Help:Copyright tags

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H:CT
Works should be tagged with a template that identifies their license status according to Wikisource's copyright policy. Select the most appropriate license from these categories. The templates on this page are ordered from top to bottom in the order that they are preferred; the first that applies is often the recommended template. Please note that noncommercial, fair use, and most copyright licenses are not acceptable; see the copyright policy.

Note that in some cases, more than one tag applies.

For official texts, refer to Official texts.

General licenses (recommended)[edit]

Public domain[edit]

Tag code Visible template
{{PD-old}}
This work was published before January 1, 1923, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.
 
{{PD-author-release}}
This work is in the public domain worldwide because it has been so released by the author.
 
{{PD-release}}
This work is in the public domain worldwide because it has been so released by the copyright holder.
 
{{PD-self}}
I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. This applies worldwide.

In case this is not legally possible:
I grant anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

 


{{MultiLicensePD}}
Multi-licensed into the public domain
I agree to multi-license my eligible text contributions, unless otherwise stated, under the GFDL and into the public domain. Please be aware that other contributors might not do the same, so if you want to use my contributions in the public domain, please check the multi-licensing guide.


{{PD-ineligible}}
This work is ineligible for copyright and therefore in the public domain, because it consists entirely of information that is common property and contains no original authorship.
 
{{PD-old-80}}
This work is in the public domain in countries where the copyright term is the author's life plus 80 years or less.
Nuvola apps important.svg
It is not necessarily in the public domain in the United States if published from 1923 to 1977. For a US-applicable version, see {{PD-1996}}.
 
{{PD-old-75}}
This work is in the public domain in countries where the copyright term is the author's life plus 75 years or less.
Nuvola apps important.svg
It is not necessarily in the public domain in the United States if published from 1923 to 1977. For a US-applicable version, see {{PD-1996}}.
 
{{PD-old-70}}
This work is in the public domain in countries where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less.
Nuvola apps important.svg
It is not necessarily in the public domain in the United States if published from 1923 to 1977. For a US-applicable version, check {{PD-1996}} and {{PD-URAA-same-year}} for relevant use.
 
{{PD-anon-1923}}
This work was published before January 1, 1923 and it is anonymous or pseudonymous due to unknown authorship. It is in the public domain in the United States as well as countries and areas where the copyright terms of anonymous or pseudonymous works are 91 years or less since publication.
 


{{PD-art}}
This image is in the public domain in many countries as a reproduction of a work of art whose copyright has expired.
 

Automated public domain licenses[edit]

Pd/1923 series[edit]

{{Pd/1923}} is for works eligible for {{PD-1923}}, but with enhanced function. Depending on how long an author has died, entering {{Pd/1923|author's death year}} will automatically pick:

Tag code Visible template
{{PD-old-99-1923}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 99 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


{{PD-old-80-1923}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 80 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 
{{PD-old-75-1923}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 75 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


{{PD-old-70-1923}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


{{PD-old-60-1923}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 60 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


{{PD-old-50-1923}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 50 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


{{PD-old-30-1923}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 30 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


{{PD-old-25-1923}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 25 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


Pd/1996 series[edit]

{{Pd/1996}} is for works eligible for {{PD-1996}}, but with enhanced function. Depending on how long an author has died, entering {{Pd/1996|author's death year}} will automatically pick:

Tag code Visible template
{{PD-old-100-1996}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was in the public domain in its home country as of 1 January 1996, and was never published in the US prior to that date.

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 100 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


{{PD-old-99-1996}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days), and it was first published before 1989 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities (renewal and/or copyright notice) and it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 99 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


{{PD-old-80-1996}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days), and it was first published before 1989 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities (renewal and/or copyright notice) and it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 80 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


{{PD-old-75-1996}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days), and it was first published before 1989 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities (renewal and/or copyright notice) and it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 75 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 
{{PD-old-70-1996}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days), and it was first published before 1989 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities (renewal and/or copyright notice) and it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


{{PD-old-60-1996}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days), and it was first published before 1989 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities (renewal and/or copyright notice) and it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 60 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


{{PD-old-50-1996}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days), and it was first published before 1989 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities (renewal and/or copyright notice) and it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).

