A farmer, being asked whether he would take some more meat at dinner, said, 'No, thank yer, o'll beigh.'

BEZZLE, v. to drink immoderately.

BIB, sb. an obsolete article of female attire; also a child's pinafore.

'"She put on her best bib and tucker," meaning she attired herself in the most attractive style.'—Hunter's MS.

BID, a word used in calling ducks from the water. The call is 'Bid, bid, bid,' &c.

BIDDING-BELL, sb. a small bell rung immediately before the commencement of service (Dronfield). See LITTLE JOHN.

BIDDING FUNERAL.

It was the custom in Dronfield parish, on the death of a poor man, for two of his friends to go round and bid people to the funeral, after which a collection was made for his family. This was done by two women when the deceased person was a woman. It was called a Bidding Funeral. When a man was buried in Sheffield in what was called 'Hallam fashion' every man was expected to bring his own bread or cheese or provisions. At Bradfield the parish clerk used to pronounce these words in the church when the coffin was being taken to the grave: 'The bearers and friends of the deceased are requested to call at my house (i.e., a public-house) and to partake of such things as are there provided for them.' See PAY BERRING.

BIERLAW [byrelaw].

Two townships in the parish of Sheffield are called 'bierlows' or 'bierlaws.' These are Ecclesall Bierlaw and Brightside Bierlaw. The parishes or townships of Ecclesfield, Rotherham, and Bradfield are divided into bierlaws. The Cath. Angl. has 'a byrelawe, agraria, plebiscitum.' The bierlaws of Bradfield are or were Waldershelf, Westmonhalgh, or Westnal, Bradfield, Dungworth, and Stannington. Hunter's South Yorkshire, ii. 191.

BIGOTED, adj. stupid, self-willed, without reference to any religious creed.

BILHAM FIELD, in Cold-Aston.

BILK, v. to rob, to cheat.

'The half-year's rent is just at hand,
And different debts upon demand,
I'm fit upon my head to stand—
Since no man I can bilk, sir.'
Mather's Songs, 9.

BILLET-METAL, sb. a soft, white, or yellow metal cast in sprays and stamped in a 'die-billet' to make the 'shields' of knives.

The 'shield' is the bit of metal on which the owner's name is cut. The Prompt. Parv. has ' bylet, scrowe. Matricula.' Mr. Ellin tells me that the 'bylet-shield' of a knife is usually scroll-shaped, and that it has a small 'tip' at each end.

BILLEY WOOD, a place in Ecclesfield. Harrison.

BILLY, used in the expression 'to work like billy J i.e., to work very hard.

A steam locomotive is called by children 'a puffing billy.'

BILLY-COCK, sb. a wide-awake hat.

BINGE, sb. a corn bin. The g is soft.

BINKLEY WOOD, near Whittington. Bink=bank. The surname Bingley is found in South Yorkshire.

BIRCHITT, a place between Bradway and Dronfield.

Formerly Bircheheved, birch head, birch hill. Pegge's Beauchief Abbey, 92.

BIRKES. 'A tenement called Birkes' in Ecclesfield. Harrison.

See BERKE GREAVES.

BIRLE, v. to pour out. A.S. byrlian.

'Come, lass, birle out t' ale.'

BIRRE, sb. the noise made by the displacement of air or rapid motion, impetus. H. It is applied to a run before a jump.

'Into ship with a byr therefor will I hy.'—Towneley Mysteries, 29.

BIRTLE-FIELD, in Ecclesall, anno 1807.

'A birtylle tre; malomellus.'—Cath. Angl. A sort of sweet apple. The surname Birtles occurs in the district.

BISHOP, v. to burn milk in boiling. H.

It is said that the bishop has put his foot in it.

BITIN'-ON, sb. a snack or lunch.

BITT, a small field in Bradfield.

'A piece called the Bitt lying in Townefield and containing 14 2/5 perches.'
Harrison.

BITTER-SWEET, sb. a green round apple which never becomes red, and which has a bitter taste. It is of small size. These apples grew in an orchard at Cold-Aston. The tree was prolific, but nobody cared to eat the apples.

Mer. Thy wit is a very bitter-sweeting',
It is a most sharp sauce.
Romeo and Jul. t ii. 4.

BLACK ACRE.

'Black acre furlong in parke field.'—Harrison. See WHITE ACRE.

BLACKA DYKE, at Dore.

In the same village are 'Blacka hill' and 'Blacka Plantation.' O. M.
O. Icel. blakkr, black.

BLACKAMOOR, a place near Cold-Aston.

BLACK BURNE.

'The river of Black burne.'—Harrison.

'BLACKBURNE BROOKE.'

Ibid. He mentions 'Black Dike' in Bradfield.

BLACK CAR LUMB, near Holmesfield. O. M.

Black Car Wood, near Rotherham.

BLACK-CLOCK, sb. a blackbeetle, or cockroach.

BLACK EDGE.

'Black edge in Darnall.'—Harrison.

BLACK HILL, near Wickersley. O. M.

