Index:A treatise upon the law of copyright.djvu

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A treatise upon the law of copyright.djvu

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CONTENTS
Table of English, Scotch, Irish, Indian, and Colonial Cases PAGE

xix

Table of Cases in the United States xxxi

PART I
THE LAW OF COPYRIGHT IN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND THE DOMINIONS OF THE CROWN

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTORY 3
CHAPTER II
WHAT BOOKS ARE PROTECTED
Sec. I. What is an Original Book
Definition of a Book

 Essential Elements of a Book
 Physical Form
 Literary Matter
 Originality
 Examples of what are Books

10

10
11
11
13
15
16

Sec. 2. Publication

 Divestitive Publication
 Investitive Publication
 First Publication within the British Dominions

36

37
38
40

Sec. 3. Author's Nationality 42
Sec. 4. Immoral Works 46
Sec. 5. Registration

 Before Action
 The Requisite Entry
 The Actual Title
 The Time of First Publication
 The Name and Place of Abode of the Publisher
 The Name and Place of Abode of the Proprietor
 Certificate of Registration
 False Entries
 Rectification of Register

46

46
49
49
51
52
52
53
54
54

PAGE

Sec. 6. Delivery of Copies to Libraries 55

Sec. 7. Duration of Protection 56

Sec. 8. Copyright in Lectures 57

��CHAPTER III

THE OWNER OF THE COPYRIGHT IN BOOKS

Sec. I. The Crown 59

Sec. 2. The Universities 61

Sec. 3. The Author 62

Sec. 4. The Employer 66

Under Section 18 66

Scope of Section 67

Under such Employment ........ 68

On Terms that Copyright shall belong to such Proprietor . 68

Joint Employers 71

Payment 71

Author's Separate Rights 72

Employer's Rights where Section 18 does not apply .... 73

Sec. 5. The Assignee 74

Before Publication 74

After Publication 77

Partial Assignment 80

Assignment distinguished from Licence 8i

Sec. 6. The Licensee 82

Sec. 7. The Executors or Administrators 83

Sec. 8. The Trustee in Bankruptcy 83

��CHAPTER IV INFRINGEMENT OF COPYRIGHT IN BOOKS

��Sec. I. Prohibited Acts, and Remedies

Causing to be Printed

Damages .

Account of Profits

Injunction .

Delivery up of Copies

Customs Act

Every Offence .

Limitation of Acti

Pleading

Evidence

Discovery .

Mode of Trial

Costs . Sec. 2. What is a Piratical Copy

What is a Copy ....

A Substantial Part must be Taken

��84

85 86 86 86 89 91 91 91 92

94 94 94 95 96'

97 97

�� � CONTENTS xi

PAGE

No Animus Furandi need be Proved loo

Taking not necessarily for Profit loi

Copying may be Indirect and Unintentional 102

Custom of Trade 102

Fair Use 103

No one can Monopolize a Field of Labour .... 103

No Infringement to take Facts ....... 104

No Infringement to take the General Scheme of another's

Work 105

Every Author must do his own work .105

Work with a Different Object ....... 109

Extract for purpose of Criticism . . . . . .111

Improvement or Addition of New Matter no Excuse . . 112 Dramatization of a Novel . . . . . . . .114

Abridgments 114

Translations . . 116

Licence 118

Abandonment 119

Acquiescence and Delay . . . . . . . . .119

Provision against the Suppression of Books . . . . .119

CHAPTER V

PERFORMING RIGHTS

Sec. I. Nature of Performing Right 120

Sec. 2. Performing Right at Common Law .... 121

Sec. 3. What is a Dramatic Work 123

Sec. 4. What Dramatic Works are Protected, and Duration

of Protection 126

Sec. 5. What is a Musical Composition 130

Sec. 6. What Musical Works are Protected, and Duration

of Protection 130

Sec. 7. Registration of Performing Rights .... 131

Musical Compositions 133

Sec. 8. Assignment of Performing Rights 134

Sec. 9. Infringement of Dramatic Performing Rights . . 135

Public Performance . . 135

Substantial Part 138

Causing to be Represented '139

Knowledge 142

Innocent Agents 142

Licence 142

Sec. 10. Infringement of Musical Performing Rights . . 142

Substantial Part 142

Public Performance ... 143

Causing to be Represented 143

Sec. II. Remedies for Infringement of Dramatic Performing

Rights 144

Sec. 12. Remedies for Infringement of Musical Performing

Rights 145

�� � Xll

��CONTENTS

��CHAPTER VI

��COPYRIGHT IN ENGRAVINGS

Sec. I. What Works are Protected

WTiat is an Original Engraving

Originality ...........