The author died in {{{1}}}, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 50 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

 


PD-anon-1996 series[edit]

{{PD-anon-1996}} is for anonymous and pseudonymous works eligible for {{PD-1996}}. Depending on how long an anonymous and pseudonymous work has been published, entering {{PD-anon-1996|year when work was published}} will automatically pick:

Tag code Visible template
{{PD-anon-80-1996}}
This anonymous or pseudonymous work is in the public domain in the United States because it was in the public domain in its home country or area as of 1 January 1996, and was never published in the US prior to that date. It is also in the public domain in other countries and areas where the copyright terms of anonymous or pseudonymous works are 80 years or less since publication.
 


{{PD-anon-70-1996}}
This anonymous or pseudonymous work is in the public domain in the United States because it was in the public domain in its home country or area as of 1 January 1996, and was never published in the US prior to that date. It is also in the public domain in other countries and areas where the copyright terms of anonymous or pseudonymous works are 70 years or less since publication.
 


{{PD-anon-60-1996}}
This anonymous or pseudonymous work is in the public domain in the United States because it was in the public domain in its home country or area as of 1 January 1996, and was never published in the US prior to that date. It is also in the public domain in other countries and areas where the copyright terms of anonymous or pseudonymous works are 60 years or less since publication.
 


PD-posthumous[edit]

{{PD-posthumous}} is to identify posthumous works. Depending on how long a posthumous work has been published, entering {{PD-posthumous|year when a work was posthumously published}} will automatically pick:

Tag code Visible template
{{PD-posthumous-99}}
This posthumous work is in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright terms of posthumous works are 99 years or less since posthumous publication, rather than based on how many years after author's death.
 



{{PD-posthumous-70}}
This posthumous work is in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright terms of posthumous works are 70 years or less since posthumous publication, rather than based on how many years after author's death.
 



{{PD-posthumous-60}}
This posthumous work is in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright terms of posthumous works are 60 years or less since posthumous publication, rather than based on how many years after author's death.
 



{{PD-posthumous-50}}
This posthumous work is in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright terms of posthumous works are 50 years or less since posthumous publication, rather than based on how many years after author's death.
 



{{PD-posthumous-25}}
This posthumous work is in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright terms of posthumous works are 25 years or less since posthumous publication, rather than based on how many years after author's death.
 



Creative Commons[edit]

Please note that non-commercial and non-derivative licenses are prohibited on WikiSource.

Tag code Visible template
{{Cc-by-3.0}}
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

This page must provide all available authorship information.

 
{{CC-by-3.0-us}}
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License. In short: you are free to distribute and modify the file as long as you attribute its author(s) or licensor(s). This page must provide all available authorship information.
{{CC-by-3.0-au}}
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia licence. In short: you are free to distribute and modify the file as long as you attribute its author(s) or licensor(s).This page must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work.
{{CC-BY-2.5}}
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 License.

This page must provide all available authorship information.

 
{{CC-BY-2.0}}
This work is released under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 license, which allows free use, distribution, and creation of derivatives, so long as the license is unchanged and clearly noted, and the original author is attributed.
 
{{CC-BY-SA-3.0}}
This work is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license, which allows free use, distribution, and creation of derivatives, so long as the license is unchanged and clearly noted, and the original author is attributed.
 
{{CC-by-sa-3.0-us}}
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. In short: you are free to share and make derivative works of the file under the conditions that you appropriately attribute it, and that you distribute it only under a license compatible with this one.

This page must provide all available authorship information.

{{CC-BY-SA-2.0}}
This work is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 license, which allows free use, distribution, and creation of derivatives, so long as the license is unchanged and clearly noted, and the original author is attributed.
 

Other free licenses[edit]

Tag code Visible template
{{GFDL}}
This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.
{{FAL}}
This work is licensed under the terms of the FAL Free Art license [1].

Particular cases[edit]

Public Domain[edit]

USA public domain[edit]

Tag code Visible template
{{PD-USGov}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).
{{PD-USGov-Army}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of a member or civilian employee of the United States Army. Works produced in the course of performing official duties are work of the United States federal government and are not eligible for copyright (see 17 U.S.C. 105).
 
