Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007/Title IV

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Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007
United States Congress
Title IV: Energy Savings In Buildings And Industry

TITLE IV— ENERGY SAVINGS IN BUILDINGS AND INDUSTRY[edit]

SEC. 401. DEFINITIONS.[edit]

In this title:
(1) ADMINISTRATOR—
The term `Administrator' means the Administrator of General Services.
(2) ADVISORY COMMITTEE—
The term `Advisory Committee' means the Green Building Advisory Committee established under section 484.
(3) COMMERCIAL DIRECTOR—
The term `Commercial Director' means the individual appointed to the position established under section 421.
(4) CONSORTIUM—
The term `Consortium' means the High-Performance Green Building Partnership Consortium created in response to section 436(c)(1) to represent the private sector in a public-private partnership to promote high-performance green buildings and zero-net-energy commercial buildings.
(5) COST-EFFECTIVE LIGHTING TECHNOLOGY-
(A) IN GENERAL—
The term `cost-effective lighting technology' means a lighting technology that—
(i) will result in substantial operational cost savings by ensuring an installed consumption of not more than 1 watt per square foot; or
(ii) is contained in a list under—
(I) section 553 of Public Law 95-619 (42 U.S.C. 8259b);
(II) Federal acquisition regulation 23-203; and
(III) is at least as energy-conserving as required by other provisions of this Act, including the requirements of this title and title III which shall be applicable to the extent that they would achieve greater energy savings than provided under clause (i) or this clause.
(B) INCLUSIONS—
The term `cost-effective lighting technology' includes—
(i) lamps;
(ii) ballasts;
(iii) luminaires;
(iv) lighting controls;
(v) daylighting; and
(vi) early use of other highly cost-effective lighting technologies.
(6) COST-EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND PRACTICES—
The term `cost-effective technologies and practices' means a technology or practice that—
(A) will result in substantial operational cost savings by reducing electricity or fossil fuel consumption, water, or other utility costs, including use of geothermal heat pumps;
(B) complies with the provisions of section 553 of Public Law 95-619 (42 U.S.C. 8259b) and Federal acquisition regulation 23-203; and
(C) is at least as energy and water conserving as required under this title, including sections 431 through 435, and title V, including sections 511 through 525, which shall be applicable to the extent that they are more stringent or require greater energy or water savings than required by this section.
(7) FEDERAL DIRECTOR—
The term `Federal Director' means the individual appointed to the position established under section 436(a).
(8) FEDERAL FACILITY—
The term `Federal facility' means any building that is constructed, renovated, leased, or purchased in part or in whole for use by the Federal Government.
(9) OPERATIONAL COST SAVINGS-
(A) IN GENERAL—
The term `operational cost savings' means a reduction in end-use operational costs through the application of cost-effective technologies and practices or geothermal heat pumps, including a reduction in electricity consumption relative to consumption by the same customer or at the same facility in a given year, as defined in guidelines promulgated by the Administrator pursuant to section 329(b) of the Clean Air Act, that achieves cost savings sufficient to pay the incremental additional costs of using cost-effective technologies and practices including geothermal heat pumps by not later than the later of the date established under sections 431 through 434, or—
(i) for cost-effective technologies and practices, the date that is 5 years after the date of installation; and
(ii) for geothermal heat pumps, as soon as practical after the date of installation of the applicable geothermal heat pump.
(B) INCLUSIONS—
The term `operational cost savings' includes savings achieved at a facility as a result of—
(i) the installation or use of cost-effective technologies and practices; or
(ii) the planting of vegetation that shades the facility and reduces the heating, cooling, or lighting needs of the facility.
(C) EXCLUSION—
The term `operational cost savings' does not include savings from measures that would likely be adopted in the absence of cost-effective technology and practices programs, as determined by the Administrator.
(10) GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP—
The term `geothermal heat pump' means any heating or air conditioning technology that—
(A) uses the ground or ground water as a thermal energy source to heat, or as a thermal energy sink to cool, a building; and
(B) meets the requirements of the Energy Star program of the Environmental Protection Agency applicable to geothermal heat pumps on the date of purchase of the technology.
(11) GSA FACILITY-
(A) IN GENERAL—
The term `GSA facility' means any building, structure, or facility, in whole or in part (including the associated support systems of the building, structure, or facility) that—
(i) is constructed (including facilities constructed for lease), renovated, or purchased, in whole or in part, by the Administrator for use by the Federal Government; or
(ii) is leased, in whole or in part, by the Administrator for use by the Federal Government—
(I) except as provided in subclause (II), for a term of not less than 5 years; or
(II) for a term of less than 5 years, if the Administrator determines that use of cost-effective technologies and practices would result in the payback of expenses.
(B) INCLUSION—
The term `GSA facility' includes any group of buildings, structures, or facilities described in subparagraph (A) (including the associated energy-consuming support systems of the buildings, structures, and facilities).
(C) EXEMPTION—
The Administrator may exempt from the definition of `GSA facility' under this paragraph a building, structure, or facility that meets the requirements of section 543(c) of Public Law 95-619 (42 U.S.C. 8253(c)).
(12) HIGH-PERFORMANCE BUILDING—
The term `high-performance building' means a building that integrates and optimizes on a life cycle basis all major high performance attributes, including energy conservation, environment, safety, security, durability, accessibility, cost-benefit, productivity, sustainability, functionality, and operational considerations.
(13) HIGH-PERFORMANCE GREEN BUILDING—
The term `high-performance green building' means a high-performance building that, during its life-cycle, as compared with similar buildings (as measured by Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey or Residential Energy Consumption Survey data from the Energy Information Agency)—
(A) reduces energy, water, and material resource use;
(B) improves indoor environmental quality, including reducing indoor pollution, improving thermal comfort, and improving lighting and acoustic environments that affect occupant health and productivity;
(C) reduces negative impacts on the environment throughout the life-cycle of the building, including air and water pollution and waste generation;
(D) increases the use of environmentally preferable products, including biobased, recycled content, and nontoxic products with lower life-cycle impacts;
(E) increases reuse and recycling opportunities;
(F) integrates systems in the building;
(G) reduces the environmental and energy impacts of transportation through building location and site design that support a full range of transportation choices for users of the building; and
(H) considers indoor and outdoor effects of the building on human health and the environment, including—
(i) improvements in worker productivity;
(ii) the life-cycle impacts of building materials and operations; and
(iii) other factors that the Federal Director or the Commercial Director consider to be appropriate.
(14) LIFE-CYCLE—
The term `life-cycle', with respect to a high-performance green building, means all stages of the useful life of the building (including components, equipment, systems, and controls of the building) beginning at conception of a high-performance green building project and continuing through site selection, design, construction, landscaping, commissioning, operation, maintenance, renovation, deconstruction or demolition, removal, and recycling of the high-performance green building.
(15) LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT—
The term `life-cycle assessment' means a comprehensive system approach for measuring the environmental performance of a product or service over the life of the product or service, beginning at raw materials acquisition and continuing through manufacturing, transportation, installation, use, reuse, and end-of-life waste management.
(16) LIFE-CYCLE COSTING—
The term `life-cycle costing', with respect to a high-performance green building, means a technique of economic evaluation that—
(A) sums, over a given study period, the costs of initial investment (less resale value), replacements, operations (including energy use), and maintenance and repair of an investment decision; and
(B) is expressed—
(i) in present value terms, in the case of a study period equivalent to the longest useful life of the building, determined by taking into consideration the typical life of such a building in the area in which the building is to be located; or
(ii) in annual value terms, in the case of any other study period.
(17) OFFICE OF COMMERCIAL HIGH-PERFORMANCE GREEN BUILDINGS—
The term `Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings' means the Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings established under section 421(a).
(18) OFFICE OF FEDERAL HIGH-PERFORMANCE GREEN BUILDINGS—
The term `Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings' means the Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings established under section 436(a).
(19) PRACTICES—
The term `practices' means design, financing, permitting, construction, commissioning, operation and maintenance, and other practices that contribute to achieving zero-net-energy buildings or facilities.
(20) ZERO-NET-ENERGY COMMERCIAL BUILDING—
The term `zero-net-energy commercial building' means a commercial building that is designed, constructed, and operated to—
(A) require a greatly reduced quantity of energy to operate;
(B) meet the balance of energy needs from sources of energy that do not produce greenhouse gases;
(C) therefore result in no net emissions of greenhouse gases; and
(D) be economically viable.

