Edwards's Botanical Register/Appendix to the first twenty-three volumes/A sketch of the vegetation of the Swan River Colony/Miscellaneous Endogens
|←Orchidaceae||Edwards's Botanical Register, Appendix to the First Twenty-three Volumes, A Sketch of the Vegetation of the Swan River Colony by
Of Endogenous plants not included in the two preceding natural orders the number is either inconsiderable, or the supplies sent home have been very deficient; and, with such exceptions as are about to be named, they are of little interest. A Xanthorhæa is spoken of by Frazer, but I have seen no specimens of it. The form most characteristic of the Colony is Laxmannia,265 a genus of small heath-leaved shrubs, with capitate white membranous flowers, usually collected in heads upon the end of leafless scapes; of one of these curious, and rather pretty plants, there is a figure at Plate VII. A; some others266 also occur, but they are of no beauty. Two
(265) Laxmannia grandiflora (Tab. VILA); foliis erectis apice spinosis scapo multò brevioribus, capitulis multifloris basi obtusis.
(266) Laxmannia squarrosa; foliis squarroso-recurvis apice setiferis scapo multò brevioribus, capitulis paucifloris basi acutis.
(267) Laxmannia sessilis; foliis squarroso-recurvis apice piliferis, capitulis sessilibus foliis brevioribus.
(268) Laxmannia ramosa; caule nitido ramoso apicibus tantum folioso, foliis erectis pungentibus scaporum longitudine, capitulis paucifloris sphæricis basi intrusis.
other sets of plants with a singular aspect, and belonging more particularly to the west coast, are Borya and Johnsonia. Of the former there are two species, B. scirpoidea269 (Tab. IX. A) and B. sphærocephala, R. Br., little tufted rush-leaved plants, with dense heads of white flowers, supported by stiff leafy bracts; I mention these chiefly for the purpose of remarking that their ovary has been incorrectly described as trilocular; it is undoubtedly unilocular with three parietal placentæ, and the genus itself appears to belong to Xyridaceæ. Of Johnsonia, with its hop-like heads, there are two very pretty species, namely, J. hirta,270 Plate VII. B; and J. pubescens, both much smaller than the J. lupulina of the South coast.
All the preceding, although very striking plants, in consequence of their unusual forms, are of no moment to the searcher after ornamental flowers; but of the latter there are a few that are very handsome, and several which deserve to be introduced. In the first place there is that most beautiful plant Calectasia cyanea, R. Br., a bush like an Andersonia, with quantities of large blue flowers with deep orange-coloured anthers; this is the handsomest Endogen in the Colony. Next to this must be placed Stypandra grandiflora,272 an erect plant, with leafy stems one and half to two feet high, loaded with large panicled blue flowers; and several Cæsias,273 all of which, except C. micrantha are beautiful. Of other Liliaceæ the most worth notice are a
(269) Borya scirpoidea (Tab. IX. A); acaulls cæspitosa, foliis erectis scapo breviorious, capitulo turbinate bracteis breviore.
(270) Johnsonia hirta (Tab. VII. B); foliis scapoque subæqualibus incano-pubescentibus.
(271) Johnsonia pubescens; foliis glaberrimis scapo pubescente longioribus.——This is about the size of J. hirta, and consequently not one-third as large as J. lupulina.
[[#f272|(272) Stypandra grrandiflora; foliis omnibus distinctis estriatis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis glaucis basi vaginantibus simplicibus, floribus paniculatis nutantibus, pedicellis nudis.
(273) Cæsia hirsuta; caule ancipiti simplici, floribus erectis cymosis, pedunculis sepalisque hirsutis, foliis linearibus acuminatis.
(274) Cæsia versicolor; foliis radicalibus binis angustè oblongis scapo aphyllo corymboso paniculato duplò brevioribus, floribus erectis.——Flowers pink, changing to deep blue.
(275) Cæsia micrantha; foliis linearibus erectis scapo longioribus, paniculâ racemosâ, floribus erectis fasciculatis pedicellorum longitudine.
new Sowerbæa,276 with pretty pink heads like those of an Allium, and several species of Thysanotus,277 among which is the fine Thysanotus triandrus, R. Br.; of the latter genus some are already in gardens, a few others are named below, and there are several less deserving to be mentioned.
Of Melanthaceæ there are two new species of Burchardia,280 besides B. umbellata, R. Br., Philydrum pygmæum, R. Br., Cartonema spicatum R. Br., and an Anguillaria, which does not seem different from the A. dioica of the East coas ; together with several fine species of Patersonia,282 among which are P. lanata and occidentalis of R. Br.
Many species of Grasses, Sedges, and similar plants have also been sent home, but they have no connection with Horticultural objects.
(276) Sowerbæa laxiflora; foliis scapo subæqualibus, pedicellis floribus duplò longioribus, sepalis petalisque ovatis obtusis, antherarum loculis elongatis.
(277) Thysanotus anceps; hexandrus, caule paniculato ancipiti aphyllo, umbellis terminalibus paucifloris, squamis ovatis foliorum loco.
(278) Thysanotus asper; hexandrus, foliis filiformibus scapoque duplo longiore scabris hirsutis, umbellâ pauciflorâ, pedicellis floribus brevioribus.———Flowers large purple.
(279) Asparagus micranthus; caule ramosissimo intricato ramulis divaricatis, floribus minimis solitariis cernuis.
(280) Burchardia multiflora; foliis scapi basi cucullatis, umbella 20-flora, pedicellis perisphæricis horizontalibus.
(281) Burchardia congesta; foliis scapi basi simplicibus radicali longissimo lineari, umbellâ pauciflorâ congestâ, pedicellis florum longitudine.
(282) Patersonia pygmæa; foliis ensiformibus ciliatis scapo lanato longioribus, spathâ glabrâ carinâ lanuginosâ.———Tota planta 3 poll. alta.
(283) Patersonia juncea; foliis linearibus acuminatis glabris scapo sulcato glabro brevioribus, spathâ glaberrimâ.———Palmaris.