BLACK KNOWL, in Bradfield. See BEACON ROD.

'Beaton Rod, or Black Knowl.'—Eastwood's Ecclesfield, p. 300.
Beaton appears to be a mistake for Beacon.

BLACKLANDS.

'Blacke lands and Redd hills.'—Survey, 1624,

BLACK MONDAY, sb. the day when a schoolboy returns to his tasks after a holiday. Hunters MS.

BLACKO PLAINE, a place in Sheffield. Harrison.

In this word, as well as in Black acre and Black edge, &c., there may be a reference to the ancient practice of clearing patches of soil by cutting the brushwood and burning it on the spot. 'This simple plan, where the wood is not only got out of the way but the ashes serve for dressing, may still be seen among the hill tribes of India, who till these plots of land for a couple of years, and then move on to a new spot. In Sweden this brand tillage, as it may be called, is not only remembered as the old agriculture of the land, but in outlying districts it has lasted on into modern days.'—Tylor's Anthropology, 1881, p. 218. See BURNED ACRE.

BLACK PIECE WOOD, in Cold-Aston.

BLACKTHORN, sb. a game played by boys.

It was played at Dronfield nearly as described in Easther's Huddersfield Glossary. In the Dronfield game the odd boy calls out, 'Blackthorn.' The others reply, 'New milk and barley corn.' The odd boy then asks, 'How many sheep han yo to sell?' The reply is, 'More nor yo can catch and fly away wi.'

BLADE.

An eccentric man at Ridgway was called 'old Blade H——.'

BLAMANGE, sb. a dish made of milk, cream, sugar, and gelatine, and flavoured with almonds; blanc mange.

Blawemanger, peponus.—Cath. Angl.

BLAME IT, an imprecation, equivalent to 'confound it.'

BLANKET FAIR. To go to blanket fair is to go to bed.

Blanket Fair is the title of a ballad written in 1683. See New Eng. Dict.

BLASH-COKE, sb. soft coke, made at the coal pits near Sheffield for steel melters.

'As soft as blash.'

BLASH-OVEN, sb. an oven in which 'soft cokes' are made from coal.

BLAST, sb. an inflammation or eruption on the skin. Old women profess to be able to cure it. Perhaps the erysipelas.

BLATHER or BLEDDER, sb. a bladder.

BLATTER, sb. batter.

'A blatter pudding.'

BLAWCH, v. to gossip, to talk idly.

BLAZE, sb. a white mark on the head of a horse. Blazer is a common name for a horse.

BLEDDER, sb. nonsense, windy talk.

BLEND, v. to bewilder, mislead.

'Now don't blend me.' L.

BLETHER or BLOTHER, v. to bellow or blubber.

'Hold thy bletherin' noise.'

'BLIND MAN'S HOLIDAY, sb. the evening twilight.

This appears to be a secondary meaning, for I have heard 'It's like playing at blind man's holiday' i.e., trying to work in the dark.

BLISSOM, maris appelens.

BLOB, sb. a bubble.

BLONGE or BLENGE, v. to mix together.

A lodger having furniture complained that his landlady had blonged it with her own furniture. He said, 'Shoo's blonged 'em all together.'

BLORE, v. to weep. 'Blorynge or wepynge.' Prompt. Parv.

BLOW BALL, sb.

'The globular head of the field plant called the dandelion. There seems to have been some superstition connected with it, children supposing that the hour of the day is indicated by the number of the puffs which are required to disperse the whole amount of the winged seeds.'—Hunter's MS.

BLOW ME TIGHT, an oath.

Tite is still used with the meaning of 'soon' in Wakefield. Banks.

BLUE MILK, skimmed milk. Hunter's MS.

BLUFF, v. to blindfold.

BLUFFS, sb.pl. the blinkers of a horse.

Blind man's buff is sometimes called blind man's bluff.

BLUNT, sb. money. Bywater.

BLURRY, sb. a blunder.

BOB, v. to strike against the mouth or upon the head.

BOB, sb. a bunch.

'A bob of cherries.'

BOB, sb. the back hair of a woman rolled up.

BOBBERSOME, adj. over forward, intrusive. Hunter's MS.

BOOKING FIELDS, near Beauchief. These fields once belonged to the parish of Norton.

BODLE, sb. one-sixth of an English penny.

'Not worth a bodle.'

BOGEY, sb. a ghost or apparition.

BOGGARD, sb. a ghost, apparition.

It was said that a boggard used to appear by night at a place called Bunting Nook in Norton parish a dark, umbrageous place. There is a phrase 'to take boggard,' i.e., to take fright.
'She took boggard, fell o'er a straw, and cut her throat.'
Mather's Songs, 96.

BOGGLE, v. to take fright, hesitate.

BOGGLE, sb. a bungle. 'He made a boggle on it.'

BOILEY FARM, near Killamarsh.

BOKE, v. to nauseate. Hunter's MS.

'To belche (belke or bolke, A.) ructare.'—Cath. Angl.

BOKE, v. to point the finger at.

