Astonishing functions of human brain and miracles of mind

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Astonishing functions of human brain and miracles of mind
by Shriram Sharma Acharya, translated by Rajani Joshi


  • Human Being – Arcane Masterpiece Of Supreme Creation
  • Orgulous Potentials Hidden In The Human Body
  • Scientifically Viable Methods For Refinement of Talents
  • Likelihood Of Talents In A Single Child
  • Enrich The Future By Past Knowledge
  • Would Like To Be A Mobile Computer?
  • The Magic Of Human Brain
  • Manifestation Of Divine Powers In Human Intellect
  • Brilliance Beyond The Barriers Of Maturity Age
  • Growth Of Intellect With Aging
  • Everybody Owns An Excellent Brain
  • Majestic Wonders Of Memory
  • Memory Loss – Causes & Remedies
  • Mode Of Living & Maintenance Of Memory
  • Oblivious Minds Of Intellectuals!
  • Rousing Mental Potentials By Simple Training
  • Mental Wizards Or Magical Brains!
  • Measures Of Intelligence
  • Talents With Insanity!
  • Are Super Brains Cranky Too?
  • Supernormal Talents – Proofs of Extrasensory Assimilation
  • Refinement Of Talents In The Laboratory Of Life
  • Why Mental Complications and Insanity?
  • Why Is Man Scared Of Death?
  • Mind Is The Foundation & Body The Edifice
  • Control Of Physiological Activities
  • Restraining The Agile Mind
  • Tendencies Of Mind Can Be Reoriented
  • Progressive Refinement Of Ideology
  • Reflections Of Mind In The Mirror Of World
  • Amelioration Of Sentiments Too
  • Spiritual Healing – New Frontiers Of Therapeutic Developments
  • Sublimation Of Spiritual Element – Ultimate Goal Of Life
  • Revolution Of Attitude – Silver Line Of Bright Future
  • Self-Restrain: A Sign Of Prescient Wisdom
  • Importance Of Stable Temperament
  • Depth Of Emotional Center
  • Human Mind – Source Of Eternal Bliss
  • Uncountable Boons Of The Almighty
  • Perfect Use Of Rare Opportunity

Human Being – Arcane Masterpiece Of Supreme Creation[edit]

The advent of Particle Physics and investigations into subtler constituents of material existence has brought modern science closer to the domains of spiritual sciences. Many scientists now recognize human body as a magnificent reservoir of vital power. The immense potentials existing intrinsically in this living system are beyond imagination. Manifestation of these as supernatural talents and powers in some people amaze us from time to time and make us think - how wonderful would be the culmination of life if one realizes the internal powers and endeavors to creatively gravitate them in the righteous direction...? The subtle layers of consciousness associated with the expression of soul in the individual self contain gigantic treasure of the ‘gems and pearls’ bestowed by the Omnipotent. If these subtle talents and powers could be roused and cautiously used for noble purposes, the individual self would rise up to the sublime levels of divinity –– transmuting an ordinary man into a superman, an angel..., an equivalent of God’s incarnation.... Cardinal Gissap Mejophanty, who was the manager in-charge of the Vatican library around 1833, possessed exceptional versatility in 50 languages spoken in different parts of the world. The source of his supernormal linguistic expertise still remains an unsolved puzzle for the scientific community.

How one could speak, write and decipher the literal complexities of a language so well without undergoing any formal training and without even visiting the place where it is spoken or meeting the people for whom it is the medium of communication? Swami Vivekanand’s supernatural grasping power and memory is well known to the modern world. He, just by touching a book, used to get the essence of what it contains.... He used to read pages instead of sentences and was able to recite the complete text thus read by him without mistaking a single word. Saint Gyaneshwar had excellently translated the holy Gºt³ in Marathi when he was hardly sixteen years old. Neuroscientists often argue that in the normal case, the active memory of human brain stores just about 1% of the knowledge and information gathered by it over a long period of time. That means, on an average we forget about 99% of what we read, heard or perceived in the past.... Then how is it possible that some people are able to recall all details of the past events - including the distant past - with ease. Such wonders of memory are found in some people since birth; the hidden layers of memory get activated all of a sudden in some others; the masters of yoga and spirituality can awaken such powers at will. Medical science declares such cases as exceptional while the parapsychologists consider them as examples of the supernatural potentials of human brain. A noted scientist, Sir William Brett has cited many examples of the extrasensory powers of some people who are able to spot the hidden treasures, the presence of specific natural resources - oil, water, minerals etc deep beneath the earth’s surface. Location of the grand Jamshedpur steel factory in India was guided to the founder of the Tata group of industries by Swami Vivekanand when he used his supernormal vision in response to the former’s earnest request. People possessing the above kinds of extra sensory perceptions (ESP) are called saguniy³s in India. These saguniy³s usually hold a green branch of Neem or Chestnut tree, copper wire or some metal rod – ‘divine rod’, as named in the western society and move around the site of search. At a specific place, the branch or rod starts pointing downwards or moving automatically –– indicating the presence of the desired resource. No such event occurs if someone else, without an ESP power, holds the same rod or wire at the same spot.... How this happens is a matter of research at present. This clairvoyance, ESP or spiritual talent expresses the arcane power hidden in human consciousness. “How and why is it awaken in some people?”; this cannot be explained in terms of the scientific knowledge available till date.

6 Such potentials are no longer regarded as false claims or outcome of blind faith. Their existence has received recognition by the scientific community too. Many of the modern oil exploration projects begin with the help of the douzing techniques. These are based on the indications given by the ESP of the saguniy³s. Help of such powers is also sought in complicated forensic investigations and identification of faults in the underground or underwater sewerage pipelines or cables etc. It is now believed that immense mental concentration and focussed use of the awakened subliminal powers of human mind work behind such ESPs.

Scientific investigations have revealed that a latent sphere of specific energy surrounds every living being and material entity to its own characteristic emissions. Different things have different types of energy-spheres around them. The sun, moon and other planets, and stars, rocks, water, metals, nonmetals, trees, plants, humans, animals, etc; every creature, every element, consists of different ensembles of atomic and subatomic particles whose continuous vibrations generate specific kinds of energy-waves. Thus, everything existing in the cosmos is emitting its own energy-waves in all directions. The dense sphere of this radiation creates the invisible domain (aura) or energy around it.

The douzing principle – of supernatural sensing of specific vibrations from the earth’s surface – establishes a linkage between the individual and the cosmic energy spheres. Some scientists argue that –– when the energy emissions of water or a specific resource collide with the aura of an individual like the saguniy³, the latter’s brain receives a special vibration or bioelectrial signal. This accounts for a sudden stretching of his muscles and hence for the ‘automatic’ pulling-down of the indicator rod or wire that is hold by him. The specificity of one’s aura therefore appears to be a possible cause of the extra sensory perception of the presence of something ‘Hidden in the Hades’. His vital energy and the state of the subtler levels of his pr³ña influence the aura around a person. This aura has been referred as the etheric double, ideosphere or the pr³ñamaya koïa in the spiritual literature. The ionosphere surrounds the earth; the human body is also surrounded by an aura of its conscious energy. The bio-electrical flows of pr³ña in the brain and the mesh of interconnected nerves regulate the intensity and expansion of the domain of influence of the aura. Stimulating the subtler layers of consciousness, with the help of spiritual endeavors (s³dhan³s) could immensely intensify the eminence and strength of this aura. The spiritually evolved aura endows one with astonishing talents and potentials through its linkage with the cosmic {pr³ña}. Such a person can influence the people and environment around him and offer benefits of his spiritual energy. Psychic healing and ïaktip³ta1 are well known spiritual experiments performed through this medium.

A natural question arises here as – how is the presence of aura realized? Can it be seen by naked eyes or perceived through other senses? We must note in this context that there are two types of auras - physical aura, constituted by bioplasma and bioflux and the psychic aura, which is a circular domain of subtle etheric waves of pr³ña. Scientific investigations into different aspects of aura around the human body have gone a long way; still, a lot remains to be revealed. The subtle reflections of cosmic consciousness in the humans are unlimited. If not impossible, it is certainly difficult to decipher them in toto.

Sometime in 1972, Dr. Boris Tarusov of the Biophysics Department of Moscow University had recorded very low intensity light radiation emitted from human cells and from the leaves of some plants. Around the same time, Dr. Victor Inuschin of Alma Ante State University of Quazakhistan had shown that human eyes and also some insects emit ultraviolet radiation which can be recorded on special photo-sensitive films with the help of specific filters. Dr. Heraldber and Leonard Revitz


had analyzed and expanded the principles of such emissions under the topic named ‘Life-field’ or ‘Lfield’.

High voltage photographic techniques such as –– electrophysiography, corona discharge photography, and Kerliyan photography were gradually developed to measure the type and intensity of an aura. Significant differences were seen in the colors of the auras formed in the state of shock, fear, mental disorder or psychological aberrations or those formed around diseased or weak parts of the body. These observations also helped formulating methods for the diagnosis or prediction of certain maladies caused by biochemical or psychosomatic disorders. Dr. Thelma Moss of UCLA has observed and successfully recorded the eminent coronas around the fingertips of some yogis and spiritually elevated persons. Lin Throuder and Sheila Ostrender have published a book (first print in 1970) entitled ‘Psychic Discoveries Behind Iron Certain’. They mention about a Russian parapsychologist and psychic healer Col. Alexy Chrivorotov. Whenever this healer would circularly rub his hand upon a patient’s stomach, glowing rays of high intensity like the ‘laser beams’ would begin emitting from that hand... These rays used to get concentrated and absorbed at specific point on the patient’s organ where the ailment existed... The authors have also printed a photograph of these phenomena in the above book.

Dr. E. Duglas, Dean of Newark College of Engineering had measured the radiation emitted from the hands of a psychic healer named Ethel D. Loach. Dr. Duglas had used an instrument designed in Czechoslovakia for such studies. During some experiments, as the dean has mentioned in his reports, the psychic healer had demonstrated variations in the colors of light rays emitted from his hands. According to Drs. William Taylor and David Boyars of Stanford University, the recordable emissions in the biological aura lie in the ultraviolet range. They have also photographed some auras using filters suitable for this range. Many researchers have been able to inter-relate the biological plasma body and high voltage Kerliyan fields.... Phantam leap and Limbtz effects are also analyzed under these theories.

In spite of the above progress of scientific investigations, the parapsychologists consider the existing theories and experimental techniques as incomplete. They argue that there is no comprehensive model or method, which incorporates clear recording and measurement of the etheric body, aura, ergon energy, the subtle electrical currents of the ÌaÚ cakras and the expressions of astral body.... The vibrations of bio-plasma particles that are bio-electrical or electromagnetic in nature, are often photographed by the high voltage machines. But, these represent only a fraction of the original aura. The etheric aura should not be misinterpreted as being manifested in the bioplasmic aura. Noted psychologist Prof. Wilhem Rich had introduced the concept of ergon energy, during Freud’s time. He defined it as the energy of the subtle vibrations of consciousness. Boyons were recognized as the basic units2 of measurement of the characteristics of these energy-waves. The ergon accumulator developed by Prof. Rich was shown to Prof. Albert Einstein in the Princeton University on the 13th January 1941. Einstein, the most eminent authority of contemporary Physics, had also verified the functioning principle of this instrument. Although Rich’s hypothesis faced controversies in the later years, the acceptance of his idea of existence of ‘ergon energy’ continues to dominate the studies of human-aura. Many scientists and parapsychologists are now researching the possibilities of its use in prevention and cure of physiological and psychological ailments. This world is a gigantic ensemble of multiple dimensions and varieties of expressions of life and matter. The human body is a small but special component of this colossal system. It is endowed with all the powers of the Supreme consciousness in subtle forms. Although this subtle presence cannot


be observed or confirmed in scientific laboratories, the existence of the etheric (or astral) aura generated by sublime activation of these powers cannot be denied on such grounds. Its conceptualization is as true as that of the inner self.

Orgulous Potentials Hidden In The Human Body[edit]

The general appearance and routine activities of the life of extraordinary personalities is similar to that of many others. Nevertheless, their supernormal talents and brilliance are simply amazing. Many examples of this sort can be found in human history and in the contemporary world, which manifest the esoteric domains of internal powers. What genetical features, brain functions or latent activities of the conscious and unconscious mind work behind the supernormal potentials - is still an open field of research.

‘Mobile Computer’ Shakuntala Devi’s arithmetical wonders had been quite popular until recently. Few years ago, a six years old boy Ashok, of Vijaygram, Karnataka had also stunned the media by demonstrating supernormal talents of Mathematics. He could solve complicated calculations in just few seconds...! Mastering over a single foreign language would take not less than a decade for average people... However, there do exist exceptional brains like that of Prof. French Alexander Richter, which could converse and have literary expertise in as many as seventy-seven languages. Switzer Kalphax was perhaps the only member of the American Congress who was unanimously selected to hold two important positions in the highest ranks of the state because of his extraordinary talents, insight, and sense of responsibilities and sincerity. He was requested by all the concerned to hold these positions and even the ‘one man one post’ rule was modified for this purpose. Kalphax was the vice-president of USA in 1865 when he was also selected as the speaker of the house-ofrepresentatives. His presence of mind and memory were truly exceptional. It is quite rare to see a single person working on the faculty positions of different departments in different universities. Dr. Paul A. Chandvorn of America was indeed a distinguished scholar who was holding the Professorship of Botany Department in the Williams College, that of Engineering Sciences in the Wadoin College and Medicine in the Myne Medical College. It is not that the scarcity of learned teachers made these colleges appoint him, rather, it was his versatility in the above subjects and his adept teaching because of which every good college and university department of higher education wanted to have him on its faculty. Dr. Paul had excellently transacted multiple responsibilities of teaching the highest level classes in different disciplines of life sciences and engineering for several years. Swami Vivekanand’s transcendental talents and memory are recorded in the glorious chapters of human dignity. He had to once appear as a witness to support fair justice in a court of law. He was an eyewitness to a conversation – in a south Indian language, between the complainant and the accused, which had taken place several months ago. Swamiji did not know the language at all. However, because of his unique memory, he reproduced word-by-word, the half-an-hour conversation between the disputants in the same language as if a tape recorder was being played in his mouth. This history-making statement of the witness helped save an innocent and honest man from the bars. The above examples only give a glimpse of the enormous potentials existing in a human being. Every individual contains unlimited repository of conscious energy. An ordinary man spends his average life of about sixty years in eating over 35 tonnes of various eatables and sleeping for almost half his life span. If he realizes this fact at an early age and endeavors to arouse and properly channelize his 9 potentials in every second of his life, he can also attain supernormal talents and become immortal in history. Some people think that extraordinary talents are God-gifted destined qualities brought since the time of birth or such potentials are the results of boons and blessings of divine souls. This is not quite true. Man is indeed an architect of his own destiny. It is in his own hands to inculcate righteous tendencies and sincerely pursue the development and refinement of his own talents. Human history is not short of examples where most ordinary, even boobies and weak personalities have risen up against the adversities of circumstances and earned recognized success on their own. Madam Curie was born in a poor family in France. In her young age, she used to work as a governess to look after the children of a rich family. Nevertheless, because of her determination and motivation, she could qualify to get admission in the science department of the Paris University. Her economic hardships posed many obstructions but she did not let despair or distraction enter her way.... Ultimately, her devotion and insight in the subject led to the discovery of radium, which drastically changed the shape of future scientific developments.... Priest Norman Vincent Peel was an eminent psychologist of America who is known across the globe for his scholarly works. He had begun his career by selling aluminum utensils. He was confident that he has the talents of a good salesman but that his efforts are not being recognized because of the adverse circumstances. Initially he even had to face people’s scornful and confronting attitudes. He remained unperturbed and reached his goals with optimistic temperament. He became an honorable priest in the later part of his life. Despite facing the ups and downs of life, Norman Peel had meticulously written several thought provoking books that inspire and guide the readers to successfully struggle with the impediments in life. In the book entitled ‘Enthusiasm Makes the Difference’ he proposes an eleven word formula – “every problem contains within itself the seeds of its own solution”. The seeds of success lie in our inner mind. It’s our responsibility to make them sprout and grow with the help of our determined endeavors. Peel has also suggested following practical tips, which are very effective in improvement of talents for a progressive life: (i) One should throw away the negative thoughts of pessimism and lack of confidence in the success of the work in hand.... (ii) One should cultivate the habit of self-analysis to know his qualities and potentials and also practise autosuggestion to strengthen the positive aspects..... (iii) Thinking should not remain confined to selfish affairs; one should also plan for other’s welfare and attempt materialization of the same.... (iv) God-gifted willpower and inner strength should be used creatively and cautiously to avoid the wastage and misuse of the mental and physical potentials and talents. (v) Daily routine should be well planned - keeping in mind that every step in life should lead towards higher goals.... (vi) The energy and activities of mind should be oriented in a positive direction by creative thinking and adept learning. (vii) One should practise linking the self with divinity every day and night - by way of prayers, meditation etc, as an integral part of life. This cultivates inner strength and virtues to enable one to overcome all difficulties and adversities and even do what would appear impossible to many others in general. 10 Sincere adoption of above mentioned habits and suggestions protects waning and decay of inherited talents and transmutes one’s mental potentials to reach high realms of progressive life.

Scientifically Viable Methods For Refinement of Talents[edit]

Evolution of intellect is a psychological process. Different kinds of methods could be adopted for the purpose of improvement of talents depending upon one’s inclinations. Some people acquire knowledge by memorizing, some by problem solving...., etc. Learning by analogy or examples seems to be a universally acceptable model of mental training in the initial phase of intellectual development. Children in the early days of Kindergarten are given exposure to learning with the help of creative games like - arranging colored blocks in given shape or design; changing the shape of a design by rearranging its components; ....etc; gradually higher levels of pattern recognition, decision making and creativity are used to increase the level of mental faculties at later ages.... Several religious rituals performed - especially in the Indian system, at different stages of life are also aimed at appropriate training during the transition phases of mental development. General maintenance of physical health becomes possible by keeping balance between nourishment and physical exercises or labor. But, extra efforts - like gymnastic, or heavy exercising with the help of special instruments in the wrestling clubs, etc, are also required if one wants to build a stout body. Knifes and swords need to be regularly sharpened by scrubbing them against rough stones...; though, it is a property of the material - how sharp it could be made, the importance of the stone (rough surface) and friction cannot be denied. Although our nerves and muscles lie inside the body and their proper functioning depends upon their activities under the control the brain, the applicability of oilmassaging, stretching, etc – as advised by the doctors, is also useful in strengthening the muscles. Authenticity, integrity and eminence of character set strong foundation for the evolution of mental powers. Enthusiastic aspirations, keen interest and sincere perseverance are required for the refinement of talents. Qualities like industriousness, punctuality and motivation which link one’s labor with creativity also ought to be cultivated for progress along this path. Free and healthy development of talents becomes possible only by breaking the narrow boundaries of self-centered interests and objectives. The principle of ‘simple living and high thinking’ helps best use of one’s time, materialistic and physical resources and talents in altruist activities of social welfare and propagation of goodwill and morality. Creative and altruist use of one’s capabilities is essential for rousing them up to higher and higher levels. The same rule applies to the refinement of talents. Although, people may gain wealth and success by talents coupled with atrocious audacity or terror, their negative activities ultimately lead to deterioration and devastation in terms of true progress.... It is only the sensible and creative use that can ensure growth and improvement of talents. In the present context, we refer to the word ‘talent’ as a perfect combination of intellectual and other creative potentials with serene sentiments and ideals of humanity. This concept of talent is related to a composite development of belief and intellectual capabilities in people, which is always helpful in promoting righteous growth of human society. It is the group of such talented personalities that inspires many others towards noble goals and sets progressive trends in the history of any society. We are focussing here on the origin and evolution of this kind of talent in any human being. One might ask here – “Is it possible to induce such a high level of metamorphosis of personality in the masses with the help of practically implementable methods?” It is easy to teach alphabets, 11 numerals and locomotion to a child with the help of simple mechanical gadgets. Similar well-defined and tested methods of training the human mind and body are available at later stages of student life.... Is it also feasible to devise some training course or practices, which offer opportunities to everybody to brighten up the personality and inculcate the above kinds of talents? Affirmative answers to these questions are available in the ancient Indian science of spirituality that focuses a great deal on all aspects of personality development. Development or progress of any kind demands dedicated and disciplined endeavor. A wrestler or a gymnast has to follow a routine of prescribed exercises along with dietary restrictions in order to strengthen his muscles and control over body movements... Similarly, the adoption of specific disciplines and training of the mind is essential for the aspirants of developing mental strengths and talents. The Brahm Varchas Shodh Sansthan3 in Hardwar (India) has experimented with some of the spiritual s³dhan³s in above regard. It has come out with a set of about ten simple exercises which are scientifically justified and which can be practised in day-to-day life by every normal person. We present below a brief description of each of these s³dhan³s: 1. Swasanketa (Auto-suggestion): In order to practice this, the s³dhaka4 should sit at a neat place in a quiet environment. The body should be relaxed and still and the eyes kept closed. All mundane thoughts should be withdrawn and the mind settled in a state of peace. Now, one should conceptualize and feel as though a glowing beam of the vital energy of pr³ña is emanating from a focal point in the center of the brain. It is radiating with force in all external and internal organs of the body – it’s flowing through the nerves, veins, arteries etc and energizing every component of the body and mind. Energy, alacrity, and activity are gradually replacing all sluggishness. The efficiency of each sense organ is being enhanced manifold. Outer skin is glowing; face appearing bright and radiant. One should also attempt feel the exaltation in his intelligence which is elevating the talents and excellence in mental perceptions and transactions...... One should inspire his own self with such feelings again and again.... The above kind of ‘auto-suggestion’ is the key to the metamorphosis of psyche. The Ïruti proclaims – Yo Yacchadra¡ Sa Eva Sa¡; meaning: man shapes his personality by his own thoughts and concepts about himself. The cosmic energy pervading the universe is an unlimited repository of virtuous attributes. Adoption of optimistic temperament and conceptualization of the positive feelings - like assimilation of the qualities of great personalities in one’s own self...., generate specific currents of pr³ña and begin to draw the corresponding attributes from the cosmic reservoir.....; this results in inculcation of those virtues and potentials in the s³dhaka. Psychologists too advocate the efficacy of positive thinking in transmuting a change of personality. It has been hypothesized in psychological theories that - as the earth is surrounded by the ionosphere, the human brain is also enveloped by an ideosphere created by his own thought-waves. The quality of one’s character, the standard of one’s thoughts and sentiments characterize the attributes and power of his ideosphere. The ideosphere can be made to change instantaneously by drastic change in outlook; it regains it original character on resumption of older habits. Assimilation of creative ideals in thoughts - generated by positive thinking – is reflected in brightening of the ideosphere that gives rise to the appearance of specific glow on face. Such an individual acquires a personal biomagnetism (impressive charm) and attains extraordinary power to influence others; his speech or advice can inspire a change in the attitude and thoughts of many others in his 12 contact. In a way, by practising autosuggestion one may energize his invisible aura into a bio-magnetic field.... The popular published works of modern Psychologists such as –– ‘Think and Grow Rich’ or ‘Adopt Positive Principles Today’ etc., illustrate the importance of autosuggestion. It is also said that – “All great men in history have reached the heights of greatness through auto-suggestion only”. In his early years of life, Mahatma Gandhi was inspired by a play on the great king Harish Chandra. It had induced him to use autosuggestion for experiments with moral principles and truth thereafter and eventually transmuted his personality into a mah³tm³. 13 During the experiments at the Brahmvarchas research institute, mental stimulation is created with the help of audio-visual signals and after a short interval, the subject is asked to ponder over the reactions. This process generates a strong bio-electrical current, which is monitored directly on G.S.R. Bio Feedback device. In these experiments, the subject is able to see the reactions of his thought process on skin resistance. Similarly, the changes in the frequency of respiration, pulse rate, blood pressure etc are also recorded. It has been found that all these parameters show significant change with variation in the type of autosuggestion schemes. It may be noted that the techniques of Vipasyan³ and the Jain system of meditation are also based on autosuggestion. There is no reason why adoption of correct method of autosuggestion should not bring about the desired changes in the talents of a person. 2. Darpaña S³dhan³ (Special Practice with a Mirror): Basically this is a s³dhan³ of self-appraisal and improvement. For this, one should sit in front of a large sized mirror either cross-legged on the floor or on a chair keeping the spinal cord erect. Then look at each part of the body with appreciation and confidence in its strength and competence. The s³dhaka should thank the kindness of the Omnipotent God for blessing him with such a wonderful instrument. He should begin with self-appraisal and feel that his inner and external body is getting cleansed of all weaknesses and vices; his inner self is becoming purer... The s³dhaka should concentrate on his presence as seen in the mirror and conceptualize that the intensity of pr³ña (vital energy) is increasing in the internal organs of the body. Its bright radiance (tejas) is permeating outwards from each and every part of the body, enhancing the glow of the outer skin. He should also imagine that his body, which was pale, infirm and weak has now been transformed and each of its pores is being charged with pr³ña; the energetic functions and development activities in the body are accelerated along with the bio-electrical currents in the brain. When the reflection of the self in the mirror is conceptualized as an entity charged with immense pr³ña, the merger of the identity of the self with the former illuminates the mental domains too; this leads to the refinement and rise in the s³dhaka’s talents. The above exercise is a kind of meditation (dhy³na) which is also known as the Laya Yoga. It is the intense feeling of unification (bh³va kalpa) with the bright image of the self that transmutes the psyche of the s³dhaka up to sublime levels in this case. 3. Meditation on Colors: Each color-component of light is impregnated with specific chemical constituents, elements of metals and electrical currents derived from the sunrays. Radiation of each color in the spectrum leaves a distinct imprint on the body and the brain. These constituents are in a sate of equilibrium in a healthy person. Perturbation in the optimal ratio of color-absorption in the body or distortion or inequilibrium in their normal levels makes the body-system prone to various disorders, diseases and weaknesses. Chromopathy works on the principle of maintaining the equilibrium level of colors absorbed in the body. In chromo- therapeutic treatment of an ailment in the gross body, the affected organ or part of the body is exposed to the radiation of specific colored light for specified period of time through the medium of transparent colored glasses or electric bulbs. For the purpose of improving the efficacy of 14 mental faculties by this technique, the subject is asked to meditate upon specific colors with closed eyes. The seven colors (Violet, Indigo, Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange and Red) of the light spectrum are isolated and made appear bright with the help of C-stroboscope. All colors but the ones desired are filtered out with the help of special lenses and the subject is trained to concentrate on the specified color(s) for a particular duration. The above process of meditation on selected colors stimulates the ultra fine nerves along with the cakras (extra sensory energy centers). Regular practice of this meditation triggers the desired reactions for change in the psyche. It is conceptualized here that the particular color is omnipresent in the cosmos and is also permeating one’s own body with its characteristic energy and effects. This s³dhan³ is usually performed for a period of five to ten minutes in one sitting. The choice of colors is recommended by the specialists and depends on the psychology and inner makeup of mind of the subject. 4. Pr³ñ³karÌaña Pr³ñ³y³ma5 The entire cosmos is impregnated with pr³ña. In normal case, every living entity receives only that much of this vital energy which is required for keeping its body alive. However, one does require larger amounts of pr³ña to endeavor for higher goals. Conjunction of the pr³ña of an individual with the omnipresent cosmic reservoir of conscious energy (Mah³ Pr³ña) not only recharges the former, but also strengthens it and increases the efficacy and use of its vital force. The vital force of pr³ña is manifested as the ensemble of ‘negative ions’ in the electrical fields of bio-energy. A deficiency of these ions in the environment makes one sick, pale and devoid of vigor. Consequently efficiency of the people living in such surroundings is also reduced. The abundance of negative ions on the other hand, increases one’s resistance and vitality and adds radiance to face by enhancing the level of pr³ña. The latter effect also accounts for a rise in one’s overall efficiency. Pr³ñ³karÌaña Pr³ñ³y³ma is a simple exercise aimed at enhancing the level of pr³ña to attain the above mentioned positive effects. For this, the s³dhaka should sit in a relaxed position keeping the back straight with both hands on the lap and breathe deeply through both nostrils at a slow and steady pace. He should concentrate on the breathing and conceptualize that he is sitting amidst an ‘ocean’ of dense shining white clouds engulfed by the force of pr³ña. He should also attempt feeling that he is in a nonchalant, serene and happy mood and that the flow of pr³ña from the surrounding `ocean’ is entering with each breath during inhalation (p¿raka). While retaining the breath for few moments (anta¡ kumbhaka), he should feel that the inhaled pr³ña is assimilated in every part inside the body. Exhalation (recaka) should be accompanied by the imagination that all the toxic effects, undesirable traits and instincts of evil and weaknesses, which were present within, have been neutralized by the pr³ña and are expelled out for ever. Breathing should be suspended for few moments (b³hya kumbhaka) with the conception that the malice thrown out has gone away and will not be able to re-enter the body..... Likewise for any other pr³ñ³y³ma, five to ten minutes duration is considered sufficient in the initial stages of this exercise. This period is increased gradually up to thirty minutes or more. In the experiments at Brahma Varchas, the increase in the capacity of retention of pr³ña, amount of expulsion of toxins from the blood and enhancement of oxygen content of blood are monitored. Changes in the subject’s (s³dhaka’s) psychological parameters are also analyzed. There are clear 15 indications of improvement in the body’s resistance to disease, vitality and increase in efficiency of mental faculties. 5. S¿rya Vedhana Pr³ñ³y³ma : This exercise aims at extracting pr³ña cetan³ from the Sun. It is performed during the period of dawn in the purplish glow of the rising sun as described below: Be seated with minimum clothing in the meditation posture – erect spine, hands on the lap, eyes closed, relaxed state of body and mind. Face eastwards. Conceptualize that the astral being (soul) residing in the body has come out and is destined towards the sun. Just as thread in the needle goes across the cloth or a metallic rod is made to cross a flame, the astral body is imagined to be penetrating and traversing through the core of the rising sun. Have a feeling that in this process the soul is being charged with the cosmic energy of the sun. Begin pr³ñ³y³ma while closing the left nostril. Imagine that the air inhaled through the right nostril is stimulating and exciting the S¿rya Cakra6. Conceptualize and feel as though large amounts of Ojas, Tejas and Varchas –– eminence and strength of the physical, mental and spiritual powers are being assimilated in the self through the inhaled flow of pr³ña. While exhaling air after the anta¡ kumbhaka, imagine that all evil traits and instincts are making an exit and are removed forever by way of b³hya kumbhaka. There should be a consistent feeling that during the above process, the charge of pr³ña has increased substantially and is manifested in increased excellence in all aspects of one’s being. The physical exercise of breathing is not so important here as the mental and emotional engrossment in the said conceptualizations. The more intense the level of imaginations, the greater would be the benefits of this s³dhan³. 16 6. Magnetic Contact: Magneto-therapy has its own significant place in medical sciences. There is a remarkable similarity among working principles underlying the techniques like Acupuncture, Acupressure, Mudr³-Bandha7, and Magneto-therapy. Our planet operates as a huge magnet called Geo-magnet. From the eternal repository of pr³ña in the cosmos, the earth continues to draw a fixed quantity through the North Pole, and disposes off the undesirable evil components (effluents) through the South Pole. Magneto-therapy makes use of this principle - the power (pr³ña) attracted from the earth’s magnetic field is introduced in the desired part of the body through the north pole of a magnet and the effects of unwanted or harmful elements is discarded through the south pole. In this therapy, a mildly magnetized piece of iron is taken and moved slowly over the head, spinal cord and heart in a clockwise rotating motion. The movement should be slow. The magnet is passed downwards over throat, navel and reproductive organs and then washed to remove undesirable accumulations. This process is repeated again and again. An electromagnet or magnetized water may also be used in a similar manner. The methodology of treatment depends upon the type of ailment and condition of the patient and the therapy is carried out as per the diagnosis and guidance of the specialist. Controlled experiments with such magnetic contacts gradually remove all internal ailments and accelerate upward flow of bio-electricity, which supports strengthening of the body and mind. 7. Linkage with Spiritual Eminence: Ïaktip³ta is a process of subtle transmission of pr³ña from an individual highly charged with spiritual energy into his disciples. This is a like a t³ntrika procedure which has instant effects of great intensity and transmutes the latter’s personality almost downside up. It is difficult and risky to perform such experiments. A simpler alternative leading to the above effects – accessible to everybody without any danger – is that of staying in contact with spiritually refined personalities and benefit from their influence. It may not always be possible to physically reside within charged premises or in regular contact with such eminent persons. Nevertheless one may make an endeavor to find conceptual proximity to some super beings like Hanuman or Bhagirath and attempt continuous interaction with them. The interactions should be dedicated, akin to that between the soap and the cloth, the former providing its cleanliness (virtues) to the latter, removing its dirt (vices) in the process. For practising such a devotion one may take help of a painting, photograph or idol etc. or contemplate on the ideals followed by these superhuman characters. This is also an effective method for increasing the spiritual energy. The s³dhaka is benefited like an infant sucking milk from the mother’s breast or a disciple deriving inner strength in contact with his mentor. 8. N³da Yoga: Different compositions of the notes of various musical instruments produce characteristic waves, which leave distinct imprints on human psyche. Audition of enchanting music in a peaceful environment helps awakening creative talents and virtues. Ïabda-Ïakti (the eternal power of cosmic sound) is 17 considered to be a source of energy for the cetana. The vibrations generated by n³da (musical sound) stimulate the nuclei of energy within the lisner’s body and generate soothing flow of cetana in the mind. There are many s³dhan³s of n³da yoga specially devised for spiritual elevation, which are based on realization of the eternal n³da in the inner self. The simplest practice would require selecting suitable types of musical instrument and composition of a tune (r³ga) under the guidance of an expert of this s³dhan³. This practice could begin by playing or listening to it regularly in a relaxed, divinely calm state of mind. Initial phase of this practice is usually short – of five to ten minutes only, which is increased gradually. The suitability of the r³ga depends upon the mentality of the s³dhaka and the place and time when it is to be played. The research laboratories of Brahm Varchas and music studio of its sister organization, Shantikunj – also in Hardwar, India are engaged in preparation of audio cassettes suitable for different categories of s³dhakas. 9. Pr³yaïcita (Confession and Expiation) Evil deeds like adultery, unchastity, deception, unethical earning, etc. deplete the power of pr³ña in a person and thereby suppress his talents too. Therefore, penance for compensation of such deeds and misconduct – performed willfully or inadvertently – becomes necessary. ‘Confession’ is regarded as a significant tenet of Christianity. In order to redeem the damage done by the vices, ascetic restrains are followed together with practice of virtuous altruist activities. The special kinds of vratas (fasting with penance) like c³ndr³yaña are recommended for this purpose. One feels fairly relieved after disclosing the details of the misdeeds and immoral thoughts before a noble mentor (Guru) and seeking his adept guidance for appropirate method of expiation. It opens up new avenues of elevation of one’s character. Pr³yaïcita is a process of psychological refinement, which is essential for all aspirants of excellence of any kind. 10. Partaking Germinated Seeds and Herbal Medicines: Various grains of food, pulses, herbal plants and roots have special medicinal values. A fresh germinated seed has specific and extraordinary characteristics. Partaking certain preparations - called kalka, of these along with herbal medicine is found to have excellent effects on improvement of one’s physical and mental health. For preparation of kalka, the type of grains and pulses are chosen according to the subject’s requirement and are sown in seven pots successively after one day’s interval per pot. On the seventh day the kalka is prepared by adding twelve grams of water in three grams of juice extracted by meshing the sprouted seeds. After decantation, this kalka is taken empty stomach with little honey early in the morning. This preparation helps augment the tejas and it works like a natural brain-tonic. Similar kalkas may be prepared from green herbs and roots or from their dried and ground products. The doses are, however, prescribed by the specialists. In some cases, the subjects are asked to inhale the vapors of dried herbs that are sacrificed in fire during an Agnihotra or Havana. Here we have discussed in a nutshell ten methods of improving the physical and mental potentials and talents in a person. Detailed information and adept guidance on these is provided to the participants of the s³dhan³ ïiviras (training programmes) organized by Shantikunj, Hardwar. 18

Likelihood Of Talents In A Single Child[edit]

Spiritual disciplines set a good check on the size of the family. As these disciplines also aim at rousing the talents and hidden potentials of every member of the family, they appear to be advocating, among other things, a strong possibility of healthy development of children in small families. Until several decades ago, some psychologists had been raising doubts about proper development of the first or the only child in want of any company. Long-term studies and analysis of experiments have however annulled such doubts. Dr. Frank Salove of Austria had brought a major surprise when he had sent a report of his studies on above topic to the American Association for Advancement of Science for publication. He had tried to prove that the first child is usually less talented than the later ones. His inference was proved to be faulty in the next 4 - 5 years. The duo of psychologists Sycile Earnest and Julius Sanghust had presented the details of their studies in a book entitled ‘Birth Order’. They showed that, the evolution of talents need not depend on the order of birth. However, one exceptional finding of their research was that - the level of intelligence of a single child is usually found to be above average and that such children are more talented than an average child in the same age group. Similar conclusions were drawn by renowned sociologist, Dr. Judith Black of the California University. Dr. Black is considered to be a strong critique of Salove’s hypothesis. She is not the only one, a large number of social scientists of high repute are of similar opinion; their research work has also contradicted Salove’s theory. Dr. Black’s research dissertation mentions that – “The principle of birth-order may appear new and attractive at a superficial level, but, it is baseless in terms of facts and logical analysis. It does not contain the truth as claimed by Prof. Salove...”. Dr. Black’s comments are based on her large number of experiments and detailed analysis of over one lakh talented persons. Her surveys showed that 70% of these subjects were the only child of their respective parents and only 30% had one or more brother(s) or sister(s). Another significant observation was that the percentage of women in the one lakh randomly selected talented people was more than seventy. Thus Black’s studies brought out two important conclusions - (i) girls are, in no way, less talented and capable than the boys and (ii) a single child (only child), be that a boy or a girl, is most likely to have higher IQ (intelligence quotient) than the average. The above research had also shown that the economic standard of the family generally affects the development of children in several ways. If a family is large and poor, its members cannot remain free from the negative effects and pressures; development of their personalities is also constrained and is often hindered by such complications. Dr. Black infers this as an important factor behind the observations that majority of the talented persons happen to be the only child in their respective families. This is because, all the resources and attention of the parents are oriented towards the single child and he/she gets better chances to grow in a healthy and happy environment as compared to the children of larger families. The distinguished psychologists like Dr. Abraham Meslow express similar views. Dr. Meslow opines that if a family is broken, large or economically deprived, then its internal strives would impede the development of its members. Healthy growth of the talents and mental potentials of the children is quite unlikely in such families and one cannot think of attaining ‘self-actualization’. The term ‘selfactualization’ used by Dr. Meslow refers to the highest level of refinement of talents. 19 The research of Prof. Forster, a sociologist at the Liverpool University has shown that the possibility of rousing talents is higher in small families; it reduces with the increase in the number of members in the family. The eldest child has to bear the responsibilities of the youngsters along with caring for his parents in their old age...; his problems become manifold if the parents are disabled or die at an early age; because of such burdens there would be no scope for his own development. For the child of such families, traversing the difficult path of life is itself a challenging task, which leaves no room for any progressive aspect – elevation of personality is almost impossible in such cases. On the contrary, someone who is the only child in a family gets ample opportunities for enhancing his/her potentials and cultivating creative talents. Though, just being a single child does not create anything special in one’s brain, it does ensure substantial support for the inculcation and development of positive effects in this regard. Dr. Frostier had surveyed a large number of people who were born and brought up as single child. He found that 80% of these were extraordinarily talented in one respect or the other. His analysis showed that the over-attention, excessive affection and attachment of the parents spoiled the remaining 20%. Otherwise, they too should have been noticeably talented and bright. Some sociologists of the Colorado University has expressed the view that the mental potentials and talents of a single child almost always advance above average. These researchers give an entirely new argument in support of their conclusions. According to them, “the first crop in a field is always the best in quality and quantity. The fertility of the soil gradually decreases and so does the quality and amount of crop produced by it year after year.... Similar may be the possibility in case of human birth process too.” The above argument also gains support if viewed in terms of the science of spirituality. The principles of spirituality clearly mention that sexual indulgence accounts for significant loss in the level of pr³ña (vital energy). The loss in physical potentials due to the excited activities of the genitals is negligible as compared to the loss in the vital power caused by concupiscence. Consequently, the gradual deterioration in the level of bio-energy transmitted to the offspring reduces their physical and mental potentials too. This is why the second and successive children usually have lesser possibilities of being more capable than the first child... Glancing through the pages of world history may adduce many examples showing that a single child is bright and extraordinarily talented. Ashtavakra, an intellectual wizard of ancient India was the only child of Muni Kahoda and Sujata. Glorious warrior Abhimanyu was the only child of Arjun and Subhadra; so fertile and receptive was his mind that he had learnt the intricacies of the rare strategic technique of cakrvhyu when he was in the mother’s womb! The great scholar and perfect diplomat of all ages – Chanakya, too was the only child of his parents. Shaking the thrones of mighty kings, elevating an ordinary citizen up to the highest level in politics, designing the destiny or history of a nation was an easy game for his exceptional intellect.... Revered Swamy Adi Shankaracharya was also the only child in his family. His eminent scholarly knowledge of the ancient scriptures and accomplishments in spiritual domains are well known to the modern world. On the political front, former American president Roozvelt and former Indian Prime Minister Indira Ghandhi add to the sequence of talented single child. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru too was the only child of his parents till his teenage.... Ruskin of England and Bhartendu Harishchandra and several other reputed names in the field of modern literature also had the privilege of being singlechild. Remarkably, the founder fathers of modern science, the sagacious researchers like Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein and Para Celsus etc. were the ‘only child’ in their respective families. 20 Similar examples are also found in the contemporary world which provide evidential support to the scientific and logical conclusion that people born and brought up as single child are mostly endowed with some talents or eminence of personality.

