Executive Order 13477

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Signed by President  George W. Bush  Friday, October 31, 2008 Federal Register  page & date: 73 FR 65965, Wednesday, November 5, 2008
See the Notes section for a list of Executive Orders affected by or related to the issuance of this Executive Order.

Executive Order 13477 of October 31, 2008

Settlement of Claims Against Libya


By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and pursuant to the August 14, 2008, claims settlement agreement between the United States of America and Libya (Claims Settlement Agreement), and in recognition of the October 31, 2008, certification of the Secretary of State, pursuant to section 5(a)(2) of the Libyan Claims Resolution Act (Public Law 110–301), and in order to continue the process of normalizing relations between the United States and Libya, it is hereby ordered as follows:


Section 1. All claims within the terms of Article I of the Claims Settlement Agreement (Article I) are settled.

(a) Claims of United States nationals within the terms of Article I are espoused by the United States and are settled according to the terms of the Claims Settlement Agreement.
(i) No United States national may assert or maintain any claim within the terms of Article I in any forum, domestic or foreign, except under the procedures provided for by the Secretary of State.
(ii) Any pending suit in any court, domestic or foreign, by United States nationals (including any suit with a judgment that is still subject to appeal or other forms of direct judicial review) coming within the terms of Article I shall be terminated.
(iii) The Secretary of State shall provide for procedures governing applications by United States nationals with claims within the terms of Article I for compensation for those claims.
(iv) The Attorney General shall enforce this subsection through all appropriate means, which may include seeking the dismissal, with prejudice, of any claim of a United States national within the terms of Article I pending or filed in any forum, domestic or foreign.
(b) Claims of foreign nationals within the terms of Article I are settled according to the terms of the Claims Settlement Agreement.
(i) No foreign national may assert or maintain any claim coming within the terms of Article I in any court in the United States.
(ii) Any pending suit in any court in the United States by foreign nationals (including any suit with a judgment that is still subject to appeal or other forms of direct judicial review) coming within the terms of Article I shall be terminated.
(iii) Neither the dismissal of the lawsuit, nor anything in this order, shall affect the ability of any foreign national to pursue other available remedies for claims coming within the terms of Article I in foreign courts or through the efforts of foreign governments.
(iv) The Attorney General shall enforce this subsection through all appropriate means, which may include seeking the dismissal, with prejudice, of any claim of a foreign national within the terms of Article I pending or filed in any court in the United States.


Sec. 2. For purposes of this order:

(a) The term ‘‘United States national’’ has the same meaning as ‘‘national of the United States’’ in section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a) (22)), but also includes any entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches).
(b) The term ‘‘foreign national’’ means any person other than a United States national.
(c) The term ‘‘person’’ means any individual or entity, including both natural and juridical persons.
(d) The term ‘‘entity’’ means a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization.


Sec. 3. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, instrumentalities, or entities, its officers or employees, or any other person.


GEORGE W. BUSH

THE WHITE HOUSE,

October 31, 2008.
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).