Subtitle A— Residential Building Efficiency[edit]

Sec. 411. Reauthorization Of Weatherization Assistance Program.
Sec. 412. Study Of Renewable Energy Rebate Programs.
Sec. 413. Energy Code Improvements Applicable To Manufactured Housing.

Subtitle B— High-Performance Commercial Buildings[edit]

Sec. 421. Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings.
Sec. 422. Zero Net Energy Commercial Buildings Initiative.
Sec. 423. Public Outreach.

Subtitle C— High-Performance Federal Buildings[edit]

Sec. 431. Energy Reduction Goals For Federal Buildings.
Sec. 432. Management Of Energy And Water Efficiency In Federal Buildings.
Sec. 433. Federal Building Energy Efficiency Performance Standards.
Sec. 434. Management Of Federal Building Efficiency.
Sec. 435. Leasing.
Sec. 436. High-Performance Green Federal Buildings.
Sec. 437. Federal Green Building Performance.
Sec. 438. Storm Water Runoff Requirements For Federal Development Projects.
Sec. 439. Cost-Effective Technology Acceleration Program.
Sec. 440. Authorization Of Appropriations.
Sec. 441. Public Building Life-Cycle Costs.

Subtitle D— Industrial Energy Efficiency[edit]

Sec. 451. Industrial Energy Efficiency.
Sec. 452. Energy-Intensive Industries Program.
Sec. 453. Energy Efficiency For Data Center Buildings.

Subtitle E— Healthy High-Performance Schools[edit]

Sec. 461. Healthy High-Performance Schools.
Sec. 462. Study On Indoor Environmental Quality In Schools.

Subtitle F— Institutional Entities[edit]

Sec. 471. Energy Sustainability And Efficiency Grants And Loans For Institutions.

Subtitle G— Public And Assisted Housing[edit]

Sec. 481. Application Of International Energy Conservation Code To Public And Assisted Housing.

Subtitle H— General Provisions[edit]

Sec. 491. Demonstration Project.
Sec. 492. Research And Development.
Sec. 493. Environmental Protection Agency Demonstration Grant Program For Local Governments.
Sec. 494. Green Building Advisory Committee.
Sec. 495. Advisory Committee On Energy Efficiency Finance.