Enrich The Future By Past Knowledge[edit]

Students of Physics know that the total mass existing in the universe is the same today as it was at the time of creation. Mass of the matter neither increases or decreases on its own. It remains constant. It is only the form of a material entity which changes with environment; a solid may melt into a liquid form and vaporize into a gas or conversely.... Everything in nature is continuously subject to change its form in one way or the other. Old is destroyed and is reborn into a new form; this process of transformation, destruction and creation continues forever; it maintains the varieties of forms and enhances the dynamic beauty of Nature. The repository of our thoughts also undergoes a similar dynamic update at an extremely fast pace.... The fundamental issues pertaining to human life in normal case are only a few. Basic mechanisms of thinking, investigating and resolving are also limited... The qualities of thoughts and associated mental activities may be divided into two broad classes - the divine and the cruel, or, the creative and the destructive types. There is also a third category of dull, indifferent or inactive types which belongs to a perplexed, self-contended or lethargic state of mind. The people in this last category trouble their minds to think only when forced by circumstances but their thoughts hardly lead to any conclusion.... The spectrum of thoughts in human mind remains confined to these three broad categories and a variety of thoughts of one type or the other continue to occupy the conscious mind. The activities of thought process revolve around this periphery with fluctuations as per the mood and extent of mental concentration. New arguments, logic, examples, theories, causes and propositions arise according to mental status, aspirations and the needs of time. Our earth and other planets are almost spherical in shape. Their orbits are also approximately round. The cycle of life too is circular. Birth, childhood, teenage, youth, middle age, old age and death - these are the normal states of life of every creature. Cells in the body are destroyed continuously and are replaced by the new ones at regular intervals in a living body. Similarly, new thoughts are born and the old ones keep vanishing from the conscious mind almost instantaneously. The process of active and lost memory works like cutting out the ripe crops and sowing the new seeds on an eternally fertile land and thus maintains the generative power of thinking in brain. The state of one’s mind and level of his emotions and thoughts determines the origin and direction of evolution of his personality. The dignity of character depends upon that of the inner instincts and thoughts. Sound and righteous thinking should therefore get an important place in daily life. After feeding the stomach, the needs and aspirations of the mental domain become the driving force for all activities of human life. All the ends and means emanate from, and are searched and planned, within this domain. Thus, the good or bad consequences are also experienced by the mind only. At a superficial level, desires, ambitions and ego may appear as the predominant factors of life, but the fact remains that these are all outcomes of the aspirations and inspirations of mind only. It is essential for the strengthening and refinement of mental field that the malice existing there is cleansed. If the excreta were not removed, how would the stomach consume fresh food? Sharp memory is indeed an excellent source of intellectual attainment and progress and everybody aspires to have it. But, it should be noted that, excess of redundant and negative memory needs to be washed out regularly for a harmonious and creative functioning of the thought process. 21 The emotional excitements and depressions associated with joyous and dolorous events respectively are so effective at times that if they remain stable and do not wane then normal activities of the brain would be hindered and even living a normal life would become impossible. The feelings of animosity, anger, revenge, fear, excessive affection etc also cause abnormal pressure on smooth functioning of mind. Good that nature has kept such feelings and their memories as temporary and unstable – like any other information registered in the active memory; else, these would have eaten away the pr³ña of anyone whose mind is trapped into the clutches of such excitements. Too short memory or forgetfulness also makes life difficult; even the daily chores cannot be processed properly if one cannot recall small matters like - how much is to be paid or purchased of essential commodities or the addresses and contact numbers of those with whom he is ought to interact frequently, ....., etc. People may sometimes appear to be ungrateful on some occasions because of their short memory and therefore face counter reactions from even the near and dear ones. If one is not able to remember what one had experienced recently, his learning process would suffer severely; as a consequence, his intellect my not evolve above the level of a child nor would he be successful in practicalities of personal and social life..... In between the natural process of registration and depletion of memory, many a times the need arises when old thoughts – such as those pertaining to past experiences and creative interactions are required to be revived and given a fresh look for contemporary guidance... The difficulties arise when one’s memory is unable to trace back such important pieces of lost thoughts or previously acquired knowledge.... People with extraordinary memory and balanced mind have an exceptional power of accessing the hidden or lost pieces of knowledge at will. The unconscious mind contains such colossal amounts of lost and latent memory whose expansion may resemble that of the cosmos. Mass and energy are never destroyed. The same is true of the mental outcomes of the activities of brain. These, such as the thoughts and sentiments, are conserved in some form in the latent layers of unconscious mind even after being washed out from the active memory. If one has the capability to link the conscious mind with these latent domains of memory and extract the desired information and knowledge, he would certainly be endowed with supernatural intellect. The potentials inherited from the ancestors are gifted to every individual through the genetic machinery. Whatever one had learnt in the previous lives is not lost completely. Memories of the present as well as the past lives are stored in the inner cores of mind. Although nature has devised the mechanism of wiping out the excess of memory from the active and conscious areas of mind in order to maintain ordinary functions of life at a normal pace, the virtually lost memory remains stored in the extra sensory layers of the subconscious and unconscious mind. A dead body buried in a grave is not seen on the earth’s surface but it continues to exist in a transformed state beneath it. Similarly, the existence of important and also of the unnecessary memories remains alive within the unlimited expansion of the inner mind. A natural question would arise in the reader’s mind here as – how to extract the important substance from this almost infinite repository of latent memory? How to enrich from the ancient knowledge acquired in the uncountable sequence of past births....? If one is successful in this endeavor, his intellect is sure to rise up to supreme heights and eventually culminate into the omniscient divine form. 22 The existence of latent memory in the unconscious mind is now gaining support from the scientific community. The evidential incidences of memory of previous life or revival of past-memory after rebirth etc. were earlier neglected as being rare coincidences or mystical events drawn by illusions. Nonetheless, with deeper knowledge about the omnipotent human mind, researchers are now tending to investigate the facts associated with such observations and analyze the related hypotheses and available information on unconscious memory. Recent efforts are also focused on the issue of – “why not, the awakening of latent memory be considered as important as the acquisition of knowledge by the conscious mind?” Advent of neuroscience has offered extra support in this direction. The brain-functions associated with the memory-process are quite complicated. Collaborative as well as independent research in the fields of Neuroanatomy, Psychology, Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Biophysics has attempted deciphering its mechanism. The findings so far have indicated two types of memories - (i) short or temporary memory, which recalls something only for a short duration of few seconds. For instance, a new telephone number seen in the directory is remembered till the time of dialing - usually one forgets the number soon after that unless used frequently...; (ii) long-term memory which helps recall the events, addresses, names and subject matter etc which were stored in the memory long time ago.... The Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) of the neurons ‘orders’ the synthesis of specific proteins in brain as per the type of ‘bits’ required to be imprinted in the memory. The corresponding (bio)chemical transformations inscribe the memory of associated events, knowledge or perceptions in specific strips of the brain. Whenever the conscious mind comes across a related event or information, similar (bio)chemical interactions take place and thereby the corresponding matters are recalled by activation of those specific portions in the registers of brain in this process..... Sometimes the psychological experiments of hypnotism are tried out to activate the lost or forgotten memory. Redcliff has described some such events in his ‘Memoirs’ and in a compilation of his works on human psychology. He has mentioned about a rich trader who had asked a mason to make a secret hole in the wall of his house. He (the trader) kept his jewelry and other valuables in that hole and got a normal wall constructed above it.... It was impossible to locate that spot by seeing or touching the wall from either side. Several years later, the trader’s son wanted to use this ‘treasure’ after his death. He called up the same mason and asked him to break the wall right at the specific spot. But the mason had forgotten about the hole; he just could not recall anything about its size or location. As a last trial before destroying the wall completely, a specialist known to the trader’s family was requested to hypnotize that mason to get some clue. Surprisingly, in the hypnotized state, the latter could easily recall about the making of secret hole; he took the specialist near the wall and indicated where exactly the hole lied inside the strong wall.... The treasure was found after little digging at that point....! Neuro-anatomical experiments have shown that in general, the reproduction of new neurons stops above the age of 35 years. The rigidity of nerves, which supply pure blood to the brain increases with aging after certain stage. Because of this the neurons do not get substantial amounts of fresh blood... This negatively affects the chemical processing of memorization too... This is one of the major reasons why old people do recall the events of their distant past very well but are prone to forget the matters of the present.... Special oxygen treatments help improving their memory but only temporarily. As the external supply of oxygen into the brain of the patient is stopped, his memory of the present events again becomes weak.... Apart from oxygen supply techniques and hypnotism-based therapies, bio-electrical excitation of memory centers in the brain stimulated with the help of electrodes is another popular remedy for amnesia as recommended by modern neuroscientists. Further research is being carried out to make 23 these methods more effective without any risk. Ultimate success in these attempts would enable one to extract hidden layers of knowledge stored in the core of his memory since past lives and to acquire unlimited knowledge in the present life too. The mentally weak and dullards could also benefit from a sharpened memory and reach scholarly levels like the great Sanskrit poet Kalidas. Ancient scientists of human psychology had incorporated deep trance (sam³dhi), yoga nidr³ and other spiritual endeavors (s³dhan³s) as empowering experiments on intellectual elevation. The modern techniques of hypnotism and autosuggestion are elementary steps in similar directions. Electrical shock based treatments to awaken the inactive layers of memory are not free from severe risks. These could be replaced by the meditation based yoga s³dhan³s of dhy³na and dh³rañ³ to harmoniously activate and elevate the functions of specific centers in the brain. The yoga exercises of pr³ñ³y³ma are refined forms of the oxygen treatment. These offer natural and everlasting positive effects without any external device. The modern psychologists and neuroscientists may therefore be reinvestigate the ancient sciences of yoga and spirituality in order to select most effective methods of treatment of amnesia and aboulia and also provide the opportunity to the ordinary minds to acquire extraordinary memory and brilliance. 24

Would Like To Be A Mobile Computer?[edit]

Expansion of knowledge and eminence of thinking is often imminent in people with sharp and sound memory. Forgetful persons are, on the other hand, not only deprived of deep knowledge in general, they also face difficulties and losses because of negligence of necessary tasks in day-to-day life due to their short memory. Some people are endowed with exceptionally sharp memory since the time of birth. Their extraordinary mental potentials often startle others. John Fraser was one such gifted person. He lived in Glosystershire, England during 1901 to 1960. This man was born blind. His memory was so sound that he could easily remember the names and addresses of over ten thousands persons whom he had ever met or interacted with. He was able to recollect this information without any mistake just by hearing the voice of any of these people.... Filmund Iris also had similar memory. Incidentally, he too was blind since birth. The Government had selected him for the job of a postman because of his terrific memory. He used to sort and arrange the deliverable letters with the help of an assistant. The latter used to read the addresses loudly - this was sufficient for Filmund to store the entire sequence of corresponding addresses in his mind. This is how he was able to distribute, on his own, hundreds of postal deliveries every day. There was never any mistake on his part or any complaint against him during his tenure as a postman. The example of Mr. Nebur of Germany is rarest of its kind. Exceptional memory of this man had popularized him across the world only in a single day. Once the office where he used to work as a clerk was caught under fire. Many important papers and files got destroyed. Nebur’s supernormal memory came into light when he successfully reproduced the lost records in a short span of time. Many of these records, reference numbers etc, were verified against the copies available with the clients and no mistake or slip of memory (on Nebur’s part) was detected. His hidden talents were also recognized on many other occasions after this amazing incident. John Jacob of Jerusalem, Israel was popularly known as a mobile computer. Over twenty thousands poems and names and addresses of about fifteen thousands persons around the world were known to him by heart. Once a friend decided to cross-examine Jacob’s memory... He jokingly asked the latter to narrate any poem, which begins with the word sounding like ‘Sa’. Interestingly, Jacob responded almost instantly and recited over 150 such poems in an hour’s time....; he stopped only after his friend gave up and requested him to do so. A courtier of King Bhoj of Medieval India had made place in history because he was able to recall and reproduce, without any error, any subject matter or verbal discussion in any language heard by him for 24 minutes or lesser duration at a single stretch of time. Saint Chaitanya of Bengal was gifted with a supernatural grasping power; he used to remember everthing just by listening it once. An erudite scholar of his times once called him for a ϳstr³rtha8. This scholar recited a hundred line new ïloka created by himself during the period of this competition and asked the saint to reproduce a particular line and elaborate upon its meaning.... Surprisingly, Chaitanya not only responded satisfactorily but also narrated the entire ïloka as it is. The arrogant scholar was amazed and he became a disciple of this great saint. Looking at the above examples, one might feel that supernatural memory is only God-gifted or inherited since birth. Nevertheless, human history is not short of examples where people have endeavored to sublimate their own memory by systematic control over mental concentration. Each 25 one of us remembers certain events or matters of importance or of significant impact throughout the life while many other pieces or knowledge and information are easily wiped out of our conscious memory.... It is said that our interest and attention in the subject and the importance and influence of an event or assimilated knowledge plays a predominant role in registering of the associated matters into deeper domains of our memory which can be awaken by sincere practice. According to Karl Seschore, a noted psychologist, an average man uses only about 10% of his natural memory. Remaining 90% is left unused in a haphazard or dormant state. This is why one generally remains intellectually deprived or dull. If one is alert and systematically attempts to awaken and properly use the natural memory, the latter would be activated creatively and offer intellectual benefits of higher order. Modern psychologists have deciphered three major causes of lack of memory: (i) lack of aspiration and pre-conditioning of mind to remember something; (ii) inattentiveness or lack of mental concentration; and (iii) lack of interest and enthusiasm in what is being read or heard..... If these causes were removed, the usual complaints of short memory or forgetfulness would be eliminated to a great extent in a natural way. It is true that some people are born with supernatural memory as divine endowments but that does not mean that others are deprived of the opportunity of rousing the natural potentials of mind. It should be remembered that appropriate exercises and dietary control improve weak organs and bad physical health. Many a times, the children born as physically handicapped, are seen to overcome the disabilities through timely treatment and sincere attempts. Similar is true in case of mental weaknesses. Thus, one should not think that mental dullness or lack of memory is a permanent disability or weakness, which cannot be improved. Professor Mannheim states that if the origin and outcomes of events are also noticed along with their visual pictures or imaginations, one would remember the associated details more easily and for a longer duration. Psychologists like John Irvin emphasize that greater interest should be cultivated in the subject matters which are required to be recalled in future.... One should be cautious towards the harms of negligence and forgetfulness. This keeps the mind alert. One should also realize the necessity and advantages of remembering certain things. It is useful to take a mental note of when and how the related matters could be required and what could be achieved by acquisition of associated knowledge. This way, the mind is better conditioned and gets trained in registering relevant pieces of information and knowledge more efficiently. As substantial amount of thinking is applied in connection with above aspects of memory, the latter is less likely to be waned or depleted in general. Some practical tips for systematizing and improving the memory include the following: (i) Make an instant analysis of the events, matters, information etc, as and when the mind comes across them, to evaluate their relevance and the necessity and importance of memorizing them. (ii) Classify which issues or aspects are to be remembered. (iii) Think of the selected pieces of information and knowledge more thoroughly with deep mental concentration. (iv) If the subject matter is very important but complicated and vast, make sure that the main points are understood and memorized by repeated mental recitation, thinking and contemplation; if needed, make written notes for greater impact on the memory. Sincere practice of the above mentioned elementary techniques with interest and attention trains the mind at a faster rate and soon the latter learns to perform the above steps as a natural habit. The 26 memory sharpens gradually and if one is motivated and determined, it rises up to the level of that reflected in eminent intelligence and exceptional talents.

The Magic Of Human Brain[edit]

Every component, even the tiny cells of human body are marvelous creations of nature. The human brain is superior to all the other organs because its function is not only confined to the physical activities of body, rather, it exists as the source and representative of the linkage between the individual and the cosmic consciousness. The apparent activities of the gross body as well as the latent potentials of a human being are governed by the conscious and unconscious mind. In view of its infinite capabilities and constant connection with the cosmic consciousness, the human brain (mind) can be regarded as powerful as the eternal linkage between the soul and the divine Supreme. Decipheration of the immense complexity and infinite capabilities of human brain is as important and difficult field of science, as that of elucidation of the mysteries of nature. If even a fraction of the arcane functions of the brain and the latent potentials of mind are understood and used righteously, the associated accomplishments of the power of consciousness would prove to be better than colossal mountains of natural resources. The science of cetan (eternal consciousness) and spirituality is indeed the supreme science of the Brah®. An average human normally uses a negligible fraction of the true potentials of his brain (mind). It is like only a small bowl of water from a gigantic ocean... If some of the unused power of consciousness existing in this unique source is awaken and activated creatively, the progress, prosperity and power of humans would advance uncountable steps ahead of the present marks of tremendous successes. Frank Renée, a resident of Albania, USA possesses unique spiritual power. Although he knows only one language - English, he can fluently repeat a text spoken in front of him in any language. Interestingly, he can also reproduce this text in the same style and tuning in which it was spoken. He can even complete a half-spoken sentence without any pause; his super-sense automatically gets the right words that the speaker siting near him intends to speak. He speaks simultaneously with such a resemblance with the style and language of the other person that it appears as if the two voices are produced by the two tape recorders that are playing the same record.... Frank has also sung with professional singers in some television programs. His ability to synchronize his voice with the given composition is so perfect that the audience feels that he has undergone adept training in singing that particular song..... In one of the shows, he was to compete with a lady called Lolobrigida who knew many languages. She spoke fluently in several languages and different combinations of the same; surprisingly, Frank could mimic her with same speed and without any mistake. Lolo even uttered some artificial words, which did not belong to any language. Frank was prompt again in reciting the pronunciations as it is. Manifestation of supernatural capabilities of human brain poses ever-new questions before the scientific community. Because, the associated extraordinary potentials are found to annul the established scientific rules as evidently as the stormy winds blow freely above the sky-scrappers. For instance, look at the following examples reported in Modern History. Giyovani Gallenti of Italy used to read so easily in the darkness of nights - without any artificial source of light, as an ordinary man would do in bright sunlight. Mr. Gopikrishna, employed in the 27 education department of Jammu, India used to teach in a primary school. Though he had not learnt any language other than Hindi, he once got a feeling as if he had a natural command over many languages... Soon his brain became a center of attraction for researchers when it was found that the supernormal awakening of his latent or inherited memory had overnight made him versatile in German, French, Greek, Arabian and Sanskrit. He could converse very well in these ‘unknown’ languages and even write sentimental poems in each. James Christen of Scotland had learnt twelve prominent languages - including Arabic, Greek, Jewish and Flemish language - of the world by the time he entered the teenage. More astonishing was the super brain of Luis Kardek of France, who, at the age of four years was able to speak excellently in English, French, German and some other European languages... It is said that he was able to read the holy Bible when he was hardly an year old. At the early age of six years, he became a recognized scholar of Mathematics, History and Geography. Blaise Pascal’s original research paper on sound had startled the scholars of France and the rest of the world. This eminent scientists-cum- philosopher had completed that paper when he was just twelve years old! John Philip Verotier had obtained a Ph.D. degree at the age of fourteen years. He had remarkable grasping power and was able to reproduce as it is, whatever he had ever heard or read..... Another super intelligent scientist of Trinity college was appointed as a Professor of Natural Sciences in the Mary Land college during his student life. His appointment was subject to the condition the he would obtain certain degrees of higher qualification within two years...; This genius completed the same before the scheduled time and continued further studies along with his teaching work. Philip Heridhelm was studying in the secondary classes of the Rose Public School of England when the management had negotiated with him to make him take over the responsibilities of head mastership of the primary shift. He was only 16 years old at that time; still, he could transact all the responsibilities adeptly and also continued performing excellently in his higher studies. One British poetess had gained so much popularity at age of 18 that she was elected to the House of Commons by an overwhelming majority, against the law of lower age-limit for the membership of this house. An American citizen named Paul Murphy had completed his post graduation along with a degree course of Law at the age of 19 years. There was no barrier of age for appearing in any exam those days. However, according to the constitution, he was awarded the degree of Law subject to the condition that he would not commence his practice as a lawyer until he becomes 21 years old. The founder of Chicago University, Sir William Rene, was only 12 years old when he had completed the secondary education and entered the Ohio college. He laid the foundation of the reputed university of Chicago much before reaching the legally established age of maturity. The local public, influenced by his eminent personality, had given wholehearted support in the formation of this huge institution. Many other colleges also wanted him to join their faculty; as many as nine heads of the departments had vacated their posts for him. Sixteen years old Don Francis was the youngest professor of History in the State University of Columbia. Because of his exceptional talents, twelve years old F. Augustie was appointed as the officer in-charge of the Royal library in Paris. He rose up to the level of the chairman of the governing body of all elite libraries before reaching official maturity age. His tremendous knowledge of books and adept management skills were unparalleled. Ms John Baptist Teiste, also of France, was selected to the membership of grand assembly when she was 13 years old. Only some extraordinarily eminent 28 personalities used to receive this honor. This assembly was the highest administrative body in that country after the French revolution. Victor D. Joy is remembered in history because of her superb memory. She remembered complete literary works of Voltaire by heart. It should be noted that this work is compiled in 36 volumes and consists of over three billion words. Joy was selected for the well- deserved membership of the French Academy when she was a 13 years old young girl. Another academician of similar genius was Von Pappenhem who became the Reader Count of Aldorff University in Germany at the age of 14 years. Later on he joined the defense services and worked at important, high ranked positions in the army. Noted philosopher Jeramy Ventham had good command over Latin and Greek since the age of four years. German mathematician, Zacharius was able to orally perform arithmetical operations on large numbers. Mentally multiplying numbers as large as those up to 200 digits was an easy task for this human computer. A mechanic in a car garage of America gained popularity because he was able to recall the numbers of hundreds of cars ever repaired by him. Not only that, just by looking at the car for the second or higher times, he used to give all the details of its earlier repair operations. A couple of decades ago, the prestigious Oxford University had made special arrangements for the studies of a four years old girl in the department of Mathematics. This girl, Babble Thompson, had exceptional hold over Arithmetical Operations, Trigonometry and Physics before going to any school. Special penal of educationists was appointed to decide the mode of higher level teaching for such a young child who had not even been exposed to the Kinder Garden. The performance of eight years old Jeru Kolbern of Bermunt had startled many great mathematicians in the pre-calculators era. This boy, without undergoing a systematic training in Mathematics, was able to solve difficult problems without the help of pen and papers. Kolbern quickly solved many hard problems, which only a handful of mathematicians could solve in substantial amount of time. Remarkably, this little boy did not even know the elementary formulae that are taught in conventional schools of Mathematics. An interesting incident of mathematical problem solving took place when expert mathematician Jedia Boxton had almost given up solving a difficult problem after trying hard on it for a long time. One fine day, he happened to meet John Martin Dess who was well known for his exceptional memory. Boxton discussed the above problem with Dess. The latter found a solution in a matter of few minutes. The extraordinary ease of Dess with the intricacies of Mathematics had made him renowned across the globle. Of more recent times, Mrs. Shakuntala Devi of Banglore, India had been recognized as ‘Wizard of Arithmetic’ or ‘Mobile Computer’ because of her supernormal talents in number crunching. As late as in 1960s, during a television show in London, she was asked a problem which was designed by a group of learned mathematicians of Europe. Shakuntala Devi responded in less than a second that the question was wrong. The organizers of the BBC programme arranged for verification of her claims. Every one was amazed to note that the question was indeed wrong! In another challenging show, Shakuntala was to compete with a top-of-the-line computers of the 1970s at the New South Wales University, Sydney (Australia). The electronic computer - costing 20 thousands pounds that time was operated by the computer experts and mathematicians like R.G. Smart and Berry Thromton. Varieties of questions in Arithmetic, number theory, calendars and related topics of Mathematics were posed before the two contestants. Each time, Shankutala Devi used to give correct replies 29 much before the computer. She never made any mistake with numbers. Her answers used to be correct up to a greater accuracy than the calculating devices of those days. Supernatural talents of human mind have also made recognized place in the fields of art, literature and culture. Ravi Kiran’s case is the latest evidence in this regard. The Madras music academy had recently announced a special scholarship for this two-and-a-half years old kid in recognition of his exceptional talents in Indian classical music. This little boy had mastery over many musical instruments. He also used to point out the mistakes, if any, in the performance of others - including experienced musicians. Sir John Fielding was a highly respected judge of England. Though he was blind, his ears were so sensitive that he was able to recognize the voices of thousands of criminals and clients whose cases were ever heard in his courts. He could even recall the names of the concerned persons and references of their cases. L’Cruze also had extraordinary memory. In one of his demonstrative shows, he heared twelve poems, of twelve different languages, which were foreign to him. Almost instantly, he had repeated all these without mistaking a single word! The immense power of human mind has been the focus of research of many scientists. A psychological investigations committee has published a review of some recent results in a volume entitled ‘The Human Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death’. This book has also cited examples of child ‘prodigies’ who were more knowledgeable and talented than the expert-performers in the diverse fields of Arithmetic, Geormetry, Music, Fine Arts etc. Revered Shankaracharya had taken his mentor by surprise because of his scholarly knowledge at very young age. If a child has extraordinary talents or in-depth knowledge of different subjects at the age of 5 to 6 years, without undergoing any schooling or having an exposure to any book or training, it strongly indicates that the knowledge and talents inherited from the previous births of this soul have aroused in its present life. The live examples of this kind evince the independent and eternal existence of the soul and the intimate linkage of mind with its conscious manifestations. The example of Henris Hennanken makes significant addition in the above series. This boy was born in Germany about 200 years ago. He was able to state thousands of proverbs and idioms in Latin at the age of three years. Simple operations of Arithmetic were easy games for him. At this pre-schooling age, this child had also shown keen interest in learning French and Geography. Wiener, the author of ‘Cybernetics’ used to discuss and solve problems of science along with 18 - 20 year old students when he was less than one-third of the latter’s age.... Celebrity writer of German language, Goethe, had begun excellent poesy since the age of nine years. Vieron Scott and Darwin - the founders of modern theory of evolution, were also endowed with such supernormal talents. Fifteen years old Blaise Pascal had got his first scientific paper published in a reputed journal; he had proved over hundred theorems and propositions there. Heimann Kein of (east) Germany was, for quite some time, a center of attraction of the researchers in Psychology and human-brain. This three years old boy was able to not only read but also thoroughly analyze higher level literature in German. American physicist, Dr. Stevenson, has compiled reports on about 600 such incidents where the descriptions of previous births narrated by some people - especially children of age below 14 years, were found to be correct. About 170 of these authentic examples belong to India alone. 30 Similar to the examples of child prodigies, the demonstration of remarkable talents in people during the last phase of life indeed proves the magical potentials of human mind beyond the barriers of age and time. George Bernard Shaw used to write so much at the age of 93 which was significantly more than what he could at a younger age of 40 years. Goswami Tulsidas had commenced writing the great scripture ‘Ram Charit Manas’ when he had crossed 50 years. So wonderful was his poetic insight and mental concentration at this age that he could complete this – most glorious literary work in the history of mankind - in a short span of two years. Greek writer Sophonie authored his celebrity play, “Ordipice” when he was in his ninteties. Interestingly, most of his creations which were honored in the world of literature and art took shape when he had traversed 80 precious years of life. Sagacious English poet, John Milton had become totally blind when he was 44. After this tragedy, he had devoted his mind to the service of literature and produced the noble volume of his verse in ‘Paradise Lost’. His other popular book ‘Paradise Regained’ was published when he had celebrated his 62nd birthday. Goethe, the renowned scholar of German language, had contributed his excellent literary work entitled ‘Fost’ in the eighth decade of his life. John Devy of America had developed scholarly interest in philosophy in his late sixties. So vast and deep was his study and philosophical insight that at the age of 93, he was considered as most eminent of the erudite experts in this intellectual discipline. Augustan Thearie was a reputed historian of France. He had completely lost his eyesight in very young age. Adding to his cursed fortunes, he also suffered an attack of paralysis later and became partially handicapped. Despite his physical disabilities, he continued working on his favorite subject. He wrote over twenty scholarly volumes on History. Because of his inability in writing after paralysis, he used to dictate the contents of the book orally. These used to be scripted by his assistants. Above examples and other references of exceptional talents and zeal of some people reflect the infinite capabilities of human mind. This potential exists in everybody at every age. What is required is sincere attempts to charge it up by mental refinement and concentration. Sometimes the inherent samsk³ras support natural awakening of talents in some people. The principle of ‘Deserving from Firm Endeavors’ applies to every field of life. Industriousness and creativity always bring good results. Different activities of the gross world continue in view of the fact that sincere attempts and hard work returns due success. The same works in the case of spiritual s³dhan³s too. If these are based on genuine principles of spirituality and are adeptly performed, multiple benefits of their completion are certain to occur. Fructization of the s³dhan³s pertaining to the refinement of the subtle power of the Manomaya Koïa (mind cell) results in sublimation of the mental strength, hidden talents and intellectual potentials. Firm determination and sound concentration of mind are fundamental to the above s³dhan³s. Cultivation and refinement of these qualities is the key to rousing the latent powers of mind and thereby accomplishing supernormal talents.