BOKEFIELD, in Ecclesfield.

A.S. bὀc, a charter, land granted by charter. ? It may be bὀc, fagus, the beech. This tree, however, would be rare in Ecclesfield. I do not remember seeing a field-name in the district in which the word beech appears as a component. Caesar's statement, however, that the beech did not grow in England when he came over here is considered by Professor Rolleston to be erroneous. Bὀcand is distinguished from folcland.

BOLE HILL. There is a place of this name in Norton parish, and there are others in the neighbourhood of Sheffield. These places are always on high ground, and the name is evidence of lead having been smelted there. In West's Symboleographie, 1647, sect. 133, is a form of bond whereby the obligor is bound to deliver 'ten foothers of good, pure, and merchandizable boole lead of the weight commonly called the boole weight, most commonly used within the county of Derby, that is, after the rate and weight of thirty foot to the foother, every foot to containe six stone, and every stone to containe fourteen pounds, at his Boole Hill at Hardwicke, in the county of D., where commonly he used to burn his lead.' The families of Gill of Norton and Rotherham of Dronfield were great lead merchants in the seventeenth century. The Gills had a shot-tower at Greenhill, which was standing a few years ago. Lead was carried by pack-horses to places many miles distant from the mines, and wood and charcoal were taken back in return. The Rotherhams had a large lead mill near Beauchief. It was supplied with charcoal from the woods adjacent to Beauchief Park. This I know from old deeds which I have seen. These places are generally the sites of barrows or places where in old times cremation of bodies has taken place. 'The latter end of June, 1780, some persons getting stone for Mr. Greaves of Rowley, in Woodland, to wall in a piece of common to his land called Handcocks, in digging into a low or heap of stones called Bole Low or Bone Low, upon the edge of Darwen Moor, above a place called Bamforth House, found three or four pots of earth, badly baked, and scored on the outside, full of human bones.' MS. of John Wilson of Broomhead Hall, printed by Bateman in Ten Years' Diggings, p. 253. In 1624 a bole hill, in or near Sheffield, was divided into seven parts. Nich. Morton held, inter alia, a seventh part. The remaining six parts were held by five tenants at a joint rental of £3. 8s. 6d. See DOWEL LUM.

BOLL or BOLL-PAWED, adj. left-handed.

It is pronounced like doll.

BOLSOVER HILL, near Sheffield. O. M.

BOLSTER, sb. a solid lump of steel or some other metal between the tang and the blade of a knife. In the best knives it is forged as part of the blade.

'We'd none a yer wirligig polishin, nor Tom Dockin scales wi t' bousters cumin off.'—Bywater, 33.

BOLSTER-STONE, sb. a stone used by grinders in grinding the bolsters of knives.

BOLSTERSTONE, a village near Sheffield.

'Balderston alias Bolsturston' in 1453–90.—Eastwood's Ecclesfield, p. 68.

BONE-HUGGING, carrying corpses to the grave.

BONE-IDLE, adj. very idle.

BONK, v. to make bankrupt.

It is used by boys playing at marbles. 'O've ommast bonked him,' i.e., won all his marbles.

BOO, sb. the bough of a tree.

BOOAN, the pronunciation of bone.

BOODER or BOOLDER, sb. a boulder-stone.

'An braik his heead agean a holder.'—Bywater, 23.

BOOK, sb. bulk. H.

BOON, sb. a day's ploughing given by one farmer to another. This is done when a farmer enters upon a new farm, or if he is in arrear with his work.

BOOSE-STAKE, sb. the wooden post to which cows are fastened in a cowhouse.

BOOTE LEE, a field in Bradfield.

'Ro: Hawckesworth for Boote Lee and Hawckesworth Inge £06:10:00.'
Harrison. The word Boot is found as a surname in Sheffield. Perhaps the same as Butt.

BOOTH. It appears to mean something more than a rude building in a forest. 'William Bamforth the younger and the widctow Greaves for Fullwood Booth £12:00: 0.'—Harrison. 'The booth woods.'—Ibid. 'Thurston Morton, one of the keepers of Fullwood Booth.'—Ibid. 'A Peice of pasture called Fulwood Booth lying between Rivelin firth north and abutting on Roper hill east and Red myers west (this parte hath a house on it belonging to one of the keepers).'—Ibid. This place, Harrison says, was 'once parcell of the demesnes.' 'Booth wood,' apparently near Sheffield castle.—Harrison. Cf. Hathersage booths near Millstone Edge. The canons of Beauchief had a grange at Fullwood, and booth may here be equivalent to grange. I suspect that booth is here equivalent to 'Woodhouse.' We have Dronfield Woodhouse, Handsworth Woodhouse, &c., in the district. In Low Lat. these booths are called logiæ. See Addy's Beauchief Abbey, p. 53.

BOOTY. 'To play booty is to act deceptively.' H.

BOOZE, v. to drink hard.

BOSKIN, sb. the wooden partition in a cow-house to which cows are fastened by means of an iron ring.

