Butler, Pierce (1652-1740) (DNB00)

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BUTLER, PIERCE, third Viscount Galmoy (1652–1740), was descended from Thomas Butler, tenth earl of Ormonde [q. v.], and was the son of Edward, second viscount Galmoy, and Eleanor, daughter of Charles White of Leixlip, and widow of Sir Arthur Aston. He was born on 21 March 1652. On 6 Aug. 1677 he was created D.C.L. of Oxford. By James II he was appointed a privy councillor of Ireland, and lieutenant of the county of Kilkenny. As colonel of a regiment of Irish horse he was at the siege of Londonderry, where the protestants accused him of barbarity and treachery (Macaulay, c. xii.). He fought at the Boyne and Aughrim, and was afterwards outlawed. He was Irish commissioner at the capitulation of Limerick, and included in the amnesty (3 Oct. 1691). He retired to France, and was created Earl of Newcastle by James II. His English estates were forfeited and he was attainted in 1697. In France he was named colonel of the second queen's regiment of Irish horse in the service of that country, and served with distinction in various continental wars. He died at Paris on 18 June 1740. His only son, James, by Elizabeth, daughter of Theobald Matthew, was killed at Malplaquet. A nephew, James, assumed the title of third viscount Galmoy.

[Lodge's Peerage of Ireland, iv. 48, 49; O'Callaghan's Irish Brigades in the Service of France; List of Oxford Graduates; Burke's Extinct Peerages, 97.]

T. F. H.