Manifestation Of Divine Powers In Human Intellect[edit]

Parson of Greece was renowned for his extra-ordinary command over Milton’s poesy. He had crammed this verse by heart and was able to recite them from the first to the last page without forgetting a single word. Not only that, he could do so in reverse order too. He recited every poem from last page to the first with equal perfection.. Similar wizard of memory was Gambetta who was able to recite complete works of Ruth, Ossiyan and Victor Hugo in forward as well as backward order... People used to comment that there seems 31 to be an electromagnetic tape fixed in Gambetta’s brain, which can record each and every work ever heard or read by him attentively and reproduce the same –– like a tape-recorder. Mr. Joseph Burnheart Duncan had nine secretaries for different languages when he was the director of national library of Munich. He had such a control of mind and command over several languages, that he used to dictate official letters and other deliberations in nine different languages to all his secretaries simultaneously. He had also memorized the Bible by heart and was able to reproduce the corresponding sections completely whenever asked from any page of this Holy Scripture. Recalling the location of the million billions books in the library was so easy for him as if the catalogue was kept open before his eyes... It was said that his brain (intelligence) would ‘weigh’ more than any amount of linguistic knowledge and stock of information existing on the earth. Karl Wilhelm Von Humbolt, a popular and eminent poet of Germany was born in 1767. He got married to Caroline Von Decroden at the age of 38. Caroline was extremely beautiful and virtuous lady. Humbolt used to write a new poem of hundred lines for her every day since they tied the nuptial knot. This sequence continued for forty-four years till he survived. The last six years of his life were spent as a widower. He used to write about hundred lines of poems every day while sitting near the grave of his beloved wife after her death. This way he wrote 1606000 lines of a verse – not a single one of which was repeated. If this compilation is published in a thesis shaped book, the book will be around 25 feet in thickness containing about 44116 printed pages! It was before the French revolution when an innocent was proved as guilty in a marshal court. Renowned attorney Louis Bernard came forward to defend his case as per the request of some wellwishers. Although the court had ordered death sentence to the accused, Bernard appealed a stay for five days on the grounds that the King, the ultimate authority was out of town.... However the court showed inability in staying the hearing any more.... Then Bernard began his defensive arguments and continued them for 5 days and 5 nights presenting almost the entire knowledge on law and justice framed anywhere in the world. His rigorous deliberations would have continued even longer, had the King not arrived by then...! The latter too heard the case and granted merci pardon to Bernard’s client on the basis of his excellent defense. It is said that when Swami Ramtirth was going to America, two British men travelling in the same ship fought with each other one day. Swamiji was also siting nearby that time. The dispute led to a court case where Swamiji was also asked to speak as an eyewitness. He said –– “I do not know who is guilty but I can narrate the entire discussion and heated exchange of words between the two fellows”. He indeed did that in the same language in which the duo had quarreled and thus helped fair justice take place. Francisco Maria Grapaldo was born in Parama (Italy) in 1464. His peculiarity was that he used to write his poems with both the hands simultaneously – in two adjacent pages of a notebook. People used to consider that he had two brains. As brain research has proved it now, human brain indeed has two parts, both of which can function independently. However, it is not clear how the two function in case of the above kinds of extraordinary intellectual talents and supernatural memory. Whether the intellectual abilities are developed only through dedicated learning, sound reasoning, training and endeavors to awaken specific talents, or because of some exceptional potentials of human mind pertaining to some elements of spirituality? Before proceeding further to search an answer, one might look at the following examples, which have glorified human history. 32 Duncan Macentire, born in 1724 in Scotland, happens to be as majestic a poet as Surdas and Tulasidas of India. This great poet too, like the latter, was unable to read or write. Nevertheless, his poesy has secured a highly honorable, unparalleled position in Scottish literature. Homer and Socrates were great saints, literary scholars and philosophers. They too had never undergone any formal education. Saint Kabir of India is another orgulous poet whose verse is an integral part of master level teaching and doctoral works in Hindi literature although, he was himself an illiterate. He used to think and write in his own mind and utter his feelings through the language of his heart as songs in the dialect spoken in his village. These and a variety of other living examples indicate that scholarly talents and intellect need not depend upon the mode of education and amount of acquired knowledge. It is an intrinsic property of mind that can emerge from spiritual refinement of the inner self. Ancient Indian philosophy of yoga –– Yoga Darïan mentions that practices of spiritual s³dhan³s under the disciplines of Brahmcarya (chastity) and other ascetic methods of self-restrain help sublime transformation of the intellect and activate its subtle layers of prudence, acumen and intuition. Success of these s³dhan³s can bestow many kinds of supernatural talents and even endow one with the potentials of reading others’ mind and clairvoyance of distant past and future beyond any barriers of time and space... The supreme level of pure, sagacious and righteous intellect is termed as —ata®bhar³ pragy³ in the Indian scriptures. It is prayed from the Almighty as – Sannimedh³ May³siÌa Sw³h³ Medh³® Me Var¿ño Dad³tu Medh³magni¡ Praj³pati¡ - Yajurveda 32 | 13, 15 Meaning: May God inspire pure intellect in us. Oh God Var¿ña! kindly offer us enlightened wisdom. The scriptures convey that endowment of divine qualities in mind awakens —ata®bhar³ pragy³. It is only the latter which can attain the eternal glow of Brah®. Particles of coal when kept in fire begin to glow bright and red. Similarly, human intellect, if linked with the cosmic consciousness, illuminates with divine light and culminates up to the omniscient level. Inner emotions, afflatus and pure knowledge are the elements of spirituality. They emerge through inculcation of divine virtues. Willpower and self-restrain may be enhanced without absolute devotion to thee but the evolution of intellect cannot. Today we see significant increase in people’s knowledge but this would remain incomplete without the rise of prudence (pragy³). This is the reason why in spite of having high quality education, most people are seen dismayed and moving in a dissatisfied state in a world of internal darkness and ignorance. Neuroscientific and psychological research in modern laboratories has so far revealed that the million billions neurons in the brain serve for the storage and retrieval of every kind of knowledge and information received by the sense organs including the conscious mind. The nuclei of these tiny processors hold the key to activate their functions. What triggers inherent memory and emotions is not yet known. Perhaps it is the extra-sensory role of divine consciousness (subtly existing in the soul) which generates and manifests the conscious activities of the neutron mass present in the nuclei of brain elements. Let us hope, further advancement of neurosciences would soon show us some light in this direction. 33

Brilliance Beyond The Barriers Of Maturity-Age[edit]