BOSON, sb. a badger. H.

BOSS, sb. the nave or central part of a wheel.

BOTCH or BODGE, v. to mend carelessly.

BOTHAM.

'The mill field botham,' in Ecclesfield.—Harrison. See BOTTOM.
M.E. boyem, A.S. botm.

BOTTLE, sb. a bundle of hay or straw.

BOTTOM, sb. a valley.

E.g. Rivelin Bottom. Also the ball of worsted used by a knitter, or perhaps more strictly the nucleus on which the worsted is wound.—Hunter's MS.

BOUT [baht], sb. a contest, a struggle.

'A drinking-bout' means a fit of drunkenness. 'Whoy didn't ya put ya cloth shawl on an yer clogs; yo kno'n second bahts is war nor t' furst a good deeal? Bless ya, tak care a yer sen.'—Bywater.
'A badly baht,' a fit of illness.

BOWER LEAS, fields in Sheffield. Harrison.

BOWGE, v. to bulge, as a wall does.

BOWLING ALLEY, a field in Dore. See BURNTSTONES.

BOWSHAW, a place in Dronfield.

'Bow lane' in Stannington. 'Bow lees.'—Harrison. M.E. bow, a bend. See Skeat's Etymol. Dict., s.v. bow (2). Shaw= wood.

BOWZER, the pronunciation of Bolsover, co. Derby. See BOLSOVER HILL.

'This pronunciation,' says Hunter, 'was in constant use in the seventeenth century, even by the noble family to whom the town and castle belonged. Even in the reign of Edward II. we find a John de Bousser placed at the head of a commission of inquiry in the county of Derby.'
Hunter's MS.

BRAD, sb. a small headless nail.

BRADLEY BRIGGS, fields in Ecclesfield. Harrison.

BRADWAY, a hamlet in Norton.

C.f. Bradfield in Ecclesfield, Bradfield near Machon bank, and Bradgate near Kimberworth. The broad road which goes through Bradway is called regia via (the king's highway) in a deed affecting land in Bradway dated c. 1280. Derb. Arch. J., iii. 101.

BRAG, sb. a large nail used in fastening flakes in fences.

'Sam's soles were near two inches thick,
With here and there a brag.'
John Smith's Songs, 2nd edit., p. 23.

BRAN, adj. new. 'A bran spankin moggana table.' Bywater, 160.

BRANCH COAL, cannel coal.

BRANDRETH or BRANDRY, sb. a frame to support stacks.

'A brandryth to set begynnynge (byggyng) on.' Loramentum. Cath. Angl.

BRANDY-SNAP, sb. thin gingerbread sold at the fair.

BRASE [braze], v. to solder ; 'to braze pipes together.'

BRASH, sb. an eruption on the skin.

BRASS, sb. money.

BRAST, v. to push on quickly, to make haste.

A card-player would say, if his opponent were slow in playing, 'Now, then, brast' i.e., be quick, get on. See brast-off in Nodal and Milner's Glossary of the Lancashire Dialect.

BRAT, sb. a pinafore.

'That child's brat is dirty.' M. E. brat, pallium.

BRAVELY, adj. in good health. L.

'Brave, in good health.' H.

BRAWN, sb. a boar.

I have not heard the word in use, but it is the title of a song by Mather, p. 42. 'The Brawn' was the sign of a public-house in Sheffield.
'It is of a brawn as you hear
Whose picture hangs up for a sign.'
Ibid., p. 42.

BRAWNGE or BRONGE, v. to boast. The g is soft.

'A swaggering brawnging fellow.'

BRAWN HERST. See BRAWN. The meaning is 'boar wood.' "'Brawn herst (pasture) lying,' &c., in Bradfield, and containing 3a. or. 34p.—Harrison. See BEARES STORTH, i.e. bears' wood. Cf. Boarhurst in Rochdale.

BRAZEN-FACED, adj. impudent.

'A gret brazen-faced hussy.'

BREAD-AND-CHEESE, sb. the hawthorn when just bursting into full leaf.

BREAKES. 'Item the new breakes and the warth lying next Darwin water' in Bradfield.—Harrison. A few lines below he mentions a field called 'New Ground' Stratmann gives brêche, ager novalis, new ground. There is a place called 'the Brecks' in Staveley. See BRIGHTSIDE.

BREAST-HEEAD, sb. the nipple of the breast.

'Hah's yer breast-heeads, Lydda ?'—Bywater.

BREATHE, v.

'To breathe a vein,' i.e., let blood.—Hunter's MS.

BREDE, sb. a breadth.

When sportsmen are shooting in a wood a number of men called beaters form a line and beat or drive the game before them. Each breadth or portion of ground beaten is called a brede. M.E. brede.

BREE, adj. cold, sharp.

'High and bree.'

BREED OF, v. to resemble.

'She breeds of her mother.' 'They breed of the old stock.' H.
'Ye brayde of Mowile that went by the way,
Many shepe can she polle but oone she had ay.'
Towneley Mysteries, 88.

