Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century/Paulinus, bishop of Tyre
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Paulinus, bishop of Tyre
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Paulinus (3), bp. of Tyre and afterwards of Antioch, a.d. 328–329 (Clinton, F. R.). He was apparently a native of Antioch, and, according to his friend and panegyrist Eusebius (Eus. in Marcell. i. 4, p. 19), filled the office of bp. of Tyre with great splendour, and after the cessation of the persecution rebuilt with great magnificence the cathedral elaborately described by the historian in the inaugural oration delivered by him at its dedication (ib. H. E. x. 4). Paulinus was "claimed by the church of the Antiochenes as their own property," ὡς οἰκείου ἀγαθοῦ μεταποιηθῆναι, and chosen their bishop. According to Philostorgius, he only held his new dignity for half a year before his death (Philost. H. E. iii. 15). Paulinus, like his friend Eusebius of Caesarea, was an Arianizer, claimed by Arius in his letter to Eusebius of Nicomedia as one of his sympathizers (Theod. H. E. i. 5). Eusebius of Caesarea lavishes unstinting praise on his fellow-partisan, dedicates to him his Ecclesiastical History (Eus. H. E. x. 1), and speaks with great indignation of the unfounded charges brought against him by Marcellus, with the view of fixing on him the impious tenet that our blessed Lord is no more than a created being (in Marcell. u.s.).