The hypotheses and theories of gene-driven inheritance in successive generations seem to work well at the level of the gross body. However, the variations and characteristics of emotions and intellect are too many, too subtle and too complicated to be explained under the current models of genetics. Very often the offspring are born with such mental tendencies and specialty of nature that it appears more logical to consider that these features of personality are unique properties of the individual souls and these are shaped according to the accumulated samsk³ras of their past and present lives. Ample examples of exceptionally bright children of most ordinary or even dull parents are available in the history of the world. Many of these children had even manifested supernormal faculties of mind at an early age. When we look at the lives of people who without undergoing any special training or treatment, were found to be exceptionally talented, we do not find any apparent reason and consider it to be some special feature of their brains. Extraordinary mental concentration and perseverance of specific hobby sometimes awakens the latent intellectual potentials of some children.... The sagacious talents of such children indeed demonstrate that there is no minimum age to be reached for the evolution and expression of intellect. Thomas Edmond Clint of Kerala passed away on 15 April 1983 at an early age of 7 years. However, in this utterly short span of life he had created about 20,000 sketches of Fine Arts which even a matured artists would not be able to produce in his long enough life. Clind was the only son of M. T. Joseph, an officer in the state bank of Travancore. Thomas’s parents are religious minded kind people. Though they never had any inclination for Fine Arts, they used to feel proud of their borntalented son. When they had observed one year old Clint making some scratches on the walls with the help of wood or coal, they thought it to be a child’s play; they even tried preventing him from spoiling the walls this way. However, soon it became clear that his scratches were not ordinary. His mind was totally engrossed in making some artistic sketches whenever and wherever possible. Around the age of 3 years this boy was admitted to a local hospital because of some kidney problem. There too he continued his practice of fine-arts as and when possible and used to surprise the staff and visitors by his marvelous talent. Once his hand got hurt; he beard the pains but did not stop his favorite creativity.... Though he could pass only K.G., he received many gold medals and awards in recognition of his exceptional artistic talent. Moments before his death, Clint told his mother that he is going into deep sleep so nobody should try waking him up.... The UNICEF has preserved the greeting cards and calendars designed by this little master along with many of his other sketches and paintings to serve as a source of inspiration for the children all over the world. Devangan Dutt was born in Calcutta in 1973. By the time he was nine years old, this boy had attained extraordinary talent in vocal music. He received the ‘best singer’ award in a coveted competition in 1983. He had begun singing in proper classical tunes at the age of 3 years. His excellent performances with Ravindra Sangeeta and devotional songs of Nuzural had attracted many music lovers and he was invited in many state and national level cultural functions since his childhood. His superb talents were rightly recognized in the diamond jubilee ceremony of the All India Music Society in New Delhi, where he was honored with the title of ‘Barnet Singer’. Interestingly, this little boy had shown distinguished performances in the field of sports too.... 34 Mr. Barawadekar, an Indian engineer from Hyderabad was posted in Wachtel corporation, Houston (USA), a few years ago. His four years old son, Rohan, was just a student of pre Kindergarten when people noticed his extraordinary command over English language. He used to make use of such selected vocabulary in his oral and written expressions which even the children double his age would never be able to think of. He had secured national championship in Houston’s word-competition. His teachers and acquaintances used to be very surprised, as this boy was able to spell a word correctly even if he was hearing it for the first time. His memory too was quite remarkable. At that little age, he could narrate, word-by-word, everything from the books or newspaper just after one reading! The history of India has witnessed, age after age, the emergence of great personalities who were also endowed with supernatural intellectual boons. Maharshi Arvind happens to be one of those sagacious glories. He had started creating high quality English verse in his childhood and gained literary expertise in many other foreign languages before crossing the teenage. Rabindra Nath Tagore had translated the popular Shakespearean play in Bangla when he was only 14 years old! Indian nightingale Sarojini Naidu had received significant recognition for her hundred-line poem in English which she had presented in her melodious voice at an early age of 13 years. Renowned play writer and actor Harindra Nath Chattopadhyay’s first play ‘Abu Hasan’ was scripted when he too had just entered the 14th year of his life. Seven years old Satwalekar had mastered over Sanskrit language. This had led him to become an eminent scholar, an authority on Sanskrit literature at later age. Vivekanand had excellently expanded his mentor’s mission during his teenage. By the age of 30 he had re-established the glory of Indian culture around the globe through his historic oration in the Chicago conference on world religion. What this great sagacious disciple of Rama Krishna had accomplished in his small life of 39 years that may not be achieved by hundreds of talented intellectuals collectively. Appearances of child prodigies in the western countries have also attracted the scientific community from time to time. Martin J. Spelding, a student of Saint Mary College in Baltimore, had become a professor of Mathematics at the age of 14. He had two more years to formally complete graduate schooling at that time. But, degree had no meaning before his matured skill and insight in the subject. Later on, he also became the Bishop of Baltimore. Ten years old British boy Baron Gustaf used to speak as many as nine European languages with good command. It is a testimony to his supernormal intellect that he was appointed as a judge in the supreme court of Sweden when he was still a teenager – 19 years old. Davis Leffrets was the youngest (only 16 years old!) professor of Latin and Greek in the University of Paris. In the same age group, Andrew Muller of Germany too had gained literary command over all European languages and started contributing in the world of poetry. More remarkable was the case of George Drawiski, who had mastered over Geek and Hebrew languages when he was only a five years old child. He was conferred the honour of the principal priest of England at the age of 17 years. Karlsuit of Germany has also made world record in demonstrating intellectual vigor in the childhood. He had passed his middle schools and taken admission in the Lipstzig University when he was 9 years old. By the time he touched 14, he had completed a post graduation along with a doctoral thesis. In view of his exceptional brilliance, he was allowed to register for the higher degree of LLD and he passed this too with glorious performance in the next two years. Soon after, he was appointed as a professor in the prestigious Berlin University. 35 The above examples pertain to supernormal intellectual attainments in the academic fields. Such astonishing potentials are also seen in the other walks of life. These include extraordinary capabilities of firm governance, decision making and management with matured wisdom and foresightedness along with intrepid courage and vigor at a very young age. The following are some of the notable examples of above kind, which are popular in modern history. Count Tende had taken over as the Commander-in-Chief of the French army and also as the head of the government when he had just entered the teenage. Another warrior, Col. Marquis had joined the French army when he was 8 years old. He served the army for 52 years at various positions until his death as the Field Marshal. Chhatrapati Shivaji had conquered the fort of Toran in Maharashtra (India) when he was only 19 years old. Within next two years he had won over many arduous battles - including that for the Purandar fort. King Ranjit Singh of Punjab (India) had also captured the Kingdom of Lahore at the young age of 19. Louis XIV was enthroned as the emperor of France when he was a 4 years old child. The Prime Minister Majira used to look after the state on his behalf. By the time Louis celebrated his 22nd birthday he had already taken direct charge of the entire nation in his own hands. He ruled over France for the longest period in the history of Europe. Peter the great of Russia occupied the throne at the age of 17 years. His attempts towards uplifting of his backward country are recognized as most significant as compared to that of any other King or Czar in the history of Russia. That is why, even today, he is cited as Peter - The Great. The little corporal Napolean Bonapart had secured the highest rank - ‘The General’ of the French army when was 24 years old. Within next three years he had enslaved the army of Italy too, although, this duration was a battle period of hardship for him in which he was also oppressed and sent to the jail because of the scandalous activities of his opponents. His terrific rise from a state of total ruin in a short span of three years still exits as the rarest example of self-confidence and intrepidity in the history of mankind. Rani Lakshmibai – the immortal glory of great women warriors of India had to bear the responsibility of the state of Jhansi upon her young shoulders in a critical period of challenging threats from the mighty British. However, this eighteen years old lady had not only governed the people efficiently but also fought with the internal conspiracies and responded the animosity of the invaders with unique dignity. She made the British have the bitter taste of defeat in several historical battles. The chapters of history dedicated to the memory of the above kinds of great leaders adds to the conclusion that human beings are indeed endowed with infinite capabilities –– be that memory, intellect, courage or any other facet of mental and emotional strength or physical potentials. In ordinary case, these capabilities remain in a waned state except for their negligible fraction being used in day-to-day activities of life. If even a part of this dormant source is awaken and channeled creatively, one can do wonders at a very young age including childhood... Neither of the lower or upper limits of age can put any barrier on the possibilities of activation and sublimation of the subtle powers of human brain. Growth Of Intellect With Aging As a general principle, consumption and utilization gradually lead to a decrease in the amount, efficiency and life-time of all material based physical means. Parts of a machine require constant servicing and replacement for efficient functioning after substantial use... Our body also needs rest 36 and recreation after every phase of significant physical and mental work in order to get rid of the fatigue and to regain energy and fresh alacrity. Howbeit, this principle of ‘decay due to continuous use’ does not apply universally to every aspect life. Adoption and assimilation of habits and mental tendencies grow with compounded multiplicity over time like the mushrooms. The population of mushrooms grows exponentially wherever it finds moistures soil. It can cover the gardens and forest lands in the monsoon season. Malice of evil tendencies establishes its roots as and when it finds any weakness of character. If not eliminated in the beginning, their hold becomes more and more firm and expands its influence in one’s nature.... Soon the associated habits and tendencies become integral part of one’s character. Addictions of liquor, gambling, erogenous sensual pleasures etc are manifestations of such effects. Longer the period of their adoption, rarer is the chance of their depletion. Only a handful of addicted persons get success in uprooting the abominable habits in their lifetime. Except by the endeavors of awaken internal power and spiritual faculties, the addicted body and perverted mind can never come out of the dreaded clutches of evil tendencies. Long-term dedicated practice under adept guidance is essential towards enhancement of efficiency in a variety of physical and mental activities. Sportsmen cannot win any competition even at a small local level if they are not regular in practising their game. Same principle of “perfection by proper practice” applies to the success of wrestlers, literary scholars, musicians, orators, students, etc. Regularity of physical exercises keeps the machinery of gross body fit and energetic. Hard labor at a stretch brings fatigue - is true, but, at the same time, it is also true that accidie and inactivity tend to weaken the active functions of the body components. An unused iron knife gets rusted and eventually becomes blunt and useless, a lethargic body too becomes rigid, weak and unsuitable even for the daily chores. The need for constant alertness and creative actions is more prominent in the case of brain. Until recently it was generally thought that mental or intellectual potentials begin to deteriorate in old age. However, the outcome of advanced research has shown something unexpected. It reveals that –– although, aging usually has a negative effect on the body and the associated regularity functions of the brain after a certain age (above fifty years in general), the ability of mind may manifest the reverse if kept under creative use with intellectual creativity. Dr. Maryan Diamond of a Californian university has conducted long-term experiments to verify this effect. Dr. Diamond’s initial experiments on some rats had shown interesting effects.... The rats captured inside a cage under otherwise healthy conditions became dull while another group of their fellow beings showed remarkably different behavior. The latter group of rats was kept free with access to a variety of eatables and under healthy conditions for playing and suitable training.... Surprisingly, the structure and chemistry of the cortex of these subjects also showed significant changes. It was found that the neurons of the cortical layers of these trained rats had grown bigger in size. Moreover, the number of glia cells – supporting the connection and communication between the neurons had doubled in the brains of most of these rats. These transformations were also manifested in the trained activities of the latter. They could even perform certain tasks, which are almost impossible for normal rats. The controlled learning experiments of the above kinds were also repeated on the rats of age 766 days or more. This age of a rat is equivalent –– in terms of relative physiology and chemistry of the brain –– to that of a 76 years old man in general. The results were interestingly in close agreement with those on the young rats. Namely, the cortex of the trained group showed similar changes and so did the behavior of these old rats. Experiments conducted by Prof. Diamond and colleagues on 37 several other animals have also demonstrated that the notion of ‘mental deficiency with aging’ is not correct; rather, continuous training, practice and creative use strengthen and upkeep the mental potentials growing at all ages. Posthumous experiments on the brain of Albert Einstein also showed results in support of the above conclusions. Observations and analysis of the internal structure or his brain showed that, it was significantly different from that of an average man only in two respects. Namely, the number of glia cells per neuron was high and the neurons in his cortex were larger in size; or, in other words, his cortical layer was thicker than that of a normal human brain. It is notable that Albert Einstein, the most distinguished scientist of the century, was a weak student in his childhood. He often had to face the anger and scolding of parents and teachers because of his poor academic performance. The scornful attitude of others might have triggered his inner instincts to do something worth...., because of which he began to study with more concentration and engaged his mind in creative problems solving in the subjects of his genuine interest at a matured age. Consistent practice and associated increase in his mental concentration seem to have brought about supporting changes in his cortex to and awaken his intuitive potentials which resulted in sagacity and acumen of his mind and eventually gave rise to his history-making scientific foundations like the Special and General Theories of Relativity..... The uniqueness of his intellectual vigor is clearly reflected in the fact that the rigorous principles of relativity established by him are known to have been fully comprehended by only three scientists on the earth - one of them was the inventor himself! Examples of many other scientists, scholars and otherwise talented eminent personalities may also be adduced in the present context. People who feel that their intelligence, memory or mental faculties have waned because of old age must realize that in normal case, it could happen only if they had not bothered to refine and creatively use their mind in the earlier phase of life. Abrupt thinking, intellectual inactivity and accidie is bound to gradually diminish the creative powers of brain. If nobody inhabits a posh, well-furnished bungalow; nor does anyone cares to clean or maintain it, in all circumstances, it is most likely to be occupied one day by pigeons, eagles, bats, owls or other birds and animals.... It would gradually turn into a filthy house and eventually deteriorate into debris. Similar would be the case with an unwashed cloth. Washing of a cloth is essential before its coloring. Cleaner the cloth, the better would be the effect of coloring... Regular cleaning and wiping of the floor makes it shine. Consistent brushing up of the mind through mental exercises, problem solving, training and dedicated creative practices similarly brightens the glow of intelligence. Perseverance and regularity in this endeavor ensures further development of brain with age. It is up to us whether to realize this fact and begin elevating the intellectual talents at an early age or leave it in an ignored dormant state to attain faster decay with aging. 38 Everybody Owns An Excellent Brain Human brain is regarded as the greatest boon of THY bestowed on the living world. Understanding its structure and functional role helps one realize its importance and throws light on efficient use of its potentials in overcoming one’s weakness at physical and mental levels. Perfection in the use of this immense source of power and talents leads to the ultimate success and culmination of human life. The adept cognitive functions, majestic memory and ultra-fast control activities performed by this little bio-electrical ‘dynamo’ - the human brain - have always posed challenging queries before the scientists and thinkers of all ages. A lot has been deciphered in the present times, in terms of the anatomy of brain and the neuro-physiological functions and neurochemistry. The collective activities of the galaxy of neurons, the cerebellum, the cells on the backside of the brain and the spinal column along with the connector glia cells have been regarded as the source of neural consciousness of the active brain. However, no clues are yet in sight, which could elucidate on the motive force, source of functional update, adaptability and causal relationship of the colossal biochemical and bio-electrical activities. The deeper aspects of consciousness, mental and emotional manifestations are beyond the scope of the current approaches to brain research. The astonishing capabilities of human brain are reflected in supernatural memory, sagacity, exceptional talents, trenchant intuition etc. Discoveries and inventions that have laid the foundation of modern science also demonstrate the extraordinary creativity and eminence of human brain. Newton’s decipheration and formulation of the law of gravity is among the most celebrated findings of this sort. Most discoveries which appear to have occurred just by chance have been made by the people whose mind was awaken and conditioned to receive the right kinds of signals from what they observed, dreamt, heard or perceived as a flash of thoughts.... It is said that chance only favors a prepared mind. The great scientists and thinkers dedicate their mental power in search of truth and the ultimate cause and depth of knowledge associated with specific activity of nature. Their focussed endeavor, thorough study and non-fatigable perseverance nurtures their intellectual faculty and rouses its hidden potentials. Motivation, sincerity, enthusiasm and systematic diligence towards elevation of specific talents is bound to show positive results one day. Favorable circumstances, suitable environment and adept guidance land extra support in this regard. An obvious question in this context would be – “If some people can cultivate extraordinary talents by dedicated endeavor and righteous training, then why not others?” In fact, the seeds of such potentials lie in the brain of every individual. Everyone can use the intrinsic power of his/her mind and educe potential talents to significant heights by devotion to this cause let materialized in unperturbed endeavor, coupled with keen interest and appropriate study, training and practice. Einstein’s scientific talents, insight and brilliance stand in the modern history as the monument of the immense powers of human intellect. He had presented new theories of cosmic existence and analyzed many aspects of universal forces. His theories of time, space and causation gave trend-setting directions to research in Modern Physics. He had given rigorous mathematical proofs for his original hypotheses. His theories were experimentally verified and helped explain many unknown facets of the universal system and laid the foundation of future scientific developments – including the applications of 39 nuclear (atomic) energy.... It is interesting to note that this unique scientist was an eminent mathematician and philosopher too. Einstein’s brain had been a center of special attraction for the physiologists and neuroscientists of early 20th century. Many of these researchers wanted to investigate whether some peculiarity of structural features has made his brain so exceptional. A team of experts had also requested his cooperation in this direction. Einstein tried to convince them that there is nothing special in his brain. He argued that, steady motivation, ever- increasing interest and total engrossment of mind in the task at hand - are the key factors behind extraordinary success in any walk of life. In his views, even a person with average level of intelligence can become exceptionally talented, brilliant researcher or erudite expert in the areas of his natural interest by inculcation of these virtues.... Often it is found that people do not set any goals for themselves. They largely remain unaware of the marvelous benefits of mental concentration and willpower. They arbitrarily do various things with half mind and without perseverance and therefore remain deprived of significant success or intellectual accomplishments. The magic does not lie in the anatomy of brain, it is the inner strength of mind which can do wonders if aroused and channeled with sincere motivation. Despite listening to the above views expressed by the great physicist, a group of curious doctors and scientists did not leave its attempts until the last. Special efforts were made after Einstein’s death to exhume his body from his private graveyard in order to bring his skull to the laboratories. Several research experiments were conducted, under iron curtain, on his brain to analyze its structure in detail. In spite of all secrecy, it became known one day that Dr. Thomas Harve had carried out substantial research on the late scientist’s brain. Dr. Marian Diamond, a distinguished neurosurgeon from the University of California at Berkeley had also collaborated with Dr. Harve. However, their investigations could not reveal anything very special about the great master’s brain except that the number of glia cells was higher and cortical strip was thicker than average. Moreover, these cells were found to be associated with specific biochemical functions and the doctors could not establish any link between their excess number and inherent intellectual superiority. An American magazine entitled ‘Discovery’ had published detailed reports of the research works on Einstein’s brain. It was clear there that none of the investigations could lead to any conclusion about the real cause of his immense intelligence and insight... Thus, the people had no choice but to accept the views expressed from time to time by that Nobel Laureate himself about the secrets of human intelligence. Another notable scientist, Fisher Kostalin of Moscow had also mentioned similar thoughts about the mental potentials of mankind. Kostalin lived 70 years of creative life of which about 50 years were devoted to scientific research and development. He was an ordinary mechanic in a factory of optical instruments. With his devotion to work, mental concentration and industriousness, he was able to fabricate several machines, which were as sophisticated and important at that time, as the computers are these days. His inventions had brought out 250 instruments and appliances for public use. Kostalin opined that every human being has been gifted the same level of intelligence by nature. It is only the awareness of the latent potentials and the success of endeavors to elevate and creatively use the hidden talents, which makes all the difference. According to him, there is nothing special in the physical structure of the brain in anybody. Surgery of the skull and investigations into the anatomy and functions of the brain is not going to elucidate anything about the quality of mind... Several 40 neuroscientists too now believe that one’s way of thinking, nature and intrinsic character plays crucial role in orienting his talents and setting the active level of his intellectual capabilities. Albukark was a doorkeeper in New Mexico University when he commenced his higher education. Because of his meritorious talents, he later on became a teacher and was also selected as a member of the board of directors of that university. Although he lost his eyesight in the old age, he continued to offer his services to the university; he took up honorary work of library management at that time. He used to recognize the users of this library by their voice. Because of his immense reading and extremely sharp memory he was able to advise the readers about the essence and important portions of almost every book at the time of its issue or return. Melschiyore Sevis had strong urge for acquisition of more and more knowledge with special inclination towards the medical sciences. In spite of receiving the degree sufficient for practicing doctors, he continued to study further and further because he opined that one should have an in-depth knowledge of every aspect of Biomedicine and therapeutic methods for proper transaction of responsibilities as a doctor should.... He spent his whole life as a student; he specialized in over twenty-seven subjects with excellent performance from reputed universities of France. Although he joined as a Professor in Strasbourg University during his studies, he never ventured for treating a patient as he always felt he has yet to gain complete knowledge of the human body and mind. His unperturbed quest for knowledge and devotion to studies were remarkable indeed. Noted playwright author Mary D’Lambert Thulan of Paris was also known for his extraordinary command over theater management and organization of stage shows. He had written about 50 three-act plays in a single year. Not only that, he also directed and acted in them, and arranged a large number of shows on public demand. It was his keen interest and enthusiastic endeavor along with his talents that used to keep him energetic and efficient on multiple fronts without a break. Seedner Repidrus of Iowa, America was also known for his excellent capabilities of simultaneously performing multiple duties of different kinds; everywhere his efficiency and perfection were comparable with those of an expert of the corresponding discipline. This multi-talented personality had performed excellently as a lawyer, judge, scientist, teacher, mayor and member-of-parliament on the intellectual and social fronts and as a horticulturist, hotel manager and manufacturer of steam boats on the business front. He also was the chairman of as many as 6 banks, 17 companies, 10 railway committees and management boards of 4 colleges. Because of his superb management of time and sense of responsibility, he never neglected either of these commitments despite his over busy schedule... Novelist Beronas D. Miyar is well known in high literary circles. He has maintained unique standard and made a record of dedicated writing for a period of over 40 years. He brought out over 400 novels, which were published by renowned publishers. Tens of billions of copies of his books were sold in his lifetime... This is still an unbroken record in the field of literary fiction...... Swami Ranganathanand of the Ramkrishna mission maÚha, Hyderabad, is known to have commenced his services in the maÚha at the age of 8 years. Because of his sincerity and quest for true knowledge since the childhood, he attained scholarly mastery in oriental and occidental philosophies and physical sciences. His exceptional eminence led him to become the president of the maÚha at a very young age. This swami, who had entered the maÚha as an illiterate, has now been conferred many honorary degrees from prestigious universities. His depth of knowledge and articulate style of expression has made him an impressive orator who is liked and honored by distinguished audience all over the world. Swamiji humbly attributes his scholarly talents and conspicuous knowledge to his devotion and unshaken endeavor to search for absolute truth. 41 The above examples highlight the fact that development and elevation of talents does not depend on specific circumstances or support of specific means. Intrinsic desire, creative orientation of mental potentials and sublimation of inner strength gradually refine one’s talents and lead to remarkable accomplishments in the selected directions. Understanding the science of spirituality and practising specific s³dhan³s of personality development offer extraordinary zeal and rapid progress in this regard. Majestic Wonders Of Memory Memory plays a vital role in cognition and acquisition and generation of knowledge. Humans have sharper, larger and more resolved memory than other creatures. Great scholars, thinkers, writers, historians and orators perform excellently with the help of colossal knowledge stored in their active memory. In the ancient, pre-publication era, the brains (memory) of the teachers used to serve as books. They were honored because of their adept knowledge and sagacity. The disciples having sharp memory and keen interest in learning used to register in their brains, whatever was taught by the teachers. With the advent of printed books and availability of varieties of information on electronic memory - of computer networks, people of modern age, often tend to neglect the need of remembering or striking the memory... This attitude often leads to weakening of memory. On the other hand, as may be seen in the following examples, if activated and used continuously in a creative manner, memory would have no upper limit of evolution in human brain. As stated earlier, Lord Maculae’s brain is compared with British museum’s library because of his exceptional memory. It is said that knowledge or information of any desired subject used to flow instantaneously from his mind as and when required.... Be that a topic of scholarly discussion on Literature, History or Tourism etc, he was able to give excellent extempore on either for long uninterrupted period of time... He was able to recall word by word whatever he ever read or wrote. He had crammed Milton’s ‘Paradise Lost’ by heart in just one night. Great poet Vireon was able to narrate each and every line of the verse written by him without seeing it again. His memory remained so sharp till the last moments of life. Le Beacon had similar expertise recalling each of the essays and articles ever written by him. Eminent botanist, Dr. Asagre of America remembered the names and complete classifications of over 25000 species of flora and fauna. Theodor Ruzvelt, former president of America is remembered in human history because of his extraordinary memory apart from political skills and other qualities. He used to remember people since the time of first encounter. Once he happened to accidentally see someone after 15 years in a market of Japan. He called that fellow by name and started conversing with him. It is surprising to note that he began discussion on a particular topic, which they had been debating during their last meeting! General Stumtas, former Prime Minister of South Africa had also developed extraordinarily sharp memory. He used to remember the location of every book kept in his library. Contents –– page by page, word by word, of each of these books were known to him by heart. An Indian freedom fighter, Lala Hardayal Singh seemed to have multiple layers of memory... It is said that once he simultaneously read four books of four different languages written by different authors on separate topics. The reading was carried out in a peculiar manner – some portion of one book was read for some time 42 followed by some other in continuation..., in the respective sequences of these portions as per the corresponding book. At the end of this session, he had orally reproduced the text of each of these books correctly without opening a single page of either. Refinement of memory is in our own hands. It is wrong on our part to think that we can not remember many things or that we are tending to lose memory, or likewise.... Remembering or recalling something is a kind of mental activities which, like recognizing voice or sound, needs to be performed distinctly with clarity. The acts of scrolling, eating, conversing etc, are learnt naturally since the early childhood. Our conscious mind does not have to do anything special in performing these tasks in a natural manner. Registration of all kinds of information perceived through the sense organs also occurs automatically. But, efficient retrieval of memory is like a habit, which needs to be developed with careful practice. Special efforts are required for inculcation of such habits. Why do we forget people, places, things or any other subject matter? Why can’t we remember everything that was taught or been told us orally, or which was read by us...? One of the major reasons for this not happening is that our mind is not trained to link the new instances of knowledge or information with relevant pieces of existing memory. If we develop this habit of instantaneously uniting the newly stored subject matters with the older ones in a classified manner then the old memory, thus being connected with the fresh and active one, will not be lost from the access of conscious mind. Sir William James has written that - “If whatever is intensely assimilated in our memory is linked the newly encountered pieces of knowledge or information, the latter will also get hooked in the active layer of memory and become unforgettable. “Like a fish entrapped in the fishing-hook comes up along with the hook, newly grasped matters also get recollected with earlier stored matters in nonalterable traces of memory.” Thoughts pertaining to similar topics could be united together.... The names and faces of persons could be remembered along with other information dealing with their profession and/or place of inhabitance etc. If this habit of uniting classified information and instances is adopted at a young age, the effect of expansion and sharpening of memory would be more intense and rapid. Taking interest into a matter helps its deeper assimilation in the neurons. Contemplation on a subject indeed makes it unforgettable.... As an easy exercise, one might also practice to create and enhance the mental sketch of what one wants to remember and repeat this several times. The mental images or pattern so developed in the memory remain fresh in the conscious layer and are retrieved at a faster pace. It has been found that the conscious mind easily gets attracted towards active objects and colorful movements... Any thing or event that delights the sense organs or the conscious mind makes significant place in the frontal layer of our active memory. Theaters and cinemas attract the public because of the actions and movements of the actors. People are found to watch mobile video projections more attentively than the still images. If we translate our thoughts into actions then the associated topics will be remembered and retrieved more easily. Many a times it is found that what one can’t memorize by repeated oral recitations gets easily stored in the memory if one writes the same matter once or twice... Reason being – when we write something it constantly remains before our mental eyes too and the action of writing creates a dynamic mental image of the corresponding matter. 43 Greater the impact of an action or event, more prominent would be its memory. Astonishing experiences, unexpected events or instances of great pleasure, pain or surprise usually become unforgettable. We do observe, read, listen or do those things with greater attention and care which are of our direct concern or interest. The associated pieces of information are therefore memorized easily. That is why it is suggested that one should try cultivating interest in the subjects which one wants to learn and remember but finds them too difficult or complicated.... Liking or interests activate mental alertness in a natural way. Mental concentration developed thereby helps memorize the associated matter with greater impact. Practice of deeper mental concentration and keen interest in whatever we want to remember is a major step towards significant improvement in memory. We must classify the subject matters according to the importance and need of recalling them in future and also develop the habit of paying due attention to corresponding instances or observations accordingly. Several types of long-term and short-term memories are manifested in humans. Some people are good at remembering poetry while others memorize the names of medicines and diseases etc; still others might remember updated price lists of varieties of things available in a general store and so on.... Medical scientists have excellent way of systematically classifying the names of all organs, even the tiniest bone in human body...; it’s a sort of routine for them to instantly recall the name, effects and mode of use of specific drugs from a large number of such information stored in their memory. Historians have to be good at remembering names of people, places, dates etc. Teachers, politicians, bankers, editors etc also have different domains of importance in the stock of their memory as per their individual professional requirements, habits and hobbies. Memory plays an important role in success of every step in the direction of professional and personal development. Each one of us should identify, which branch of knowledge, what type of things are crucial, which we need to remember most efficiently. We should develop optimistic temperament and endeavor to have mental concentration and careful observation or perception of the matters pertaining to these important issues. Continuous practice would gradually make our memory sharper in the corresponding area. Let for instance, you be a student who has to memorize a long lesson or some topics in history or let you be a speaker who has to recall several important points during a speech - without referring to any notes... In either case, the technique of linking one topic, point or incident with another in some logical sequence would help faster memorization. It would be very effective, if you fix attention on the first point, repeat it; do the same with the next point; then try recalling the first and slowly associated it with the second, thus recalling both collectively... This is how the entire sequence would be memorized. Cramming with mental alertness and understanding also lands good support in the practice of memorizing a subject matter. Suppose one wants to memorize a poem or some text. He can read one line of the same with due attention and repeat it slowly after closing the (note)book; then, correct the mistakes, if any and repeat again...; go to the next line or point in the text....; repeat the procedure for several points jointly... and so on.... Writing the crammed portion or set of lines for repetition strengthens its basis in the memory. Regular repetition of important points – of whatever has been learnt or memorized recently – for some time every day since they were first registered in the conscious mind makes them unforgettable after few days. People often think, learn and recall various subject matters at a very superficial level. This makes the memory of acquired knowledge quite blurred and unstable. Such people remember things vaguely – without any details. The habit of sound reading and thinking at deeper levels of selected topics, on 44 the other hand, creates trenchant impressions in mind. A creative thinker or planner adeptly focuses on every point and sets a clear picture of necessary details his mind. Stevenson, a scholar of English literature, used to note down important ideas or thoughts in a diary as and when they happened to occur in his mind. This technique is also quite supportive in assimilating thoughts in one’s memory more effectively. From the practical methods discussed above, it appears that – mental alertness, keen interest, method of re-linking and unifying related issues, repeated and classified recalling of important matters, habit of maintaining a diary or practice of writing and contemplating on the selected subjects etc., are easily adaptable. These are usually effective in improving one’s potential of memorizing and recalling. Memory is an excellent power of mind, which increases by creative use. Any physical power, talent or potential would wane and perish if left unused for longtime.... The same is true of the other, infinitely many capabilities of mind. We must therefore engage our mind in creative and intellectual activities. Problem solving, planning, decision making, reading, writing, thinking, creative imagination, contemplating, analyzing, debating, etc, are some activities, which make best use of memory and also sharpen and improve it in more than one ways. The inductive effects of inspiring and being inspired by intellectual talents, together with the attempts of refining the existing potentials of mind are most significant on rejuvenation and invigoration of the memory. Memory Loss - Causes & Remedies People are often found suffering from amnesia in old age. Many middle aged and young ones also complain of lack of sound memory.... This also impedes their success in many respects. Be that the act of passing an examination with good scores, carrying out profitable business transactions etc., or, even the daily chores, all suffer due to lack of good memory. Forgetfulness or loss of memory is usually considered as a disease and people go in for medicines and brain-tonics for improvement. Before going in for any treatment or therapy one should try to investigate the cause of waning memory. Also, one should understand the basic mechanism of memory storage in the brain. If one learns the structure of the machinery of a car, the basics of its movements and controls before learning to drive it, the possibilities of mistakes and consequent hurdles are eliminated to a great extent well in advance. Except in early childhood and during the last few days of life at a very old age, the natural capabilities of brain to memorize remain almost the same. It is the change in our concentration, tendencies and habits, which makes the difference. Variation in the manner of memorization due to transformations in our mental occupations and tastes also sometimes creates a false impression or an illusion of amnesia. If one knows the basic structure and functions of the brain associated with the process of memorization and adopts a systematic methodology suitable to the natural modes of memory storage and retrieval, one may not suffer from the ‘usual’ complaint of vague memory or loss of memory with growing age.... As the inner tendencies, psychology and mental development of one person may be different from the others, so will be his mental potentials - including memory. It is believed - as per common observation, that memory is sharp in the childhood and begins to reduce gradually with growing age after youth.... But, the truth is quite different. In fact, in younger age, there is lesser pressure on mind; there are no responsibilities and problems to face in general; serious queries, spectrum of thoughts, types of mental tasks, interactions, emotions etc. are also limited. Thus, without making 45 an extra effort, the free and fresh mind easily stores cognitive images of every event, thought or perception in the active layers of memory in this age. As the stored amount is less, so its retrieval or recollection also takes place at a rapid pace.... However, as one grows older, the domains of his cognition, perceptions, mental activities, social and sentimental encounters, duties etc also expand significantly. His active memory is also required in the extra activities of planning, decision making and problem solving – associated with multiple facets of life.... This increases pressure or load on the storage capacity of one’s memory. In such a situation, it is natural that, unless one takes extra precaution in classifying important matters and accordingly brushing up and re-linking the memory from time to time, one is bound to lack attention in some activities and thus tend to forget corresponding pieces of information.... Over-occupation with routine matters of personal, professional and social life also accounts for lack of mental peace because of which sometimes even important tasks are performed without substantial care and efficiency. This also gives an impression of being a consequence of lack of memory and resulting loss of mental power and intelligence. As stated earlier, inattentiveness, disinterest or indifference in an event or subject matter is found to be a prominent cause of its blurred memory. Such perceptions and associated information are soon washed out from the memory. On the contrary, the issues of our direct concern or interest and the perceptions and cognition occurred in a state of mental alertness create intense impressions on memory. Such assimilation do not wane out easily from the active layers of memory. Recalling the associated events or pieces of knowledge is not difficult even after a long span of time. It is a common observation that college students find it difficult to memorize the texts pertaining to their studies but, recalling complete story and narrating the details of every scene of a film or a video show is too easy for them. Filmy songs are remembered without much effort but not the poems and important points of an essay.... Grandmothers may forget the complete names and age of their grand children but, not the dates of specific festivals, religious celebrations or the rituals performed after the death of their of in-laws or husband.... Youths staying away from parents often forget to write to the formers but, are found quite prompt in corresponding with their beloved friends. A working man may forget the date of any other event but not his salary-day. Similar incidents observed in day-today life illustrate that by and large, memory depends upon one’s priorities and interests. Short memory or forgetfulness is not a disease or weakness of mind. It usually occurs due to haphazard, unplanned or over-occupied routine. Maintenance of a diary of important events and habit of noting down useful information provides good support to people suffering from amnesia. Adaptation of such habits along with the earlier discussed practical methods in daily life and improvement of mental concentration is indeed more effective than using any kind of medicine or brain tonic as a remedy against amnesia. The Almighty has bestowed oblivion on the human mind as a boon like the boon of memory because it helps waning out the traces and stresses of unpleasant memories of tragedies, assaults or insults etc. The excitations of fury, wrath, agitation and revenge on the one hand, and the depressions caused by doldrums, guilt, severe loss etc, on the other, put the mind into an abnormal situation which needs to be depleted rapidly. If the memory of corresponding events or experiences remains steady, one would not be able to come out of the trauma and aggressions and suffer obnoxious consequences in the long run. Moreover, if the memory of all day-to-day affairs and a large number of unimportant activities becomes permanent, there would not be any room left for storage of new knowledge and recollection 46 of necessary information... If passengers of a train sit in it forever, how would others travel in it? Selective waning of memory thus proves to be essential in many respects. It is only a balanced act of assimilation and elimination of information in the active layers of memory, which maintains a harmonious functioning of the mind. Although oblivion works well as a natural process, fine and rapid recollection of facts stored in the memory is what most people find difficult in general and search for the methods of improving and sharpening the memory. Lack of systematic approach and interest is found to be the major cause of the complaints of weak memory. If we are half asleep, bored or inattentive while listening to a lecture, we cannot remember any part of it. The interest and alertness of the audience is as important as the sound knowledge, eloquence and style of the speaker in making impressions on the listener’s memory. Interestingly, the posture of body and stability of movements also make a difference in the effectiveness of memorization. Relaxed position on an easy chair suits many people while contemplating on a philosophical topic or planning or imagining a plot for a creative activity..... However, this posture is not useful for a student who has to prepare for the exams next day. Sitting straight in an alert state is most advisable for thorough studies. What one reads while roaming around will not absorb sufficient mental concentration and the texts so read will be difficult to be remembered.... While discussing memory and brain, it would be relevant here to note that the later receives enormous information via the bio-electrical signals sent by the sense organs every millisecond or so..... Most of these signals are impulsive and vanish with an instant reflection. There is no place or need for storing all the information received by the brain almost continuously. Only a selected and useful portion of these is registered in the memory of this physically tiny but functionally vast system of the brain. The information, which does not have any direct relation or effect on the mind, is not stored in the memory. Some of the bio-electrical signals work only to trigger specific activity in the brain and do not have any association with the memory. For instance, if a mosquito bites a leg then the brain machinery receives a message and accordingly directs the hand to hit the biter or to itch the spot where it had bitten.... There remains no other use of the associated information. Such pieces of information are lost after the completion of the corresponding activity. These exist in the instant memory like a flash of fire in a matchstick. These are removed from the memory almost instantly. Our brain is like a multi-sensor tape-recorder, which can record infinitely many audio, visual, mental and emotional perceptions and associated events in its memory. All the recorded information remains dumped there unless recalled later on. The memory cells are wonderful sensors, which are automatically activated at the time of memorizing and recalling. If the memory of an event or a memorized subject matter is not retrieved for a long time, it gradually weakens and gets faded.... Rapid and complete recollection of its details usually becomes impossible except of the important aspects that had left deeper marks on the memory at the time of their assimilation. The kind of impression an event or text creates in the memory largely depends on the state of mind at the time of its registration in the memory cells. The audio, visual, mental or emotional perceptions made in a calm, alert and focussed state create more intense impressions as compared to those occurring haphazardly or in an agitated or indifferent state of mind. The mental activation of some people is dull since birth. Unless they endeavor to excel their conscious powers, their memory too remains blurred and short-lived. The other extreme of awakened stated of mind and power of deep concentration bestows exceptionally sharp memory on some people. 47 Neuroscientists consider the memory functions as dependant on the flow of bio-electrical currents through the information transmitting channels –– the nerves. Electro-physiological (bio-electrical) activities are found to play important role in stimulation of memory cells during the recording and retrieval of memory and in normal functioning of the neuronal circuits in the brain. The students of the science of electricity must have heard of reverberating circuits. They exist inside our body too. As blood circulates through the nerves, similarly, some electrical currents also flow through specific connections of the latter. The amount of activation potentials and the rate of such bio-electrical currents in the memory regions inside the brain affect the intensity and durability of the memory recorded at any instant of time. The bio-electrical flows in the brain are automatic and occur as part of the self-organizing natural process of the living system. The ionic channels of diffusion of sodium and potassium ions across the neurons give rise to substantial potential gradients which generate (bio)electrical currents in these interconnected nerve cells. The charge and rate of flow of these currents might decrease in the old age but do not vanish until death. The bio-electrical, physiological and structural analysis of the brain pertains to its activities as a physical organ in the gross body. The center of consciousness also exists here. It is considered as the junction between the body, mind and the subtler components of mind reflected in the presence of the soul. The body perishes after death but the essence of mind –– the subtle entities9 of mana, buddhi, citta and aha®k³ra continue to exist along with the soul. The existence of bh¿ta-preta (ghosts) and other experiences of life after death are manifestations of the activities of this subtle body which can maintain its identity and memories of the past even after leaving the gross body. There is no concept of present or future for such forms of life. The memories and aspirations of the past life dominate their actions. These are therefore given the name bh¿ta in Sanskrit –– because, bh¿ta means ‘past’ in this language. Some children are found to clearly recall the memories of their past life. Authentic information on such strange phenomena has been cited in several reports published across the globe. Some people are born with such exceptional talents and intellectual potentials, which cannot be justified by the genetics based theories of heredity or the principles of clinical ecology or environmental influence. Such incidents are reflections of the eternal existence of the subtle body and its mental assimilation in the endless journey of the soul from one birth to the other.... The assimilated virtues and weaknesses of the conscious and unconscious mind give rise to the inherited internal tendencies (samsk³ras) in every living being. The creative manifestation of the subtle powers of mind materializes at the gross level with the help of the bio-electrical functions of the brain. Like those of a machine or a physical organ, the components and functional units of the brain also need some energy all the time. Continuous supply of oxygen through blood circulation provides the necessary fuel to this living machinery. In the young age this ‘device’ (brain) is new and makes efficient distribution and consumption of energy availed to it. The corresponding energy supplying subsystems are also new at that stage. Therefore, the physiological and bio-electrical functions of the brain are efficiently carried out in normal children and youths. This is why they usually possess sharper memory than the older ones. Their grasping too is quite high initially. As the body grows older all organs including the brain are subjected to rigidity and slower functioning of their components. The regular supply of sufficient oxygen to the brain also reduces with aging. This is one of the major reasons of why elderly persons, despite having sound reasoning, greater knowledge and mental potentials - on account of stored memory, experiences, intellectual training 48 and analytical exercising of the mind, have lesser memory, as compared to the children and growing youths in general. People often find it difficult to even locate or recall where they have kept the things of their daily use or remember the names of acquaintances in the old age because of weak memory. Short and irregular supply of energy weakens the biochemical processes associated with registration of new information in the memory cells. The memories of distant past (young age) therefore surface up to the active layer with little effort and thus the older people recall them more easily. 