Beowulf (Wyatt)/Beowulf 11

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Beowulf (Wyatt)
Beowulf: XI

XI.

710Ðā cōm of mōre under mist-hleoþum
Grendel gongan, Godes yrre bær;
mynte se mān-scaða manna cynnes
sumne besyrwan in sele þām hēan.
Wōd under wolcnum, tō þæs þe hē wīn-reced,
715gold-sele gumena, gearwost wisse,
fǣttum fāhne; ne wæs þæt forma sīð,
þæt hē Hrōþgāres hām gesōhte.
Nǣfre hē on aldor-dagum ǣr *ne siþðan Fol. 146b.
heardran hæle, heal-ðegnas fand.
720Cōm þā tō recede rinc siðian
drēamum bedǣled; duru sōna onarn,
fȳr-bendum fæst, syþðan hē hire folmum [hr]ān;[1]
onbrǣd þā bealo-hȳdig, ðā [hē ge]bolgen[2] wæs,
recedes mūþan. Raþe æfter þon
725on fāgne flōr fēond treddode,
ēode yrre-mōd; him of ēagum stōd
ligge gelīcost lēoht unfæger.
Geseah hē in recede rinca manige,
swefan sibbe-gedriht samod ætgædere,
730mago-rinca hēap. Þā his mōd āhlōg;
mynte þæt hē gedǣlde, ǣ þon dæg cwōme,
atol āglǣca, ānra gehwylces
līf wið līce, þā him ālumpen wæs
wist-fylle wēn. Ne wæs þæt wyrd þā gēn,
735þæt hē mā mōste manna cynnes
ðicgean ofer þā niht. Þrȳð-swȳð behēold
mǣg Higelāces, hū se mān-scaða
under fǣr-gripum gefaran wolde.
Ne þæt se āglǣca yldan þōhte,
740ac he ge*fēng hraðe forman sīðe Fol. 131a.
slǣpendne rinc, slāt unwearnum,
bāt bān-locan, blōd ēdrum dranc,
syn-snǣdum swealh; sōna hæfde
unlyfigendes eal gefeormod,
745fēt ond folma. Forð nēar ætstōp,
nam þā mid handa hige-þihtigne
rinc on ræste; rǣhte ongēan
fēond mid folme; hē onfēng hraþe
inwit-þancum ond wið earm gesæt.
750Sōna þæt onfunde fyrena hyrde,
þæt hē ne mētte middan-geardes,
eorþan sceatta,[3] on elran men
mund-gripe māran; hē on mōde wearð
forht, on ferhðe; nō þȳ ǣr fram meahte.
755Hyge wæs him hin-fūs, wolde on heolster flēon,
sēcan dēofla gedræg; ne wæs his drohtoð þǣr,
swylce hē on ealder-dagum ǣr gemētte.
Gemunde þā se gōda mǣg Higelāces
ǣfen-sprǣce, up-lang āstōd
760ond him fæste wiðfēng; fingras burston;
eoten wæs ūt-weard; eorl furþur stōp.
Mynte se mǣra, *hwǣr[4] hē meahte swā, Fol. 131b.
wīdre gewindan ond on weg þanon
flēon on fen-hopu; wiste his fingra geweald
765on grames grāpum. Þæt ()[5] wæs gēocor sīð,
þæt se hearm-scaþa tō Heorute ātēah.
Dryht-sele dynede; Denum eallum wearð,
ceaster-būendum, cēnra gehwylcum,
eorlum ealu-scerwen. Yrre wǣron begen
770rēþe rēn-weardas. Reced hlynsode;
þā wæs wundor micel, þæt se wīn-sele
wiðhæfde heaþo-dēorum, þæt hē on hrūsan ne fēol,
fæger fold-bold; ac hē þæs fæste wæs
innan ond ūtan īren-bendum
775searo-þoncum besmiþod. Þær fram sylle ābēag
medu-benc monig, mīne gefrǣge,
golde geregnad, þǣr þā graman wunnon;
þæs ne wēndon ǣr witan Scyldinga,
þæt hit ā mid gemete manna ǣnig,
780betlīc[6] ond bān-fāg, tōbrecan meahte,
listum tōlūcan, nymþe līges fæþm
swulge on swaþule. Swēg *ūp āstāg Fol. 147a.
nīwe geneahhe; Norð-Denum stōd
atelīc egesa, ānra gehwylcum,
785 þāra þe of wealle wōp gehȳrdon,
gryre-lēoð galan godes ondsacan,
sige-lēasne sang, sār wānigean
helle hæfton.[7] Hēold hine fæste,[8]
sē þe manna wæs mægene strengest
790on þǣem dæge þysses līfes.

  1. 722. MS. defective at edge. Zupitza’s transliteration of the facsimile of the MS. has ‘[gehr]an.’ There is room for two letters before hrān, but there is no evidence for ge-. On the contrary, whilst hrīnan usually governs the dat., gehrīnan more commonly takes the accus. (pace Grein).
  2. 723. MS. faded at edge. Kemble, Grein-Wülcker, and Heyne ‘[hē] ābolgen.’ Zupitza says: “Now bolgen is still distinct, and before it I think I see traces of two letters of which the first seems to have been g; but what preceded this is entirely faded.”
  3. 752. Many editors normalise to ‘scēata.’ See Sievers § 230.
  4. 762. MS. defective at corner. Ettmüller, Wülcker, Heyne ‘þǣr.’ Zupitza’s transliteration ‘hwær,’ as if there were no doubt as to the reading, but his foot-note runs: “hwær (hw with another ink, and crossed out in pencil) B, …ær A; now only the lower part of r left.”
  5. 765. MS. ‘þæ he wæs.’ Grein suggested the accepted emendation—the omission of .
  6. 780. MS. ‘hetlic’; Grundtvig ‘betlīc’ Cf. l. 1925.
  7. 788. Zupitza and others ‘helle-hæfton,’ but nothing is gained by making them a compound. For -an of the weak declension, -on is not uncommon.
  8. Almost all editors insert ‘tō’ before ‘fæste.’