Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/William Eusebius Andrews

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
Catholic Encyclopedia (1913), Volume 1
William Eusebius Andrews

by Thomas Gaffney Taaffe


Editor and author, born at Norwich, England, 6 December, 1773; died London, 7 April, 1837. His parents, who were converts to Catholicity, were of humble station and he entered the printing office of the "Norfolk, Chronicle" as an apprentice. He rose to be editor of the paper which post he held from 1799 to 1813. In 1813 he went to London to devote himself to advancing the Catholic cause by means of the press, and in July of that year he established the "Orthodox Journal and Catholic Monthly Intelligencer". He was materially aided by Bishop Milner, but in 1820 he was obliged to suspend publication. During this period he began the publication in Glasgow of a weekly pamphlet, "The Catholic Vindicator", but pecuniary losses compelled him to abandon it after one year. With the assistance of Bishop Milner, he established in December, 1820, a weekly newspaper, "The Catholic Advocate of Civil and Religious Liberty", which was discontinued nine months later. In January, 1822, two periodicals were established, one, "The Catholic Miscellany", devoted to Catholic interests, with a nominal editor, but under the control of Andrews; the other, "The People's Advocate", exclusively political, under his avowed editorship. The "Advocate" lived only seven weeks, and after two months the sole editorship of the other devolved on Andrews. He continued it for several months. In September, 1824, he established a weekly paper, "The Truth Teller", which lasted for twelve months, and was afterwards continued as a pamphlet, but finally discontinued in 1829 through lack of support. "The Truth Teller" is noted for the vigour with which it assailed O'Connell.

It would seem that his zeal for starting Catholic papers makes him either directly or indirectly, responsible also for the inception, 2 April, 1825, of "The Truth Teller", New York's first distinctly Catholic paper. There is no direct information extant now as to the details of his connection with the New York paper, or whether the idea was to have it as a sort of local edition of the London publication. The first six issues, however, bear the imprint of "William E. Andrews & Co." as the publishers. Then the name of the publishing firm is changed to George Pardow and William Denman, without any reason being assigned. George Pardow was an English Catholic and so was Denman, both having emigrated to New York a few years before. In the early issues of the New York "Truth Teller" there are constant references to the work of Andrews in London, showing an intimate relationship, but never, however, giving any positive statement as to a business connection. (See CATHOLIC PRESS.)

Andrews again revived the "Orthodox Journal", which he subsequently continued as "The British Liberator", and later as "Andrews's Constitutional Preceptor". From 1832 to 1834, he issued as a weekly paper, "Andrews's Penny Orthodox Journal", which after three months became "The London and Dublin Orthodox Journal". It was continued after his death by his son. In 1826 Andrews had established a society known as "The Friends of Civil and Religious Liberty", which in a little more than a year distributed nearly 500,000 tracts. This society was the parent of the "Metropolitan Tract Society" and many similar organizations. In addition to his editorial labours, Andrews wrote: "The Catholic School Book" (1814); "The Historical Narrative of the Horrid Plot and Conspiracy of Titus Oates" (1816); "The Ashton Controversy", eighteen pamphlets (1822-23); "A Critical and Historical Review of Fox's Book of Martyrs" (3 vols., 1824-46); an abridgement of "Plowden's History of Ireland"; "The Catholic Vade Mecum"; "Popery Triumphant" (a satirical pamphlet); "The Two Systems"; and edited "The End of Religious Controversy", by Dr. Milner (1818).

Orthodox Journal, April 1837; HUSENBETH, Life of Dr. Milner (Dublin, 1862); FLANAGAN, History of the Church.

THOMAS GAFFNEY TAFFE