Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar/167. Aposiopesis, Anacoluthon, Involved Series of Sentences

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§167. Aposiopesis, Anacoluthon, Involved Series of Sentences..

167a 1. Aposiopesis is the concealment or suppression of entire sentences or clauses, which are of themselves necessary to complete the sense,[1] and therefore must be supplied from the context. This is especially frequent after conditional clauses; besides the examples already given in §159dd, cf. also Ex 3232 (the LXX and Samaritan supply שָׂא); Nu 520, Ju 916 (in verse 19, after a long parenthesis, an imperative follows as the apodosis to this conditional clause); 1 S 1214 f., 2 S 58 (where indeed the text is probably very corrupt; cf. the addition in 1 Ch 116); 2 S 2317, ψ 2713, 1 Ch 410. For other examples of various kinds, see §117l, and especially §147; in Aramaic, Dn 315.—On Gn 322, cf. §152w at the end.

167b 2. Anacoluthon is the change from a construction which has been already begun to one of a different kind. It is found especially after long parentheses, because the speaker has either lost sight of the beginning of his sentence, or for the sake of clearness purposely makes a new beginning; thus Gn 2013, 3152 and Ez 3410 (cf. §149 at the end); Nu 1421 ff., 3220 ff., Dt 172 ff., 241 ff., 2921 ff., Ju 1011 (where, after a series of intermediate sentences, the predicate I saved you is suppressed; but the text can hardly be correct); perhaps also Is 6618 (cf., however, Delitzsch on the passage, which is certainly corrupt).[2] On Gn 2313 (לוּ with the imperative), see §110e.

167c 3. We may mention as instructive examples of involved series of sentences Gn 2414 and v. 42 ff., and Gn 286 ff.

  1. But those cases are not to be regarded as examples of aposiopesis, in which the answer, being closely connected with the question, is given simply in the infinitive with לְ; cf. §147a, note 1.
  2. On the other hand, from the Semitic point of view the various kinds of compound sentences are not to be regarded as instances of anacoluthon, e.g. Gn 1714.17, nor even Gn 3140 (cf. §143).