Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography/Glover, John
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|Edition of 1900. See also John Glover (general) on Wikipedia, and our Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography disclaimer.|
GLOVER, John, soldier, b. in Salem, Mass., 5 Nov., 1732; d. in Marblehead, Mass., 30 Jan., 1797. At the beginning of the Revolution he raised 1,000 men and joined the army at Cambridge, where he was of great service in organizing and disciplining troops. He commanded the 21st regiment, afterward the 14th, which was one of the first, as well as the best, in the continental army. Being composed almost entirely of fishermen, it was called the “amphibious regiment.” On the retreat from Long Island it manned the boats and crossed the entire army in safety. These troops also manned the boats and led the advance over the Delaware on the night before the victory at Trenton. Col. Glover participated in the battle of Stillwater, and was with Washington at Valley Forge. He was appointed brigadier-general on 21 Feb., 1777, and in July of that year joined Gen. Schuyler. He served in the campaign against Burgoyne, and conducted the prisoners to Cambridge. In 1778 he joined Greene's division in New Jersey, signed the protest against D'Estaing, and was detached to Rhode Island under Sullivan. He was ordered to Massachusetts in 1780 to superintend the drafts from that state. He was a member of the court of inquiry concerning Major André, which assembled on 29 Sept., 1780. Glover was diminutive in person, active and energetic, and possessed considerable military ability. See a memoir of him by William P. Upham (Salem, Mass., 1863).