{{PD-USGov-NASA}}
This work is in the public domain because it was created by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), whose copyright policy states that "NASA material is not protected by copyright unless noted".
Please note, use of NASA logos are restricted by law, but these are not copyright restrictions
 
{{PD-EdictGov}}
This work is in the public domain in the U.S. because it is an edict of a government, local or foreign. See § 206.01 of the Compendium II: Copyright Office Practices. Such documents include "judicial opinions, administrative rulings, legislative enactments, public ordinances, and similar official legal documents."

These do not include works of the Organization of American States, United Nations, or any of the UN specialized agencies. See Compendium II § 206.03 and 17 U.S.C. 104(b)(5).


Nuvola apps important.svg
A non-American governmental edict may still be copyrighted outside the U.S. Similar to {{PD-in-USGov}}, the above U.S. Copyright Office Practice does not prevent U.S. states or localities from holding copyright abroad, depending on foreign copyright laws and regulations.
 
{{PD-1923}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923. It may be copyrighted outside the U.S. (see Help:Public domain).
{{PD-US-no-notice}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was legally published within the United States (or the United Nations Headquarters in New York subject to Section 7 of the United States Headquarters Agreement) between 1923 and 1977 (inclusive) without a copyright notice.
 
{{PD-US-no-notice-post-1977}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was legally published within the United States (or the United Nations Headquarters in New York subject to Section 7 of the United States Headquarters Agreement) between 1978 and March 1, 1989 (inclusive) without a copyright notice and without subsequent copyright registration with the U.S. Copyright Office within 5 years.
 
{{PD-US-no-renewal}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was legally published within the United States (or the United Nations Headquarters in New York subject to Section 7 of the United States Headquarters Agreement) before 1964, and copyright was not renewed.
For Class A renewals records (books only) published between 1923 and 1963, check the Stanford Copyright Renewal Database and the Rutgers copyright renewal records.
For other renewal records of publications between 1922 - 1950 see the Pennsylvania copyright records scans.
For all records since 1978, search the U.S. Copyright Office records.

 
{{PD-US-unpublished}}
This United States work is in the public domain because it was not legally published with the permission of the copyright holder before 01 January 2003 and the author died more than seventy (70) years ago. This is believed to apply worldwide.
 
{{PD-1996}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was first published outside the United States (and not published in the U.S. within 30 days), and it was first published before 1989 without complying with U.S. copyright formalities (renewal and/or copyright notice) and it was in the public domain in its home country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).
 
{{PD-URAA-same-year}}
This work is considered to be in the public domain in the United States because it was legally published within the United States before 1964 in the same year as it was published overseas, and copyright was not renewed. However, as the URAA requires that a work is published in the United States within 30 days of being published overseas, it is possible this work is still copyright. See also the Rutgers copyright renewal records and Stanford Copyright Renewal Database for further information.
Nuvola apps important.svg
This work may still be copyrighted in jurisdictions not applying the rule of the shorter term to U.S. works.
 
{{PD-old-US}}
This work published after December 31, 2002 is in the public domain in the United States because the author died at least 70 years ago. This is a posthumous work and may be copyrighted in certain countries and areas, based on how many years after posthumous publication, rather than how many years after author's death.

This work may still be copyrighted in jurisdictions not applying the rule of the shorter term to U.S. works.

 

UK public domain[edit]

Tag code Visible template
{{PD-UKGov}}
This work is in the public domain worldwide because the work was created by a public body of the United Kingdom with Crown Status and commercially published before 1964.

See Crown copyright artistic works, Crown copyright non-artistic works and List of Public Bodies with Crown Status.

{{PD-UK-EdictGov}}
This work is in the public domain worldwide because it was prepared or published by or under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), The act gives everyone a legal right to see information held by public bodies of the United Kingdom Government
PD-icon.svg
The United Kingdom Freedom of Information Act provides all public sector information is now available under a free, perpetual licence without restrictions beyond attribution. This material was based on, and designed to work with the Open Government Licence. Notwithstanding, these documents are reproducible under the terms of to work with the Creative Commons licences the unless otherwise indicated.
 

Non-UK public domain[edit]

Tag code Visible template
{{PD-nonUK}}
This work is in the public domain outside the United Kingdom because the author has been deceased at least 100 years.

However, this work is under a perpetual copyright in the United Kingdom until 1 January 2040.

