Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man

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Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man  (1785) 
by Thomas Reid (1710-1796)
1785


    CONTENTS.  
       
      Page
    PREFACE 1
       
    ESSAY I. PRELIMINARY.  
Chap. 1. Explication of words, 9
2. Principles taken for granted, 36
3. Of hypotheses, 46
4. Of analogy, 52
5. Of the proper means of knowing the operations of the mind, 57
6. Of the difficulty of attending to the operations of our own minds, 61
7. Division of the powers of the mind, 67
8. Of social operations of mind, 72
         
    ESSAY II. OF THE POWERS WE HAVE BY MEANS OF OUR EXTERNAL SENSES.  
Chap. 1. Of the organs of sense, 75
2. Of the impressions on the organs, nerves, and brain, 79
3. Hypotheses concerning the nerves and brain, 82
4. False conclusions drawn from the impressions before mentioned, 94
5. Of perception, 105
6. What it is to account for a phaemomenon in Nature, 112
7. Sentiments of Philosophers about the perceptions of external objects; and, first, Of the theory of Father Malebranche, 115
8. Of the common theory of perception, and of the sentiments of the Peripatetics, and of Des Cartes, 125
9. Of the sentiments of Mr Locke, 143
10. Of the sentiments of Bishop Berkeley, 156
11. Bishop Berkeley's sentiments of the nature of ideas, 174
12. Of the sentiments of Mr Hume, 185
13. Of the sentiments of Anthony Arnauld, 190
14. Reflections on the common theory of ideas, 197
15. Account of the system of Leibnitz, 218
16. Of sensation, 226
17. Of the objects of perception; and, first, Of primary and secondary qualities, 235
18. Of other objects of perception, 248
19. Of matter and of space, 257
20. Of the evidence of sense, and of belief in general, 267
21. Of the improvement of the senses, 278
22. Of the fallacy of the senses, 288
       
    ESSAY III. OF MEMORY.  
Chap. 1. Things obvious and certain with regard to memory, 303
2. Memory an original faculty, 306
3. Of duration, 310
4. Of identity, 315
5. Of Mr Locke's account of the origin of our ideas, and particularly of the idea of duration, 322
6. Of Mr Locke's account of our personal identity, 332
7. Theories concerning memory, 338
       
    ESSAY IV. OF CONCEPTION.  
Chap. 1. Of conception, or simple apprehension in general, 357
2. Theories concerning conception, 378
3. Mistakes concerning conception, 395
4. Of the train of thought in the mind, 405
       
    ESSAY V. OF ABSTRACTION.  
Chap. 1. Of general words, 431
2. Of general conceptions, 438
3. Of general conceptions formed by analysing objects, 445
4. Of general conceptions formed by combination, 455
5. Observations concerning the names given to our general notions, 471
6. Opinions of Philosophers about universals, 475
       
    ESSAY VI. OF JUDGMENT.  
Chap. 1. Of judgment in general, 497
2. Of common sense, 519
3. Sentiments of Philosophers concerning judgment, 532
4. Of first principles in general, 555
5. The first principles of contingent truths, 575
6. First principles of necessary truths, 605
7. Opinions, ancient and modern, about first principles, 632
8. Of prejudices, the causes of error, 651
       
    ESSAY VII. OF REASONING.  
Chap. 1. Of reasoning in general, and of demonstration, 671
2. Whether morality be capable of demonstration, 678
3. Of probable reasoning, 689
4. Of Mr Hume's scepticism with regard to reason, 697
       
    ESSAY VIII. OF TASTE.  
Chap. 1. Of taste in general, 713
2. Of the objects of taste, and first of novelty, 721
3. Of grandeur, 725
4. Of beauty, 737
This work published before January 1, 1923 is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.