Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography/Schott, Charles Anthony

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SCHOTT, Charles Anthony, civil engineer, b. in Mannheim, Germany, 7 Aug., 1826. He studied at the Lyceum in Mannheim, and then was graduated as a civil engineer in 1847 at the Polytechnic school in Carlsruhe. In 1848 he came to the United States and entered the service of the coast survey. He was advanced to the grade of assistant in 1856, and still (1898) holds that place. Mr. Schott is a member of the Philosophical societies of Philadelphia and Washington, and a fellow of the American association for the advancement of science, and in 1872 was elected to the National academy of science. His writings include numerous memoirs of special investigations on hydrography, geodesy, and particularly on terrestrial magnetism, which have appeared in the annual reports of the U. S. coast and geodetic survey since 1854. In addition to these, he has published, through the medium of the Smithsonian institution, “Magnetical Observations in the Arctic Seas,” reduced and discussed from material collected by Elisha K. Kane (1858); “Meteorological Observations in the Arctic Seas,” likewise collected by Elisha K. Kane during the second Grinnell expedition (1859); “Astronomical Observations in the Arctic Seas,” from data collected by Elisha K. Kane (1860); “Tidal Observations in the Arctic Seas” (1860); “Meteorological Observations in the Arctic Seas,” from results made on board the arctic searching yacht “Fox” in Baffin bay and Prince Regent's inlet in 1857-'9 (1862); “Physical Observations in the Arctic Seas,” from data collected by Isaac I. Hays (1867); “Results of Meteorological observations made at

Brunswick, Me., between 1807 and 1859” (1867); “Results of Meteorological Observations made at Marietta, Ohio, between 1826 and 1859, Inclusive” (1868); “ Tables and Results of the Precipitation in Rain and Snow in the United States, and at Some Stations in Adjacent Parts of North America, and in Central and South America” (1872; a second edition, 1881); “Tables, Distribution, and Variations of the Atmospheric Temperature in the United States and Some Adjacent Parts of America” (1876); and “Magnetic Charts of the United States,” showing the distribution of the declination, the dip and the intensity of the magnetic force (1882 and 1885).