Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008/Division B/Title II

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Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008
Division B: Foreclosure Prevention
Title II—MORTGAGE FORECLOSURE PROTECTIONS FOR SERVICEMEMBERS

TITLE II—MORTGAGE FORECLOSURE PROTECTIONS FOR SERVICEMEMBERS

SEC. 2201. TEMPORARY INCREASE IN MAXIMUM LOAN GUARANTY AMOUNT FOR CERTAIN HOUSING LOANS GUARANTEED BY THE SECRETARY OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.[edit]

Notwithstanding subparagraph (C) of section 3703(a)(1) of title 38, United States Code, for purposes of any loan described in subparagraph (A)(i)(IV) of such section that is originated during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on December 31, 2008, the term "maximum guaranty amount" shall mean an amount equal to 25 percent of the higher of—
(1) the limitation determined under section 305(a)(2) of the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation Act (12 U.S.C. 1454(a)(2)) for the calendar year in which the loan is originated for a single-family residence; or
(2) 125 percent of the area median price for a single-family residence, but in no case to exceed 175 percent of the limitation determined under such section 305(a)(2) for the calendar year in which the loan is originated for a single-family residence.

SEC. 2202. COUNSELING ON MORTGAGE FORECLOSURES FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES RETURNING FROM SERVICE ABROAD.[edit]

(a) In General.—The Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement a program to advise members of the Armed Forces (including members of the National Guard and Reserve) who are returning from service on active duty abroad (including service in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom) on actions to be taken by such members to prevent or forestall mortgage foreclosures.
(b) Elements.—The program required by subsection (a) shall include the following:
(1) Credit counseling.
(2) Home mortgage counseling.
(3) Such other counseling and information as the Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of the program.
(c) Timing of Provision of Counseling.—Counseling and other information under the program required by subsection (a) shall be provided to a member of the Armed Forces covered by the program as soon as practicable after the return of the member from service as described in subsection (a).

SEC. 2203. ENHANCEMENT OF PROTECTIONS FOR SERVICEMEMBERS RELATING TO MORTGAGES AND MORTGAGE FORECLOSURES.[edit]

(a) Extension of Period of Protections Against Mortgage Foreclosures.—
(1) Extension of protection period.—Subsection (c) of section 303 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. App. 533) is amended by striking "90 days" and inserting "9 months".
(2) Extension of stay of proceedings period.—Subsection (b) of such section is amended by striking "90 days" and inserting "9 months".
(b) Treatment of Mortgages as Obligations Subject to Interest Rate Limitation.—Section 207 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. App. 527) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking "in excess of 6 percent" the second place it appears and all that follows and inserting "in excess of 6 percent—
"(A) during the period of military service and one year thereafter, in the case of an obligation or liability consisting of a mortgage, trust deed, or other security in the nature of a mortgage; or
"(B) during the period of military service, in the case of any other obligation or liability."; and
(2) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following new subsection:
"(d) Definitions.—In this section:
"(1) Interest.—The term 'interest' includes service charges, renewal charges, fees, or any other charges (except bona fide insurance) with respect to an obligation or liability.
"(2) Obligation or liability.—The term 'obligation or liability' includes an obligation or liability consisting of a mortgage, trust deed, or other security in the nature of a mortgage.".
(c) Effective Date; Sunset.—
(1) Effective date.—The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act.
(2) Sunset.—The amendments made by subsection (a) shall expire on December 31, 2010. Effective January 1, 2011, the provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of section 303 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act, are hereby revived.