Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Algiers
ALGIERS, city and capital of Algeria. It consists of a lower European town and an upper Moorish town. The first has a cathedral and an exchange. The latter contains several mosques and the Kasbah, the ancient fortress of the deys. The town is a favorite winter health resort. It has considerable trade; exports wine, wheat, coral, and olive oil. It was for a long time the chief rendezvous of the Algerian pirates; was bombarded by the British under Lord Exmouth, in 1816, and was taken by the French in 1830. Pop. about 200,000.