Maps, Charts, and Plans

Engravings in a Book .........

Must the Engraving be made within the British Dominions . The Engraving must be First Published within the British

Dominions .

Date of First Publication and Proprietor's Name ....

Name of Proprietor

Immoral Works

Duration of Protection . .

Sec. 2. The Owner of the Copyright

The Engraver .

The Employer

The Assignee

Sec. 3. Infringement of the Copyright

Prohibited Acts and Remedies

Guilty Knowledge

Limitation of Action

Costs

Copying for Private Use

What is a Piratical Copy

Licence a Defence .........

��PAGE 146

46

47 48 49 50

50 51

51 52 52 52 52 53 54 55 55 56 56 56 56 56 59

��CHAPTER VII

��COPYRIGHT IN SCULPTURE

Sec. I, What Works are Protected 161

What is an Original Sculpture 161

The Sculpture must be First Published within the British Dominions 162

Publication 162

Author's Nationality 162

Proprietor's Name and Date 162

Proprietor's Name ......... 163

Date 163

Immoral Works 163

Duration of Protection 163

Sec. 2. The Owner of the Copyright 164

The Artist 164

The Employer 164

The Assignee 164

�� � CONTENTS xiii

PAGE

Sec. 3. Infringement of the Copyright 164

Prohibited Acts and Remedies 164

Guilty Knowledge . 165

Limitation of Action 165

Copying for Private Use i6c

What is a Piratical Copy 165

��CHAPTER VIII

COPYRIGHT IN PAINTINGS, DRAWINGS, AND PHOTOGRAPHS

Sec. I. What Works are Protected 167

Every Original Painting, Drawing, or Photograph .... 167

Originality 167

Artistic Merit 168

Publication Outside the British Dominions 168

Published ........... 169

Nationality or Residence of Artist 170

Registration 171

The Requisite Entry 171

Name 173

Place of Abode 173

Short Description 173

Duration of Protection . 174

Sec. 2. The Owner of the Copyright 174

The "Author" .... 174

The Employer 175

The Assignee 176

Sec. 3. Infringement 177

Prohibited Acts and Remedies 177

Cause or Procure 178

Innocent Agent 179

Unlawful Copy 179

Separate Offence ,179

Copying for Private Use 180

Action on Breach of Contract 180

Fraudulent Acts 180

Limitation of Action 181

Evidence 181

What is a Piratical Copy . 181

No Monopoly 181

W^at is a Copy 181

General Idea may be Taken 182

Material Part 183

Indirect Taking .......... 184

Guilty Knowledge 184

Replicas 184

Licence a Defence 184

�� � XIV

��CONTENTS

��CHAPTER IX COLONIAL COPYRIGHT

��Books . Artistic Works

��PAGE

1 86 191

��CHAPTER X

INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT

Works Produced in His Majesty's Dominions 193

Works Produced in Foreign Countries with which this Country has

no Treaty 193

Works Produced in Foreign Countries with which this Country has

a Treaty I93

What Foreign Works are entitled to Protection . . . -195

Produced 195

Character of Work 196

Unpublished Work 196

Special Provisions . 197

Works Produced in Foreign Countries before 6th December 1887 . 197

Formalities Required in case of Foreign Work .... 198

Who are Entitled to Sue in respect of a Foreign Work . . . 200

Evidence of Title 200

Protection afforded to Foreign Works 200

Works Published before 6th December 1887 .... 202

Translating Right 203

Articles in Newspapers and Periodicals ..... 204

Photographic Works 204

Performing Right in Dramatic or Dramatic Musical Works . 204

Express Provision as to particular kind of Infringement . . 205

��CHAPTER XI COMMON LAW

��Title — Passing off

Whether Protection is based on a Right of Property in Title

Knowledge of Existence and Value on the part of the Public

Non-user of Title ....