BREET, adj. bright.

'Thar't a breet lad.'

BREIT, adj. 'sometimes, but rarely, heard in the sense of rife.'

Hunters MS.

BRELSFORTH ORCHARDS, the fields between Fargate and Balm Green and Church Lane. Old Map.

BREME, adj. bleak, cold.

'It's very breme uppa yond hill.' 'Brim, sharp and keen.'—Banks.

BREND WOOD, near Holmesfield. M.E., brend, burnt, not brent, steep. See BURNED ACRE, and BURNT HILL.

BRERE, sb. a briar.

BREWERS, sb. pl. the brim of a hat. H.

BRIĀNER, sb. the wild bryony. Gk. βρυώνη. The a is long.

BRICKLE, adj. brittle. M.E., brokel, bruchel.

BRIDGE, v. to abate.

'He wouldn't bridge sixpence.'

BRIDLESTYE or BRIDLESTYLE, sb. a narrow road for horses and not for carriages.

BRIERLEY FURLONG, a field at Hazelbarrow, in Norton parish.

This is evidence of the existence of the common field system, a furlong being a group of strips or seliones in one of the common or open fields.
'The Briery field lying next the hagg.'—Harrison.

BRIG, sb. a bridge.

BRIGHT.

'A close of meadow and arrable called Bright with a cottage in it lying between Rivelin firth, &c.'—Harrison. He mentions 'the Bright house carr lying next Neepsends lane.'

BRIGHTSIDE, a suburb of Sheffield.

Hunter (Hallamshire, p. 226) gives as the earliest (1328) form of the word known to him Brekesherth. In 1565 it is called Brykehurst. John Brekesherd occurs in 15 Henry VI. Another spelling (temp. Eliz.) is Brixard. Hunter thinks that Grykesherth in the 'membra castri de Sheffield' is a mistake for Brykesherth. There was a bridge at Brightside in 1655 (ibid.). Harrison, in his Description of England (Holinshed, ed. 1577, fo. 72b), writing of the course of the river Don, says, 'Thence it proceedeth to Westford bridg, Bricksie bridg, and south west of Tinsley receyueth the Cowley streame, that runneth by Ecclefeld.' If Brekesherth be really an old spelling of the place now known as Brightside, then it is M. E. brêche, new ground (Stratmann), and eorde, earth. See BREAKES, above, and OLD EARTH, below. In Staveley a place is called 'the Brecks,' and 'the Brecks' is between Rotherham and Wiekersley. Brichissherd appears to be the old spelling of Brightside in a deed dated before 1181.—Eastwood's Ecclesfield, p. 58. Brigthwait occurs in a document affecting lands in Ecclesfield in II Edward III. It appears to be the place now called Butterthwaite. In the Poll Tax Returns for Handsworth, near Sheffield, 1379, is 'Henricus Breyksarth,' p. 45. On the same page is 'Johannes Brixard.' Brightsydhoulmes in 1624.

BRIGS, sb.pl. bars upon which a brewing sieve is put, and through which the liquor was siled.

BRIM, adj. accensus libidine.

BRIM, v. futuere.

'So he ranges all over the town
A seeking some others to brim.'
Mather's Songs, 42.
The word is here applied to a boar. 'To bryme, subare.'—Cath. Angl.

BRINCLIFFE, the name of a suburban district of Sheffield. See NETHER EDGE, to which Brincliffe Edge corresponds.

In the will of John Bright, yeoman, 1653, the place is called 'Brendclijfe Edge.' Cf. Dan. brink, edge, slope. 'Clyffe or an hylle (clefe of an hyll). Declivum.' Prompt. Parv. See BREND WOOD. I have no doubt that the correct form is Brend Cliffe. Bateman mentions Brand Cliffe at Hartington, Derbyshire. 'Bryne or Brand signifies the combustion or the burning, and indicates the heathen rite of interment by cremation.'—Kemble, cited in Ten Years' Diggings, p. 290. Bateman opened a barrow at Bruncliff.—Vestiges, p. 101.

BRING FORTH, v. to lead to the grave.

I give this on the authority of Hunter, who, in a note on the words 'brought forth,' says: 'Not quite out of use, but very common in old wills. Samuel Savage, a grocer at Sheffield, in 1672, directs that he shall be decently brought forth after the manner that his late deceased wife was. "To be brought forth of my whole goods," so common in old wills, means that the expenses of the funeral shall be borne out of the personal estate.'—Hunter's MS.

BRINGLEY LANE, in Stannington. Harrison.

Now Bingley Lane.

BRISED.

'A child or any creature whose growth has been stopped by want of proper nourishment is said to be brised. I cannot say that I ever heard it, and I place it here on the authority of a distant correspondent.'—Hunters MS.
I have heard brizzed, shrivelled, burnt up, over-heated.

BRISKET, sb. the front part of the breast of veal, beef, &c. See BRUSKET.

BRITTAINS PIECE, a place in Bradfield. O. M.

BROADS, sb. pl. playing-cards.