49 As mentioned earlier, one’s memory bears upon the strength of connections and order of smooth communication between the huge number of neurons constituting the functional units of his brain. The high co-operativity and activity of the interconnected neurons account for sharp memory while the impedance of inter-neuron transmissions wanes the active memory. The yoga exercises of dhy³na - dh³rañ³ help concentrate bioelectrical energy available to the brain and thereby generate a controlled excitation, which accelerates the inter-neuronal activities. Adept practice of these elementary s³dhan³s of spiritual refinement on regular basis results in sharpening and empowering the memory along with intensifying the mental concentration. The gigantic ensemble of billions of neurons - including the tiny nerve cells of the memory layers in the brain works like a disciplined army or co-operative groups of dedicated engineers and efficient managers. The tiny structure – of spherical diameter smaller than thousandth part of an inch and weight lesser than a billion – billionth fraction of an ounce, and the immense capabilities of the neurons seem to set living illustration of the following Sanskrit quote – “Añorañºy³n Mahato Mahºy³n” Meaning: (referring to the Supreme divine power) smaller than the smallest and greater than the greatest..... Each soldier in an army has to have his individual valor and strength. However, the true strength of the army relies on the mutual cooperation and feeling of togetherness among its members. The same is true of the ‘army’ of the nerve cells. Although, each neuron is equipped with highly evolved biochemical structure and bio-electricity generating mechanism and each has specific functions to perform, it has to always share `joint responsibilities’ with the other neurons. Collective activities of these in the neuronal network – where the neurons are mutually connected by the nerve fibers – govern the large number of physiological, regulatory and mental functions of the brain. The nerve filaments are covered by an insulating substance and carry infinitely many (bio)electrical impulses from one neuron to the other in a matter of few milliseconds. The information sent by the sensors of the sense organs is transmitted to the central processing unit (CPU) of the brain for appropriate action. The decision making in a court of law is based on the legal interpretations and analysis of the reports and arguments presented by the lawyers and witnesses.... The instantaneous decision making and triggering of corresponding reactions by the CPU of brain also works according to optimal bio-electrical processing with respect to the signals received from the subsystems of the interconnected neurons each of which functions as per its natural role in the neuronal network. Different kinds of perceptions and corresponding reactions of the brain account for reconditioning of the functional states of the individual components. Mental and emotional perceptions and experiences account for such effects in a more intensive manner. Because of this dynamic and adaptive topology and activation of the neuronal network, the functional utilities and information processing capabilities of specific groups of the nerve cells (and therefore the mental potentials too) vary from person to person. This explains why different people often react differently in the same situation or draw different interpretation or inferences from same piece of information..... The assimilated effects of the past lives too, because of there presence in the subconscious and unconscious layers of mind, manifest their influence on functions of neuronal subsystems and hence on one’s psychology, character and intellect too. 50 The grouping of different neurons in the neuronal network is stochastic. The locally interconnected neurons in a specific portion of the network perform specific functions... Sometimes, such a team involves tens of thousands of these tiny nerve cells. Although, all the millions billion neurons do not form a common team, different groups of these processors may be engaged in disjoint or interrelated activities simultaneously. Imaging and Electro Encephalographic (EEG) techniques show the tides of bio-electrical fluctuations and activities in the brain- substance inside the skull. The computational model of the neural network and associated designing of multiprocessor computer architect has become an active area of research since the advent of parallel processing. However, even the most advanced designs have not been able to link more than five processors directly with a single one.... It is simply impossible to compare the capabilities of these artificial neural networks with the almost omnipotent neuronal network in human brain which is equipped with excellent biochemical capabilities of connecting a single processor (neuron) with tens of thousands of neighboring neurons. Moreover, these connections and related activities in the brain are dynamic, associative and self-organizing with immense capabilities of adaptive learning and memorizing. The collective functions of trillions of neurons simulate, though at an extremely fast pace and large scale, the team works of termites and honeybees. Most of the infinitely many potentials of human brain remain dormant unless one endeavors to activate associated processing in the neuronal network and creatively use the mental and physical power so generated. As mentioned earlier, at the most 7% of the true capabilities of the brain are used by humans - including the distinguished intellectuals and talented personalities. High level spiritual s³dhan³s focus on rousing the unused 93% of the ‘latent’ power of the brain. Success in such endeavors can elevate one’s physical, mental, intellectual and spiritual potentials up to supernatural levels. Activation of exceptionally sharp and sound memory is a natural consequence of such effects. In view of the relationship of memory with the structure and functions of the brain, we should understand memory and oblivion as awakening and waning of specific activities in the neuronal system. As our life style, habits and psychology have significant effects on the conditioning of these functional units of the brain, we may find a remedy for oblivion and key to improving our memory in the methods of refining our attitude and controlling our day-to-day activities. Apart from following the practical tips stated earlier, adopting some spiritual disciplines and practising simple s³dhan³s of dhy³na- dh³rañ³ would offer great help in elevating our mental concentration and gradually lead to the realization of sharp memory and brilliance..... Mode Of Living & Maintenance Of Memory Importance of good memory in human life is well known. Sharp memory is regarded as a sign of brilliance and intellectual talents, which are considered as the key factors of progressive life. An illuminated mind inspires and guides the path of development and success. Complaints of lack of memory or amnesia are heard frequently now-a-days. Apart from its obvious negative effects on the materialist and worldly activities, weak or short memory also suppresses the possibilities of spiritual exaltation. Because, lack of memory often causes mental illusions which lead to misinterpretations and imperfection in worldly as well as spiritual efforts. 51 Many a times, we see that even qualified professionals are unable to do well because of short or dim memory. Howsoever learned a teacher or lawyer may be, he will not be able to make use of his knowledge and experience in the classroom or the court of law if he does not have good memory. How would a professor be impressive and teach thoroughly if he forgets the lessons he had prepared for a particular lecture scheduled for the given day...? No lawyer could present his case fluently and argue forcefully if he has to refer to the books of low or his notes every now and then during a hearing. Weak memory will seriously harm a businessman who has to remember the names, nature and hobbies of hundreds of old and new customers along with taking record of the current prices of a large number of commodities and trends of the market with respect of each of them..... A leader has to be an impressive orator if he wants to motivate the masses. How could he do so without remembering his well-prepared speeches or recalling the facts and figures on currents topics in an extempore? He also has to maintain good relations with his party workers, prominent personalities and develop more and more public contacts. He would not be successful in this if he cannot remember the names and backgrounds of people because of his amnesia or short memory. Administrators, Doctors, Company Managers etc would also suffer in one way or the other in their respective professions if they do not have fairly sharp memory. Adept learning and refinement of talents also requires sound and trenchant memory. For example, many students fail in exams due to lack of memory; in spite of hard work and understanding of the subjects, some students do not write well in the papers because they forget almost everything what they had studied before... Sometimes nervousness or stress leads to sudden loss of memory... This gets recovered once the cause of tension is removed. Long-term diseases or accidents - especially those causing head injury etc, often result in the diminishing or total loss of memory which may not be regained by existing methods of treatment. It should be noted that, unrestrained sensual pleasure, concupiscence, erotic thinking, excessive consumption of artificial food, unnatural or stressful mode of living etc, induce negative effects on the brain due to loss of vital energy and over excitation of the mind and the sensory organs and therefore weaken the memory. Erogenous thoughts, furore, jealousy and similar kinds of sentimental malice and the mental suppressions and disturbances caused by anxiety, despair, worries, illusions etc are all natural enemies of memory. Their effects could be more prominent in waning the memory than those created by an attitude of indifference or lack of interest and mental concentration or haphazard thinking etc. People suffering from amnesia or dim memory should review their mode of living, habits and psychological characteristics with respect to the improprieties and imbalances of the above kinds before consulting a doctor. First of all they should get rid of the feeling that they have weak memory. Optimistic endeavor helps deeper analysis of the problem and search for a viable solution. If one is determined to elevate his mental powers, he can eliminate the causes of deficiencies by himself. If not, he can take help from an experienced counselor. If the memory has weakened because of some head injury, mental shock or physiological disorder, specialist’s help becomes inevitable. But, in case of minor problems, nutritious and balanced diet along with psychological fitness often lands good support in improving the memory. Natural products, rich in vitamin B, phosphorous, calcium and iron should be consumed every day in such a manner that the meals remain light and balanced as per one’s health and daily routine. Dry fruits like chestnuts, almonds, dry raisins etc; seasonal fruits like dates, figs, coconuts, citron, papaya, orange, apple, grapes, strawberry, pears, cucumber, muskmelon etc along with carrots, beat-root, tomatoes, turnip, 52 cabbage, radish and other vegetables –– especially green leafy vegetables, could be very useful. Chapaties of coarse wheat flour, porridge accompanied by pulses like lentil and green peas should also be added in the meals. It is not necessary to have all the above listed eatables in every meal; whatever is suitable to one’s digestive system and is easily available could be used provided the meal is balanced and light. Regularity in timings of meals and habit of slow eating by proper chewing helps good digestion and normalization of metabolism and thus accounts for increase in the amount of pure blood, which is the major source of energy for the brain. Milk is often recommended as a natural tonic for brain. However, only cow-milk has this property. The milk of a goat or buffalo is not suitable. The milk of goat contains lesser amounts of vital elements and is often prescribed for children and for adults who have weak digestive system. The milk of buffalo is heavy and rich in fats. It increases fat but does not strengthen the brain components. Wrestlers and body builders may be advised to consume it but not those interested in empowering the brain. Small amounts of fresh tepid milk of cow consumed early morning every day - is found to be most suitable as a brain-tonic. Self-restrain in sensual pleasure and avoidance of mental excitation is essential for maintaining smooth functioning of the body and mind. If one improves the eating habits and general mode of living but neglects the protection of chastity, he would not benefit anything in terms of mental refinement. The vital elements stored for strengthening the brain would be lost rapidly in the activities of sexual indulgence. Observance of chastity is considered to be the principal factor in preserving vital energy and the subtler constituents of pr³ña and is therefore important in any attempt aimed at strengthening the brain. Ascetic control over the sense organs and the discipline of chastity is essential for conservation and refinement of memory. Jealous, animosity and anger disrupt the harmony of physical and mental functions. The gross body loses its charm and becomes bony due to persistence of such malices. The brain-elements are more sensitive and delicate. These get burnt in the heat of the mental excitations caused by such negative feelings. Over-ambitiousness and excess of attachment and worries also weakens the mental health faster than the deterioration at physical levels. Thinking of any improvement in mental or intellectual potentials without depleting wickedness and weaknesses of mind is nothing better than the act of day-dreaming. Aspirants of healthy mind and sharp memory should protect themselves from mental malice, excitements, depressions and anxiety..... This can be achieved by firm determination and will power and gradually accelerating endeavors in the righteous direction. 53 The bio-electrical flows across the memory cells are accelerated in a cheerful state of mind. Cultivation of an attitude of satisfaction and optimistic temperament keeps the mind calm in most situations. Tolerance and patience could be easily observed along with such mentality. Inculcation of cheerfulness in response to small –– even negligible cause of joy and humor gradually conditions the mind so that it always remains happy.... Even simple things like neat and tidy body and clothing and humility in day-to-day interactions can inspire pleasure in our mind and soothe the people around. These are elementary but important disciplines which make further training of the body and mind easier in several respects. Sw³dhy³ya and Satsanga provide excellent support in self-restrain and inspire creative activities along with above qualities. Adoption of simplicity and austerity in life-style, external and internal purity, honesty and modesty and cultivation of creative hobbies are infallible means of strengthening mental powers including memory. Autosuggestion excels the interest of mind towards the targeted activities which it earlier used to find useless or indifferent. Interest and motivation in a task do induce/educe mental concentration too. Focussed attempts and stability of mind in any activity or observation stimulate the flow of bio-electrical currents across the nerve cells which accounts for gradual sharpening of the memory. Oblivious Minds Of Intellectuals! Having weak memory is not an uncommon observation among ordinary people. However, it sounds ironical when very intelligent, exceptionally bright persons are found to be utterly forgetful! How can highly evolved intellect and oblivion coexist? What could be the reason behind this controversy? The answer becomes clear if we look at the examples of some renowned scientists, scholars and eminent personalities who had also earned popularity because of their extraordinary forgetful nature. It is said about Panchanana Mishra, eminent scholar and expert of Sanskrit grammar that, he had even forgotten about his marriage and his wife. He was so engrossed in writing his noted treatise on grammar that he used to notice or recall nothing except his work round-the-clock. If the food was kept in front of him he used to eat it almost mechanically whenever his starving stomach would signal the brain to do so.... or would not eat anything at all..... Realizing the necessity of mental concentration in such an important project, his wife took care of not disturbing him. Their routine continued for several years.... Once, when the voluminous book was about to complete, the lady saw that her husband has not touched the food for the whole day, she lit the lamp and asked him to have something. Panchanan raised his head and asked ‘who she was’? He was surprised to hear her reply and questioned -”when did we get married?” She calmly replied –– “four years ago...”. It took Pt. Mishra few minutes to recall the truth in her statement. He realized that since the first day of their marriage, his wife has been at his service without even asking for a negligible fraction of his time. He recognized her support as the greatest contribution to the work and therefore titled the treatise after her name –– Bh³mati. A somewhat similar incident is popular about the celebrity Hindi poet Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’. Once he was going to visit a contemporary poetess Mahadevi Verma after collecting the payments of royalty from the Leader Press. He saw an old woman on the road who was shivering in cold and looking at him suppliantly in hope of mercy..... The generous poet gave her all the money he had just received and also donated his coat. He then met the poetess as per schedule.... After a span of four 54 days he went to Mahadevi an inquired whether he had left the coat in her house by mistake... He had totally forgotten about the incident and could recall it only when Mahadevi reminded. Erudite philosopher Aldus Huxley often used to forget where and what for he was going out after walking/travelling sizable distance away from home. Once he was invited to attend a function out station. His train was delayed so much that the organizers could not wait to receive him at the destination. Well, after reaching that station the great philosopher hired a horse cart...; few minutes later the groom inquired where he wanted to go.... Mr. Huxley was taken by a surprise! He could not recall where he was to go and why had he come to that city? Finally he went back to the railway station and returned home by the earliest available train. Dwite Maro, a well-known American scholar, was once travelling in a train. The train had traversed several miles when the controller entered his compartment and asked for the tickets. Prof. Maro searched in his pockets, purse and baggage but could not trace the tickets.... It was nothing new! As usual, he had just forgotten the tickets somewhere. Fortunately the TC recognized him and replied –– “I know you would never travel without purchasing a ticket. In case, you happen to find it please show it to me; please don’t worry otherwise....”. The professor replied –– “perhaps I may not find it so, please issue me another ticket. Because, after getting down at the destination, I ought to produce it before the controller there. It is good that you know me but he need not...”. He finally bought a new ticket. Its amazing that such incidents were quite common in his life. Once he had left some valuables and important papers in a train.... and forgotten about it. Since then, a servant used to accompany him long distance journeys to look after his tickets and luggage. Even Einstein – the brightest scientist of this century, could not avoid oblivion. One of the many interesting evidences of his absent mindedness took place when he returned home after a long walk. He was very tired and thought of going straight to bed....; he was also busy thinking on some problem at that time.... Such was the his involvement in thinking that he kept the hand stick on the bed and himself stood in a corner of the bedroom... The blunder was noticed only after his wife entered there. The above examples illustrate the reflection of total engrossment of the mind in focussed thinking and deep contemplation. All the other activities and memories of the conscious mind are suppressed by the predominance of the unidirectional unperturbed flow of thoughts. Other extremes of the amazing characteristics of human mind are seen when otherwise immature, underdeveloped or average skilled brains manifest extraordinary memory and intellectual potentials. Jamile Mogal of Scotland had started cramming the holy Qur³na when he was just five years old. Within a span of three years, he learnt the entire scripture by-heart. Otherwise, the boy’s intelligence and memory is quite average. Similarly, the 26 years old telephone operator, Goyanling of China has so far memorized over 15000 telephone numbers with identity of the customers and is nearing his planned target of 18000. Goyanling has not shown any other specialty of mental potential or memory. He is like any other young fellow with an average intellectual level. These two examples again show that even if an ordinary and intellectually average level person motivates his efforts towards a particular goal and is determined to reach the target, his steady mental concentration and strong willpower would accelerate specific activities in his brain and give rise to magical manifestations of mental potentials of particular types. 55 Each one of us can achieve such miraculous targets by internal desire, dedicated attempts, perseverance and focussing of mind. Educing exceptional memory in otherwise ordinary brains or discovering the mysteries of the world would also become possible if the mind remains unperturbed in such endeavors. Rousing Mental Potentials By Simple Training The functional structure of the brain could be categorized in three parts –– primal (³di) brain, middle (madhya) brain and present (vartm³na) brain. The first one may be regarded as the root, the middle one as stem and the third as the branches along with leafs and flowers of the ‘tree’ of brain functions. The primal brain is endowed with all the knowledge, tendencies and impressions assimilated since the origin of the jºv³tm³10 till its birth in the present life. The term ‘middle brain’ refers to the source of manifestation of latent or supernormal powers. The ‘present brain’, as the name suggests, is developed according to the memories, knowledge and conditioning resulted from –– the bio-electrical processes and the perceptions made through exposure to the world, experiences, education, social encounters etc since the embryonic state till the present time. The three brains are functionally organized one under the other like the layered skin of an onion. The primal brain lies in the innermost core. It is the subtlest but the most prominent of all. It is the original source of consciousness for the development and activation of the other two. The blueprint of the inner character of an individual is stored here. In essence, the seed of one’s personality sprouts from this center. The number of neurons in a human brain is almost double the human population existing on the earth today. If one second is spent in counting one neuron, it will take 300 centuries to sort all of them in a single brain! These tiny nerve cells have negligible size and weight but each of them could be compared with a complete human being in terms of work potential and highly evolved structure. If the entire human population could be disciplined and motivated to follow righteous path, the world would soon become more beautiful and happier than what could be imagined of the heavens. If all the neurons could be conditioned to function optimally making best use of their latent collective powers, the human brain would certainly manifest divine potentials and supernatural talents.... Because of individual egos and diversities of characters, it may not be possible to control the over 6000 millions of the people inhabiting the earth. However, the population of 10,000 million neurons in one’s own brain could be regulated and gradually conditioned for sublime transformations by a person who has a balanced mind and pure and eminent character and who endeavors to excel his mental potentials with strong will and perseverance. Such endeavors are as difficult, important and glorifying as those of becoming an unchallenged emperor of the entire globe. Until the last century, extraordinary intelligence and talents were generally attributed to one’s good fortune or divine blessings... Scientific investigations into brain-functions and human psychology have now revealed that such ‘fortunes’ and acumen could be awaken to a great extent by systematic training and endeavors because the brain of every human is endowed with enormous potentials. Moreover, the advancement of neuroscience and studies on the subtler aspects of human mind has also indicated that the mythological descriptions like –– “Hanuman jumping over the ocean...”, “Ravana having ten heads...”, or, “Sahastrarjuna having thousand mighty arms...” etc, may be rather 56 feasible realizations of human life than being allegorical representations.... Because, the human brain does possess the power, though in a dormant state, which upon culmination can make it Omnipotent. Systematic and intensive training enables even animals do what could normally be regarded as impossible for them... One of the research laboratories in Japan has trained monkeys in pattern recognition and arranging the households and office material in proper order. What more! They are even trained in identifying the liars. Experiments are on to see whether the effects of this learning could be transmitted, likewise other natural habits, into the offspring of these trained monkeys... Professor Montangne of France opines that - as the nature of dolphins and chimpanzees appears to be closer to that of the primitive man on the evolutionary scale, these could be trained better than other animals to do many things which only humans can do in normal course. They cannot be given the voice or the communication skills of humans; nonetheless, proper training enables them to communicate in a language of gesture - including that developed for the deaf and dumb people. Lusy, Lana, Vashu etc, are among the many Chimpanzees in the animal training centers of USA who can understand the meaning of more than 200 English words. Now, they follow the instructions and are further learning with the help of these words. Training the mind of an individual becomes difficult and attempts of rousing its hidden potentials may be impossible, if he is trapped under the vicious cycle of the malice of ego, arrogance and unchecked ambitions with or without the harmful tendencies of lethargy, despair, aggressive impatience, etc or alcoholic, erogenous and similar addictions..... The mingling of these thraldoms could be broken only if one has an internal desire and strong willpower to do so. Auto-suggestion, sats\.{a}ga sw³dhy³ya and creativity coupled with healthy recreation offer best remedies in depleting the negetive tendencies of mind and associated addictions. One should get rid of the inferiority complexes or the feelings of the weaknesses of his mind. If even animals could be made change their natural habits and machines like the computers could be taught then why not a human - the most evolved organism, endowed with so many boons of the mother nature....? Austerity of living habits, optimistic thinking, stability and purity of mind and emotions and creative industriousness are the preliminary requirements if one wants to progress further in refining his talents. Intensive training and assiduity with unsheltered interest and concentration of mind in a selected area do set the clock in motion and gradually elevated associated intellectual potentials. Sharp memory supports learning and intellectual development of mind. It has therefore been given primary importance in most of the training methods, including those of the spiritual s³dhan³s. It is highlighted here that, trenchancy of memory is not always a divine boon or inherited fortune, rather, it could be aroused in every one who adopts a serene, disciplined and balanced mode of life. The practices of pr³ñ³y³ma and dhy³na-dh³rañ³ are integral parts of the initial phase of spiritual s³dhan³s. Pr³ñ³y³ma harmonizes the breathing pattern and triggers maximum supply of oxygen and vital energy to the brain. The scientists of Illinois university and the University of Oregon had conducted series of experiments on breathing habits. They had observed that the children who were not used to deep breathing had lesser memory and intelligence than those in the same age group who used to inhale more oxygen at a regular pace. The effect was more prominent in the elders. As the rigidity of nerve-walls increases with age, the free circulation of blood and its supply to the brain reduces significantly. More regular supply of oxygen in larger amounts is therefore required to maintain normal functioning of the brain. The practice of pr³ñ³y³ma maintains this supply 57 harmoniously and thus prevents a major cause of lack of memory. Special kinds of pr³ñ³y³mas also help activate long-term memory and empower the mental activities. Mental stress or tension severally harms mental creativity. According to a neurologist, Dr. David Heraldfick, forcing the mind to focus on something might increase mental tension. Mental concentration should therefore be intensified in a naturally soothing manner at a steady pace. The practices of dhy³na - dh³rañ³ create compatible effects of this sort. An aspirant may select any one of the prescribed s³dhan³s which he finds easiest to perform and which also suits his nature. During these practices, the bio-electrical impulses inside the brain are found to be occurring in a harmonized pattern. By little practice every day and with sincerity, one begins to correctly perform these s³dhan³s after some days.... Gradually intensifying the level and duration of dhy³na helps stabilize the mind in a calm state, enhance mental concentration and ameliorate all brain potentials including memory and intelligence. Mental Wizards Or Magical Brains! All elite, intellectuals, corporators and other officials of New York City had gathered in a packed hall. A simple looking man, the main attraction of the programme, appeared on the stage and was instantly shot by a heavy question –– “What is the value of 6060 and what will be the digit at the 39th position of the integer value obtained at the 47th step of this multiplication?”. The person on stage sat calmly on a chair and started solving the problem mentally without any calculating device, pen, pencil, paper, chalk or blackboard..... He seemed to have been in a state of deep meditation somewhat like a yogi. The yogis of savikalpa sam³dhi11 have the unique potential to extract the vital power of cetana from every corner of the body and focus it at the center of the brain and dissolve their consciousness in the ocean of thoughts. The cetan³ of a yogi in this state unifies with the cosmic consciousness like water mixed in milk loses its separate identity and becomes milk only. The ancient Indian science of such spiritual attainments deals with the subtle aspects of jaÃa and cetana and aims at absolute welfare of all living beings. It unravels the mysteries of nature and elucidates the secrets of the origin, existence and ultimate end of life, universe and every form of existence.... Those intellectuals, who consider material based scientific approach as the ultimate, do so because they have not experienced the immense expansion of the science of consciousness. The latter, which works at the level of deep emotions, internal desires and inner sentiments and which focuses at what makes the realization, use, transformation and transaction of the jaÃa (material) possible, is often termed by such ‘rational’ thinkers as the science of superstitions. The demonstrations of the power of yoga, like the one described here, often startle such intellectuals and pseudo scientists. The ‘yogi’ on the stage was an Indian who was invited in America because of his unparalleled hold on Mathematics, his superb intelligence, his ‘magical’ mind..... He was an inhabitant of Dhaka (in India, those days), named, Suresh Chandra Dutta. He did solve the huge multiple and also stated the digit at the 39th position of the 47th line. 58 Dutta took about 45 minutes to do all this juggalary in his mind. The person who had solved this problem in the least ever (record) time until then - was a Ph.D. holding professor of New York University. This professor had solved this sum using paper and pencil; he used to solve the problem in parts for two hours every day and had taken eight days to get the final answer. Well, his solution was compared with that answered by Dutt. Ouch! There was a difference! Whose answer was wrong? Dutta’s, or Professor’s? Several mathematicians verified those solutions separately. All of them had found that Dutta’s answer was correct while that of the professor carried mistakes at 19 places. Suresh Chandra Dutta had also solved many other hard problems of mathematics (arithmetic) with same efficiency. Queries about the days corresponding to random dates of future, present and past centuries were responded correctly by him in one second or so. He committed no mistakes and answered varieties of difficult questions with equal ease. His supernormal brain stunned American scientists and intellectuals. Next day, the leading news papers admired Dutta as –– ‘Rival of Machine’, ‘Mental Wizard’, ‘Human Ready Reckoned’, ‘Lightening Calculator’, ...etc. November 1926 issue of Indian Review contained detailed articles on the `magical talents’ of Suresh Chandra with discussions on –– how a normal human being could possess such supernormal intelligence....? The born-talents of a person are often attributed by the bio-scientists to the hereditary effects driven by the genes. The development of an embryo (and of the complete body too) begins with the 24 chromosomes of the father and 24 chromosomes of the mother. All the characteristics of a person are affirmed to be contained in the genes segmented on the chromosomes. What proportion of the genotypes of the parents could be transmitted to the offspring on an average - was first established by an Austrian scientist named, Gregory John Mendel. After eight years of successive experiments on green peas, he was able to formulate, some time in the 19th century, what is now popularly known as the Mendel’s law. In first set of experiments he observed the crops of green peas grown from good (heavy and large) and bad (light and small) seeds separately. The quality of peas produced by matched with that of the seeds. In the experiments with hybrid crop –– produced from a mixture of both good and bad seeds, it was found that about three-fourth of the new peas were good and the remaining one-fourth were bad in quality. When the bad ones of this hybrid crop were sown then all the offspring were found to be bad; however, those of the new (hybrid) good lot were again found to be of good and bad quality in proportion of three to one. Several sets of experiments on different species of plants and animals showed similar results and indicated that dominant qualities of the parental genes are carried over in the successive generations. Sometimes these properties or phenotypes may not be expressed in the immediate next generation, but, might do so after several generations..... Other scientists, including Darwin, Hugo, D’Brize, Schermek, Karence, etc, had confirmed the above possibilities and carried out detailed studies on the uncertain and unpredictable phenomena of recombination and mutation (of genes) which cause random variations in the genotypes during the process of transmission form one generation to the next. So far the studies in genetics have confirmed the hereditary effects in relation to the phenotypes mainly concerning bodily functions and properties. For instance, if both the parents have brown eyes, some of their descendents in some future generations are sure to be born with brown eyes. Many diseases like diabetes are also known to be generally carried over to successive generations with some positive probability. However, nothing has yet been concluded about the hereditary influences on intellectual and spiritual qualities. The author of ‘Social Life in Animal World’ and 59 many other life scientists of high caliber accept that, “how and from where the sentiments of love emanate?” –– is yet unresolved. Dr. Cruz argues that modern science has not been able to know much about the system of mind. If we assume that the genes also drive the extraordinary potentials of the brain, the powers of extrasensory perception and supernormal talents would then be regarded as the manifestations of a paramount gene-regulated function of the brain. The exceptionally bright mental processing and memory-retrieval at a rate faster than the bio-electrical flows in brain, etc would also be then affirmed as genotype expressions only. In that case, one would infer that the inherent supernatural properties have originated from an eternal ‘genetic’ element or an omnipotent divine ancestor. Howbeit, this would contradict the theories of evolution and material based sciences, which regard such arguments as baseless offshoots of myth and illusion. The theory of genetics and the other principles of modern sciences established so far cannot explain the evolution of brain. For instance, several years ago it was argued on the basis of some laws of the physics of brain, that the intellect of a living being should have evolved in proportion to the ratios of the weights of their brain and body. Dr. Devoir’s results had annulled such conclusions by simple examples. The above ratio in rabbits, foxes, dogs and horses is measured on an average as 1:140, 1:156, 1:350 and 1:800 respectively. Thus, according to the said principle, rabbit should be most intelligent among the four; but, on the contrary, horse is known to be so. Some species of horse are found to demonstrate significant natural intelligence as compared to some trained and more evolved animals. The above principle does not apply to the human population either. The respective ratios of the size and weight of the brain to that of the body were found to be above average in a handful of scholars like Evan, Turneva, Krampbell, Oliver and Viron. Whereas these are found to be average or much lesser in majority of sagacious, bright personalities; Albert Einstein’s name too falls in the latter category. Studies on enormous varieties of creatures have made the scientific theory on brain more complicated and inconclusive. The clear and more definite approach has been to consider the brain substance as different from that of the body because the physics and chemistry of the former are yet to be deciphered completely. The real potentials of human brain are much more than what have been witnessed in child prodigies and super intelligentsia. As we have also described earlier, ample examples of the unlimited power of human brain are found in human history. Moparse’s highly recognized book ‘Human Personality’ mentions of many such evidences. When a seven years old boy, Benjamin was walking besides his father in Edinburgh, he asked about the date and time of his birth. Within two seconds after his father’s reply, he stated a huge number saying –– “so I am these many seconds old!”. His father got a pleasant surprise. He slowly counted and came out with a figure that was 172800 seconds more than Benjamin’s estimate. The little boy quickly cleared his father’s doubt, pointing out that the latter had not subtracted two days of the two leap years –– 1820 and 1824 that had occurred during the said period. The father was amazed and was feeling proud when he verified that his son’s instant mental calculations were hundred percent correct. Graham Bell’s invention of telecommunication device stands among the greatest boons of science bestowed on the modern human society. He had devised it at the young age of 20 and got the patent of telephone when he was 29 years old. Wilber and Orville Wright –– popularly known as Wright 60 brothers, had also designed and made several flights on the first airplane of the world during the same age group of 20 to 30 years. When they made the record flight on the airplane equipped with a power engine and amazed the world, Orville was only 32 and Wilber was 36 years old. Blaise Pascal’s name is also honored in the glorious list of such inventors. It was sometime in 1642 when this 19 years old French mathematician used to work as an accountant when he got the idea of devising a machine for assistance in arithmetical operations. He could materialize this idea within few months because of his exceptional insight in Geometry and gave the world its first calculator..... Moparse has raised many issues in her book and asked –– “when will humans discover and analyze the truth behind their own existence as intelligent beings?”. The author further states that - unless human psychology is studied up to the deepest depth of human mind, the findings of modern sciences would remain incomplete and cannot accomplish what they are expected to do in terms of true progress and welfare. The occurrences of supernatural intelligence stand as living evidences against the possibility of heredity driven intelligence and mental powers. The presence of exceptional talents was noticed in Shri Suresh Chandra Dutta when he was 8 years old. When an inspector visited his school and asked some oral questions the boy gave correct answers without any pause. The visitor was impressed and out of curiosity, he kept asking more and more difficult problems in Mathematics and the little student continued replying at the same pace.... Multiplying hundred digit numbers or finding square roots or cube roots of equally large quantities was a job of one second for Suresh Chandra at later age (in senior school).... Nobody in the availed history of Dutta family was known to have had super intelligence like Shri Suresh Chandra. A supporter of heredity based transmission of intelligence might assume that the extraordinary potentials were carried over from the ancient or the first generation ancestors – like the rishis.... Even then, unless one considers that the latter had awaken such supernormal powers by intense spiritual endeavors, the logical conclusion would be that – such qualities, reflecting evolutionary culmination of the potentials of living beings, had emerged from a self existing, eternal source..... During his visit to the USA, Suresh Chandra Dutta’s intuitive mathematical skills were also demonstrated at the Columbia University and many other institutions of higher learning. His specialty of solving mathematical problems in state of deep meditation gave new ideas to the thinking and imaginations of the American people. Unfortunately, nothing more than exalting surprise and curiosity could emerge from these programs in the absence of serious discussions on the intricacies of meditation and relevant knowledge of the ancient Indian science of yoga along with his ‘live demonstrations’ of the inner powers of human mind. Had there been somebody who could explain the basics of the Indian philosophy of yoga and the science of spirituality during such demonstrative programs, the possibility of a new dimension of integrated scientific research would have arisen right at that time.... Which might have changed the shape of current research on human brain and psychology. Examples of the mental wizards –– like Shri Dutta, not only in the field of Arithmetic, but, in almost all kinds of talents and intellectual deliberations, motivate the modern scientists rethink on the source of the magical potentials of human brain. Immediate challenge before them is to investigate –– what kind of hereditary principles, if any, what type of scientific theories, could elucidate deeper and more definite knowledge on human mind? Measures Of Intelligence 61 There is a well-defined age limit for the growth and maturity of gross body. In normal case, one becomes an adult in biological sense around the age of twenty years. The bodies of men and women in the age group of 25 to 30 years reach completely grown-up state. The age around mid-forties is considered as the middle age at which the trend of biological growth and strengthening begins to reverse.... This is a crude but universally accepted division of the body-age. However, no such general measure is available for mental age. Many adults behave in naive manner in many respects even after crossing the middle age. Their sense of responsibility, level of thoughts or wisdom does not show any sign of maturity. Many others, on the contrary, are matured enough to adeptly tackle complicated problems at an early age. Talents, intelligence, orgulous capabilities of management, decision making, foresightedness, etc do not seem to have any correlation with age. The measures obtained by the psychologists for the purpose of calibration of mental age are neither objective, nor definitive or universally applicable. Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is a commonly used measure of one’s intelligence. This is computed as the ratio of the mental age and biological age multiplied by 100. The mental age is usually computed by subjective methods - for instance, if a child of 10 years behaves like most of the normal children of that age, his mental age too will be set as 10 years. Some kinds of memory tests and examination of problem solving capabilities, general knowledge, aptitude and behavioral efficiencies is also performed to assign a quantitative measure to one’s mental age. A child who shows better talents, reasoning and maturity as compared to what is expected of his age is attributed higher mental age; if the biological age of such a child is 10 years and his mental age is 15 years, his IQ will be set equal to 150. Statistical analysis of the surveys conducted by several psychologists shows that, in general, only 2% of the population has IQ of this high level. Those with IQ greater than 200 are considered as exceptionally intelligent. IQ values lesser than 100 indicate successively weaker levels of intelligence.... IQ level between 100 and 150 is often graded between average and fairly good. Although the IQ is a popular measure of testing one’s normal mental potentials, it is certainly not absolute or error-free. There are many counter examples where one was inferred as below average by above techniques while his or her intellectual contributions to the world were distinctly remarkable. Super genius Albert Einstein could never score a good IQ in his student life. He was even debarred from a school once because he was not able to answer any questions from the lessons taught in the class. The reason was –– he used to go so deep into the subject that, his mind would become practically absent from the class.... Neither the teacher nor the psychological tests of IQ measurements were able to take note of this fact. The whole world witnessed his genius because of his unparalleled contributions including the general and special theories of relativity, which laid the foundations of Modern Physics. Similar to the contradictions observed on IQ and true performance of one’s creative intelligence, the hypothesis that – “intelligence is a natural gift inherited since birth”, has also faced controversies and is not accepted in view of the evidences against it. Arthur Linda writes in her book entitled ‘Intelligence Can Be Taught’ that many students with weak IQ are found to do excellent in intellectual fields at later ages whereas those regarded as talented and bright on the basis of their high IQ were failures at higher levels.... Charles and George were twin brothers born in Lechworth, New York in 1939. They were born prematured by three month so they were very weak physically. When they were three years old, their IQ 62 was found to be in the low range of 60 to 70, so they were declared as mentally underdeveloped too. Sometime in 1963, Dr. William Horwitz of the New York State Psychiatric Institute examined this duo and he felt something peculiar about their minds. He was keen to test whether it was due to some hidden talents in these patients. Dr. Horwitz stated a random birth date and asked George about the day on which it could have fallen. He also asked some more dates and days in the past, present and future in random orders – e.g., “what would be the date and day, two months after a given date...?”, etc. The boys answered correctly each time in a matter of few seconds. It was discovered only then that both Charles and George were able to mentally find the complete dates of any day – hundreds of thousands years in the past or in future – almost instantly. Surprisingly, they did not know the detailed rules of any calendar, nor were they able to solve simple one or two digit summations. Dr. Horwitz had experimented on these twins and tried to decipher some secrets of their exceptional talent but in the vain. He concluded by stating that – “Human brain is endowed with latent sources of immense intelligence which are yet unknown to the modern science and psychology....”. Jadeiya Barcon of England also possessed supernormal talents though he was found to be so dull in studies in the childhood that his parents preferred not sending him to any school. He could not even learn reading and writing. Its amazing that without any exposure to elementary Mathematics, he had started solving complicated arithmetical problems few years later.... Barcon had terrific memory. Once he was watching a drama in a theater....; after an hour’s show, he could correctly tell how many words were uttered by the artists in different dialogues and what number of steps – movements of feet were taken by the dancer during that period.... He was also able to narrate all dialogues so well as if he had been rehearsing since long. He used to multiply pairs of numbers as huge as 365,365,365,365,365 in a minute’s time. Though, he had no knowledge or training in Arithmetic, he stood successful in a large numbers of tests conducted by the experts to adjudge the authenticity of his exceptional mental power. Dr. D.C. Reef and L. H. Sneeder had reported of similar talents of a person in 1931. This man was able to find the square root of a four-digit number in 4 seconds and cube root of a six-digit number in 6 seconds only. John Von Neumann, a distinguished mathematician, is recognized as the father of Computer Science. He was able to solve hard problems in Algebra and Logic without the help of any calculator or arithmetical operations. Although maximum examples of exceptional talents are found in the areas pertaining to Mathematics, demonstrations of such skills in other disciplines too are not insignificant. J. H. Pullen was honored as ‘Genius of Erlsewood Assinum’. This great engineer had amazed the world in early 19th century by his 10 ft. high three dimensional model of a huge complicated structure of a ship. He had designed this model after 3 years of hard work. He developed each component of this ship with intense care. Pullen had also fabricated a machine to manufacture about a billion wooden pins required for fixing the base and side sheets within the outer frame of this ship. Dr. Martin W. Burr had examined a 22 years old patient of epilepsy sometime in 1818. This was a unique case. Howsoever complicated and lengthy text in Greek, Japanese or Denise languages was read in front of this patient, he was instantly able to narrate it as it is... Gotfreed Mine possessed similar talent but in the field of Fine Arts. His extremely charming and lively paintings of little 63 children and Kittens had gained significant popularity in Europe. Kind George VI also purchased one of his artistic creations. Some of his works are kept in the museums of Berlin, Zurich and Bern. It was sometime in 1970, when Prof. David S. Viscount had tested the supernatural musical talents of Harriet in Boston. This lady was able to reproduce the musical compositions of great musicians like Mozart, Vithovan, Schwartz, Debuchi, Prokophiyeva, Bardy, etc in their original styles. She used to play musical instruments marvelously. Remarkably, she had never undergone any training in music and was unaware of formal knowledge of musical notes, amplitudes, tunes etc. Moreover, upon listening to any musical composition she was able to tell the exact period when and where it was originated and also describe the details and interesting aspects associated with its creation. She was also able to play an original composition of one musician in such a manner that it would sound like the creation of some other established musician. For instance, she used to play ‘Happy Birth Day’ in a large number of different tunes each of which was quite popular and enchanting.... Justice Charles Evan Hughes, former Chief justice of America too is recognized as a wizard of numbers like Shankuntala Devi of India. Justice Hughes’ memory is compared with that of a modern electronic computer.... Once he dictated a speech to his stenographer for about two hours. Though, he had no written notes, he was able to repeat the same speech as it is after some time. His unique intelligence is still a matter of great curiosity and interest to the people of America. Until Dr. Horwitz researched on abnormal cases like that of George and Charles, it was believed in the early 20th century that exceptional talents work on the basis of recollection of patterns stored in memory. Scientists have proposed different hypotheses to explain, in parts, the existence of extra sensory powers of the human brain. Some attribute this to the possibility of special kinds of yet unknown hormones and neurotransmitters, some others argue that a super computer like special neuronal system exists inside the brain which is rarely activated.... Some psychologists like Dr. T. L. Brink consider the left side brain as the source of hidden talents, which needs to be stimulated by immense concentration.... Howbeit, none of the approaches of the neuroscientists have led to any viable conclusions. The hypotheses focussed on relating intelligence and other mental potentials with heredity have also proved to be nothing more than speculations. Modern psychological approaches are also confined to behavioral analysis and insignificant measures like IQ. These considerations focus only on a small fraction of human intelligence which accounts for cleverness and presence of mind in general. The genius which gives rise to great discoveries and inventions is beyond the grasp of current research. The source of intuitions, insightful imaginations and eminent thoughts cannot be reached via these approaches. It’s only a tip of the iceberg of human intelligence which has been realized and studied so far.... The acquired knowledge, intensive training, talents and creative endeavors of the past births do bear their subtle inscriptions on one’s mind which offer manifold returns in the present life and so on..... The scientists and scholars of spirituality consider the samsk³ras assimilated –– during the endless journey of the soul –– in the extra sensory domains (mana, buddhi, citta and aha®k³ra) of the mind as the source of inspiration for shaping one’s intellectual potentials, talents and conscious, subconscious 64 and unconscious activities. Rousing of specific samsk³ras from this accumulation results in sudden elevation of one’s mental powers up to supernormal levels. Talents With Insanity! Bioelectrical sparks in the fourteen hundred grams jelly-like stuff of human brain play wonders.... These may sometimes lead to the awakening of old memories, rousing hidden talents or, on the other extreme, make one practically mad. The gamut of peculiarities of insane mind also includes many notable cases. Several years ago, three special children were admitted in the mental hospital of Bristol in England. These children were completely mad according to expert psychiatrists. They were unable to perform even the essential chores of day-to-day life. Despite this insanity, they were experts in different areas of creative talents. Peterson, a 14 year old in this group was ‘gifted’ with an exceptional talent in music. May any expert from any corner of the world play howsoever-difficult tunes on violin before him, in response this boy could reproduce them excellently in the same order with perfection. At times, while listening to a tune, he even used to suggest some modifications and make the compositions more melodious. Another boy, David Keet was a fantastic painter. He had to look at a scenery or design just once in order to draw beautiful picture of the same. He was equally good at re-sketching all kinds of architectural designs. He used to be always busy drawing something on the paper as per his imagination. Just by seeing a photograph of the World Trade Center (USA) this insane boy had drawn attractive three-dimensional picture of this popular building. No one could believe that this kind of eminent painter happens to be mentally retarded.... The third boy was Sevenize whose mind used to work like a high-speed computer while solving arithmetical complexities. The day of any date in the past 700 years and historical events, if any, occurred on that date were uttered by him as and when asked in such a manner as if he is viewing the incidents on a film projected in front of his eyes. Ironically, unless engaged in the above activities of their liking, the boys used to behave very aggressively and force the visitors escape from the hospital. Such cases pose unbeaten challenges before the neuroscientists. Who knows, great talents like those of Menuhin (in Music), Picaso (in Fine Arts) or Ramanujan (in Mathematics) might be hidden in the latent layers of their minds! Or, is it that only specific portion of the neural network in the brains of such persons is activated permanently while other functions - those pertaining to normal behavior and basic wisdom are suppressed? How their body-functions regulated to a healthy level in the later case? Whatever be the reality, one thing is certain that such exceptions do give us a glimpse of the Omnipotent character of the cetan and its Supreme source. HE perhaps wants to teach us –– how limited and illusive is our knowledge against the absolute truth and at the same time give us the feeling of how gigantic and diversified is the expansion of our tiny brain...... Are Super Brains Cranky Too? Noted scholar and psychologist Holmes had met many mental wizards. Some of them also had good contacts and friendship with him. He had keenly observed the common features in their personalities. He had also analyzed the information available on many other exceptional talents whom he could not 65 meet or observe personally. His studies had drawn interesting conclusion that - super intellectuals are also eccentric to some extent. Holmes had reported evidential incidents along with logical arguments in favor of his inference. His main argument was that – wizard of a particular discipline of knowledge or talent inadvertently focuses all his mental powers along a single track. As a result, he reaches high levels of sagacity in a particular area of expertise but, due to the same reason, he tends to lack proper attention or wisdom in other walks of life and commits blunders at times. His day-to-day activities and social behavior too is often so haphazard that people begin to consider him as whimsical in many respects. Shakespeare too has supported above conclusions and expressed the views that –– although there is no insanity or deficiency in the minds of super talents, because of their excessive interest and involvement in limited activities, they gradually tend to neglect many facts which are important for other civilized persons. Valetta Scot has been a popular poet in Europe. Interestingly, many a times he used to regard his own poems as that of a reputed poet ‘Viron’ of earlier times and present them before the audience with great reverence. He would realize the illusion only when one such poem published under his own name was shown to him. Noted philosopher Schlitz often used to be so engrossed in thinking that even the friends, sitting across the table, with whom he was conversing sometime back, would appear stranger to him and he would even ask them for introduction and purpose of their visit... He naturally used to repent whenever his conscious mind would come down to a normal level from the journey deep beneath the unlimited ocean of thoughts..... Many such stories are reported about Albert Einstein too. Once he called on a friend over dinner. He somehow got the impression that it is his own house and the friend is visiting him. Long after the dinner was over, he continued discussing something or the other with the latter; he would look at the watch but keep quite out of formality.... When it really became too late, he thanked the friend for visiting him and giving so much time.... and also fulfilled the formality of inviting him to visit again... It was indeed amusing for the host! He laughed and conveyed the truth to the absent minded scientist who had wasted precious time due to an abnormal illusion.... Alexander Duma has made significant contributions to French literature. He was whimsically particular about the choice of ink and paper. He would write novels only on blue colored papers, poems on yellow papers and play scripts on red papers. He used to hate blue ink and always wrote with some other colors. Mopansa was habitual to writing while sitting in the right corner of his room. But, often he used to be so confused about the directions that he would first go to the left corner..... Surprisingly he used to be out of the tangled state of mind soon after completing the job in hand. Carlyle has reviewed the literary works and life of Charles Lomb. He comments that Lomb was no doubt distinguished and respectable in terms of his contributions to the literary world. However, his personal life and routine activities were so abnormal that one could easily mistake him as a variegated lunatic. 