No Fraud need be Proved .

Must be Calculated to Deceive .

Cases in which an Injunction Granted

Cases where Injunction Refused .

Malicious Criticism

Slander of Title

��206 207 208 208 209 209 209 211 213 213

�� � CONTENTS XV

PAGE

Author who has parted with Copyright is entitled to Protect his

Reputation 213

Protection from Breach of Faith or Contract 215

Unpublished Works 220

Speeches and Sermons 223

Letters 225

CHAPTER XII PUBLISHING AND PRINTING AGREEMENTS

Publishers' Agreements 227

Printers' Agreements 230

��PART II

THE LAW OF COPYRIGHT IN THE UNITED STATES

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTORY 235

CHAPTER II

WHAT WORKS ARE ENTITLED TO COPYRIGHT

Sec. I. An Original Literary or Artistic Work . . . 236

Sec. 2. Nationality of the Author 247

Sec. 3. Necessary Formalities 250

Conditions Precedent 251

Dehvery of Title 251

Delivery of Description 253

Delivery of Copies 253

Printing in the United States 254

Retrospective Provision 254

Notice of Copyright 255

Publication 260

Sec. 4. Immoral Works 266

Sec. 5. Duration of Copyright 267

CHAPTER III

WHO IS THE OWNER OF THE COPYRIGHT

Sec. I. The Author 269

Sec. 2. The Employer 271

Sec. 3. The State 272

Sec. 4. The Assignee 272

�� � xvi CONTENTS

CHAPTER IV INFRINGEMENT OF COPYRIGHT

PAGE

Sec. I. What is a Piratical Copy 276

Copying may be Indirect 277

The Intention need not be Bad 277

Proof of Copying .......... 277

No Monopoly in the Subject- Matter 278

Taking a Substantial Part 279

Fair Use 281

Improvement no Excuse 283

Different Object 283

Extract for Review 284

Abridgments 284

Translations 286

Dramatic Performing Right 286

Musical Rights 287

Sec. 2. Prohibited Acts and Remedies 287

Account of Profits 289

Damages 290

Penalties 290

Forfeiture 290

Injunction 291

Who is Liable 291

Limitation of Action 292

Acquiescence 292

Pleading 293

Penalties for affixing False Notice 293

Importing Books Printed outside the United States .... 294

��CHAPTER V

COMMON LAW RIGHTS

Sec. I. Published Work 296

Passing Off 296

Sec. 2. Unpublished Work 298

��APPENDIX

BRITISH STATUTES

The Engraving Copyright Act, 1734 303

The Engraving Copyright Act, 1766 305

The Copyright Act, 1775 (Universities) ...... 307

The Prints Copyright Act, 1777 310

The Sculpture Copyright Act, 1814 311

�� � CONTENTS

The Dramatic Copyright Act, 1833 .... The Lectures Copyright Act, 1S35 .... The Prints and Engravings Copyright Act, 1836 The Copyright Act, 1836 (Compensation to Libraries)

The Copyright Act, 1842

The International Copyright Act, 1844

The Colonial Copyright Act, 1847 ....

Copyright in Designs Act, 1850, sees. 6 and 7 (Sculpture

The International Copyright Act, 1852

The Fine Arts Copyright Act, 1862

The International Copyright Act, 1875 . • .

The Canada Copyright Act, 1875 .

The Customs Laws Consolidation Act, 1876.

The Copyright (Musical Compositions) Act, 1882

The International Copyright Act, 1886

The Copyright (Musical Compositions) Act, 1888

The Revenue Act, 1889

��xvii

PAGE

3^3 315 316

317 317 329 337 338 339 343 348 349 350 351 353 360 361

��INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS

��The Berne Convention, 1886 Order in Council, 1887 The Additional Act of Paris, if Order in Council, 1898

��361 370 373 376

��TREASURY MINUTE

Government Publications Treasury Minute, li

��377

��AMERICAN STATUTES

��Revised Statutes, 1874

Act of Congress, June 18, 1874 .

August I, 1882 .

October i, 1890

March 3, 1891 .

March 3, 1893 .

March 2, 1895 .

January 6, 1897

March 3, 1897 .

��379 384 384 385 385 389 390 390 391

�� �