Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography/Schouler, William

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SCHOULER, William (skool'-er), journalist, b. in Kilbarchan, Scotland, 31 Dec., 1814; d. in West Roxbury, Mass., 24 Oct., 1872. He was brought to this country in 1815, received a common-school education, and engaged in calico printing. He was the proprietor and editor of the Lowell “Courier” in 1841-'7, in 1847-'53 joint proprietor and editor of the Boston “Daily Atlas,” in 1853-'6 one of the editors of the Cincinnati “Gazette,” in 1856-'8 editor of the “Ohio State Journal,” and in 1858 of the Boston “Atlas and Bee.” He was four times elected to the Massachusetts house of representatives and once to the senate. In 1853 he was a member of the Massachusetts constitutional convention, and was chosen clerk of the house of representatives. In 1857 he was adjutant-general of Ohio, and from 1860 till 1866 held the same office in Massachusetts. He was the author of “History of Massachusetts in the Civil War” (2 vols., Boston, 1868-'71). — His son, James, lawyer, b. in West Cambridge (now Arlington), Mass., 20 March, 1839, was graduated at Harvard in 1859, studied law, and began to practise in Boston. In August, 1862, he joined the National army, and served for nearly a year as a lieutenant in the signal service. Since 1884 he has been a lecturer in the Boston university law-school and in the National law university, Washington, D. C. He has published legal treatises “On Domestic Relations” (Boston, 1870); “On Personal Property” (2 vols., 1873-'6); “On Bailments, including Carriers” (1880); “On Husband and Wife” (1882); “On Executors and Administrators” (1883); and “On Wills” (1887); also a “ History of the United States under the Constitution,” bringing it down to 1861 (5 vols., New York, 1880-'91; new edition, 1895); “Thomas Jefferson” (1893); and “Historical Briefs” (1896).