66 Shailey, the celebrity English poet was dead against the people who would plan and work towards materializing wars. He often used to write long letters to preach such acrimonious fellows..... But, he was crazy enough not to post any of them. He would instead close the letter in a bottle and throw it in the river Thames, with a hope that the medium of water will easily carry his message to its proper destination.... Hundreds of letters were flown by him in this ‘noble’ venture..... It is said about a German poet that he used to keep ice slabs beneath his feet and always - even in the chilly weather of winter kept all the windows open because only then he was able to create good poesy! A pianist of Poland was in great demand and used to be invited in many theater programs despite his high charges and crazy behavior. He had a funny habit..., he would never sit where the piano and his chair is set initially. Rather, he would move around the stage and try arranging the chair here and there till he found a place suitable to his whim....; he would play his instrument only while sitting at that particular spot. Somerset used to draw a wicked eye on every paper kept on his table. Whenever questioned about this ‘habit’ he would be unable to give a definite answer and attribute this to some unknown inspiration.... French writer Emil used to count the road lamps on every street he walked along... in case he felt that he has committed a mistake or left some lamp-posts uncounted, he would go back to the first corner of the street and continue recounting... Why he used to waste time and energy this way was never clear to him either. He used to state this as an unavoidable habit.... Another scholar named Bacon, used to rove around in an open cart during the rainy season. He believed that drenching would offer him blossoming benefits as it does to the plants.... The mighty kings like Changez Khan, Alexander The Great, Mohammad Tugalak, Nadirshah and Aurangazeb etc, could never enjoy anything in life because of their craze for conquering larger and larger pieces of land and enslaving more and more kingdoms.... They were never able to see whether the already grabbed regions were managed well or not, or, whether there was any revenue obtained from the conquered states....; they just liked battles to continue around them..... Experts who had analyzed Hitler’s life and psychology comment that he was only a bewildered adventurer; he had no foresight or analytical mind to assess the consequences of his whimsical egotist actions. The so called book-warms or those engaged in excessive reading and writing or any other activity out of over-ambition or uncontrolled inclination towards a particular hobby are also found to be eccentric in one respect or the other in general. The holy Bible quotes at one place –– “too much of studies has made you mad....” Supernormal Talents – Proofs of Extrasensory Assimilation In normal course, our gross body grows gradually keeping in harmony with processing of the biological system. The evolution of brain and mental development also take place in an orderly manner in general. The rate of progress may be different and the influence of learning environment, training, motivation and endeavors of the individuals may also play a significant role in enhancing intellectual potentials and wisdom..... Despite this ‘normal’ level of diversity, there exist some people whose brilliance and talents are indeed exceptional and cannot be explained by biological, psychological or any other scientific theory or law of nature. The history of mankind has witnessed many people born with such exceptional talents. In some it appears to have roused all of a sudden. The subtle (extra sensory) impressions of the cumulative 67 mental potentials and knowledge assimilated during the previous lives seem to manifest supernormal functions in such mental wizards. A French boy named John Luis Kardiek had started pronouncing English alphabets at a primitive age when the voice of most normal children is heard only when they cry - he was a baby of three months at that time...! By the time he celebrated his 3rd birthday, he was able to fluently read and speak Latin. He had learnt French, Hebrew and Greek when he became 5 years old. Within next one year, he mastered over the diverse subjects like History, Geography and Mathematics. This child prodigy left the physical body at an early age of 7 years. William Sydis had taken the entire American continent by surprise as he, at the age of just two years, had demonstrated masterly command over written and oral expression in English. In next six years he had gained similar expertise in six foreign languages –– including Greek and Russian which were hardly used in America those days. Distinguished intellectuals of his time were startled upon hearing about the existence of fourth dimension in one of the eminent lectures given by 11 year old William. The three visible dimensions of the space were considered as ultimate until then. Equally shocking was the fact that the supernormal intellect of this boy had disappeared in the teenage.... Thereafter he lived with average mental potentials. George, the son of a farm-laborer in Devin, England had started manifesting extraordinary expertise in Mathematics when he was a child of two years age. At the age of 4, he was able to orally solve difficult puzzles in this subject in a matter of few seconds to two minutes’ time, whereas the champions of Mathematics used to take at least half-an-hour to resolve the same problems with the help of pen and papers.... Like an esoteric event, George lost this talent after crossing 10 years of age. He was an average student all through his life after that and passed Civil Engineering with great difficulties. William Henry Betty was a celebrity child actor. His extraordinary talent in the field of acting had made him a super star in Europe when he was hardly 11 years old. The entire film industry was surprised by the performances of this born-actor. Covens Gordon of London too was a child actor born with similar talents. People were crazy to watch his acting; the army was called to control the crowd during one of his popular shows. No other actor was able to receive the high amounts he was paid those days by the producers. What more! even the session of the House of Commons was to be postponed once because, there was a special show by this enchanting child star on the same date which the members were not ready to miss at any cost.... Those who do not believe in reincarnation and consider human beings as mobile plants or living machines, they may not accept the existence of the cetan (soul) after the death of body. How would these so-called rational thinkers explain the extraordinary talents expressed since birth and the supernormal intelligence manifested in biologically normal humans? All plants and animals grow and manifest specific potentials as per their natural tendencies. Then why should the living system of humans be allowed by nature to break this universal rule? Is their nothing special in human mind? What are the limits of its inner expansion and the sources of extrasensory powers? In-depth investigation to resolve such queries, particularly in view of the authentic evidences of supernormal memory, brilliance and other talents, would elucidate the existence of subtle domains of human mind and the assimilation of samsk³ras of the previous lives in the inner cores of consciousness. 68 Refinement Of Talents In The Laboratory Of Life People are often heard blaming the complexities and hardships of life for their insignificant intellectual development and lack of talents. They try to seek reasons of their own deficiencies in the circumstances. This type of evading attitude is illusive and misleading. The truth, as expressed by the eminent thinkers of all times and as also evinced by the lives of many great personalities, is quite different, rather, contrary - it recognizes impedance and adversities in life as the best opportunities for stimulating the internal power of mind and rousing the hidden talents. Glorious Indian scholar, justice Ramchandra Dattatrey Ranade opines that challenges and testing times activate the otherwise dormant powers of our minds and open up the ways for cultivation of newer potentials. Renowned Chinese philosopher Zang Thyang finds the entire history of the accent of human intellect as full of examples of awakening, refinement and sublimation of the mental potentials by struggling with the hindrances and hardships of odd circumstances. Psychologists describe tragic moments and difficulties as integral parts of human life. If one realizes their importance and accepts the challenges posed by adversities, one can make good use of them in several respects. In fact, troubles and tragedies are not so fierce and painful as they appear from a distance or in imaginations..... It is one’s attitude and mental preparation that makes all the difference. Under the same circumstances, in which most people might cry and curse their fate, some others may receive new inspirations and find opportunities to test and refine their inner strength and talents. Weak mentality creates terrible circumstances in its negative thinking and illusive imagination and keeps losing internal peace. On the other hand, people with firm and matured state of mind remain calm and balanced in all conditions – howsoever disturbing and disastrous these might be. Their mental strength gives them courage to think and endeavor to find a solution and fight the adversities with dignity. Their sincere efforts in turn exalt their hidden capabilities to a great extent. In his book entitled ‘Psychological Study of Problem Solving and Adventure’ German psychologist Von Des Geer has described bodily problems, mental complexities and circumstantial adversities as natural components of human life. According to him, our mind is totally engrossed in a focussed domain when we search for a solution to come out of a difficult situation or resolve a complicated problem..... This is a good exercise to penetrate the core of mind. This activates the dormant power stored in the deeper layers of mind. Solving mathematical puzzles is therefore considered as a good exercise especially, for accelerating the mental development of young children. The same principle applies in the adventurous moments in later stages of life. While resolving a worldly difficulty at its peak, attacking an intellectually challenging problem or venturing an apparently tough task, all our existing physical and mental potentials get collectively engaged in a common task and multiply our strength and talents significantly. Sports competitions serve similar purposes in a pleasant manner. Games like Boxing, Kabaddy, Football etc help enhancing physical strength and the games like Blocks arrangement, Cross-words, Puzzles of numbers, Chess etc support sharpening of mental skills. Erudite psychologist B. Ghislaine writes in ‘The Creative Process’ that one who has successfully struggled with the hindrances and adversities all through his life becomes much more strong and talented than those who have always enjoyed the so called happy life of comforts and luxuries. He had shown by experiments on many school children, teenagers and youths that occurrence of some kind of challenge or trouble is necessary for the creative use and exaltation of one’s capabilities. 69 Deliberate acceptance of impedance and hardships in life and practice to face them boldly and intelligently also open up the path of steep rise in specific abilities. Training of military and police personnel is the best example of the above mentioned productive efforts. Their training indeed consists of adventurous performances of conquering variety of obstructions which appear, at a superficial level, to be nothing less than tortures..... However, the reality too is well known. Passing through such ‘tortures and adventures’ leads to the uplifting of the trainees’ physical and mental potentials to such heights that they indeed accomplish wonders in the battle fields. Their terrific performances often appear to be superhumanly.... Gold does not get its pure brightness unless constantly heated and gleamed in the terrible heat under fire. It would appear dirty and dull without this purification process. Human personality too becomes truly eminent, impressive and dignified after passing through the warmth of serious difficulties and boldly facing the challenges of life with perseverance of high ideals. Calamities play important role in refinement of talents and overall personality development. However, these are like double-sided swords and may lead to altogether opposite effects. Those who get scared and succumb without struggling till the end remain the losers.... On the contrary, success ultimately glorifies those who face all circumstances with a sportsman’s spirit and sincerely try their level best to fight the adversities. We ourselves are responsible for either kind of consequences. The calamities of time may prove to be a curse or a boon according to how we have tackled them. One, who welcomes bad times and hardships as calmly as he would accept the apparently favorable circumstances, lives a sporting life and is cheered by ultimate benefits. His life also becomes a source of inspiration for many others.... We will find the same secret lying at the foundation of the edifice of glorious lives of the history making great men and women of all ages. Most of them were born with hardships and utterly adverse circumstances of life. The great personalities, who were born with a silver spoon in hand, like revered princes Buddha and Mahavir, etc, had willingly chosen to renounce the wealth and comforts of life. They followed the thorny path of adversities and challenges because, the latter indeed offer the best means of shaping and sharpening the diamond of human idealism. No one can reach the high realms of viable successes without the ladder of overcoming the adversities by optimistic and thoughtful endeavors. Hindering circumstances are as important in the attempts to refine the personalities as hard labor in an industry or good taste in food.... The secrets of the unparalleled successes of the industrial giants like Henry Ford, Jamashedji Tata, Jamnalal Bajaj, etc also reveal the same truth – the roots of their lives grew healthier and stronger in the climate of struggle and hardships. In spite of reaching remarkable heights in business, these altruist personalities preferred austerity and unperturbed industriousness to comforts in their personal lives. The wealthy and prosperous people who undermine the benefits of adopting such ideals gradually suffer from the mal-effects of excessive luxuries and addictions of one kind or the other. The possibility of such negative developments is naturally annulled in case of those who keep themselves occupied in hard work and creative thinking to solve the complexities of their own or others’ lives. The latter kinds of people attain glorious talents while progressing in the noble missions of their lives. The cowards, greedy or lusty persons who do not have any mental or inner strength get scared of even a glimpse of a danger or a possibility of hardships; their life ends under self-imposed stress and turbulence... without reaching anywhere near the goal of true happiness. 70 That ‘there is no progressive movement without obstacles’ sounds odd at the first instance. Thinking a bit deeper on this statement makes its validity clearer.... In fact, this is a scientifically viable principle, which applies to every field of life including the activities of our body. If all the friction of the earth’s surface was removed and it were made absolutely smooth, we would not be able to walk even an inch and slip down at every step. We cannot fix a nail in a heap of cotton because there is practically no resisting force there.... The Chhandogya Upanishada considers the above principle as the root cause of the continuous changes taking place in the natural environment of life. It is stated in this scripture that the Omnipresent Supreme Consciousness of the Brah® wants every form of life to culminate up to its original, absolute level. It offers enormous opportunities for this purpose, in the form of ever-new manifestations of nature in all the jaÃa and cetan forms. The fluctuating circumstances make the solutions and means of earlier times as irrelevant and inappropriate in the new situations. The biological and physical conditions and emotional states are also dynamic in nature. New endeavors, new courage and skill is required to meet the challenges and demands of the present along with due consideration of the consequences and future aspects.... This triggers a cycle of progressive movement in every walk of life. Ibnasina – a great thinker of ancient times had described the world as a laboratory designed by Mother Nature for successive development and evolution of her children. In his views, this mother of all living beings trains us by creating troublesome situations and complications in our lives. The terrible times, impediments and challenges posed by its unsteady circumstances at physical and psychological levels of human life are like instruments offered for exaltation of people’s potentials. As the mental development of school children is supported by making them play with varieties of toy and puzzle games, the dynamic form of nature in the domains of our lives also teaches us new lessons and stimulates our dormant powers... We must adopt a sporting attitude and optimistic temperament to realize this fact and endeavor to make the best use of the laboratory of nature for the amelioration of our qualities and capabilities. Why Mental Complications and Insanity? Psychological aberrations and diseases do not have any visible symptoms. They are often too difficult to be diagnosed correctly. Most of their effects are so subtle that there appears to be no problem with the patient and no possibility of a serious harm to his health can be expected without a deeper analysis. Even in some psychiatric cases, the patient only appears to be impudent and preposterous. There is no sign of –– whether it is in his nature or what has been the type and cause of the mental discrepancies or physiological abnormalities which have put him into the swamp of psychological disorders and deficiencies. In the absence of apparent symptoms many psychological complications and associated mental diseases are not cured rather, not even noticed. The family members often ignore even the physical (bodily) problems of women as pretension and illusions. Then, where is the scope for recognition of their mental stresses and psychological problems? Psychological diseases are also not cared for because of the lack of public awareness about their varieties and consequences. Despite their subtle presence and mild manifestations, the severity of harms caused by mental complexities and psychological disorders is in no way lesser than that of the gamut of somatic 71 diseases. Many people have reached high realms of success despite physical disabilities and injuries of the body. However, no psychiatric patient or mentally retarded or disturbed person has yet been able to accomplish, on his own, something remarkable in human history. Sagacious scholar of Sanskrit, Maharshi AÌÚ³vakra’s body was bent at eight places including back, neck, limbs and shoulders. Trend-setting intellectuals like Chañkya and Socrates were deadly grotesque in appearance. Âdi Shankar³charya was suffering from fistula in the anus when he made the erudite contributions to the adept analysis and propagation of Ved³nta Philosophy. Saint Surdas and several other celebrity poets were blind when they made historical additions in literature. Helen Keller, despite being deaf, dumb and blind, had mastered in the literature of several languages and other disciplines of knowledge. We can also find ample number of incidents in human history where bed-ridden people had made masterly contributions in the fields of arts, science and literature... These examples further approve the fact that body is like an instrument while the brain (mind) is an independent controller. Disruption in proper functioning of this regulating authority makes one disable indeed. A physically handicapped person might help others in several respects because of his experienced mind and creative knowledge... but, mentally handicapped or diseased one practically becomes a burden on his family and friends. The occurrence of insanity is increasing in today’s society at a rate faster than that of any disease of the body. The inconvenience caused to others because of uncontrolled and abrupt behavior of the mad ones raises the need for setting up of mental hospitals and psychiatric care and rehabilitation centers. In view of the present trends the number of such centers in any country might super-seed the number of jails there! People suffering from different kinds of psychological disorders outnumber those facing bodily ailments and diseases. The number of eccentrics, whimsical, mentally disturbed and unbalanced and psychologically disharmonious individuals is so large today that only a small fraction of human population might be found in vigorous mental health. The cranks or mentally disorganized people by and large hinder the harmonious progress of the entire society. It is lamentable to note that no significant effort has begun to prevent the growth of insanity or psychological complications in human population, not withstanding the possibility that the impediment caused by this problem might prove to be stronger than the challenges of poverty, malnutrition, illness and illiteracy etc. Crimes are also consequences of mental excitations motivated by abnormal sentiments. These are carried out in almost insane or intoxicated state of mind. Many a times it is observed that thieves and burglars repent on their misconduct and want to leave the amoral activities. They are also aware of the life histories of people who have excelled ordinary lives through the sincere path of honesty and industriousness. They accept the advice and support of well-wishers in this regard and even try to adopt propriety of conduct.... But, somehow their mind gets trapped in such unusual excitations sometimes that they can’t help committing the same mistake again.... The addictions of smoking and intoxication often prevail because of the pressure of evil habits and lack of proper treatment of the root cause –– psychological complexities. People addicted to narcotics and liquor etc are usually aware of the obnoxious consequences like losing health, money, prestige, friendship and support of the near and dear ones and they even try coming out of the clutches of the untoward tendencies... However, the storm of mental and emotional aberrations and weaknesses shuns away the reasoning and retards their resolutions in no time and almost compels them to consume the apparent ‘slow poison’ again and again.... Sociologists may call it a result of stubborn 72 or wicked tendencies and blame it to deterioration of social environment but, in psychological terms, it is a state of helplessness much like that of a person suffering from high fever or severe headache etc. The individuals possessing criminal or aggressive instincts are called “sadochopaths” in Psychology. Analysis of the mental state of such subjects indicates some kind of abnormality, imbalance or disorder in their psychological makeup. Mental and emotional peace, stability and harmony are signs of good mental health. The large numbers of tiny components of the brain work collectively with adaptive connectivity and co-operation. Even a slight perturbance or disorder in this harmony and synchronization results in a variety of psychological abnormalities. Modern psychologists classify the functional domain of mind into four categories, which need to be systematized for maintaining mental balance. Analysis of –– how and to what extent the mutual compatibility of these entities, namely, Effect, Thought, Behavior and Mood, is disturbed, sets the basis of diagnosis of psychological diseases in general. We shall discuss some of these aspects below. (i) Effect: This term refers to the soundness and awareness of mind. A person lacking in this ability cannot envisage other’s reactions to his behavior. He cannot reason about the consequences of his activities. His desires and instincts are ultimate for him...; he cannot think beyond..... The gamut of his actions and imaginations remains confined to the present circumstances and conditioning of his mind. This accounts for lack of maturity and vision and results in naive and even pernicious activities on part of the concerned individual. Such persons are not considered worth giving any responsibility. People often make fun of them and laugh at their childish self-centered behaviour. Because of the deficiency in mental effect, such individuals cannot even notice other’s fun, scorn or insulting behavior. (ii) Thoughts: Any hindrance or abrupt fluctuation in thought process shakes the smooth flow of reasoning and imagination.... A person devoid of sound thinking looses analytical abilities too. He cannot assess the correct potentials of available means and circumstances and tends to overestimates or be prejudiced about the outcome of any effort. He cannot adjudge the feasibility or applicability of his planned projects. His estimates of time and resource requirements too are often far from being realistic. Imagination and reality have no difference for his bewildered mind. He practically lives in an imaginary world. People suffering from disorder of thoughts often become boasting daydreamers and fly high without any basis. On the other extreme, if their imaginations and flow of thoughts is oriented in the negative direction of gloom and despair, they loose confidence and face great difficulties even in the transaction of daily choirs without others’ support. The abnormal and disorderly thinking sometimes eludes the sense of ethics, morality and social etiquette and one thinks and talks so awkwardly that might embarrass the listeners... (iii) Behavior: False impressions from other’s behavior and lack of recognition of other’s intention - are immediate consequences of disharmony of the behavioral judgement system. People facing behavioral disorder cannot distinguish between friends and foes. A teenager girl fallen in love often creates such intense impressions and prejudiced convictions about her boy friend that even if the so called lover exploits her, she willingly submits her life in his hands. Her beloved appears to be most faithful to her and she refuses to consider any advice of any well-wisher which attempts to warn her or prevents her from furthering her love affair. This kind of immature love often proves to be futile and disastrous for the innocent girl. 73 Other extreme of the partial insanity or frenzy of the above kind is over- skeptical behavior. People subjected to this abnormality feel insecure and look at every activity and persons or things in contact with suspicion. They get false impressions of some people as if the latter would conspire to kill them or attempt maligning their image or seriously harm them by things like black magic etc.... They often remain scared by the self-created imaginary possibilities of accidents, death, assaults, irreparable loss, jail, separation from the near and dear ones, bad omen, etc. Such people cannot resolve even minor problems of life. Even for small issues, they may be seen sending the complaints and grievances directly to the highest authorities – even to the Prime Minister or the President, because they just don’t have any faith in any officer or authorities at a lower rank... Some times they develop false notions as if they are exceptionally intelligent, mighty or great personalities endowed with extra sensory powers. This category of psychological disorder is called paranoia or megalomania in which the ‘patient’ lives with false inferences and imaginations about every facet of life.... (iv) Mood: The temperaments of a ‘moody’ person change so frequently that he often appears to be eccentric or almost mad.... Some times they are too enthusiastic, cheerful and optimistic while at some other times, without any apparent cause, become so worried, apprehensive and subdued, as though a demon’s stick has fallen on their head. The negative moods induce “depressive maniac”. In this state of mind some people begin to feel as if they are been attacked by incurable disease or the end of their life is too near, ..., etc. In other extremes of the tides of their moods, such maniacs feel convinced – without any reason or evidence, that their destiny would flourish all of a sudden because of winning an election or a lottery or obtaining a hidden treasure... etc. At times, in the abnormal upbeat moods they also presume that they can rule over divine powers and do whatever they desire for.... The disorders listed above are present to some extent in a vast majority of people today. Mostly it is our ignorance or negligence of maintaining psychological fitness, which allows mental perturbations of this sort. Except for the cases of head injury, wrong surgical operation or shock treatments, there is very little possibility of an abnormality arising due to a change in the biochemistry or structure of the brain. Nature has made marvelous arrangement for protecting this precious organ – from external injuries and environmental fluctuations – under the compact covering of the skull. At physiological, biochemical and bio-electrical levels too, brain has been given utmost importance and the natural system takes care of preventing intrusions due to random changes in body’s functions and internal environment. It is mainly the mistake of the individual self –– its inherent tendencies and conscious mind, which mishandles this delicate unit (organ) because of ignorance or negligence. If an untrained or careless driver is allowed running a sophisticated care, the end result is quite obvious –– damage or total dismantling of the vehicle. Similar would be the fait of a computer if a computer illiterate or mischievous system’s operator were given charge of it. How best a working system or tool is utilized largely depends on the efficiency of the user. An utterly delicate and orgulous organ like human brain also requires attention and optimal use for marvelous performance at intellectual, mental and physiological levels. Human life is constantly subject to the ups and downs of exquisite and adverse circumstances, good and bad experiences, pleasant and painful encounters..... If one loses patience and mental balance 74 with every small change, the frequent excitations or depressions, even if of mild nature, would disrupt the harmonious functions of the sensitive system of brain. Sometimes people expect a lot from a project or begin an ambitious task with enthusiasm but get wild or extremely upset if it does not succeed due to lack of substantial support or means or due to circumstantial hurdles etc. The heat generated inside the body in this excited state of mind burns the delicate components of the neuronal connections. Negative sentiments and malice like jealous, hatred, fear, wrath, ego etc, also cause different kinds of damages to the brain and the mental system. These deficiencies or vices arise in the inner core of the repository of sentiments mainly because people are not aware of the origin and purpose of their life. Wrong attitude towards oneself and the world around also hinders one’s discerning intellect and ability to wisely adjust with circumstances. The science of spirituality focuses at illuminating the inner self and inspiring righteous thinking and sentiments which can refine the subtle domains of unconscious mind and set the attitude and activities of the conscious mind harmoniously. Adoption of spiritual principles may deplete the root causes of eccentricity and insanity seen prevailing in human life today. Why Is Man Scared Of Death? Since the manifestation of its existence, human life remains confined within the barriers of time.... Every moment of one’s survival also amounts to corresponding loss in his life-time.... Until past several decades, it was believed that there is no decay inside the body during the period of its growth... but the scientific findings have revealed altogether different facts. As George A Volhem has established in his book entitled “The Search For Ways to Keep Youthful”, our body is constantly subjected to decay since the time of birth. Millions of cells die almost every second and are replaced by the new ones. This in other words, implies that the body under the effects of the eternal laws of nature continuously marches towards death since the unfolding of life.... This effect becomes more evident with aging... It is an unfortunate part of one’s existence as a human being that, though he has to live within the barriers of time and space he does not want to accept it.... Most people enslave their lives under the thraldoms of desires and selfish attachments and survive as ‘captured’ within the influence of surrounding environment and circumstances of life of which death is an alert “watchdog”.... The realization that the comforts and joys of life now available are not permanent and life itself would end after a finite span of time under the universal laws of nature and that no one has any control over his or her departure..., makes most people panic. Every sensible person knows very well that death represents the line of separation between animate and inanimate forms of existence. This difference cannot be annulled by any school of thought of by any effort.... This fact implies the limits of one’s existence and the temporary nature of one’s life.... One has to face intense impediments in any attempt to mold the circumstances as per his will; this also reminds him of the limitations and uncertainties of his life. An intrepid and mentally strong person may never succumb to any pressure but, as the existentialists put it, he, like everybody else, will have to accept his inability in evading the eternal laws of nature and life.... Commitment of mistakes of one kind or the other by every one sometime in life... and helplessness of everybody in the event of death are best indications of the limited potentials of human beings..... The deliberations of existentialism also focus on the most sensitive issue and weak point of human life while remarking that - one might successfully struggle and overcome all the obstructions during 75 life but, in no case, he can ever avoid the ultimate event –– death. What is there in the void of the ‘life after death’? This esoteric question stands as an impenetrable shield in front of human intellect? Looking at death from the angle of the existence of life would show it as a tragic moment of elevated and delicate sentimental state of a person during which, his Self knocks at the boundaries of the gross body. And, in want of a reply, it remembers –– in absolute silence, those relatives and friends who had departed the body in front of him and had disappeared in the subtle world there after... His mind soon begins to enjoy the possibility of reunion with those ‘lost’ souls... Whether one really has above kinds of experiences moments before death may not be proved in any laboratory because the dead one is no longer available to verify his reactions.... Nevertheless, many spiritually refined personalities, parapsychologists and people with extraordinary acumen have independently expressed similar views from time to time about the feelings of individual self at the time of death.... Manifestation of the existence of the soul through the medium of the body of someone else and the metaphysical experiments of communication with the souls outside the gross body also help decipheration of such esoteric experiences and subtle memories of life before and after death.... Parapsychological studies on reincarnation are often based on awakening of such memories.... Fears of death, thoughts of end of life and vanishing of the existence of individual identity...., usually make one feel lonely and depressed... Still, no one would like to accept the positive thoughts that death is a natural part of the process of life and a human being should willingly accept it like other natural activities of body...., etc. Such arguments or thoughts would sound unreasonable and imaginary in view of the common observations that in spite of suffering from incurable diseases and severe pains and hardships, most people would not like to die immediately... There is always an intrinsic desire to live more. Hopes and attachments with life keep them tied to the present thralldom. It sounds like an unavoidable tragedy of human life that a person who spends all his time in this charming world as a social being has to depart all alone in the end.... Nobody, howsoever dear or near, can come to his help or accompany him in this last journey nor is there any committee or group of individuals to welcome him at the other end... No apparent guidance is available to him towards venturing into this new phase of “life after death…”. It is said that one is not so much frightened by death as by the thought of leaving the world all alone and by the imaginations about the possible pains and horrors of reaching an unknown destination.... It may be noted here that ascetic saints and sages who have harmoniously detached themselves form the thralldom of worldly affection and attainments live independently as liberated souls all alone throughout their life despite being involved in altruist social activities and surrounded by large number of disciples or needy people... Because of their reclusive attitude they remain free and never feel vexed or scared of the loneliness. One might learn something from their sacred and satisfied life and cultivate optimistic faith that – his soul will continue to exist. It is only the body made up of flesh and bones that will be destroyed after death. The end of this biological barrier would liberate the self to move freely in an open domain of eternal consciousness.... Such thoughts and convictions eliminate all fears of loneliness and mysteries associated with death. In the liberated state (after death) the confinements of sense organs and perceptions are broken and the individual self gets an opportunity to feel its serene and eternal existence as a soul. In this state, free from all burdens and bondage of life, it realizes the possibility of its ultimate expansion, culmination and absolute completeness. 76 Many people believe in this philosophy and accept, in principle, that occurrence of death is a state of transition during the endless journey of the soul. However, because of their inability of deeper contemplation and realization of the Omnipresent eternal existence of the Supreme Consciousness – in particular, and of the soul in general, these ideas and faiths remain only at an abstract level of their thoughts.... Human mind cannot easily contemplate on abstract ideas. This is the reason why, by and large, human society has hypothesized the manifestations of God in some mythological characters representing divinely perfect human beings. As per his imaginations man has assigned visual forms of different manifestations of the Almighty whom he could worship, pray and in whose shelter he could search absolute protection and peace. Human mind has also created blissful imagination of heaven – a divine world where the soul could rest in peace along with the departed friends and relatives and be blessed by the serene company of the souls of angels, saints and great personalities. Interestingly, the trenchant intelligence of some people has also envisaged the reciprocating reactions of evil sentiments, negative thoughts and deeds and that of the malice of character and thereby hypothesized the existence of hell – a system of deadly torturous punishments in return of one’s sins. There exists an esoteric subtle and complementary form of Nature – called anti-nature, beyond the perceptible Nature that we see pervaded around us in a wide variety of animate and inanimate components and activities. Sudden encounter with an extrasensory experience of the existence of the anti-nature creates horripilation, unknown fear, curiosity and illusion in the minds of those who experience it as well as those who hear and read about such experiences. In the modern age of analytical thinking, people have attempted thorough study of the subtler domains of human mind and of extrasensory perceptions. As early as in 1933, C.G. Jung had expressed the views in his book entitled ‘Modern Man In Search Of A Soul’ that –– “modern man has made vigorous and sustainable attempts to understand and make use of his conscious mind. Now he should move his attentions to the extrasensory powers of inner layers of mind and realize that arousing these potentials would give rise to supernatural effects and activities....”. This assertion of a renowned psychologist and thinker of the present era clearly signifies that the study of extrasensory potentials has gained recognition since quite some time. And that, people have tried understanding and verifying that such potentials do not result from external effects, rather, they are educed from within – from the deep core of the human mind. Today we are living in a world of suspicion and uncertainty where the possibilities of wars, unreliability of treaties and protocols, scarcity of honest and noble leaders, ....., etc seem to have become a matter of fact. Common man feels insecure about the healthy survival and protection of his body and his financial and cultural independence, which he has gained after assiduous efforts. The advanced civilization and intellectual evolution have unfortunately offered much more of what could be regarded as contrary to the initial expectations. The vision of creating a happy and prosperous world by intellectual and technological progress has been proverbially proved to be futile like the plans of sucking oil from sand.... This has disappointed the thinkers and well-wishers of human society at large. In Jung’s words – “man has now lost hopes of adept creation of any judicious organization. Our dream of ushering into a golden era of peace, prosperity and ideal progress of life now appears like a mirage. Scepsis about future shape of politics and waned possibility of reformation of human society should make every sensible person try elevate his own inner potentials so that he could make best contributions in the creation of an environment in which he could at least shape and control his own future....” 77 In terms of pure intellectual evolution, today we have reached that edge the next righteous step from where would give us a glimpse of the extrasensory existence of human intelligence. No thorough researcher any longer denies the possibilities of supernormal intelligence and extra sensory potentials (ESP).... Manifestations of the powers and talents of extra sensory perceptions, clairvoyance, telepathy, supernormal memory and evidences of past memory after rebirth... etc have now become specific topics of research and have gained more attention now as compared to the earlier time in modern history. It would be appropriate to again quote Dr. Jung here. He writes in the above mentioned book that –– “today’s man will not accept or follow any religious principle on account of faith alone. He would approve its validity only if adoption of its teachings and implications inspires compatible soothing effects on his own spiritual experiences”. There are no two opinions that the concepts of spirituality are gradually making specific place in the intellectual and sentimental domains of human life. The increasing interest of people towards the inner potentials of mind indicates that man has tested the creative as well as destructive use of the immense power of material based scientific and technological developments but none has provided him with stable peace and security.... Now, he seems to have been inspired by the power of sentiments and seen the bright spot of hope under the metaphysical shelter and divine guidance of that eternal, omniscient, and ultimate power of the soul. With the enlightened support of his inner self and the righteous orientation of the intellect, he would be able to create an environment of life where there will be no room for uncertainty, suspicion or insecurity and in which human life would be illuminated by THY glow.... Mind Is The Foundation & Body The Edifice Body and Mind are intermittently linked with each other. If the body suffers an injury or disease, the mind feels uneasiness, heaviness, irritation and restlessness because of which one can’t sleep and also feels depressed and weak.... Similarly, in a troubled state of mind body is subjected to associated effects. In a state of fury, eyes become red, lips vibrate and whole body is charged with excitation... In a frightened state of mind, throat dries up, legs tremble, downy hair on the skin stand in horripilation and there is sudden rise in breathing rate.... The popular saying “healthy mind in healthy body” – is used to emphasize the importance of physical fitness and maintenance of body health. Reality, on the other hand, intensifies the converse more - the body being controlled by the brain and mental conditions can remain healthy only if the mind is happy and vigorous. At a superficial level, food-intake seems to be the major source of energy for regulation of the bodyfunctions. But, it happens only if the metabolic processes continue at normal pace.... In case of indigestion the consumed food putrefies and produces poisonous substances and gases which enter different parts of the body with the blood stream and cause toxic reactions or impede the normal functions of tiny organs... Over-eating or consumption of non-edible stuff is a common cause of indigestion. The other, more internal, causes include – inappropriate secretion of required chemicals or hormones from the mouth, stomach, liver, intestines etc. In this case even small quantities of light and fresh food are not digested. Disorders at the mental level are found to disturb the hormonal secretions necessary for healthy metabolism. Thus an unhealthy mind indirectly converts the cherishing and nourishing support for health into its destroyer... Regular supply of pure blood is essential for maintenance of body and brain functions. More important are the bio-electrical currents which originate in the brain and constantly flow through the nerve fibers, which activate the intra-cellular and inter-cellular communications and help healthy survival 78 and functioning of the multi cellular systems in the body. Waning of this bio-electrical supply weakens reactions inside the body - at cellular as well as organ level. The fluctuations in the internal mechanism are soon reflected externally as reduced vitality and physical strength and gradual deterioration of health in general... As the essential tasks performed with the body in day-to-day living cannot be stopped nor could the professional and social commitments be performed without exerting it, the body weakens more rapidly in above conditions and it cannot resist the attacks of various diseases. Unless cured, its health continues to perish and may eventually invite untimely death. Digested food adds to the formation of blood, which is purified by the kidneys, intestines and lungs... Heart circulates pure blood via the arteries to different parts of the body... The non-stop functioning of the heart appears to be fully automatic. But, in fact, like any other organ or subsystem of the body, heart too receives the necessary energy from the ‘power house’ of the brain. The bio-electrical energy generated in the brain is supplied through the nerve fibers and bundles connected to the spinal column. How crucial and orgulous is this supply can be clearly seen in the marvelous processing of hormonal secretions from the endocrine system. The arcane carriers of biological information - the genes play vital role in fundamental processing of living system ranging from reproduction to expression of hereditary effects... The genes too receive the activation energy from the bio-electrical impulses sent to the cells from the brain via the nerves and the spinal column. Lubricants are supplied to a machine to prevent the damage and decay of its components due to friction and heat. The sinovial fluids, blood and flesh serve this purpose for the maintenance of body parts. Power generators or engines supply the required energy to the machines operating in a factory. The brain works as a power generator in the ‘factory’ of our body. Apart from being the center of expression of conscious mind, of imagination, thinking, contemplation…, etc, this organ continuously generates and supplies energy and information signals to the large number of functional units in the body at molecular, cellular and organ levels. This fundamental organ itself receives the energy of life from the omnipresent cosmic energy through the medium of consciousness. It is often compared with the Geo North Pole because the latter also receives (cosmic) energy from the sun and supplies that to the earth much like what the brain does for the body at a smaller and subtler level. It is no longer considered sufficient to attribute a disease to unbalanced variations in v³ta, pitta, kaÚa, ³di, b³di, kh³di12 and decide the mode of treatment accordingly. Rather, the analysis of patient’s psychology and his mental condition has become an integral part of thorough diagnosis and cure of complicated diseases. Latest investigations have shown that root cause of all diseases lies in mental complexities and disorders. A sizable number of variegating and ever more complicated diseases of the modern age fall under the categories of psychosomatic disorders. Most of these arise due to complications, stresses and imbalances at the mental levels. Other causes, including those pertaining to body conditions only play a supporting role. This is the reason why investigations and analysis of patient’s psychology is given due importance in comprehensive checkup of a patient in reputed medical centers these days. It is certainly not necessary that mental disorders would lead to apparent insanity. However, there are many implicit and mild forms of insanity reflected in eccentric behavior, illusive thinking, perplexity, short temper, aggressive attitude, excessive worry, skepsis, fear, jealous, impatience, etc, which are also part of the manifestations of psychological disorders. Sentimental malice, immoral thoughts and character shake the natural harmony of the mental system. Inner inspirations try prevent the mind from such malice but the mal-effects of evil tendencies –– 79 nurtured by undisciplined life-style, ego and avoidance or self-restrain, untoward habits and passion for sensual pleasure try pulling it in the opposite direction... This internal rift often gives rise to split or dual personality. Mental and emotional weaknesses and pressures of situations triggered by negative thoughts and ambitions suppress reasoning of people. Frequent excitations and tensions result in stressing the nerves and hence the whole body...; this pressure affects the sensitive and already weak organs more intensively and generates psychological as well as physiological disorders. Nature has endowed the body of every living being with marvelous self-organizing and adaptive physiological system, which, if kept undisturbed by maintaining disciplined diet and physical exercises, can automatically take care of common problems caused by minor injuries, environmental fluctuations or variations in normal routines, etc. However, as no tree could survive for long if its roots get rotten or diseased..., this system too cannot function normally if its foundation controlled by the mind is shaken or weakened in any respect. Realizing this fact, aspirants of healthy and active life must observe the peace and harmony of mind. Piety of thoughts and morality of character are essential to achieve success in such endeavors. Control Of Physiological Activities Specific kinds of electrical impulses are continuously emitted from the human body. These signals can be recorded and analyzed with the help of appropriate sensors and signal processing devices. Characteristics of the transmitted waves can be used to measure the internal state and functioning of the body system and thus to investigate the perturbations if any in normal condition of the latter. The electrical currents transmitted through the heart are found to be most powerful. Suppression or excitation or these impulses below or above the normal level may endanger one’s life.... Brain also sends varieties of electrical impulses – transmitted as neuronal signals outside the body, as per the state of mind.... These signals are found to be weaker but more complex than those emitted from the heart. The electrical waves transmitted through the muscles and skin usually have high frequency. Analysis of the prominent waveforms recorded from the body’s electrical signals indicates high correlation between the recorded patterns and the patient’s mental condition and the internal state of his body. Decipheration of these patterns is therefore used as a diagnostic measure. This can also be used as a means for personality test because the reflections of the internal state of mind have intimate relationship with the psychology and character of a person. Renowned psychologists Dr. J. Chemia and Dr. Barbara brown have carried out intensive research on electrical signals of human body. Their conclusions show that –– not only the physiological system, rather, the level of conscious activities and vigor of mind could also be refined by appropriate conditioning of the specific electrical signals transmitted through the brain and other parts of the body. The researchers consider biofeedback technique as very effective in such experiments. They also express the view that without more rigorous study of the interrelationship between the mindbody functions and the internal and external activities, we cannot proceed much with the possibility of improving the level of one’s consciousness and its impact on mental potentials. The experts of Yoga-Vidy³ know that various disciplined exercises of yoga play substantial role in controlling mind-body functions in a harmonious manner. Purity of thoughts and sentiments is a necessary pre-requisite for effectiveness of yoga s³dhan³s. Attainment of higher realms of consciousness and blissful state of deep trance is not possible without the refinement of mental domains. These demand long-term dedicated practice with sincerity and perseverance. Modern experiments show that the training of mind performed in initial phase of yoga practices can also be 80 accomplished with the help of auto-suggestive techniques of biofeedback. The effects of this technique could be visualized on-line by physical instruments whereas those of yoga exercises are experienced only internally. The biofeedback experimental setups are equipped with signal processors, which display the variations in the subject’s mental and bodily electrical activities on-line. The subject can also see the reflections of his mind through the varying patterns of intensities and colors on the light bars of the Biofeedback instrument and adjust his mood accordingly. Multi-channel Physiographs connected to these instruments can simultaneously display the nature of activities in the brain, heart, other organs, muscles, skin tissues, blood and even in certain cellular subsystems. One can control these activities by pondering over the feedback and giving powerful auto-suggestions accordingly so as to improve the quality and characteristics of these signals by associated regulation of the physiological and mental functions. Dr. Elmer Green, another psychologist of high repute, argues that - as mind is the sole regulator of the body, it should be possible to control over the activities of all parts of the body at organ and cellular levels by appropriate training of the mind. Common problems like muscular stiffness or stretching and headaches caused by mental tension etc. can be easily removed with the help of biofeedback techniques. In such an experiment, the subject looks at the electromagnetic radiation of his muscles on the EMG (Electro- Myographs) and uses his willpower to ‘order’ his own muscles to stretch or compress accordingly in response.... Regular practice of this sort with increasing concentration and mental strength offers positive effects of the kind comparable with those of releasing tension and generating mental peace by accelerating the impulses of alpha- waves from the brain. The biofeedback principle works mainly by autosuggestion. No external help or presence of doctor or psychologist is required once the subject learns the method of adjusting the positions of electrodes on his body. Dr. Edmond Davon has successfully applied the biofeedback technique for rousing the mental alertness and determination of several physically impaired or disabled patients and thereby activating proper functioning of their weak or disabled organs. He also believes that biofeedback method can bring immediate positive effects in eliminating the rigidity, inactivity or tension of muscles and regulating the neuro-muscular dynamics. Most people do not have any control over the functioning of the heart. But, for the experienced experts of yoga practices, it is quite natural to vary the pulse rate, heartbeat and hence the blood circulation etc, as per their will. Sincere practise of specific types of postures (mudr³s and ³sanas) and activities (kriy³s) of yoga enable them to control the nerve-muscle dynamics too. It is well known in medical sciences that irregularities of heart-beats can give rise to a varieties of cardiac problems ranging from sinus tacchicardia to heart failure. Harmonizing the heart beats and blood circulation prevents such risks and also offers longevity to a great extent. Dr. Green’s study of biofeedback experiments on a large number of cardiac patients showed that the subjects, having heartbeat of the order of 110 per minute, were able to gradually bring it down to the normal level of 70 per minute. This was achieved by regular practice with the help of biofeedback and autosuggestion for about 3 months. According to the researchers, the external excitations reflected in controlled exposures of red, green and some other bright colors of light illuminated on the biofeedback equipment provide psychological boost and help the subject maintain his determination and use it with greater efficiency and force. The results also revealed that exaltation of willpower correspondingly enhances one’s control over the internal processes of his brain and body.... 81 Hypertension stands a top the list of most frequent and major diseases of this century. Billions of people world-over are found suffering from high blood pressure. In India alone, this number might cross 5 billion on an average. Several hundred thousands people join this class of patients every year. No medicine or Doctor can provide permanent or long-term relief for this problem without risk and restrictions. It has been classified as a psychosomatic disease, which most often arises due to mental stress and complexities, so its remedy should also be searched in the evasion of these causes. Specialists have found EKG Biofeedback as the most suitable technique from above viewpoint. In these types of methods, patient’s mind is enthused by positive thinking on the one hand and his willpower is accelerated by refinement of his sentiments on the other. This technique has proved to be significantly effective in harmonizing the blood circulation and heartbeat, and in regulating the blood pressure. It is universally accepted fact today that increasing stress in day-to-day life has been the major cause of most diseases of the modern times. Every component of the body ranging from the outer layer of skin, veins, arteries, muscles and the internal system of nerves – all get adversely affected by mental stress. The exercises of Ïav³sana and Ïithil³sana offer instant relief from tension and induce relaxation of mind- body imbalance. However, people now a days have no patience or time to perform even these easy yog³san³s. Therefore, a hybrid technique incorporating mental strengthening and training of body with the support of external electromechanical instruments has been devised these days. Monitoring of the body- temperature with the help of autosuggestion and thermal sensors (- for constant measurements of even small variation in the former) also falls in this class of biofeedback techniques. Common complaints of headache are cured by this technique because it allows one to enhance the temperature of specific muscles or nerves and thereby increasing blood circulation in the targeted portion of the head. G.S.R. biofeedback technique similarly accounts for desired control and variation in the electrical resistance of the skin. Increased electrical resistance of skin indicates weakening of tension and stimulation of harmonized activities inside the body... Excitation or restlessness of mind is first manifested in the variation of skin resistance. Autosuggestion based meditation coupled with the electronic sensors and facilities of recording the positive effects with the help of sensitive devices constitute experimental designs for such applications. This technique is often called as ‘electronic meditation’ which is expected to be practised at large scale in the 21st century. Dr. Barbara Brown writes in her noted book entitle “NewpMind New Body” that transformation of mental excitation into relaxation by Biofeedback is the most significant achievements of the present era. It would indeed be a remarkable contribution of medical technology to the healthy survival of human society, if the yoga-s³dhan³s of controlling the conscious and subconscious mind be taught with the help and support of appropriate biomedical instrumentation. Restraining The Agile Mind Spiritual schools of thoughts always emphasize the need for controlling the mind. No s³dhan³ can be performed with an agile mind. But, there is no s³dhan³ that can restrain and stabilize the mind with immediate and intense effect. Practices of dhy³na - dh³rañ³ and pr³ñ³y³ma are considered to support the concentration and hence the stability of mind. However, it is too difficult to condition the mind for these kinds of practices either. 