A specimen of the botany of New Holland/Styphelia tubiflora

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A specimen of the botany of New Holland by James Edward Smith
Styphelia tubiflora
The Greek word at the bottom of page 46, ςυφελος, is handwritten in the original, and is incorrect; it should be στυφελος.
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Styphelia-tubiflora.jpg


STYPHELIA tubiflora.

Crimson Styphelia.


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PENTANDRIA Monogynia. Fl. inferior, of 1 petal, with seed-vessels.

Gen. Char. Cal. imbricatus. Cor. tubulosa. Stam. fauci inserta. Drupa quinquelocularis. Semina bina.

Cal. imbricated. Cor. tubular. Stam. inserted into its orifice. Drupa of 5 cells, with 2 seeds in each.

Spec. Char. S. corolla clavata longissima: limbo revoluto hirsuto, floribus axillaribus solitariis, foliis obovato-linearibus.

Corolla club-shaped, very long; limb revolute and hairy. Flowers axillary, solitary. Leaves linear, slightly obovate.





IT has lately been a complaint among cultivators of plants, that the vegetable productions of New Holland, however novel and singular, are deficient in beauty. We do not think the censure by any means just in general; and if it were so, the shrub here delineated might atone for a multitude of unattractive ones, by its own transcendent elegance, as well as by its resemblance to the favourite Erica tubiflora. We hope it will one day be introduced into our gardens, and remain a perpetual assertor of the botanical honour of its country.

Our figure is taken from a drawing, obligingly communicated by the late Major Ross, and assisted by very magnificent specimens from Mr. White. This species escaped the observation of Sir Joseph Banks and Dr. Solander, though several others of the same genus, which is an extensive one, were brought to Europe by them, as well as by Dr. Forster. The latter confounded the genus with his Epacris, as did the younger Linnæus after him; a mistake which Gærtner corrected, and called our Styphelia by the name of Ardisia; but that denomination have been previously given to Dr. Swartz and Mr. Aiton to another plant, we adopt Dr. Solander's original name, Styphelia, derived from ςυφελος harsh, hard or firm, expressive of the habit of the whole genus, and indeed of the whole natural order.

This shrub forms a thick bush, two or three feet in height, variously branched, firm and rigid in all its parts; the branches round, downy when young. Leaves scattered, sessile, spreading, of a narrow obovate figure, entire, tipped with a spine, smooth, marked with many parallel veins beneath. Stipulæ none. Flowers about the middle of the branches, axillary, solitary, spreading, on very short, downy flower-stalks, furnished with two or three minute, pungent, downy bracteæ. Calyx imbricated, smooth, striated, pungent; the five innermost leaves lanceolate, nearly equal; the three, four or five outer ones much shorter, broader, and gradually less. Corolla four times as long as the calyx, crimson, tubular, swelling upwards, externally smooth, internally very hairy, especially just above the base; limb in five linear, revolute, hairy segments. Stamina alternate with those segments, and inserted at their base, projecting, simple, smooth; antheræ versatile, incumbent. Germen small, globular, furrowed, smooth, invested at the base with a sort of entire membrane, probably the nectarium of Solander; style capillary, longer than the stamina; stigma small, obscurely notched, smooth. Fruit an oval smooth drupa, which we have only seen half-ripe, but in that state it plainly exhibited the generic character.


EXPLANATION of TAB. XIV.

1. Flower-stalk, bracteæ and calyx. 2. Calyx leaves. 3. A flower opened. 4. A magnified stamen. 5. Germen magnified, with its membrane. 6. Half-ripe fruit of its natural size.


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The other species which we have been able with certainty to determine, though we have incomplete specimens, or drawings, of several more, are


2. S. ericoides, corollæ limbo patente hirsutissimo, racemis axillaribus brevissimis erectis, foliis lanceolato-ellipticis revolutis.

Limb of the corolla spreading, very hairy. Clusters axillary, very short, erect. Leaves elliptical, somewhat lanceolate, revolute.


3. S. strigosa, corallæ limbo patente imberbi: fauce pilosa, recemis axillaribus terminalibusque brevissimis erectis, foliis subulatis.

Limb of the corolla spreading, naked; the orifice hairy. Clusters axillary and terminal, very short, erect. Leaves awl-shaped.


4. S. scoparia, corollæ limbo concaviusculo imberbi, racemis axillaribus brevissimis recurvis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis.

Limb of the corolla somewhat concave, naked. Clusters axillary, very short, recurved. Leaves linear-lanceolate.


5. S. daphnoides, corollæ limbo patente subpubescenti, floribus axillaribus solitariis, foliis ellipticis concaviusculis.

Limb of the corolla spreading, slightly downy. Flowers axillary, solitary. Leaves elliptical, a little concave.


6. S. lanceolata, corollæ limbo revoluto hirsuto, racemis aggregatis terminalibus, foliis lineari-lanceolatis.

Limb of the corolla revolute, hairy. Clusters aggregate, terminal. Leaves linear-lanceolate.

Syn. Epacris juniperina, Linn. Suppl. 138.

fasciculata, Forst. Prod. 13. Gen. 10.
Ardisia acerosa, Gærtn. Sem. vol. 2. 78. t. 94. f. 2?

This in good fair specimens has no resemblance to Juniper, and the term acerosa is applicable to almost every species, as is that of fasciculata likewise to the following. We have therefore been obliged to find a name which might not mislead.


7. S. elliptica, corollæ limbo patente imberbi, racemis aggregatis subterminalibus, foliis lanceolato-ellipticis.

Limb of the corolla spreading, naked. Clusters aggregate, mostly terminal. Leaves elliptical, somewhat lanceolate.




All these species have the leaves tipped with a sharp point, which in S. daphnoides is less pungent that in the rest.