|←Author Index: Ma||Caliph Mahmud II
30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839.
|Works by this author published before January 1, 1923 are in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago. Translations or editions published later may be copyrighted. Posthumous works may be copyrighted based on how long they have been published in certain countries and areas.|