Hand-book of Volapük/17

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THE IMPERATIV[edit]

The ending of the simple imperativ is öd, following the person-ending.

Gololöd! Go ! (to one person.) Gololsöd! Go ! (to more than one person.) Pafögivolsöd! Be ye forgiven ! Lit binomöd ! Let there be light ! (Be light !) Senitonöd! Pay attention ! (indefinitely.)

There are two modifications of the imperativ, the courteous or softened form in -ös and the harsh form in -öz; called by some grammarians the optativ and the jussiv. The former expresses a request and the latter a positiv command.