Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Abdal-Malek

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ABDAL-MALEK, or ABDULMELECH, the son of Mirvan, and the fifth caliph of the race of the Ommiades. In his reign the Indies were conquered in the East, and his armies penetrated Spain in the West; he likewise extended his empire toward the South by making himself master of Medina and Mecca. He began his reign in the 65th year of the Hegira, A. D. 684; reigned 25 years and four of his sons successively enjoyed the caliphate.

Source: Collier's New Encyclopedia 1. (1921) New York: P.F. Collier & Son Company. 5.