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Index:A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative

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Pages   (key to Page Status)   

A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative
i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix xi xii xiii xiv xv xvi xvii xviii xix xx xxi
xxii xxiii xxiv xxv xxvi xxvii 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
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55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74
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115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134
135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154
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CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION: PAGE
Origin and General History 1
PHONOLOGY:  
Orthography and Pronunciation:  
  The Alphabet 9
  The Vowels 11
  The Consonants 18
  Note.—Transcription 29
  Sounds in Combination:  
   Syllabic Division 30
   Diphthongs. Falling Diphthongs 31
   Rising Diphthongs 37
   Ambiguous Groups 41
   Accentuation 47
   Quantity 65
The Aryan Vowels in Keltic 74
Aryan Vowel Gradation 78
Keltic Vowels in British and Welsh 85
  The Short Vowels 85
  Affection of Short Vowels 89
  The Long Vowels 93
  The Diphthongs 97
  Later Modifications of Vowels 110
Vowel Variation in Modern Welsh 116
  Vowel Mutation 116
  Vowel Affection 120
The Aryan Consonants in Keltic and British 122
  The Explosives 124
  The Spirants 133
  The Sonants 147
Interchange of Consonants:  
  Consonant Alternation 155
  Assimilation, Dissimilation, and Metathesis 159
British and Latin Consonants in Welsh:
  The Soft Mutation 161
  The Nasal Mutation 167
  The Spirant Mutation 175
  Initial Mutation 176
  Later Consonant Changes:  
  Loss of Voiced Spirants and Sonants 177
   Provection 181
   Loss of Syllables 188
 
ACCIDENCE:
 
The Article 192
Nouns 194
  Number 195
   Parisyllabic Nouns 195
   Imparisyllabic Nouns 198
   u-stems 198
   n-stems 200
   i-stems 202
   t-stems 206
   r-stems 209
   Vowel Changes 210
   Plural of Nouns with Singular Endings 213
   Plural formed from Derivatives 214
   Double Plurals 215
   Plural Doublets 216
   Singular Doublets 217
   Desynonymized Doublets 218
   Anomalous Plurals 219
   Nouns with no Plural 220
   Nouns with no Singular 221
  Gender 222
  Derivative Nouns 229
Adjectives:  
  Number 234
  Gender 238
  Comparison 241
  Derivative Adjectives 255
Numerals 258
Compound Nouns and Adjectives 260
Pronouns:
  Personal Pronouns 270
  Possessive Adjectives 282
  The Relative Pronoun 284
  Interrogative Pronouns, Adjectives and Adverbs 289
  Demonstrative Pronouns and Adjectives 294
  Pronominalia 299
Verbs 315
  The Regular Verb 317
  Notes and Additional Forms 319
  Origins of the Welsh Verb:  
   The Aryan Verb 330
   The Welsh Verb 331
  Contracted Forms 340
  Irregular Verbs:  
   The Verb 'To Be' 346
   Compounds of the Verb 'To Be' 351
   Af, Gwnaf, Deuaf 359
   Verbs with Old Perfects 369
   Verbs with t-Aorists 372
  Defective Verbs 373
  Verbal Stems 380
  Verbal Nouns 385
  Verbal Adjectives 396
  Compound Verbs 397
Prepositions 397
Adverbs 422
Conjunctions 440
Interjections 450
 
INDEX
453