An introduction to botany/Part I, Chap. 1: Of the seven Parts of Fructification
|←An introduction to botany/Preface|| An introduction to botany (1776) by , translated by James Lee
Part I, Chap. 1: Of the seven Parts of Fructification
|An introduction to botany/Part I, Chap. 2: Of the Calyx→|
By Fructification we are to understand both the Flower and Fruit of Plants; which cannot well be separate: For though the Fruit does not swell and ripen till after the Flower is fallen, its Rudiment, or first Beginning, is in the Flower, of which it properly makes a Part. Linnæus defines the Fructification to be a temporary Part of Vegetables, allotted to Generation, terminating the old Vegetable, and beginning the new. It consists of seven principal Parts, viz.
- The Calyx, Empalement, or Flower-cup.
- The Corolla, Foliation, vulgarly called, the Leaves of the Flower.
- The Stamina, Threads, vulgarly called, the Chives.
- The Pistillum, Pointal.
- The Pericarpium, Seed-vessel.
- The Semina, Seeds themselves.
- The Receptacle, Base, on which the Fructification is seated.
All these Parts, and their several Uses, will be particularly explained in the following Chapters; and it is sufficient to observe here, that the four first, viz. Calyx, Corolla, Stamina, and Pistillum, are properly Parts of the Flower; and the three last, Pericarpium, Semina, and Receptacle, Parts of the Fruit; and that it is from the Number, Proportion, Positions, and other Circumstances attending these Parts of Fructification, that the Classes of Vegetables, and the Genera they contain, are to be characterized according to the sexual System.
- That the Calyx is a Part of the Flower, though it often attends the Fruit, is manifest from hence; that there is no Instance of its coming out after the Plant has done flowering, although in the Pantogenula the Calyx is observed to grow into a much larger Size in the Fruit than it had in the Flower.