82 To most people it appears impossible to retain the mind in single state even for few minutes. Because of its natural tendency, the mind keeps jumping like a frog from one thought to another, one feeling, ambition or imagination to altogether different state of reflections almost continuously.... There is no barrier of time or space on its movements. Even a negligible part of a second is enough for it to traverse from the earth to the moon, the sun and far beyond....; or, to enter the horizons of future directly from the domains of the present or the past.... It is naturally agile like wind. It cannot be tied up or kept confined within a limited domain. It is said that if tied up a wild deer would break its legs. In a free state, the reckless deer runs in almost frenzied state hunting for the source of the ecstatic flavor of saffron which in fact is stored in his own naval.... Human mind also keeps wandering in search of joy, bliss and peace without realizing that the root of such realizations indeed lies right within its inner cores.... Passion is a natural tendency of human mind. It likes to be in a state, which offers it soothing pleasure. Insipid and monotonous activities do not interest it. Vibrant butterflies and humming bees keep flying in search of sweet pollen of the flower. Its fragrance attracts them and the are engrossed in collecting it from the flower as soon as they find one. Animals get trapped and even risk breaking their limbs because of their eagerness to catch an object of their liking.... The human mind too gets carried away by the fascinations and passions of one kind or the other. Unless compelled, no living being could remain confined to a single state without any change or freedom. Nobody likes captivity. No prisoner could be retained in a jail without the arrangement of strict guards, police, barracks and lockups.... As soon as a pet bird finds the cage open it flies away... Human mind is also like a bird; the unlimited expansion and gamut of natural beauty fascinates it. It wants to float freely in the gigantic ocean of ever-new imagination. It cannot be tied up with a single thought or activity or be focused steadily on any object far too long. Restraining the agility of mind offers uncountable boons. It is indeed an immortal source of immense power of consciousness. If engrossed in an activity of its interest, it can accomplish the associated tasks with magical success. The secrets of professional, artistic, scientific and even spiritual attainments lies in the focused absorbency of mind in corresponding thoughts and activities with intrinsic interest. This is the reason why a controlled mind is compared with the kalpa v—kïa. Everyone aspires to gain miraculous endowments from this ‘K³madhenu’ or ‘Turkey Horse’ but knows no ways to catch and restrain it for this purpose. Concupiscence, sensual pleasures, greed of tasty food or picnicking and funfair, and everything pertaining to bodily enjoyments and luxuries, gorgeous life style, unbeaten thrust for name, fame and power, and similar ambitions induced by ego, are predominant fascinations of human mind in general. It usually flies with the imagination and keeps planning for the fulfillment of one or the other of these vitiating desires.... As the crow sitting a top the mast of a ship floating midway in an ocean sees no goal in any direction, human mind also keeps flickering within the vicious cycle of inherent instincts unless inspired and engaged in a creative and interesting activity. The hobbies add tastes of min_ change with time and may be oriented in specific direction by dedicated endeavors. The natural trend of such changes is well known. Small children always like and insist for playing with toys... After they grow little older they like to play with the kids within their age group.... Teenage passes with ever-new dreams and enthusiasm for success in school and playgrounds etc.... Maturity of age shifts the domain of their mental interests towards earning and enjoying a married life.... Old people mostly like to listen to devotional songs and stories in a comfortable and relaxed state... The alacrity and ever-active tendency of a child’s mind turns upside down in the later 83 phase of elderly age. These alterations show that interests or aptitude of mind cannot be characterized definitely. Variations in circumstantial effects and development of personality mold the inclinations and liking of human mind in a natural way. The flow of rivers and drains is oriented according to the downward slopes and obstructions on its way. The interests of human mind are also flexible and transmutable. Mind does not have a rigid character like that of a rock, rather, it is soft and fine like mud which if drenched could be molded by an expert potter into any desired form.... The eternally energized ‘vehicle’ of mind can be driven along any path. Changing its route is very difficult initially but proper conditioning and disciplined training - by educing creative interests and inspiring its attitude in specific manner, make it move as guided by its motivating force. The trained animals of a circus excellently perform the tasks that are not compatible with their natural tendencies and potentials. Rigorous practice, willpower and perseverance could al o transform thejaptitude, habits and interests, of human mind significantly. Wild or stray animals cannot do anything other than what they are triggered for by their natural instincts. But, when they are captured for specific training or kept as pets, they learn to ‘behave’ as per their master’s orders. The analogy fits well in respect of the fickle mind of humans. The inherited tendencies and samsk³ras accumulated in it since the long sequence of past births are usually dominated by desires of sensual pleasures, self-satisfying imagination, vibrant nature, etc. In the present birth too it likes to follow the familiar path and its basic instincts prompt it to enjoy despotic life.... It runs behind what fascinates it. But, human life has its own personal and social constraints.... Humans cannot have wild freedom like the animals. They have to follow certain norms and obey certain disciplines. These compulsions are not acceptable to the mind and it keeps wandering for one desire, thought and imaginary creation to another in a reckless manner. Like a thirsty deer running behind a mirage, it flies continuously in multiple directions without caring for the moral validity or reasonable justifiability of the chosen paths... It jumps like a monkey form one layer to another in the open-ended domain of its ever-growing ambitions and imaginations... A monkey does not sit on a single branch of tree for long and jumps here and there to feel new tastes of joy there and swing with new thrills.... The nature of human mind is more agile.... One has to transform its foundation – the source of its basic instincts, in order to try restraining it to get creative outputs.... The focus of attention and attraction of mind can be altered by dedication for transmuting its inner strength. Animal instincts dominate its activities because mostly its accumulated samsk³ras happen to be of the same type. Because of its first encounter with human life it remains unaware of the glory and noble purpose of this rare opportunity. It naturally finds it difficult to adjust with the strange environment.... Nevertheless, the collective efforts of refined intellect and pure sentiments, together with one’s prudent reasoning and willpower inspired by the soul, can kindle the flame of nobility in it. This serene effect may be educed with the help of logical arguments, living examples of great humanbeings, rational thoughts and thereby convincing the mind about the excellence and dignity of humanity as compared to the malice of unchecked instincts. Refinement of sentiments and arousal of prudence elucidate before it the facts of how great and blissful are the endowments of moral, pure, idealistic and dutiful life... Because of the influence of extrovert attitude and lack of faith in religious preaching, the practices based on pure devotion are no longer suitable for training the minds of most people in the modern 84 age. The philosophy of pure karmayoga appears to be more appealing and effective in refining the mentality and elevating the character of masses in the present circumstances. Altruist transaction of duties towards the welfare of entire human society and healthy survival of the ecosystem of nature may be considered as the best ways of realization of God. Ascetic attitude, altruist service, compassion, and dedication to moral duties and disciplines may be regarded as manifestations of divine qualities. Adoption of such virtuous tendencies and idealism creates a soothing environment of beatitude in the inner cores of mind. Having undergone such an experience, the mind remains calm and enjoys performing every duty-bond task with sincerity and due concentration. The tiny tailor-bird weaves its nest so elegantly as if its whole life and self prestige is kept at a stake.... We should also be inspired by the high realms human dignity and complete every task in hand with interest, enthusiasm and sincerity. Practice of being faithful to our conscience and rousing compassionate sentiments of service inspires the mind the mind coherently and the latter begins to realize and adopt ideal principles of life which would be expected of a true human being – the crown of divine creations on the earth. Tendencies Of Mind Can Be Reoriented There could be no two opinions about the immense power of human mind. Human brain too is indeed a perfect creation of the omniscient. The marvelous role of unconscious mind in auto-regulatory functions of the brain and that of the conscious and subconscious mind reflected in the active manifestations of mana, buddhi, citta, and aha®k³ra is beyond comprehension. The nature and qualities of mind shape one’s personality in general. The intelligence-driven attainments in science, arts, philosophy, medicine, education etc and the spiritual realization too become possible through this orgusous medium. In ehort, humans have enjoyed the status of highest evolutionary development as compared to other creatures and made remarkable progress in every dimension of life only because of the creative power of mind. Evolution of consciousness and the system of mind is synonymous with the evolution of mankind and humanity.... The decline in the standard of mental tendencies is equivalent to vitiation of human life in all respects. The classical method of inspiring one’s inner self and transforming his mentality seemed to have slow effects in the fast moving mode of life today. However, what matters is the deeper impression of learning on one’s mind. Whatever be the mode of teaching and learning, perceptions through the eyes and ears constitute the major source of knowledge acquisition. Noting that what one reads or hears has direct bearing upon his mind, speech and writing have been used as the major medium of propagation of different schools of thoughts and also for the purpose of training and orienting people’s mind in specific direction. Sw³dhy³ya and satsanga are recommended as ideal practices for the gradual refinement and culmination of the powers of human mind via reading and listening about the essence of sagacious deliberations and glorious endeavors of great personalities, saints, social reformers and altruist philosophers. Focused thinking and contemplation are integral parts of these types of training methods. ðt With the advent of technology, varieties of audio-visual presentations have become more popular these days and are found accommodating in the over-occupied or hectic routines of people these days and especially effective for the younger generations. Neuroscientists are investigating for development of techniques which could have rapid and intense effect on human psychology and 85 which would enable drastic changes in one’s attitude. If this research leads to their expected success, it may become possible for them to convert a dacoit into a saint overnight. However, in that case, the independence of one’s thoughts could also be suppressed and get oriented in any direction through scientific treatments.... As discussed earlier, such developments might be welcome in psychiatric therapies. But, the disastrous risk of their misuse by handful of dictators cannot be annulled.... Neuro-hormonal chemists like Dr. Skinner assert that it is not too long when the esoteric system of endocrine glands would be understood up to a greater depth and the hormonal secretion and bioelectrical flows inside the human brain could be controlled by scientific treatments. Control over such functions of this tiny organ –– of three pounds weight, consisting of about thousand billion neuronal cells –– will be the most remarkable achievements of modern science. Other developments of science and technology have largely offered excellent means and comforts to the human population. The progress in transformation of one’s psychology would, as per the initial confidence of the researchers, also bestow the opportunity of changing one’s personality and converting him into a reflex of a divine or a devil being...! Dr. Allen Jacobson and Mark Rosenberg of Germany have conducted neuroscientific experiments to investigate whether a highly evolved brain could be transformed into a primitive one? Or, could the potentials of intellectually developed minds be transmitted into the brains of mentally weaker ones and uplift the latter intelligence too? Since its advent, the system of education has been based on the method of teaching in which a more experienced and learned person guides, teaches and trains the illiterates or less educated ones. A noble teacher has the capability to rouse the intellectual level of his students. The ancient as well as the modern institutions of learning have regarded teaching as the best method of transmission of knowledge and of intellectual civilization. The Ayurvedic system of medicine recommends herbs like Br³hmº, Âmal³, Ïatvarº, Aïvagandh³, Sarpagandh³, etc. for enhancing the grasping power, alacrity and memory and enhancing the strength of brain. In the allopathic system, several brain tonics have been synthesized from chemicals and tried out in experiments on neuro-hormonal secretions too. It has been found that the synthetic drugs provide support for short duration only; these are prohibited from long-term use because of harmful side effects on the nervous system. The modern experiments on transfusion of hormones from one brain into another have not been successful so far. Moreover, these have often caused lethal reactions. Adept analysis of the known functions of the brain has shown three major components of active brain – one, which governs the motor and sensing activities; second, which controls auto-regulatory activities of respiration, metabolism etc; and the third and the most important part, which pertains to the mental and intellectual functions. It is the evolution of the latter that is associated with mental and intellectual development of the human beings. Other activities of the brain are almost automatic and are transacted in different living beings in different forms as per the nature of their gross bodies. The physical structure of brain has evolved according to the anatomy of the organism. The brains of some creatures are tinier than the tip of a pin while some others have huge and heavy brains. Whale’s brain is bigger than that of a man – after all, the controlling device of such a huge body has to be large and stout too! But, the units of the intellectual functions of this huge brain are in primitive state as compared to that of the intelligent beings – the humans. 86 Dr. Vividson and Dr. Veleskov, zoologist and psychologist respectively by profession, consider that the possibility of mental development largely depends on the duration and level of contact and interaction of the less evolved ones with those endowed with greater mental potentials. The example of trained animals of a circus fits well in support of these assertions. It has been found that the mental and sentimental development of these animals is highly dependent on their master’s nature. Influence of the latter’s company for longtime makes their sensitivity and responsive behavior resemble his emotional and mental tendencies. The elephants and horses in the artilleries of a state used to understand the language and gestures of their kings and army generals. The kings used to easily commended even wildly frenzied elephants because of their affectionate influence on the pet animals’ psychology. The horses of Rana Pratap, Rani Laxmibai and Napoleon Bonnapart are popular in History because they were not only obedient to follow the commands of their brave masters but also used to understand the latter’s sentiments and behave accordingly. It appears to be the influence of the impressive personalities and strong willpower of these intrepid kings, which had inspired such potentials in their horses. It is said that brain continuously emits impulses of consciousness, which spread like a subtle fragrance and influences all living beings in the surrounding atmosphere. The intensity and expansion of the domain of attraction of this ‘bio-magnetic’ force depends upon the level of one’s personality. It is more powerful in case of mentally strong and intellectually elevated impressive personalities. If these currents of consciousness are transmitted towards somebody, the latter, unless his own aura of mental and spiritual influence is more powerful, is certainly inspired and affected as per the nature of the stronger intellectual and emotional impulses. Gradual transmutation of the potentials of the unwise or dull minds is certain to occur, though at a slow pace, if the latter consistently live in the trenchant company of the mentally strong, serene and sagacious personalities for a long duration of time.... In the experiments on sending electrical signals to brain, electrodes and transducers are required to be attached to the brain of the subject. With the advancement of radiation biochemistry, efforts are on to use special kinds of radioisotopes. These, if injected or supplied orally into the blood stream of the subject, would make the blood serve as an aerial or transducer to receive the electrical signals without any external electrode or transducive device. The ‘charged’ blood when supplied to the brain would transmit corresponding signal and accordingly affect the bio-electrical activities there. This in other words would mean that, with the help of these developments scientists and doctors would be able to reorient one’s thinking and control one’s mental and intellectual potentials by supplying specific kind of ‘radio-processed’ or ‘electrified blood’ into his brain..... Just imagine! The materialization of above possibilities would enable the concerned scientists have a remote control over the minds of the masses with the help of micro-subtler waves as they do at present to regulate the functions of space crafts from their laboratories on the earth. This will practically convert human brains into receivers of radio signals and virtually lead to transforming the human population into that of robots. Modern research on the metaphysical and psychological front has attempted scientific investigations into the possibilities of telepathy - communication between two distant individuals without the help of any radio device or wireless etc. A research group under the guidance of Dr. Rhine at the Duke University, North Carolina and Dr. Whittley and associates at the Cambridge University have independently conducted series of experiments on these aspects of mental power. They have found that, to some extent, the power of communication via the waves of consciousness is present in everybody. Howbeit, only those possessing exalted levels of pr³ña and mental and spiritual strength 87 are more successful in telepathy. In some people it is aroused since birth while some elevate it by dedicated practices with mental concentration. It has been observed that strong emotional and affectionate linkage also makes it possible for two individuals to transmit or receive each other’s messages without any external medium of communication. The ancient scholars of spirituality had made a break-through and remarkable progress in using subtle powers of mind for telepathy. The scriptures also describe of the trend-setting influences of spiritually culminated personalities in shaping the course of events during their lifetimes.... God Shri Ram had inspired ordinary monkeys and apes with such a divine force that these animals could dedicate themselves to a noble cause, which, in worldly terms was no less than risking life for others’ welfare.... They indeed made unparalled contribution in the victory of good over evils and became immortal in history. In order to eradicate the roots of devil emperors from the world, Lord Krishna laid the foundation of Mabh³rata and stimulated the minds of PañÃavas by his supernatural mental power. The blissful impulses of his afflatus which use to churn the sentiments of the Gopies and the righteous direction of thoughts and immense courage generated in Arjuna’s mind by his supreme intellect are most popular chapters in every scripture on Krishna. Relatively later periods of history have also witnessed the influence of the mental and spiritual energies of some great personalities. Gautam Buddha’s powerful thought-waves charged millions of people and drew them towards the path of penance leaving all luxuries and comforts of life.... Hazarat Mohammed, Jesus Christ, and Zoroastrian, etc were able to transform the mentality of masses and make them follow a religious life by divine influence. Not all of the priests or religious leaders and social reformers, despite their eloquence, scholarly achievements and charitable activities, can influence the audience or reorient the attitudes of devotees as much as the spiritual saints could do. It is the level of spiritually refined emotional consciousness and the inner strength of mind and character which along with noble deeds makes the preaching lively and effective in real sense. Spiritual charge of the presence of N³rada was so powerful that even few words of his advice could illuminate the lives of V³lmikº, Dhruva, Prahl³da, Sukany³, etc with the glow of righteous devotion and thereby aroused them up to the levels of absolute saints. This transmutation had bestowed the divine blessings on those devotees forever… The great spiritual saints of the modern era like –– Samarth Gur¿ Ramdas, Swami Ram Krishna Paramhans, Swami Vivekanand, Gur¿ Govind Singh, Swami Dayanand Saraswati, and Sant Kabir, had also inspired thousands of people in their life times. Thus, they had offered invaluable help to the excellence of life and culmination of the pure ideals of humanity. Their lives and gospels continue to guide millions of people even today.... It was the spiritual influence of the Mah³tm³ existing in Gandhiji, which attracted the masses from all walks of Indian society to sacrifice their lives in the freedom movement.... Ïaktip³ta is a process of transmission of spiritual energy in which the bio-electrical impulses of pr³ña emanated from the spiritually stronger person enter the brains of the deserving devotees and charge the latter with terrific mental potentials and vital energy in a matter of few seconds. The examples of conversion of iron into gold by touch of the p³ras stone or that of kindling thousand lamps from one –– are often cited to illustrate the intense effects of such transformations. The modern scientific research on orientation and external control of mind may also incorporate reinvestigations into the scientific basis of emotional influences, and spiritual transmissions and transmutations.... The collective efforts of the neuroscientists and spiritual experts should take care that the developments in this regard would be used only for the purpose of treatment of psychiatric 88 problems. And, only the great personalities dedicated to the altruist service of mankind would be allowed to control the psychological applications concerning change of one’s attitude or specific orientation of one’s thoughts and sentiments... Progressive Refinement Of Ideology Children like to float in the imaginary world of fairy tales.... Depiction of imaginary characters like ghosts or supermen and tales of animal world interest them a lot. They do not have thoughts but only imaginations.... Unstable or unreasoned thoughts are often driven by illusive imaginations and they fly like dry leaves or sand particles in the stormy winds of dreamy reflections. They might keep one’s mind occupied whole day but in vain. The popular anecdote of Sheikhchilli nicely illustrates the voids of arbitrary imagination and daydreaming: This character loses what all he has in hand and faces scornful laughter of others due to his over-ambitious plans based on unmindful imaginations in hypothetical dream land..... Many a times people fly high with future plans and hastily resolve to do several things in a state of emotional excitation without taking note of reality. Their unreasoned attempts generally lead nowhere despite wastage of time, energy and resources. Failure and disappointment coupled with loss of their selfconfidence and authenticity in the eyes of others – are the usual outcomes of such projects. Accidie and tendencies of negligence or indifference driven by dullness are manifestations of another kind of negative mentality, which triggers a self-imposed hindrance on one’s progress. People used to unnecessary prolongation of work remain self-satisfied in their inactive state and never feel the need to improve.... they are virtually lethargic about every aspect of progress in life. Somehow passing the days and running the daily chores as forced by circumstances seems to be the essence of their survival. Human population has plenty of such idiots or mindless lazy buggers who are humans only by virtue of their body. Humans by nature are supposed to strife for betterment....; struggle for liberation from suppressions and from the deprived and downtrodden status of life.... The boon of mind has been bestowed on human beings so that they could aspire, reason, plan and endeavor for self-development and all round progress. Nonchalant attitude and extreme inactivity or dullness appears to be a psychological deficiency, which could be a result of long-term effects of oppression, negative thinking and mental complications.... Thoughts are some kind of impulsive actions and reactions of the mental system. All the components inside the body – at the molecular, cellular or organ level, continuously remain active. Externally, the sense organs too are always busy in actions and perceptions of one kind or the other. The conscious system of mind in normal case remains constantly active throughout one’s lifetime and its activity is what gives rise to the thought process.... Thoughts could be meaningful, sound, creative, or, could as well be futile or baseless on the other hand..... They could be derived from sound reasoning and logic or could be vague responses or arbitrary reactions of agile mind. Positive thoughts could lead to creative outcomes while negative or immoral thoughts could invite decline and fall of one’s character and even nurture misdeeds in the society as a whole. The extreme levels of thoughts of either kind are usually intensive and induce specific streams of power which vibrate the setup of mind and manifest what is termed as the thought power. Progress in any dimension of life proceeds with the consistent support of suitable thoughts. Cultivation of virtuous or destructive talents both depend on the nature of thoughts. 89 The intellect of an individual is free to decide its own ways. If maligned by ego and greed, it chooses to follow the path of instant benefits without bothering about fairness and purity of means or caring for untoward consequences. Atrocious personalities, extremists, criminals and those afflicted to evil addictions and passions usually fall prey to this malice of intellect. The ‘benefits’ of immediate success lure the immoral tendencies of intellect and suppress the reasoning about fall-outs like –– loss of authenticity and strength of character and possibility of closing the doors for bright and happy future. Birds and fishes get trapped in the net due to similar tendencies of impatience and shortsighted greed and loose their lives as a consequence. Many so called learned and matured people are also pulled along an unethical path because of the dominance of passion and force of the associated illusive or untoward thoughts. They do not have time and patience to think about the glory of morality and ecstatic possibilities of progress along the righteous path. This irony may be termed as ‘folly of wise’.... This downfall is equivalent to the mindless act of burning hands in a careless play of crackers or fireworks. The inner faith and convictions of an individual transcendentally shape his intellectual development and cultivation of talents. Gravitation of faith on a righteous or on an immoral ideology and the way of life and orientation of convictions towards good or bad characteristics educe certain power of determination. This has the potential to drive the intellect and conscious thinking in the corresponding direction and accordingly get anything, howsoever good or bad, done from the concerned individual. Smugglers, dacoits, hoodlums and tyrant culprits are usually endowed with tremendous courage and talents motivated by immoral and negative sentiments, desires and faith. Their determination too is very strong. Otherwise, they would be pulled back by the natural voice of humane sentiments and thoughts. Unless the driving force of greedy attitude or negative pressure of wrong convictions is too strong, they would remain in a state of dilemma or perplexity about the pros and cons of their actions. These types of destructive courage, strength or talents are also illustrative of the immense potentials of mental tendencies. The brighter stream of mental strength, intellectual potentials and talents emanates from high ideals and faith in the eternal dignity of humanity. Adoption of moral idealism with inner faith edifies one’s aspirations and thoughts and inspires evolution of consciousness. Mind is educed accordingly and motivated to follow the path of excelsior. The life histories of great personalities –– whose ideologies and deeds were closed to the absolute truth and glory of humanity, offer constant guidance and encouragement to such awaken minds. Individuals inspired by righteous intellect rise high along this noble path of progress and also benefit from continuous refinement of their talents and personality..... The activities and life of most people remain confined in one way or the other to protection of health and expansion of wealth and power. People are also generally attentive of preventing wastage or loss of their materialistic resources and potentials. The efforts to enhance the prosperity and to prevent losses depend upon one’s attitude, abilities and circumstances. However, in one form or the other, the focus of all activities of life pertains to the materialistic or perceptible aspects only. The most important issue of channeling the invaluable resources of time and thoughts largely remains unnoticed. The loss or wastage of either of these ‘invisible’ resources is more deteriorating than diminishing of prosperity or any other worldly loss. Among the two, use or misuse of the power of thinking has predominant effects. Disorder or perversion of thoughts leads to whimsical, immoral and abnormal behaviors. 90 Ignorance or indifferent attitude towards continuous improvement in the quality and sagacity of thoughts and neglect of perevention of this ‘eternal power’ appears to be the major cause of the stagnation of progress or the backward status of life in larger part of the human population. Even intellectually bright and active people sometimes do not care about what transformation in their attitude and way of thinking is required to enlighten their future with better possibilities of overall progress and culmination of their lives. Most people do not bother to note what minor changes in their thought process would mold their personality towards better performance and achievements. They do not know which direction to focus the thoughts and how to reorient them creatively for specific purposes. Seed is the fundamental cause and tree is its manifestation.... Optimistic and courageous attitude and progressive and reasoned thoughts are the seeds which sprout creative enthusiasm and boost one to endeavor for the shaping of a happier, brighter and excelling future. Realization of this fact and consequent endeavors to sublimate transformation and amelioration of thoughts lays the foundation of productive and glorious future. Reflections Of Mind In The Mirror Of World Feelings of cheerfulness, enjoyment, dejection or gloom largely depend upon the state of our mind and its emotional makeup. Same effect is reflected in our impression of an object or person as beautiful, ..., unpleasant or abominable, ...., etc. All the material or abstract objects are inanimate, they have varieties of shapes, colors, properties and names but no consciousness. Despite having a tangible existence in the world, matter by itself does not possess any potential to interact with people or express its ‘sentimental’ reactions.... It is our own conviction or conditioning of mind which labels something as good or bad, soothing or irritating, suitable or useless etc. Things in one’s own possession often appear to him as beautiful and precious whereas many other objects could be regarded by him as unnecessary or distressful.... The illusive impressions created by our own mood, our own tendencies and convictions project someone or something as good or bad for us. Although, everything created by the almighty has its own specificity, it is typical of human nature that creates false impressions about them as per its variable tendencies. A person gets attracted towards something, makes intimate relationship with it or attaches affection or distaste on it, as per his liking and mental impressions. Mother Nature creates nothing as precious or abominable in this world. Everything existing in the universe is part of the supreme creation and has its specific importance. The same is true about the existence of humans too. However, humans have a choice to adopt any attitude towards life, towards the world, towards everything at any time.... and have perceptions and consideration of ‘facts’ accordingly. Change of attitude changes the impressions of mind and its perception of the world around. Change of attitude can, in no time, transform the feelings of distress and animosity into the soothing sentiments of joy and love.... The reactions and impressions of our mind are naturally reflected on our face - especially our eyes. The expressions of face project, like a mirror, the current state of one’s mind. Eyes instantly convey the message of heart as an automatic process. Just by looking at one’s face we can make out whether he or she is happy, angry, disappointed, sad, or at pains.... Whether one likes or hates something or what one feels about someone is easily seen in his eyes. 91 Psychologists read and analyze the expressions of the eyes and face and specific movements of limb, sitting posture, etc to infer the subject’s mental status. They consider the intimacy of the body and mind as the source of diagnosis of any disorder in either by the specific reactions and responses reflected through the other.... The dissatisfaction and agonies pervading in the human society today largely appear to be imposed by people’s false convictions and maligned attitude. The complications of negative or disorderly attitude often put the mind under unnecessary stress and tensions. These effects are reflected on the face too and despite having good physical health and appearance one looks repulsive. Invidious thoughts and sentiments give cruel or indignant expressions on the face too. Even if one tries to show humility and puts a virtual mask of cosmetics or artificial expressions, his crippled lips, stretched eyebrows and the hardened muscles of his face open up the secret of his internal strife, restlessness and disturbed notions. The feelings of envy, hatred, fury, abomination etc. excite the mental vibrations and disturb the natural harmony of thought process and emotions too. This state of mind is prone to untoward thinking and illusions. Stable and calm state of mind on the contrary helps deep thinking and contemplation. In such condition of mind, the flow of thoughts and sentiments is inspired by ecstatic impulses of the inner cores of consciousness. Whatever falls within the domain of serene thoughts and soothing sentiments is embraced by the compassion of pure mind and therefore appears to be pleasant and affectionate. One feels unique bliss and peace of mind in such state. The nervous system and neuronal machinery of brain too get relaxed in this state; the scattering and dispersion of mental powers is controlled and malice of negative thoughts and emotions diminishes. The gamut of conscious powers then gets focused onto its origin and recharges the mind and body with immense energy. Pure mind, in a state free from the malice and stresses of –– jealousy, animosity, wrath, eroticism, anxiety, worries, selfish attitude, etc, can focus its unlimited strength on the innermost center of consciousness. In such a serene state couple with piety of sentiments it can link itself with the cosmic consciousness to be blessed by the nectar of divine bliss and eternal love.... Attainment of this state purifies the thoughts and sentiments and also brings sublime transformation of the overall personality. It transmutes the inner self into a source of divine inspirations and culminates the individual self up to divine heights. As awaken souls, we should endeavor change our attitude to see the good that dwells in everything of the world, everywhere in the universe. This would rouse the eternal flow of compassion and pure love and every object, every individual, every event would begin to appear before us as pleasant, affectionate and part of our own expanded existence. Inculcation of positive feelings orients the thought process too in the righteous direction and supports attainments of the above state of beatitude.... Amelioration Of Sentiments Too Human entity basically exists as an ensemble of sentiments. God has arranged for its manifestation by endowing it with a marvelous brain and gross body – made up of the five basic elements (panca tatva). The caliber of one’s thoughts and hence of his character and deeds depends upon the nature of his sentiments and emotions. Eminence and purity of sentiments is reflected in the excellence of behavior and virtues, which open up the path of progress and escalation in every aspect of life. 92 Malice of sentimental core on the contrary proves to be bathotic because of its debauching influence on personality. Aristotle had mentioned that – emotions control the activities of mind and body like a mighty master governs his enslaved employees or servants. Refinement of sentiments and thoughts ensures protection of physiological and mental well being. But, disruption or perversion of this serenity and harmony results in varieties of diseases and mental problems. These views of the great thinker of 200 BC have been confirmed and re-emphasized with a difference of terminology by the modern researchers of Psychology and Psychiatry too. Professor Powell Simonov of the Soviet Academy of Sciences has identified two classes of emotions - positive and negative. Feelings pertaining to hope, enthusiasm, confidence, love, courage, cheerfulness etc fall in the first category, which induces favorable effects on the mind and body. The waves of negative sentiments associated with anxiety, despair, tension anger, envy, concupiscence etc cause stress and excitation of varying degrees in the brain and disrupt the mental and physiological health. One has the choice to mold the shape of his emotional makeup as per his intrinsic faith, convictions, desires and overall attitude towards life. Disorder of emotional harmony is as pernicious to the health of the body and to the strength of personality, as the existence of termites in wood. It gradually ruins one’s life.... Even the so called positive sentiments, could cause negative effects on the healthy survival of social harmony if they encourage egoistic tendencies, materialistic possession and selfishness. Serene sentiments impregnated with the purity of a child’s inner self on the other hand always inspire love, compassion and co-operation in everybody’s heart and bridge the diversities in human society. Eminent philosophers of all ages have described human being as originally endowed with pure and sublime sentiments. Howbeit, the transformations of attitudes, declining value-system and artificial mode of life has maligned the serenity of people’s sentiments today. The pollution in external and internal environment of life are offshoots of these man-made hazards. Weakening of the edifice of human sentiments has invited varieties of sufferings including psychosomatic disorders and diseases... at the personal level along with mistrust and mutual strife on the social front. According to the adept scholars of Human Psychology, narrow-mindedness or selfish sentiments diminish the strength of personality at physical, mental as well as at spiritual levels. Egotist, selfseeking people are therefore more prone to psychosomatic disorders and often suffer untimely death as a result of self-imposed tensions and complications. One who has broadened the domain of emotions – far beyond the peripheries of selfish motives and desires, is more likely to enjoy healthy and progressive life with successive evolution of his inner strength. People’s love and respect and divine blessings are naturally bestowed on such altruist, serene and industrious personalities. Malice of sentiments and attitude result in corresponding negative effects. Without inculcating purity of inner self and refinement of sentiments and thoughts, one cannot expect to serve towards the welfare of society; even his own life can not gain anything worth the dignity of humanity. Clever and selfish mind may bring materialistic success at superficial level of life but the soul of such a person continues to pinch his inner self against his misdeeds and eventually eliminates all peace and 93 happiness from his heart..... Even in the external domains of life such people hardly enjoy true respect and affection of anybody. The social system by and large disapproves their self-centered possessive attitude and they end up facing envy and scorn of most of the people in contact.... Renowned psychiatrist Dr. H. F. Dunbar emphasizes the importance of generous attitude, altruist sentiments and discerning thoughts inspired by goodwill in maintaining healthy body and mind. According to him, joyous tendencies and humorous temperament ensure good health in general. The glow of the face and the brilliance of eyes of the people endowed with pure sentiments and righteous attitude reflects high level of their vitality. The (bio)magnetism of their personality can easily attract and impress other persons. Malice and complicity of sentiments amounts to wastage of vital power in striving for mental harmony and depletes the desires of escalation of life. This consequently suppresses all enthusiasm and gives rise to aboulia. External medicines and other remedial practices might offer temporary support in improving the disorderly, dejected, or depressed state of mind and lack of liveliness.... But, substantial positive and viable effects could be attained only by refinement of the sentimental and emotional domains. Channeling pure sentiments in the light of prudence accelerates the elevation of physical and mental status and spiritual developments. Spiritual Healing - New Frontiers Of Therapeutic Developments In the holy Gºt³ Lord Krishna describes the human body as analogous to a chariot having the sense organs as the horses, mind as the groom and the soul as the master. The relationship of body and mind is similar to that of a governed and a ruler – the activities of the body run as per the instructions of the mind. The human mind, like a groom, accelerates and controls the movements of the ‘horses’ of sense organs – the desires of mind are manifested in those of the senses.... No external or internal activity of the body can be directed against the will of the mind. The autoregulated functions such as, blood circulation, respiration, muscular movements, perspiration, excretion, sleeping, dreaming, etc are governed by the unconscious mind through appropriate processing in the brain. The conscious mind shapes the behavioral and perceptive transactions of the senses and associated activities of the body.... Thus, mind appears to be the sole ruler of the ‘estate’ of the body. Disorders and deficiencies in the normal activities of the body most likely have their roots in the perturbed state of malfunctioning of the mind. In a democratic state, the subversion of social harmony, decline of economic system or hardships of public life may not be blamed over to the discrepancies in the government machinery and policies alone because several other factors –– such as, anti-social elements, public indiscipline, etc also play significant role there. However, that is not the case with the living system of the body. Mind happens to be the predominant controller and chief manager of the vast estate of the body. No component or processing inside the body could disobey its will and instructions. Thus, it sounds reasonable to seek the root of psychosomatic disorders and diseases in the patient’s psychology. Trends in modern medical sciences seem to have concordance with these conclusions of the ancient sciences.... Dr. Robert D. Roy, reputed psychologist and psychiatrist of America has surveyed large number of cases of incurable diseases. His analysis has revealed that majority of these diseases were results of 94 the complications, complexities, excessive worries or malice prevailing in the patient’s mind. He considers that intricate diseases are manifestations of instability and deformation on the psychological front. Dr. Daniel Kapok of Canada is also an expert in Human Psychology and Psychiatry. He opines that even simple diseases like common cold sometimes continue to persist in spite of best medical treatments. The reason for such occurrences is straight - some disturbances in the harmonious functioning of the mind. The germs or viruses of common cold are quite different from those of other infectious diseases. The immune system naturally develops sufficient antibody repertoire to fight against the antigenic effects of Polio, Smallpox etc. This is how the likelihood of recurrence is annulled in these cases and remedies of vaccination are also effective in prevention of such diseases. However, immunity does not work on common cold. Sometimes it recurs frequently and becomes chronic. People often develop resistance against the medicines for common cold. They might suffer from it for long time due to lack of effective treatment. Many experts of medicine too accept it that basically there is not direct cure for common cold. It is also defined as some kind of allergic reaction or manifestation of disorder in the state of mind. Realization of the crucial impact of mental functions on health, and examination and treatment of patient’s psychological features is given due importance along with medical, pathological and other investigations in good hospitals now a days. Medical practices of psychiatric physicians are gaining increasing support in the developed countries and big cities where people are more health-conscious. The psycho-physiological methods offer comprehensive treatment and are therefore found more successful in treatment of otherwise incurable diseases too. Looking at the current population growth, it appears that these modes of integrated approach might replace some of the established systems of therapies in future. Another stream of therapies working directly on the vital power of mind is Spiritual Healing, which has promising role to play in noninvasive treatment without the help of medicines or external devices. Dr. Harry Edwards has presented several methods and principles of spiritual healing in his book entitled “Truth about Spiritual Healing”. He has also discussed quite a few cases that were declared ‘incurable’ by the medical specialists but were successfully treated by spiritual healing. Mr. Manoharlal Kudalkar of Bombay was suffering from severe sutrañ roga. In spite of trying out varieties of systematic treatments for long time, his problem advanced rather than showing any signs of improvement. The spiritual healing provided by Dr. Edwards offered him total relief from this disease in about 3 to 4 months. More remarkable was the case of Elizabeth Wilson of London. Some time in 1909 when she was only three years old, Elizabeth suffered pain in the spinal cord. It was so severe that she was kept bed ridden straight on the back for the whole year and treated with heavy doses of medicines. Unfortunately the trouble, instead of subsiding, continued to grow more severe. By the age of fourteen years, she was unable to bear the pain and could not even walk... This lady remained practically handicapped till the age of thirty. She had tried varieties of therapies popular at that time, but all her doctors finally gave up and declared her disease as incurable. Around 1940 her parents heard about Dr. Harry Edwards. Like a miracle, she became all right after undergoing the latter’s spiritual healing cure only for few weeks! William Olson, also of London, was suffering from prolapsed disk. X-rays showed it as a serious problem. No surgery was feasible. He tried out many medicines and remedial techniques but in the 95 vain. Within few days of spiritual healing in Dr. Edward’s hogpital, Olson be_an walking without the plaster jacket on his waist. Few weeks later, he was relieved of the problem completely. In the later years of life, he also traveled over 16000 kilometers in a single without any pain or difficulty. In the above cited book, Dr. Edwards has elucidated spiritual healing as a perfect method which works on eternal principles whose outcome can be scientifically verified. He argues – “Orange, like any other fruit is good; that is why it grows and blossoms in nature. If a piece of orange is found in bad condition and taste, that does not mean that the purpose of its origin has gone ill or the process of its growth itself has gone wrong.... The bad piece is a diseased or damaged fruit, which is not its original form. Any kind of deficiency or disorder in any product of nature occurs, either due to abnormality inherent since the time of its birth or caused by external effects during further development. In other words, nature by itself does not commit any mistake – no system, object or living being could be naturally diseased or bad. There is always a cause other than the natural tendency of an entity which disrupts its original properties; and if the cause is not natural, it should always be possible to remove it and bring the system back the natural form and condition during the latter’s life time....” Dr. Edwards also cites the example of the human system to illustrate its conditioning: “Human body and mind, like the fruit of orange could also be subjected to internal weaknesses or external influences. For proper nourishment and prevention of the possibility of downfall and damage, the connection between the fruit and the branch on which it grows should be strong. The linkage, which connects a human being with its eternal origin also needs to be kept alive and continuously strengthened for healthy survival of the former. Ideal maintenance of this linkage is the key to the sustenance of healthy functioning of the body and mind. Health means natural or normal state of existence. Disease, by definition, reflects a deviation from the naturally normal conditions. Cure of a disease means bringing the original natural system back in its normal state. This can be and should be achieved by appropriate remedies to eliminate the causes of disturbance and counter the unnatural transformations elicited by them.” According to Dr. Edwards, the fundamental objective of any attempt on revival and maintenance of health should be focussed at connecting the individual being with its origin – the perennial universal source of vital power. What is the use of a radio set without electrical power supply? Human body and mind too cannot function without continuous supply of vital energy and spiritual force. The methods of Spiritual Healing indeed aim at harmonizing this supply by re-linking the patient’s consciousness with its eternal origin.... Modern methods of treatment – especially Allopathy is based on considering human entity as specific ensemble of biochemical and physiological combinations and processing in a physical system. Here, the cause of any disease is searched in possible variations or transformations in the associated elements or reactions at the organ, cellular or molecular levels. Drug therapies, non-invasive techniques, surgical operations etc are aimed at controlling the identified (if any) disturbances of these sorts in the functioning of the body - including the brain as an organ in it. The effects of such treatments do balance proper reactions and set the biochemical, bio-electrical and physiological functioning of the interconnected sub-systems in the body well in order in many cases but do not annul the possibilities of recurrence or adverse side effects..... Such approaches and therapies, as described by Dr. Edwards, do not achieve the fundamental principle of health. As discussed by erudite experts and successful doctors like Harry Edwards, total and viable health can be attained naturally by having proper linkage of a living being with its source of life... The origin of life resides in the Eternal Cosmic Spiritual Force.... The processes of spiritual healing establish 96 and strengthen the patient’s linkage with this Supreme source of life and therefore easily treat complex diseases permanently. Apart form diminishing the declared ‘incurable’ disorders and diseases, the instances of offering eyesight to the blinds, voice to the mutes (including born blind and dumb).... etc are also achieved by this therapy. The effects of spiritual healing appear miraculous. Howbeit, Dr. Edwards sees no surprise in such treatments. He argues that - something is astonishing if it occurs in a supernatural manner or appears to have taken place due to some esoteric reasons. But, spiritual healing works on well-explained and logical principles. In his words, “every phenomena has a reason of occurrence and every process, every kind of transformation in the natural state of system requires some power.... Spiritual Healing makes use of the vital energy, which cannot be measured by physical instruments nor can it be described in the terminology of matter based sciences. Its effects and mode of functioning appear to be mysterious or astonishing to most people mainly because of their inability to sense the subtle world beyond the three dimensional expansion perceived by their sense organs.” As the description of color has no meaning for a born blind, understanding the mode of spiritual healing is not possible for people unless they have experienced the existence of vital force in themselves or realized the spiritual domains of life in the inner self.... Special kinds of knowledge, training, acumen and experiences are required for mastering any branch of science or practising any mode of therapies. The same is true in case of spiritual sciences too. With the dedicated efforts and inspirations of experts like Dr. Harry Edwards, several therapeutic centers for Natural and Spiritual Healing have been established around the world. This therapy has now received recognition and favorable response everywhere because of the successful treatment of thousands of complicated and otherwise incurable disease in the past three to four decades. As mentioned earlier, mind is the principal regulator and conductor of the brain and body functions. Psychologists consider it as the omnipotent ruler of the body. The Indian Philosophy however, regards mind as an envoy of the soul, which has been appointed by the latter to govern the functions of life. Thus, it is the lack or abundance of spiritual power that is the basic cause respectively of deficient or perfect maintenance of healthy activity, harmony and strength of the mind and the body as a whole. That Supreme Power of the eternal consciousness (of Brah®³) can create the cosmos by a single solemn; it can create, transform and destroy Nature.... It is impossible that linkage with this Omnipotent eternal source of life would not result in ideal maintenance of health at physical, mental and spiritual levels. Unlimited boons of systematic use of the spiritual power and vital energy bestowed by this infinite source are results of a subtle process, which is as scientific as the bio-electrical reactions. Though belated, the truth behind these principles of ancient sciences has been realized in the modern age and hence, spiritual healing - under different names, such as Reiki, Pr³ñika etc., is gradually becoming an effective mode of alternate and preventive medicine. Sublimation Of Spiritual Element – Ultimate Goal Of Life Of the five basic elements (panca tatvas), p—athvi, jala, vayu and agni constitute the gross body. The subtle element of ³k³ïa has a latent but most important role to play in manifestation of life. This element exists in harmony with the spiritual element of life and has direct linkage with the soul. It is 97 reflected in the refined levels of pr³ña and is regarded sacred and eternal. In scientific terminology, the etheric element pervaded in the universe corresponds to ‘physical’ manifestation of ³k³ïa. Scientists researching on subtle aspects of cosmos agree with the metaphysical concepts that ether is an energetic glow of the an eternal expression of existence. Revered philosopher of all sciences, Aristotle, describes this as a reflection of omnipresent consciousness. What and where is the origin of life? How to decipher its existence? Scientific quests for these remain unanswered till date. However, some researchers have been able to elucidate the nature of universal elements present everywhere in the space and to conceptualize the existence of etheric element as well. It is now believed that this subtle element – the ³k³ïa tatva has direct effect on enhancing the vital energy. Every form of matter existing in nature is constituted by different molecular, atomic, subatomic and even smaller components having different structures and physicochemical properties. The substance of human-body is also constituted by such elements. The universal laws of nature are therefore applicable to the human body too. The micro-atomic