1942 Declaration by the United Nations

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Declaration by the United Nations  (1942) 
a World War II document agreed to on January 1, 1942 by 26 governments, several of them governments-in-exile. The parties pledged to uphold the Atlantic Charter, to employ all their resources in the war against the Axis powers, and that none of the signatory nations would seek to negotiate a separate peace with Nazi Germany, Italy or Japan in the same manner that the nations of the Triple Entente had agreed not to negotiate a separate peace with any or all of the Central Powers in World War I under the Unity Pact.

A Joint Declaration by the United States, the United Kingdom, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, China, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Poland, South Africa, Yugoslavia

The Governments signatory hereto,

Having subscribed to a common program of purposes and principles embodied in the Joint Declaration of the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland dated August 14, 1941, known as the Atlantic Charter.

Being convinced that complete victory over their enemies is essential to defend life, liberty, independence and religious freedom, and to preserve human rights and justice in their own lands as well as in other lands, and that they are now engaged in a common struggle against savage and brutal forces seeking to subjugate the world,

DECLARE:

(1) Each Government pledges itself to employ its full resources, military or economic, against those members of the Tripartite Pact :and its adherents with which such government is at war.

(2) Each Government pledges itself to cooperate with the Governments signatory hereto and not to make a separate armistice or peace with the enemies.

The foregoing declaration may be adhered to by other nations which are, or which may be, rendering material assistance and contributions in the struggle for victory over Hitlerism.

Done at Washington

January First, 1942


The adherents to the Declaration by the united nations, together with the date of communication of adherence, are as follows:

  • Mexico — June 5, 1942
  • Philippines — June 10, 1942
  • Ethiopia — July 28, 1942
  • Iraq — Jan. 16, 1943
  • Brazil — Feb. 8, 1943
  • Bolivia — Apr. 27, 1943
  • Iran — Sept. 10, 1943
  • Colombia — Dec. 22, 1943
  • Liberia — Feb. 26, 1944
  • France — Dec. 26, 1944
  • Ecuador — Feb. 7, 1945
  • Peru — Feb. 11, 1945
  • Chile — Feb. 12, 1945
  • Paraguay — Feb. 12, 1945
  • Venezuela — Feb. 16, 1945
  • Uruguay — Feb. 23, 1945
  • Turkey — Feb. 24, 1945
  • Egypt — Feb. 27, 1945
  • Saudi — Arabia Mar. 1, 1945
  • Lebanon — Mar. 1, 1945
  • Syria — Mar. 1, 1945


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