 

Public domain by age (non-US)[edit]

Tag code Visible template
{{PD-old-60}}
This work is in the public domain in countries where the copyright term is the author's life plus 60 years or less.
Nuvola apps important.svg
This alone does not satisfy the Copyright policy requirements, as American non-acceptance of the rule of the shorter term makes it not applicable to the United States where the Wikisource server is located. For a US-applicable version, see {{PD-1996}}.
 
{{PD-old-50}}
This work is in the public domain in countries where the copyright term is the author's life plus 50 years or less.
Nuvola apps important.svg
This alone does not satisfy the Copyright policy requirements, as American non-acceptance of the rule of the shorter term makes it not applicable to the United States where the Wikisource server is located. For a US-applicable version, see {{PD-1996}}.
 

Other countries' public domain[edit]

Tag code Visible template
{{PD-Afghan}}
This work is in the public domain because it was first created in Afghanistan when the country had no existing copyright laws. In addition, any potential Afghan copyrights are non-binding in the United States, according to Circ. 38a of the US Copyright Office..
{{PD-Australia}}
This work is is in the public domain because it was created in Australia and the term of copyright has expired.

See Australian Copyright Council - Duration of Copyright (February 2012).

{{PD-Canada}}

This work is now in the public domain because it originates from Canada and its term of copyright has expired.

According to Canadian copyright law, all private copyrights expire fifty years after the year marking the death of the author. Government works are held under Crown copyright which expires fifty years after publication.

{{PD-Chile}}
This work has fallen into the public domain according to Chilean copyright law (No. 17,336 and its amendments). Nevertheless, its author and source must be acknowledged.
{{PD-DEGov}}
This work is in the public domain according to German copyright law because it is part of a statute, ordinance, official decree or judgment (official work) issued by a German federal or state authority or court (§ 5 Abs.1 UrhG).

Third-party translations are not covered by this licence.

{{PD-EdictGovIndonesian}}
This work is in the public domain in the Republic of Indonesia according to Article 13 of the Copyright Act of Republic of Indonesia because it is an edict of a government such documents include any result of open meetings of state institutions, laws and regulations, state addresses or government official speeches, court decisions and judicial orders or decisions of arbitration boards or of other similar agencies. This work is not eligible for copyright.
{{PD-Ethiopia}}
This work is in the public domain because it was first created in Ethiopia.

Under Title XI of the 1960 Ethiopian Civil Code, copyright exists only during the lifetime of the author.

In addition, any potential Ethiopian copyrights are non-binding in the United States, according to Circ. 38a of the US Copyright Office.


{{PD-India}}
This work is now in the public domain because it originates from India and its term of copyright has expired. According to The Indian Copyright Act, 1957, all documents enter the public domain after sixty years counted from the beginning of the following calendar year (ie. as of 2014, prior to 1 January 1954) after the death of the author.
{{PD-India-CWMG}}
This text is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before 1923. It is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 60 years or less, including India, its source country, since 1 January 2009, sixty years after Gandhi's death, pursuant to s. 22, Copyright Act, 1957 of India. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.
 
{{PD-Iran}}
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was first created in Iran, whose copyright laws are not recognised according to Circ. 38a of the US Copyright Office.

It will remain copyrighted in Iran until 30 years after the death of the author.

{{PD-in-Iran}}
This work is in the public domain in its home country of Iran where it was first published. It is additionally free in the United States, where Iranian copyright is not recognised, according to Circ. 38a of the US Copyright Office.

In the case of a private work, this indicates the author died at least 30 years ago - and in the case or corporate works, that it was first published at least 30 years ago.

{{PD-Ireland public record}}
This work of the Irish President, or of the Oireachtas, is in the public domain as being a public record that has been released by the copyright holder.