aura of particles inside the body continuously emits its specific energy waves within and outside it. According to Dr. J. C. Trusts’ principle of atomic aura, the subtle particles spread in the cosmos would also emit unperturbed vibrations which accelerate vital energy supply in living beings. The intensity of such effects is high in humans as compared to other organisms. A person can extract maximum vital power from this eternal source by purifying and harmonizing his own system of life. The so-called fine cosmic elements hypothesized above are also considered to be present in the inner cores of human self. The domain of these subtle elements in the body has been identified as neuro space. In her book entitled “The Secrets of Atomic Age”, Vera Stainley Edler mentions that ageless wisdom exists in this region. This core of the inner self is attributed as the source for spiritual realizations. Cosmic counterpart of this domain is referred in the scriptures as the divine world where life exists in an ageless form. Linking consciousness with this layer of the deepest core of mind takes one into the time less experience of absolute bliss.... Maharshi Kañ³da, who is cited as the most ancient scientist of atomic properties, has conveyed in his VaiïeÌika Darïana that this world is made up of tiny particles (atoms and subtler particles).... The description of the five basic elements is a gross classification of what constitutes the jaÃa (material) and cetan (conscious) components of nature. At the root of all creations...., all activities of nature, there lies the subtlest form of eternally energized ‘particles’ which are called fine cosmic particles in modern theories. The Indian science of yoga was developed by the —iÌies in the immemorial times to enable its researchers (s³dhakas) decipher the physico-chemical properties, basic nature and origin of all jaÃa elements existing in this world and also realize the eternal source and diverse manifestations of the cetan. A true yogi – ardent s³dhaka and expert of this ancient science makes best use of his mind, body and worldly resources and lives an ideal life. He attains complete beatitude and absolute liberation (mokïa) after death. A human being is born with the unique potential of thinking, which makes him different from other evolved animals. Talking in terms of fine cosmic particles, the evil tendencies of a person are said as constituted by the so termed ‘dark particles’ and the virtuous character by the ‘bright particles’ of this ensemble. A human entity is a combination of both born with a potential of further evolution of either.... Further evolution of thoughts and associated transmutation of sentiments should therefore define the natural goal of his life.... 98 The soul of a human being consists of divinely pure, eternally illuminated fine cosmic particles, which are called divine atoms in the language of spiritual sciences. Transmutation of thoughts inspired by refined sentiments activates the aura of these latent particles and reflects the eternal purity of the soul in one’s character. The gamut of spiritual practices – including yoga s³dhan³s, up³san³, dhy³na - dh³raf16ñ³, etc aim at diminishing the strength and effects of the ‘dark particles’. These are focused at enhancing and edifying the `bright particles’ in the body and mind and thereby activating sublime transformation of the jºv³tm³ (individual self) in high realms of divinity. Dedicated endeavor to improve the attitude, quality of thoughts and sentiments accelerates the growth of the ‘bright elements’ in the body and mind. Creative implementation of this refinement, in the character, behavior and deeds generates the inner environment for the clear reflection of the glow of the divine particles.... On the contrary, adoption of artificial life style and malice of thoughts and character weaken the force of compassion and human sentiments and gradually cover the afflatus, the inner inspirations of the soul by a thick layer of the ‘dull (dark) particles’. The negative influence of the latter results in corresponding weakening of the mental and physiological health and vitiation of character.... All aspirants of eminent and blissful life should therefore pay due attention to the refinement of personality and sublimation of spiritual element of their inner self.... Revolution Of Attitude - Silver Line Of Bright Future “Attitude shapes the way of life. General mentality and level of thoughts creates specific environment of life in human society. Every action –– be that creative and balanced, or, whimsical or destructive, is a consequence of thoughts inspired by the conscious or unconscious mind or inner instincts. Eminence, maturity and depth of thoughts supports planning and materialization of viable excelsior while the thoughts emanated from evil intentions and negative attitude malign the environment and divert the progressive trends towards decline and fall at personal and social levels of life. The quality of thoughts and sentiments of every individual implicitly influence, with a varied degree of impact, others in his contact” – these views expressed by Sir William James, a noted psychologist and philosopher apply to all ages of human civilization.... The rising trends of violence and crimes seen today across the world are natural consequences of the pollution pervading the ideosphere – the environment of thoughts and emotions. The radioactive radiation generated by the atomic explosions, and the other kinds of poisonous effects of industrialization have been destroying the ionosphere and the biosphere.... These dangers have cautioned the scientific community and every thoughtful mind, which can foresee the dark future of life on the earth vis-à-vis the present state of polluted environment. The blind race for wealth and power motivated by selfish attitude and ego is the root cause of virtually putting the human society at an edge of extinction. The declining standards of value-system in human society have polluted the intellectual and social domains more severely. The crisis of faith, feeling of insecurity and increasing bitterness among people has devoid the human life of peace and happiness in present circumstances. It is high time that we all think about –– How to save perishing humanity? How to combat the pollution pervaded in every direction of the biosphere and the ideosphere? How to reset the natural harmony of the ecosystem? How to build the social atmosphere of mutual faith, amity and altruist co-operation....? In one of the recent world conferences organized in Toronto, Canada, sagacious thinkers and leading scientists had discussed some of the above issues concerning the future of our planet. Speaking on this occasion, Prof. John W. Walker of Britain had all praises for scientific and technological 99 developments of the modern times but, he also pointed out how the poisonous mentality of aplomb and selfish attitude has put our lives in the pathetic state of crisis today.... We have no control over the misuse of technological advancement. There is rigging, exploitation and pillage in all walks of life today. In his views, the pollution of thoughts is more pernicious than that of the air or water. The power of human mind was the focus of discussions in the above conference on search of possible solutions for the healthy survival of human society. It was collectively emphasized there that drastic change in the materialistic attitude is inevitable in any serious attempt to protect the existence of human race. It is the craze for material wealth and comforts, thrust for name, fame and power and corresponding decline in humane ideals and sense of harmony at global level, which has led to the blunders ranging from social and economic exploitations, excessive consumption of natural resources, to atomic weaponization.... The man-made hazards have shaken the balance of ecosystem and put a question mark against the possibilities of existence of life on the earth until the next millenium. Reversal of the ‘consumerization of the philosophy of life’ is therefore the most pertinent demand of our times, which deserves immediate action. Learned Professors of the Neuroscience and Mental Health Department of the Massachusetts University have observed a serious lack of compassion in people’s attitudes towards each other and towards the environment and nature as a whole. They express the need for refinement of people’s mentality to evolve an eco-friendly philosophy of life based on high ideals of humanity. In their views, a positive change in the attitude and way of thinking would bring corresponding transformation in the mode of life. This in turn would create an environment in which human heart would be brought out from shadows of inhuman sentiments and desires… It will then breathe in the fresh blow of love and compassion for all. Philanthropic scholars and intellectuals of other disciplines too feel that evolution of thoughts and sentiments is unavoidable today and that it can be achieved by collective endeavors. In the earlier times too the human society has boldly survived threats of disastrous crises by arousing its discerning intellect. There is a light of hope in collective refinement of our attitude today as well.... The views of Dr. George R. Bach of America in the present context reflect his in-depth study and adept analysis of Human Psychology. He observes that – the pressure of passions for sensual pleasures and materialistic comforts has captured the natural instincts of our serene inner self within the thralldom of selfishness and aplomb. Self-interests dominate our thinking and if left unchecked these narrow mindedness and egotist tendencies virtually push us to acquire more and more pleasure and power without caring for moral values or fairness of means. Dr. Bach has named this mentality as “Handsome Devil”. Materialistic and selfish people, whose minds are engaged in the hedonism – a term coined by western philosophers to express the influence of ‘handsome devil’ – suffer from total lack of peace and trust in their personal and professional lives. These negative effects influence the lives of many others too because of the direct or indirect interactions with the formers. Hedonism is reflected in the instincts of cruelty, eroticism, criminal mentality, etc and often results in psychological disorders and suicidal inclinations. According to psychological theories, such tendencies emanate from the evil instincts, from within, and also gain strength and excitation from the compatible thought-waves transmitted by others in contact. When this effect of hedonism spreads across larger sections of the society, it becomes a “sociogenic monitor” and leads to disastrous consequences. The present state of human society appears to be under such an attack because of which we see rapid decline in human character and moral values..., and, hardly find any sign of improvement despite higher rate of education and materialistic progress. 100 Who will turn this negative trend upside down? How would people’s mentality and mode of life follow the righteous path? Scholars of Philanthropy and visionaries argue that –– “Those materialistically progressive and successful groups who have contributed to develop this atmosphere to convert the human society into a consumer society owe the responsibility to wipe out the illusions and pollution generated by their fallacious deeds. These ‘culprits’ include those intellectuals and leaders, whose voice and pens have spread the philosophies of ‘survival of the mightiest’ and ‘smart use of skill and opportunities for immediate gains…’, etc. It is the duty of front line scientists to prevent misuse or commercialization of their inventions for the selfish motives of few powerful heads...”. A positive change in the attitudes of the elite and the ‘mentors’ (leaders) of the society would induce corresponding effects in the others too and gradually create an enchanting environment of mutual trust and collective awareness to purify the philosophy and way of life at all levels. Renowned psychologist Robert Anthony believes that – “The energy waves generated by the fission of a tiny atom are spread in all directions in the surrounding areas and gradually expanded in the cosmos. Similarly, the transmutation and expansion of compassionate sentiments and thoughts – inspired from the inner core of the human-self with the force of trenchant faith in high ideals of humanity – would educe immense mental energy with a potential equivalent to that of the Sun. This would generate a unique power to influence infinitely vast domains of collective consciousness. Our mind has the capacity to absorb this psychlotron energy and get charged accordingly.... This astonishing source of mental energy can orient one’s desires, imaginations and ideology in creative directions and bring out positive changes in a magical way”. As per the expert opinion of Dr. Anthony, the energetic flow of one’s thoughts influences the development of his personality and the environment of life. It does so as powerfully, as the electromagnetic waves control the gravitational attractions, and repulsion and unperturbed rotations of the planets in their respective orbits –– everywhere in the limitless expansion of the universe.... In fact the principle of functioning of the ‘mental magnet’ resembles that of the magnetic force in nature. A magnet attracts iron particles; in a similar manner, the ‘attracting power’ of trenchant and focussed mind attracts specific thoughts compatible with its nature. Equivalently, the force of more powerful thought-waves influences the weaker minds. The waves generated in water pond after throwing a stone traverse in a circular manner. If two stones of different sizes are thrown in the same pond at two different points, the circles of waves generated around them will be of different diameters according to the sizes of the stones. Soon the waves of the bigger one would be superimposed over the smaller waves completely.... Equivalent effects are also seen on the domains of ideospheres of human thought processes. The energy waves of clear and powerful thoughts inspired by the pure instincts of awaken inner self are relatively more intense and possess wider domains of influence. Generation, enhancement and expansion of these are the needs of the day to ensure all round progress, peace, happiness and bright future.... Self-Restrain: A Sign Of Prescient Wisdom An atom bomb is protected under a strong solid covering with due care to prevent the occurrence of processes which might cause atomic fusion or fission. This is necessary to annual any risk of accidental explosion of the bomb. Precaution and safety are essential before the accumulation and retention of power of any kind. It is more important in case of the psychic power or the power of the soul. 101 Aspirants of exaltation of spiritual powers have to simultaneously learn the methods of - arousing and protecting the internal power of consciousness which naturally exists everywhere in the individual self (and hence in the mind and body too) and absorbing the spiritual power attracted from the cosmic domains. Self-restrain is the most important aspect of spiritual endeavors. One might enhance the vital powers of the body and mind by dedicated practice of specific s³dhan³s or prescribed training. However, all effects will go in vain if the energy of pr³ña so acquired is allowed to go waste in over excitations, sensual pleasure etc. This would be like attempting to fill a tank with water and also letting it flow out freely through the holes. Curbing this loss by blocking the outlets is the first requirement. Spiritual s³dhan³s would not show any effect unless the cause of loss, misuse or wastage of vital power and physical and mental potentials is controlled by sincerely adopting self-restrain. This needs clear identification and adept analysis of desires, habits, attitude and mode of living and gradually molding them towards asceticity by steady control over ambitions, greed, excitations, etc followed by appropriate reforms in life-style with firm determination and will. Desires and ambitions emanate from the inner domains of mind and initiate the process of disturbing the harmonious flow and natural use of the vital power. This effect triggers those activities of the sense organs, which account for excessive consumption of this power and potentials of the body and the mind. Practice of self-restrain should therefore be focussed at this root. Controlling the agility of mind and improving its tendencies sets the basis for disciplining the body and mode of living. Serene and calm mind begins to obey the instructions of the inner self. Once it comes under the control of the soul, elevation of the physical, mental, intellectual and spiritual power is easily accomplished by any of the recommended s³dhan³ procedures or other practices of internal amelioration. Adoption of self-restrain is essential for ideal progress in any walk of life. It is a must for excelling bodily, intellectual, mental and spiritual levels of human life. This is why it has been described as a necessary duty, as well as a religious discipline, by the saints and sages of all eras in all parts of the world. One who observes austerity and disciplined life with trenchant control of mind is sure to be healthy, strong, bright and more talented and has the potential to impress and influence others too. Practice of self-restrain is extremely difficult for those who are habitual to luxurious life style and cherishing sensual pleasures. Comforts and pleasures are, to some extent, necessary for relaxation of the body and recreation of mind. But, the trouble begins, when one gets carried away by such facilities, and starts enjoying them with greater interest and attachments. For example, eating food is essential for sustenance of life. However, when the greed of tongue overcomes the metabolic requirements of the stomach, then eating varieties of delicious preparations in an uncontrolled manner becomes a ‘natural’ habit. Over-consumption of lavish or heavy food disturbs the harmony of metabolic reactions. This successively affects other functions inside the body and thus ‘invites’ a variety of diseases. Consequently, more of the vital power is used in placing the body-functions in order at the cost of further loss in vitality and resistance and lack of efficiency in the activities of the mind too. Once someone gets used to luxurious comforts and sentient titillation, he desires for more of such pleasures. This begins a vicious cycle and traps his intellect and conscious mind too. All his thoughts and activities of life virtually get focused on finding the means of more materialistic possession and joy of temporarily satisfying the ever growing thrust for sensual pleasures. Here, the misuse of his 102 natural potentials and talents commences which unnoticeably opens up the gates for weakness, worries and wrathful or depressive tensions in future. It should be recalled that the human body is a ‘dynamo’ for generating power. The currents of vital energy continuously flow inside this excellent system through its bio-electrical regulator – the brain. This power should be protected and creatively used for improvement of physical, mental and spiritual health. This can be achieved only by preventing its loss and wastage through the leakage of the unmindful aspirations and activities pertaining to luxurious enjoyments. Discipline and practices of self-restrain are necessary as well as sufficient for protection and gradual transmutation of the repository of immense powers existing in one’s body and mind. Lord Krishna remarks in the holy Gºt³ – “Na TeÌu Ramate Budha¡”. Meaning: Realizing the importance of self-restrain, wise people always keep away from the thralldom of worldly comforts and sensual titillation and joys. Importance Of Stable Temperament Until recently it was believed that malnutrition, seasonal variations and germs and viruses are the major causes of diseases and that most diseases spread through infections which receive extra support from filthy surroundings and bodily weakness. With the advancement of neuroscience and increasing trends of psychosomatic problems it has now become clear that the diseases and disorders generated by imbalances and aberrations in the mental functions outnumber those caused by germs and viruses.... It has been found by thorough experimental research that the ups and downs of temperament, mental excitations and depressions affect blood circulation, body temperature and also disturb the harmony of other physiological and biochemical activities inside the body.... As a result, the mutual compatibility or affinities of different molecules and chemicals inside this complex system is transformed into abnormal reactions leading to lethal effects or unnatural immunogenic interactions.... These often give rise to high fever, swelling, body ache and stiffness, arthritis, etc, and if prolonged, raise the risks of cancer, auto-immunity, insanity,....etc. Manifestation of the effects of the above kinds are usually recognized as the symptoms of some deficiencies or internal injury in specific organ or component of the body and a remedy is sought through oral or intravenous antibiotic medicines or surgical operations. More or less all methods of medical treatment popular in the modern times work on the principle of diagnosis and cure in terms of the strength and functioning of the body components only. This approach is not comprehensive and therefore fails in complete eradication of the disease. Sometimes the problem recurs in more complicated form due to the side effects of earlier treatments; ever new diseases and disorders are born because of the attempt of unnatural control over the body-functions by external effects without touching the root cause of the problem. The plethora of such ‘practically incurable’ diseases and the psychosomatic disorders of varied severity elucidate that in one form or the other, disorders and deficiencies or weaknesses at the level of brain and mind lay the foundation for the birth and growth of above kinds of complications. As the flying clouds keep changing their appearance, disruptions of the harmony of regulations of the brain (mind) is also manifested in ever new varieties of physiological diseases and mental complications. 103 Termination of heart beating was once upon a time considered the final sign of death. The concepts have changed now.... It has been proved that the patterns of heart beating depend upon mental conditions and brain functions and that the latter is indeed the real indicator of presence or absence of life. Today, brain death is a universally accepted definition of death; even if the heart stops its continuous pulsation one is not declared dead in case his brain shows signs of activity..... Brain-diseases and disorders can be classified in two broad categories - structural and sentimental. The structural categories pertain to abnormalities or deficiencies in brain at the anatomical, physiological or electrochemical level. Brain-injury, severe headache, brain hemorrhage, paralysis, brain-infections etc fall in this group. Medicine and surgery are tried as remedies in such cases. Genetic abnormalities are considered as major causes of underdeveloped brain. Sometimes the negative reactions of medicinal treatments undertaken during pregnancy, stroke on the womb or radiational effects also cause serious damage to the normal anatomical development of the brain of the foetus and the child is born as mentally handicapped or with mental spasm. Current research on the structural deformations and diseases of the brain includes wide varieties of topics ranging from specific areas of cellular and molecular biology to bio-electricity and neuromuscular dynamics. Other aspect of brain functions is quite delicate and esoteric - especially in case of humans as it deals with sentiments and emotions. Among the known faculties of mind, the qualities of intellectual activities are often analyzed in connection with - one’s academic background, general atmosphere in which one is born and brought up, his training, experience, analytical potential, creativity etc. Generalizations could be made in this respect to identify an ideal socio-educational system for upkeeping the average intellectual level of the people. However, sentiments are rather too subtle and personal and therefore cannot be analyzed with respect to such general measures. Sentiments seem to depend largely upon the samsk³ras accumulated in the unconscious mind and influence one’s psychology and attitude. It is a common observation that, even the people born and brought up in identical conditions react quite differently to same events.... Even the tragedies or major incidents of life do not perturb some people while some others make havoc of minor happenings as well. The sudden variation in the temperaments of the latter kinds of people often vibrate the deeper layers of their mental consciousness and disturb the harmony of the super-conscious regions too. This results in serious complications at psychological levels. The memories of ups and downs of life fade with time if one has not taken them on the heart, otherwise, they leave intense impressions on the delicate surfaces of the mind and my cause psychosomatic disorders or psychiatric problems in the long run.... Frenzied or insane state of mind is in a way an extreme state of emotional imbalance. In this state a person does not realize what he thinks and does. His uncontrolled ‘thoughts’ flow in any arbitrary direction.... Etiquette and social responsibilities have no meaning for him; an insane person can’t even manage the routine chores of his personal life. Such persons can’t take care of themselves.... In an excited state of mind they might inadvertently assault or harm others. Thus, from the point of view of their safety and security of others they are often kept in mental hospitals, where the specialists could offer systematic treatment. It is startling that in most psychiatric cases, the structure and functions of the brain components are perfectly healthy. It is some kind of mental shock due to sever loss, tragedy, insult, breach of faith, occurrence of a frightening incident etc which devastates the sentimental harmony and stability of the endocrine system. Psychiatric analysis of large number of such patients indicates that over104 sensitivity or emotional excitations weaken the mind and increase the chances of mental disturbances of significant intensity. It is therefore advised to keep the mind detached from the fluctuating conditions of life. Favorable or adverse incidents on personal, social and professional fronts should be faced intelligently and with due interest and care; but, they should not be allowed to create impressions on the mind so intensely that this sensitive system would get shaken or disturbed. Unprecedented challenges, unexpected loss or gain etc do not affect mentally stable and emotionally strong persons as much, as they do to highly sensitive or emotionally weaker ones. Wise men therefore practice for stability and calmness of temper in all circumstances. The state of sthita pragyat³ is defined in the Indian spiritual philosophy as an ideal state of stability of sagacious mind. A sthita pragya person performs his duties efficiently and lives a happy and peaceful life because of his excellent control over his thoughts and emotions. His mind accepts the adversities and advantages of time with a balanced, matured and sportsmanly attitude. Despite living a normal duty-bond life, he remains detached from the diversities of circumstances, aspirations and expectations. Attainment of this state of immense internal happiness, unperturbed patience and righteous attitude implies culmination of knowledge and wisdom. We should train our minds to face the world with stable temperament. It should be constantly reminded that loss and gain, honor and insult, opportunities and obstructions, favorable or adverse circumstances are two sides of the same coin. The ups and downs of life are natural like high and low tides in an ocean. The adversities should be faced boldly with an optimistic attitude that - the powerful blow of time will soon evade the difficulties because nothing is permanent in this world. Such thoughts educe courage for creative endeavors. Favorable circumstances and gains may be accepted with humility to enhances the chances of progress while remembering that availability of such opportunities is only temporary..... Maintenance of enthusiastic but balanced temper teaches the art of living righteously and successfully. Depth Of Emotional Center Brain and Heart have supreme importance in sustaining the flow of life and health of the body. Heart as an organ continuously supplies pure blood to every other organ including the brain and also distributes vital energy to every component of this living system. In spiritual sciences, the region of heart is described as containing the extrasensory center of emotions, source for the expression of the inner self. The astral body is considered to have subtle linkage with the inner core of this domain. Sentiments, beliefs, inspirations, compassion, affection, courage intrinsic faith in high ideals emanate from this center. It is in the depth of heart where lies the source of divine inspirations which can transmute the life of an ordinary person into that of a great individual....., an angel.... Purity of sentiment and esteem faith in truth, morality and high ideals reflects the awakening of divinity existing in one’s heart (inner self). Maligning of this sensitive region of intrinsic values and inner emotions on the contrary is bathotic. It debauches one’s personality and may eventually convert him into a cruel man, an audacious, acrimonious giant, a living ghost... The serene sentiments of pure love and compassion (bh³va sa®vedan³) emerge from the inner self and like the manifestation of a seed into a tree, expand in the wider domains of life. They influence the near and dear ones and have the strength to inspire all the living beings that could think or feel. Purification, transmutation and illumination of bh³va sa®vedan³ lead to the spiritual sublimation of the h—adaya granthi (the covering of the inner self) and results in the betitudeous state of ultimate 105 realization of God and attainment of absolute bliss. The divine faculties of soul are aroused in this state. The scriptures of yoga describe the region of heart as the location of the an³hata cakra - extra sensory energy center (ESEC) in the cardiac plexus. As per the descriptions of the existence of the ÌaÚ cakras –– the m¿l³dh³ra cakra (ESEC in the pelvic plexus), the sw³dhiÌÚh³na cakra (ESEC in the hypogastric plexus), and the mañip¿rita cakra (ESEC in the epigastric plexus) precede the an³hata cakra in an upward direction along the spinal column. Spiritual endeavors of the yoga s³dhan³s transmute the vital power through the activation of the ÌaÚ cakras. The upward flow of the subtle currents of pr³ña sublimate the successive layers of physical, mental and emotional powers. This edifies the s³dhaka’s sentiments and ideology much above the peripheries of egotist and selfish attitude. The animal instincts of living for carnal pleasures vanish and altruist sentiments impregnated with high ideals of humanity begin to grow along with prudence of thoughts. Further amelioration of one’s tendencies, faith, virtues and deeds becomes possible only if the heart – domain of emotions and sentiments is refined by divine flow of warm bh³va sa®vedan³s.... After the activation and sublimation of the h—adaya granthi, a human being becomes a divine being in the same body. This opens up the path of absolute transmutation of his knowledge and potentials in the righteous directions.... When his inner self is covered under the darkness of evil instincts and selfish desires a man is no better than an animal. He cannot think of refinement of his intellect and sentiments by endowment of generosity, love and compassion and by pursuing altruist activities with moral ideals. But, when the subtle voice of the soul is heard and the inspirations of divine love and faith in the divine disciplines are firmly established in the inner domains of heart, the malice and complexities of mental tendencies start waning out.... If one realizes this upthrust and motivates his activities in conjugation with the dignity of humanity, his inner self begins to illuminate with the charge of sublimated energy of pr³ña. The upward flow of pr³ña in such a saintly person can reach the an³hata cakra without any impedance and eventually vibrate the h—adaya granthi. The secrets and importance of opening the latent covering of the h—adaya granthi are elucidated in the 88th Ïloka of the 18th section of the AÌÚ³vakra Gºt³. Here Maharshi AÌÚ³vakra explains to King Janaka that – “breaking the shell of the h—adaya granthi implies decomposition and sublimation of selfishness into selflessness, transformation of ego into altruist sentiments of love and compassion...”. Opening of this g—anthi (knot) liberates the mind from the tendencies of raj and tam and triggers it to move freely in the unlimited domain of the soul. One, who has purified his heart and has successfully uprooted the arduous tendencies of ego and unending worldly desires, is certainly far above other humans whose lives are entangled in the slime) of excessive materialistic possession and attachments of sensual pleasure and selfishness....”. Esteemed Greek philosophers and astrologers like Agripa and Brunoes have compared the inner core of the heart –– the center of the subtle existence of soul with the limitless core of the cosmos within which all the planets of the solar system revolve around their respective suns, the suns move around the giant suns...., and the galaxies move and expand timelessly..... Because of this similarity between the core of the ‘universe’ of the cetan and the jaÃa cosmos, the hearts of spiritually refined persons can sense the mysterious activities of nature and acquire the knowledge of cosmic events beyond the barriers of time and space. 106 According to the above philosophical deliberations, a human being exists within the core of the jaÃa manifestation of the cosmos and the cetan reflections of the cosmos exist in the inner core of his heart. The inner self of a person is therefore as vast as the cosmic creation of the Omnipresent. The soul is a fraction of the Supreme Consciousness. God and humans thus share a common linkage. The heart – the domain of cetan³, the inner self, is indeed the center where unification of the soul (individual consciousness) with its eternal origin (the Supreme Consciousness) can take place in human life. Because of this coherence, all religions, saints and sages of all ages and the philosophers of the origin and ultimate goal of life emphasize the importance of purification of the heart by the refinement of sentiments and elevation of emotions in concordance with the original divine nature of the soul. The science of spirituality aims at the absolute refinement of heart and attainment of the state where the mind enters the deeper layers of the inner self and realizes the divine glow existing in the individual consciousness. Every human being is free to purify his sentiments and sublimate the power of his thoughts and gradually move upwards in the direction of transmutation of humanity into divinity..... Human Mind – Source Of Eternal Bliss Human body stands as a masterpiece of the marvelous artistic creation and absolute excellence of the Omniscient. Development of such a superb automatic machine of unimaginably advanced technology in this three dimensional world is beyond question because even the complete decipheration of the internal structure and in-vivo functions of this unique device has not yet been possible for the modern sciences. Each and every component of the human body of height 5 feet and weight 60 kg on an average is endowed with amazing potentials. In spite of the excellent specificity of their body-structures and certain potentials that are beyond the reach of humans, no creature existing in this world can compete with the perfection of the human body. What makes a human being a special creation or the most evolved organism is principally his brain. Elucidation of its anatomy and bio-electrical activities — through the ‘galaxy’ of interconnected neurons has posed challenging problems before the front-line researchers in allied areas. The neurotransmitters secreted from the synaptic connections between the neurons have attracted the neuroscientists the most. Recent findings indicate that specific kinds of neuro-hormonal secretions are associated with emotional variations too and it is now being investigated – how to upkeep one’s intellectual sagacity, mental creativity and emotional stability by maintaining regularity of specific neuro-chemicals. It is interesting to note that what has been the focus of attraction of the neuroscientists in particular and of all scientifically minded people in general was studied in depth by the rishis – the Indian sages of yore, through adept introspection and spiritual endeavors. They had realized the role of the ÌaÚ cakras in controlling the bio-electrical currents and the endocrine secretions. They had successfully attained supernormal potentials by activating these extra sensory energy centers. While deciphering the astonishing powers of human brain, they had discovered that the sahastr³ra cakra (extra sensory center of cetan³ in the deep core of the upper brain.....) is the master regulator of the conscious activities in human body and mind. This crown center stimulates the endocrine glands and triggers hormonal secretions. The sahastr³ra cakra was visualized by the rishis as a subtle ocean of currents of consciousness, which are manifested in continuous bio-electrical flows inside the brain. These spiritual mentors had 107 found that smooth activation of this crown cakra generates the feelings of immense bliss, compassion with acumen and afflatus. Advancement of neuroscience has defined new frontiers of collaborative research in the areas of Neurochemistry and Psychology. The intermittent roles of mental and emotional conditions in neurohormonal secretions and vice-versa are becoming clearer with this research. It is also being argued now that one can orient his emotions or expand intellectual potentials as per his aspirations by regulating the neuro-hormonal secretions in a suitable manner.... The discovery of a major of group of about thirty neurotransmitters called meptadrymes was a major breakthrough in neuro-pharmacology. The concentrations of these chemicals are found to be dense around specific center in the brain. These are available in so less quantities that extracting them is like, as Dr. Donald Zandon of the Pharmacology department of California University points out, separating a pinch of salt from the water of a swimming pool. The discovery of hormones like encephaline and endorphin has been of great help in understanding the relationship of the endocrine system with human psychology. One, who can stimulate the secretion of encephaline in difficult situations, can remain free of all tensions and worries in all circumstances. Presence of encephaline and endorphin is found to be intense in those centers of brain the endocrine column (suÌumn³ n³Ãº) which are associated with the sensation of pain and pleasure and are supposed to maintain the emotional variations. Some endocrinologists opine that the ancient Chinese therapy of acupuncture is equivalent to the modern technique of stimulating specific hormone secreting center with the help of electrodes. They have also found that the practices of yoga nidr³ and the positive effects of the biofeedback techniques and hypnosis result in accelerating the secretion of the natural painkillers like encephaline, which calm down the mental fatigue and tensions. Absolute peace and beatitude is the eternal desire of the soul. This desire is manifested in the aspirations and endless search of the mind for happiness. However, as a deer eagerly hunts for saffron, unaware of the fact that this source of heavenly scent is present in its naval, a human being too continuously runs behind materialistic means and wanders in worldly activities, with a hope of acquiring more and more happiness... But, without paying attention to his own inner self that is endowed with an eternal source of divine bliss in its deep core.... Search for happiness in materialistic means, sensual pleasures or in satisfying the ego...., is like a mirage; its illusions entangle the individual consciousness in the net of worldly attachments and darkness of ignorance about its own divine origin. This illusion and hope of immense bliss becomes a motivating force for an individual to live in this world and it also proves to be the major cause of the endless journey in one or the other form of life..... Etasyaiv³nandasy³ny³ni Bh¿t³ni M³tr³mupajºvanti – B—ahad³rañyaka 4 | 32 Meaning: The afflatus and feeling of enthusiasm, satisfaction, completeness and absolute peace which a s³dhaka experiences (upon culmination of spiritual endeavors) is indeed the reflection of the blissful state of the soul. Modern Psychology and other branches of brain sciences describe that the source of cheerfulness exists in our own mind and emotional center. The science of spirituality elucidates it as lying deep within the inner self – in the core of the eternal bliss cell (³nandmaya kosh). Advancement of neuro108 hormonal chemistry has given new dimension to the research on human brain and its subtle counterpart – the mind. A comprehensive look at the psychological complications in above context shows that extrovert attitude and over-ambitious search for momentary happiness by materialistic attainments give rise to excessive competition and strife and hence to tension, despair and mental and emotional disorders..... If one introspects himself and endeavors to realize the immense source of bliss existing in the innermost layer of his mind, he can resolve all his problems and see the guiding light for culmination of life in the righteous direction to reach the ultimate state of eternal peace.... Adoption of spiritual disciplines and dedicated practices of the s³dhan³s of purification of the inner self ensure viable success in these endeavors. 109 Uncountable Boons Of The Almighty The formation of human body begins by the meiotic combination of sperm and ovum of the biological father and mother. Parents or guardians also look after the healthy growth, education and development of the child. The natural love and affectionate protection and support of the parents is duly recognized by the children when their turn of bearing the responsibilities arrives.... At the gross level, visible support and help of any kind deserves grateful acknowledgement as part of courtesy, humility and sense of social responsibility. But, do we also realize how grateful we should be to the eternal creator who has blessed us with the boons of life – the pr³ña and consciousness. Whose divine glow kindles the light our intellectual and sentimental faculties? Whose love, inspirations and strength are constantly available to us throughout our life...? Every component of our being, every moment of our life should be grateful to HIS grace.... The condition of mother’s womb for the protected sustenance of the embryo is so perfectly organized by nature. How would such an orgulous development of child have taken place otherwise....? It would have been born and died like insects, in the excessive heat, cold or strong winds in the embryonic state if there were no compatible environment available in the womb. God is so kind that HE has also arranged for the availability of natural and complete food in the form of mother’s milk in advance, before the birth of the child.... After birth, an infant needs constant care and nursing. This too is superbly managed by the divine sentiment of motherhood and love inspired by thou.... At every stage of life, thy- generosity is reflected in diverse forms of materialistic, social and emotional support received by an individual from nature, family and friends..... It sounds ironical that a grownup person ignores the fact that all his achievements have come into existence because of the direct or indirect cooperation of the society and natural environment. Most surprising is the observation that he forgets his eternal origin and the omnipresent parent of the cosmos who has bestowed health, intellect, love and unlimited invisible boons on his life.... That Omniscient power is not perturbed by this ungratefulness of HIS child, rather, it continuous bestowing its blessings and provides adequate environment for vigorous development of the youths into responsible citizens.... HE has also arranged for a system of emotional and physical security in the form of familial and social relationships where one can also find a compatible life partner to share all ups and downs of life and progress with mutual trust and affectionate cooperation.... It is indeed by the grace of God that nature has made man and woman complementary to each other so that both could gain a feeling of completeness in each other’s company and march towards higher goals of life as responsible members of the society. It is so kind of HIM to have endowed the human body with a remarkable defense mechanism of the immune system. HE has protected all organs of the body under the compact covering of flesh and skin. HE has also offered us – ultra sophisticated audio visual system of ears, mouth and eyes; an astonishing brain to think and create wonders in HIS wonderful world..... No technological development would ever produce a sensory motor system with such strong but flexible components as the system of nerves, muscles and intestines of the human body. How finely the bones are fixed in even the tiniest part of the body that it can move, rotate, lean and turn in multiple directions without losing its balance..... 110 Be that the visual properties of the retina of the eyes, sonic sensors of the diaphragm of the ears, sensitive filters of the kidneys, the automatic pump of the heart or the stout and mobile stands of the legs...., etc, every organ, every faculty of the human body and mind reflects the supreme intelligence and absolute perfection of its creator in every respect. Such a Supreme Being could be none other than that Omniscient, Almighty, and Eternal Creator – God. Unless we realize the fact that we are creations of HIS divine grace, we cannot know our own self.... Negligence of HIS colossal blessings amounts to disrespect of our own existence. This ignorance diverts our life towards a suicidal path where we gradually lose the potential of our mind and body because of our own carelessness and untoward actions and virtually reach an edge of extinction.... The body of a living being is like a fort provided by nature for the protection of the soul, as a tool for manifestation of the latter’s presence.... The house where we live appears to be constituted by walls, roofs, floors, doors, windows etc. These are only gross components made-up of bricks, stones, concrete, cement, iron, wood, etc. The gross components of the human body such as the heart, kidneys and other organs, blood, bones, muscles, skin etc are made up of tiny cells which can be seen by powerful microscopes. Trillions of these basic building blocks constitute the visible component of body and almost an equal number continuously floats in the body-fluid from one corner of the body to the other and participates in the repair of the injured parts or internal damages of this fort. Each cell is a complex living system endowed with a gigantic universe of bio-molecular activities. These tiny units continuously die and are instantaneously replaced by new ones during the lifetime of the body. This marvelous automatic functioning at micro level appears to be miraculous. As we look deeper into the infinitely many interconnected activities at cellular, molecular and atomic levels, we come closer to the realization of the immense grace of thou bestowed on us.... What we discussed above pertains only to the gross body. Thy blessings do not end here.... HE has endowed us with a limitless inner self where HIS eternal inspirations exist as subtly as the rays in the sun, atoms in matter or fire in a spark.... HIS afflatus echoes in the inner self and reminds us of the basic objective of culmination of life to reach the ultimate goal of the soul.... But, we don’t hear HIS voice because of our extrovert attitude and illusions of worldly attractions and egotist attachments. Our ignorance and ungratefulness weakens the linkage of our mind and heart (emotional center) with our eternal root. We thus invite varieties of pains, sufferings, tensions, strives, diseases and mental agonies instead of submerging our soul in the limitless ocean of beatitude and acquiring pearls of absolute knowledge, divine bliss and peace which human life indeed deserves. We, the intelligent beings, commit the blunder of shunning the golden opportunity of all round progress made available to us in the form of human life.... Ironically, we attribute it as our wisdom…? Herbert Spencer has described the presence of God in the depths of the inner self as – “God is an infinite power impregnated with immense love for every living being.... That is why it reminds everyone of its eternal discipline to alert one about the disastrous consequences of the sins and misdeeds. It also inspires the mind towards morality and altruist activities by bestowing its affection in the form of miraculous support or good omen from time to time...”. “We follow the rules of our government because breach of law leads to rigorous punishments. Although, one is free to do whatever which is not constitutionally illegal, one feels insecure or experiences a hidden apprehension while indulging in immoral or unethical activities. This fear is a clear indication of the warning conveyed by the divinity present in our soul... Those, who become alert and obey this subtle instruction, benefit by further strengthening of their inner powers while 111 others risk following a path of decline and fall. Those who neglect the advice of the inner God are most unfortunate.....”. The Omnipresent Supreme Creator bestows his love and support to every living being since the moment of manifestation of life in it.... HE protects everyone and helps successive development along the journey of the soul.... Human beings are extremely lucky to have been blessed by the faculties of thinking and feeling.... Once a person crosses the boundaries of childhood and becomes matured, the Omni-kind thee starts teaching him the lessons of righteous conduct to remind him of his responsibilities as a human being – the eldest son, the crown prince, the heir of thou f0 power._HE exists within us and cares for us like a perennial guardian. In spite of this if we remain unaware and often disobey his disciplines, we would be those unfortunate ones who diminish their own destiny and exhume their own graves.... Perfect Use Of Rare Opportunity It is said that human life is that rare opportunity, which even the divine spirits aspire for.... Monotonicity is always boring even if it consists of heavenly pleasures.... Diversity has its own beauty. Varieties of delicious food items make a feast more enjoyable. A bouquet of multi-colored flowers looks more attractive. Varieties of designs of jewelry and clothes add color to the artistic beauty of these items.... Human life is considered as a chance to experience the widest gamut of circumstances and acquisition of enormous types of talent and powers... Because of its multiple manifestations and diverse tendencies, human life appears to be more challenging and ecstatic. Humans often dream of heaven and want to live in that timeless and ageless world of divine beings. But, they do not know that it is the nature of their own mind because of which ‘the world beyond reach always appears to be more attractive...’ The same type of food howsoever tasty does not satisfy us for long time.... We do get bored of living under same circumstances, performing the same routine, and therefore want a change.... Tourism fructifies because of this internal desire of people to visit newer places, enjoy newer experiences.... As humans desire for heavenly life, the divine beings too want to take birth as humans and experience the eventful sojourn of thid life. All the _eities of the divine power, worshiped in the temples, have been given a human like depiction. This signifies the intimate relationship – between divinity and human life – that was visualized by the acumen of the spiritual experts of ancient times. It seems the Almighty has applied all HIS creative talents in designing the human form. It is indeed superior to the varieties of orgulous creatures existing in the universe. Elephants and lions may be mightier than humans in general but the skillful performances of the gymnastics, boxing, karate etc demonstrate that human could overcome even the might of the wild animals.... No living being is endowed with such a beauty, artistic taste and creativity and intellectual talents as a human being is. The adventures, scientific discoveries and inventions, artistic performances and constructions made by man are magical in many ways. The spiritual attainments made possible by people on this earth further prove that a human being is indeed a heir of thou. Modern man has been very successful in materialistic developments. If he decides and dedicates his endeavors to the evolution of his internal world, astonishing accomplishments like the ancient yogis will not be beyond his grasp. The siddhis like añim³, laghim³, mahim³, etc, of the rishis – as described in the scriptures, are not rhetoric representation.... They can indeed be attained by dedicated 112 spiritual endeavors (s³dhan³s) by anyone who live a sacred duty-bond life within the disciplines of morality. The magical potentials of siddhis emanate from specific extrasensory power centers in the human body. The brain (mind) and the heart (repository of sentiments) possess divine powers in their inner depths. The concept of varieties of Gods in the Hindu religion is an allegoric representation of the divine powers inherent in the human consciousness. The Cow has been described as a holy animal in the Hindu system and in some religious pictures, different types of Gods are depicted in specific parts of her body. Whether a cow possesses latent centers of spiritual energy in those parts of her body might be doubtful... But, it is indeed true incase of a human being. Supernatural talents and powers of spiritually refined people are living examples of this fact. Every soul is a fraction of the Brah®. Significantly large portions of HIS divine powers have been bestowed on human consciousness. The origin of divine streams of powers of different manifestations of God may exist any where in the in cosmic expansion of the Brah® but, they do have subtle connections with the specific extrasensory centers like the ÌaÚ cakras present in the human body and brain. Activation of this connection by spiritual s³dhan³s results in arousal of associated divine faculties. This is what is conceptualized as the incarnation of specific God or divine power in a human being.... Indian philosophical deliberations signify that human life is a rare opportunity, which is available after the arduous journey of the soul through 8.4 million yonis13. One’s birth as a human being is a great boon, as it bestows the unique opportunity to the soul for absolute culmination and liberation to unite with its eternal origin forever. It is only in the human life that one is given a freedom of karma (action). Savants recognize its importance and sincerely endeavor to purify all dimensions of their lives. They also transact their duties with due care and responsibility to add to the viable prosperity and ideal progress of the world created by the grace of God. They make best use of HIS kindness and reach the levels of great personalities, divine souls, angels, or, incarnations by their virtuous deeds and refinement of personality. The average duration of traversing through the 8.4 million yonis would be of the order of several billion years. Just imagine! After this long wait and passage through punishments of past sins...., the human life comes as the only chance for cultivating good omen by noble endeavors and sincere performance of altruist duties and selfless service..... It is a great pity that most people again get trapped into the sinful activities because of the evil tepdencies of the _ast births and the illusive attractions of endless avarice, ego, lust and selfish attachments. This attraction is powerful like intoxication. Its force covers the intellect of the careless and ignorant persons. Such people might be successful materialistically, but they do nothing distinctly better than animals in the sense of using the gifts of nature. All activities of their lives, in one way or the other, revolve around sensual pleasure. Filling the stomach and concupiscence driven reproduction – are the two basic outcomes of their so-called diversified activities... Even animals perform these two tasks efficiently as per their natural instincts. They too fill the stomach and indulge in sexual pleasure. What is so special about humans, if they arrange for protection and comforts of their body and of the people related to it; or if, their achievements are motivated by satisfaction of the ego? That way, 113 animals also fight for their defense and roar against their opponents to show their dominance...! If the similar activities are repeated, though with sophistication, varieties and touch of intelligence, throughout the human life too, it would prove to be a blunder like that of throwing away a diamond because of its misidentification as a useless piece of broken glass.... Only a frenzied ignorant woodcutter would make coal of sandalwood and sell it for few pennies.... Spending human life under the dominance of the dreary tendencies of ego, lust and selfish attachments is an equally preposterous act. It would also be a dishonor of the Supreme Creator who has handed over thou potentials to humans as precious ‘trust-money’ for the betterment of the world and transmutation of the powers of soul. What could be more unfortunate than going back to HIS kingdom empty handed after wasting and even misusing all his boons because of ignorance and cupidity? Most of the ambitions of most of the people are generally found to be extrovert. These are often associated with name, fame and wealth for oneself and for the children.... There is no end to such desires... As particles in an atom vibrate continuously, so do the activities of the world. Nothing is stable here.... The aspirations and expectations of people also change with the changing trends of the world and with the eternal movements of time. Bubbles grow and burst in water because of the tendency of air to spread from high to low pressure...., into the open space. Events and movements of human life are also short-lived like the bubbles. The gamut of activities in the life of most people fluctuates as part of the game of ‘hide and seek’ between expectations and trials – motivated by materialistic desires. Towards the end, when death arrives at the doorstep, it becomes shockingly clear that a golden opportunity of enthronement was lost in futile attempts and naive games of making forts of sand.... This realization at the last moments brings nothing except penitence and wounds; it hurts the inner self too. This internal agony makes death - a natural instance of transition, the certain event of the departure of the soul from the body - a terribly painful event. Time never comes back! Every moment of our lives is precious. If spent creatively, every second could prove to be a pearl in the necklace of human life. Exploration of the limitless ocean of the power of the inner self and proper use of the gigantic treasure of time, thoughts, sentiments and physical potentials of the marvelous instrument of the body..., could make human life meaningful and help accomplish its true purpose of sublime transmutation of the soul in its eternal divine glow... <> (Footnotes) 1 Transmission of pr³ña from higher level to the lower one. 2 Which amount to about a billionth fraction of a millimeter. 3 A research center for the integration of modern sciences with the ancient Indian sciences aimed at the welfare of all living beings. 4 One who performs the s ³ dhan ³ – ascetically disciplined exercise or endeavor. 5 A harmonized breathing exercise for extracting vital energy. 6 114 115