English Folk-Carols/The Ten Joys of Mary
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The Ten Joys of Mary
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|Cecil Sharp by a Mrs. Jane Duddridge at Mark, Somerset]an English Marian folk carol of medieval origin usually performed at Christmas, most commonly performed today as "The Seven Joys of Mary". This regional variant was collected in the early part of the 20th century in Somerset, it was performed to|
Cecil Sharp's note
This carol has already been printed in Folk-Songs from Somerset (No. 125).
The words given in the text are those which Mrs. Duddridge sang to me. She learned them from her grandfather. Of several variants that I have collected all, with one exception, conclude with the seventh Joy. One version, however, noted in Gloucestershire, gives twelve Joys, the fourth lines of the last two stanzas running "To have the keys of heaven" and "To have the keys of hell."
The "ten gentlemen" in the Somerset variant may possibly refer to the cleansing of the ten lepers. The Gloucestershire singer sang "To write with a golden pen", which is probably a fanciful rendering invented for the sake of the rhyme.
Sandys prints two versions of the words, the first of which, "Joyis five", is from the Sloane MS. The scheme of this is similar to that of the Somerset carol but the wording is different. The other is almost identical with the first stanzas of Mrs. Duddridge's version.
The carol with a traditional air is in Bramlev and Stainer's collection. The words are on broadsides by Evans and Thompson.
This work was published before January 1, 1923, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.