OTRS ticket The permission for use of this work has been verified and archived in the Wikimedia OTRS system. Reference: Ticket:2012032510004135

{{PD-MacaoGov}}
This work is in the public domain because it is exempted by Article 6 of Macao copyright law. This exempts official governmental works and their translations from copyright, and explicitly allows copyrighted free use on any protected work therein.
{{PD-NorwayGov}}
This work is in the public domain because it is a part of a decision or a statement by an authority or a public body of Norway. The Norwegian copyright law specifies that no copyright exists in such material (§ 9).
{{PD-NZGov}}
This file is in the public domain because it is listed under the exempted Governmental works outlined by current New Zealand law. The New Zealand copyright law specifies that
   No copyright exists in any of the following works, whenever those works were made:... (§ 27).
Flag of New Zealand.svg  
{{PD-PRC-exempt}}
This work is in the public domain because it is exempted by Article 5 of Chinese copyright law. This exempts all Chinese government and judicial documents, and their official translations, from copyright. It also exempts news on current affairs (the mere facts or happenings reported by the mass media, such as newspapers, periodicals and radio and television stations as defined in Article 5 of the Implementing Regulations of the Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China), and calendars, numerical tables, and other forms of general use and formulas.
{{PD-ROC-exempt}}
This work is in the public domain because it is exempted by Article 9 of the Republic of China's Copyright Act (in effect in the "Free Area"). This excludes from copyright all government and official documents and official translations, including news releases, speeches, laws, and documents. It also excludes from copyright oral and literary news reports strictly intended to communicate facts, test questions from all kinds examinations held pursuant to laws or regulations, slogans and common symbols, terms, formulas, numerical charts, forms, notebooks, or almanacs.
{{PD-Russia}}
This work is in the public domain in Russia. It was published before January 1, 1954, and the creator (if known) died before that date (For veterans of the Great Patriotic War, the critical date is January 1, 1950). Works belonging to the former Soviet government or other Soviet legal entities published before January 1st, 1954, are also public domain in Russia. (This is the effect of the retroactive Russian copyright law of 1993 and the copyright term extension from 50 to 70 years in 2004.)

In addition, a Russian or Soviet work that is in the public domain in Russia according to this rule is in the public domain in the U.S. only if it was in the public domain in Russia in 1996, e.g. if it was published before 1946 (1942 for WWII veterans) and the creator died before that year, and no copyright was registered in the U.S. (This is the combined effect of the retroactive Russian copyright law of 1993, Russia's joining the Berne Convention in 1995, and of 17 USC 104A with its critical date of January 1, 1996.)

{{PD-South Africa}}
This work was created and first published in South Africa and is now in the public domain because its term of copyright has expired. According to the Copyright Act, 1978, texts enter the public domain after fifty years counted from the end of the year of the death of the author (or in the case of works of the government, from the end of the year of publication).

A South African work that is in the public domain in South Africa according to this rule is in the public domain in the U.S. only if it was in the public domain in South Africa in 1996, e.g. if it was published before 1946 and no copyright was registered in the U.S. (This is the effect of 17 USC 104A with its critical date of January 1, 1996.)

{{PD-SpainGov}}
This work is in the public domain worldwide because the work was created by a public body of Spain.

See exception in the article 13 of the Spanish Law of Intellectual Property.

{{PD-Switzerland-official}}
This work is:
  • a law, ordinance, international treaty or other official act
  • a decision, protocol or report by public authorities
  • a piece of currency
  • a patent or patent application

of Switzerland or the Swiss cantons. It is therefore not protected by copyright by virtue of Art. 5 of the Swiss Copyright Act.

{{PD-TH-exempt}}
This work is in the public domain worldwide according to Section 7, Part 1, Chapter 1 of the Copyright Act, BE 2537 (1994) (Translation), for it is a part or whole of these followings:
  1. News of the day and facts having the character of mere information which is not a work in literary, scientific or artistic domain
  2. Constitution and legislations
  3. Regulations, by-laws, notifications, orders, explanations and official correspondence of the Ministries, Departments or any other government or local units
  4. Judicial decisions, orders, decisions and official reports
  5. Translation and collection of those in (1) to (4) made by the Ministries, Departments or any other government or local units
{{PD-VenezuelaGov}}
This work is in the public domain because it is a work of the Venezuelan government and according to the "Law on Copyright", August 14, 1993, Part 1, Chapter 1, Section 1-4:
The texts of laws, decrees, official regulations, public treaties, judicial decisions and other official acts shall not be protected by this Law.

As an edict of a government, it is also in the public domain in the United States.

United Nations public domain[edit]

Tag code Visible template
{{PD-UN}}
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