'Come, bring t' broads, an let's have a game.'

BROCCO, a Sheffield place-name. See BROKOW.

BROCK, sb. the small plant insect which envelops itself in a white froth.

'To sweat like a brock.' L.

BROCK, sb. a badger.

BROD, sb. a rod of wood sharpened at one end, used by a thatcher to pierce and fix his work.

It is called a thack-brod. 'Brode, hedlese nayle.' Prompt. Parv.

BROD, v. to pierce or poke.

'Brod that tooad.'
Of a man in a crowded theatre it was said: 'He wur that brodded and thrussen at he wur fair sore.' To brod: stimulare.—Cath. Angl.

BRODDLE, v. to poke.

BRODDLER, sb. a toothed instrument for making holes of an irregular shape.

A woman who kept school at Eckington used to prick or brod the children in the forehead with a sharp instrument which she called a broddler. She said she was driving sense into them.

BROKEN HOLME, a field in Bradfield. See DAKWATER and BROKOW.

I am told that there is a Bracken Holm in Yorkshire.

BROKKEN, broken. Also insolvent.

BROKOW.

There is a place in Sheffield called 'the Brocco,' and also 'Brocco Bank.' Harrison mentions 'Brookow land,' and 'Brockoe hill.' 'The Brocco' was a piece of rough common on a hill. O. Icel. brok, bad black grass, and haugr, how, a hill. The Brocco was coarse, uncultivated land. 'The Brockoe Hill,' 1624.

BROODY, adj. desirous to sit; said of a hen.

BROOME.

'A close called Broome,' in Bradfield.—Harrison. He also mentions Broome lane.

BROOMEWELL, a field in Sheffield.

Harrison calls it ''My Broomewell, as though it were in his own occupation.

BROOMLEY LAND. Harrison.

Some fields at Dyche Lane, Norton, are called the Brummelleys.

BROOM TEA, sb. a decoction made of the green twigs of the broom and given in dropsy.

BROOMY FIELD, in Bradfield. Harrison.

Place-names beginning with 'Broom' are very common in the neighbourhood of Sheffield.

BROSKOE HILL, a place in Sheffield.

'The said close called Broskoe hill.'—Harrison.

BROWIS or BREWIS, sb. a dish made of scalded oatcake and broth, with pepper, salt, and butter.

'Souppes de levrier, brewesse made of coarse browne bread moistened with the last and worst fat of the beefe-pot.'—Cotgrave.
An ancient custom still prevails of eating browis during the morning of the Sheffield Cutlers' Feast. 'It consists or consisted of bits of oatcake mixed with dripping and hot water poured upon them, with salt and pepper seasoning.' L.
'We'n had menni a mess a nettle porridge an brawis on a Sunda mo'nin for us brekfast.'—Bywater, 32.

BROWN-CLOCK, sb. a brown beetle. H.

BROWN GEORGE, sb. the commoner sort of brown bread.

BROWN SHILLER or SHELLER, sb. a ripe hazel nut.

BROWS, sb. pl. the brim of a hat. See BREWERS.

BRUN, v. to burn.

BRUNTLING, sb. a little child.

'Come here, thah little bruntling.'

BRUNTLING, sb. a cockchafer. It is sometimes called 'Dusty Miller.'

BRUSHES. 'A wood called Brushes.'—Harrison.

There is a place called the Brushes near Whittington.

BRUSHING HOOK, sb. a sickle-shaped knife at the end of a pole, used for cutting hedges.

BRUSKET, sb. the breast, stomach.

To be 'fast i't' brusket is said of a person who has eaten some indigestible food. 'A brusket, Pectusculum.'—Cath. Angl.

BRUSSEN, pa. p. burst.

'It maks me think abaht t' lass wot run intot hahce ommast brussen.'—Bywater, 263.
In Derbyshire when fish are well fed by food brought down by a flood, and will not bite, they are said to be flood-brussen. Heart-brussen and brussen-hearted are used for broken-hearted.

BRUSSEN-GUTS, sb. a glutton.

BRUST, pa. p. burst.

BRYETT MEADOW, a field in Sheffield.

'Imprimis a parte of Bryett meadow lying next unto Hallam.'—Harrison. See BRIGHT and BRYTLANDE WELL.

BRYTLANDE WELL, sb. an old well formerly in Sheffield.

'Delyuryd to Jaymes Heldysworthe an Nycholus Stanyforde for the mendynge of Brytlande well. . . . xijs.'—T. T. A., 32. This occurs in 1566. Brit, Bret, Brut, a Celt or Welshman. Stratmann quotes Brutlond from Lazamon's Brut, 2194. See BRIGHT.

BUCK, v. to overcome, to beat.

'O kno Jack's a rum stick, but o think he'll be buck'd this toime.'—Bywater, 47. Of a heavy load it is said that it will give the horse a bucking before he gets home.

BUCKA, sb. a thick piece of bread on which butter is generally spread with the thumb.

BUCKA HILL, near the Peacock Inn, between Sheffield and Baslow. O. M. A.S. bucca, a he-goat ?

BUCKED-UP, smartly dressed.

BUCKSWANGING, sb. a punishment used by grinders and other workmen for idleness, drunkenness, &c. The offender is jostled against a thorn hedge or a wall. It requires four men to do this, two to hold the offender's arms and two to hold his legs. Grinders generally buckswang a man against the wall of the grinding wheel.

A man was lately tied to a hand-cart, wheeled through the streets, and beaten with straps. He was said to have been buck-swanged.

BUDGE, v. to move or shift.

'Come, my lad, budge'

BUFF, sb. a child's game.

A number of children sit in a row on a form. One of them stands out and is called Buff. Buff has a stick, and coming opposite to the first child he raps on the floor several times. The child says, 'Who's there?' The answer is 'Buff,' which is spoken in a gruff voice. ''What says Buff?' the child asks. Buff replies:—
'Buff says "Buff" to all his men,
And I say "Buff" to you again.'
Then the child says in a mild voice:—
'Methinks Buff smiles.'
Buff replies:—
'Buff neither laughs nor smiles;
But shows his face
With a comely grace,
And leaves his staff at the very next place.'
If the child fails to make Buff laugh, he takes the staff and plays Buff.

BUFF, sb. a wheel covered with buff leather on which the horn handles of knives were polished by the cutlers with Trent sand and rotten stone. Hunter's MS.

BUFF, sb. the naked skin.

'But Joe was strip'd unto his buff.'
Mather's Songs, 9.
See CUDDLE-ME-BUFF.

BUFF, v. to embrace.

'Thaw knaws but last year
man I did fear;
I wor fit for booath cooartin and buffin.'
Mather's Songs, 107.

BUFFALO, sb. the horn used for the sides of penknives or knives for the pocket.

'It is now nothing more than the horn of the ox, but the existence of this as a word in ordinary use seems to show that anciently the horn used was, or was supposed to be, the horn of a buffalo.'—Hunter's MS.

BUFFET, sb. a footstool.

'Little Miss Muffet
Sat on a buffet,
Eating her curds and whey;
There came a little spider,
And sat down beside her,
And frightened Miss Muffet away.'

BUG, adj. pleased.

'He wur rare and bug' (he was very pleased).

BUGTH, sb. size.

'About the bugth o' my thomb.'

BULKE, a field in Ecclesfield.

'A close called the Bulke lying next Hunger hill.'—Harrison.

BULL-HEAD, sb. a tadpole.

BULL-HIDED. A man who cannot sweat is said to be bullhided.

BULLOCKING, boasting insolently.

'You've heard with what bullocking speeches
I sold . . . my new breeches.'
Mather's Songs, 80.

BULL-SPINK, sb. a bull-finch or chaffinch.

BULL-STAKE, sb. an open place near the market in Sheffield.

Under the word 'bearward,' which I have not inserted, Hunter says, 'When bear-baiting was among the amusements of a low population, the person who kept the bear was known as the bearward. This gross amusement seems to have run out with the last century. Bull-baiting had disappeared from Hallamshire long before, but the memory of it is preserved in the name of an open place near the market, called the Bull-stake.'—Hunter's MS.
'The said croft called Skinner croft, alias Bulstake croft, lyeth next new lane west and Church lane north, and divers gardens east.'—Harrison. It contained 2 roods and 19½ perches.

BULLY, sb. a bullace.

BULLY-RAG or BALLY-RAG, v. to abuse with intent to intimidate.

BULL-WEEK, sb. the week before Christmas, in which it is customary in Sheffield to work night and day.

'Jerra, what sooat an a bull-week had ta?'—Bywater, 41.
'When the work is over the men say they have "gotten t' bull by t' tail"' L.

BUM, sb. a bailiff.

'Bums and lawyers catechise me.'
Mather's Songs, 2.

BUM-BASS, sb. a violoncello.

BUMBLE BEE, sb. a humble bee.

'Snoring like a bumble bee on a hot summer's day.'

BUMP SHEETS. Sheets made of thick cotton are called bump sheets.

The fibres which go in one direction are much thicker than those which cross them, and unless the washerwoman is careful in wringing the sheets in the direction of and not across the thicker fibres they will break or be torn.

BUN, sb. the hollow end of a cow's horn.

The solid end of the horn is called the tip. See CAN. M.E. bune, A.S. bune, calamus, a pipe.

BUN, v. bound.

A boy is said to be bun prentice to his master.

BUN-FIRE, sb. a fire made by boys on the 5th of November or other festal days. The etymology is bone-fire.

BUN-HOLE, sb. a game at marbles.

A hole is scooped out in the ground with the heel in the shape of a small dish, and the game consists in throwing the marble as near to this hole as possible. Sometimes, when several holes are made, the game is called holy.

BUR, v. to burrow. Also to put a stone under a cart wheel when going up a steep road, to give rest to the horse.

A rabbit burs when he makes a hole in the ground.

BURLE, v. to cleanse from knots ; to cut dirty locks from the wool of sheep.

See 'to burle clothe' in Cath. Angl.

BURN, v. to approach near.

A child when playing hide-and-seek is said to burn when he approaches near to the concealed object.

BURN CROSS, in Ecclesfield.

'A tenement called Burnt Crosse' in Ecclesfield.—Harrison. The t has been added in the MS. See Eastwood's Ecclesfield, 416. 'Farn or Burn-Cross, in the parish of Ecclesfield.'—Langdale's Topograph. Diet, of Yorkshire, 1809, p. 191.

BURNED ACRE, in Bradfield.

'Burned acre.'—Harrison. It abutted south-west on Agden water. It contained two acres. See BLACKO PLAINE.

BURNGREAVE.

Harrison calls this word 'Burnt Grave' and 'Burne Greaves' wood. It was a 'spring' wood of twenty-two acres. See BURNTSTONES.

BURNT HILL, near Oughtibridge. O. M.

BURNTSTONES, the name of a place near Bell Hagg.

'Imprimis an enclosure of pasture called Bowling Allie lying environed with a common called Rivelin Firth called Burnestone towards the north.'—Harrison.

BURN WOOD, near Treeton. O. M.

BURRAS, sb. borax.

M.E. borace, Ital. borace.

BURRELEE.

'Item a piece of arable called Burrelee dole lying between the lands of Henry Birley north and the Countesse of Pembrooke's lands west,' &c., at Owlerton.—Harrison. 'A burre hylle; lappetum, est locus ubi crescunt lappe.' Cath. Angl. Birley and Burrell both occur as surnames in the district.

BURRIT, sb. the rounded head of a rivet

BURRO WLEE, in Ecclesfield. Eastwood, p. 286.

BURRS, sb. pl. the seed vessels of the burdock.

BURY-HOLE, sb. a grave.

BUSK, sb. a bush.

'A gooseberry-busk,' 'a holly-busk,' 'a kissing-busk.' Harrison mentions 'Buske meadow' and 'Buskey meadow.' 'The Buskers,' ibid. 'A close called the Buske' in Bradfield.—Harrison. The surname Bush occurs in the district.

BUSK, v. to be busy, to go about briskly.

BUTCHERSWICK, near Eckington. O. M.

There is a Buttenvyk in the county of Durham.—Boldon Book, p. 37.

BUTT, sb. part of the shoulder of a pig.

BUTTER-CAKE, sb. a buttered cake.

D

BUTTER-FINGERED, adj. having tender fingers. Said of one who cannot hold a hot plate, &c.

Mr. Doig gives butter-tender, but I have never heard the word except in the expression 'butter-fingered.' 'She must not be butter-fingered, sweet-toothed, nor faint-hearted.'—Markham's English Housewife, 1649, p. 80.

BUTTERFITT COMMON, in Ecclesfield. Harrison.

This word is a variant of Butterthwaite.

BUTTER-SCOTCH, sb. a sweet-meat made of butter and sugar boiled together. It is usually cut in squares. See SCOTCH.

BUTTER-TEETH, sb. pl. large broad front teeth. Hunter's MS.

BUTTERTHWAITE, a place in Ecclesfield parish. 'Anciently written Burgthwaite or Brigthwaite'—Eastwood, 360.

BUTTON LANE, in Ecclesall, near Carter Knowle. Harrison mentions it.

There is also Button Lane in Sheffield, near the Moorhead.

BUTTS, sb. pl. short pieces of plough lands in the corners of irregularly shaped fields.

When a field, for example, is thus shaped:—
[Missing diagram]
The 'lands' ABDC, CDFE, &c., are called butts or gores. See GORE and COWLEY GORE. 'A little meadow called the Buts.'—Harrison. 'A peice of arrable land lying in stony butts.'—Ibid. 'Short butts.'—Ibid. 'A piece of arable land lying in a furlong called Butts.'—Ibid.

BUTTY, sb. a confederate.

BUXOM, adj. 'denotes a good-tempered, well-fed, rural beauty, not unconscious of her power of attraction, nor unwilling to receive a chaste expression of admiration, or to meet proper advances half way.'—Hunter's MS.

BUZZ, v. to make a whirring sound.

'An owd cock grouse buzzed up reight under his feet, an' it maad t' moor fair shak ageean.'

BUZZARD, sb. a large moth.

BUZZER, sb. a steam whistle.

BY-DYKE, sb. a feeder or narrow stream for a mill-dam.

BYERLAW. See BIERLAW.

BY GUY, an oath or exclamation.

BY JABERS, an oath or exclamation.

BY LEDDY, an exclamation meaning 'By our lady.'

I have also heard By Lakins.

BY NAH [be nar], by now, by this time.

BYRE, sb. a cow-house; a shed for cows.

BYSET, sb. a hollow or gutter across a road.

BY THE MASS, an oath.

'By the mass, man, oh loike to mak one in a show.'
Mather's Songs, 91.
This once common oath is still occasionally heard in Sheffield.