Index:Democratic Ideals and Reality (1919).djvu
BEING THE HEADS OF ARGUMENT IN THIS BOOK, WITH CHAPTER AND PAGE REFERENCES
I.—The Future and peace, 1; Causes of past wars, 2; Growth of opposing interests, 3; Danger of merely juridical conceptions of the League of Nations, 4; The possibility of a World-Tyranny, 5; The problem stated, 5.
II.—Democratic Idealism, its successive tragedies, 6, and its relation to Reality, 9; The Economic Reality of the 'Going Concern,' 10; The organisers of Going Concerns, 13; The emergence of organisers from Revolution, 14; The organiser and social discipline, 16; The great Organiser is the great Realist, 18; Democratic prejudice against Experts, 19; The organiser thinks strategically, 20; His 'ways and means' mind, 21; Napoleon, 21; Bismarck, 21; The strategical mentality of Prussia, 24; 'Kultur' and strategy, 24; The German war map, 26; Strategical thought in Economics, 29; But Democracy thinks ethically, 31; 'No annexations, no indemnities,' 33; Refuses to think strategically unless compelled to do so for defence, 35; Must fail unless it reckons with both geographical and economic Reality, 36.
III.—The Unity of the Ocean, the first geographical Reality, 38; The consequences not yet fully accepted, 40; Therefore necessary to take a historical view, 41; Contending river-powers in Egypt, 43; The Nile 'closed' by land-power, 44; Contending sea-powers in the Mediterranean, 44; The Mediterranean 'closed' by land-power, 54; The Latin Peninsula as a sea-base, 55; The encompassing of the World-Promontory by sea-power from the Latin peninsular base, 67; Division within the Latin European Peninsula, 69; Hence the opportunity for sea-power from the lesser but insular sea-base of Britain, 70; Of sea-bases in general, 76; Of sea-power in the Great War, 77; The World-Island, 81; The ultimate base of sea-power, 91/
IV.—The World-Island seen from within, 93; The Heartland physically defined, 96; The other Natural Regions, 98; The Arabian Centreland, 112; The mobile riders and the plough-men, 118; The Arab bid for World Empire, 119; The Steppes-belt, 122; The Tartar invasions and their consequences, 125; The Tibetan Heights and the N.W. entries to China and India, 129; The open access from the Heartland to Arabia and to Europe, 134; The Heartland strategically defined, 135; The Black Sea basin included, 136; The Baltic basin included, 140; The Heartland as real a physical fact as the World-Island, 143; The ultimate citadel of land-power, 143.
V.—The Cossack advance over the Heartland, 147; The Russian Homeland, sharply delimited, 148; The real Europe, 153; Divided into East and West Europe, 154; History of the relations of East and West Europe, 155; Their fundamental opposition, 160; Their essential difference, 161; German and Slav in East Europe, 162; Trafalgar seemed to split the stream of history into two for a century, 170; Britain and the Not-Europe, 171; But East Europe is really within the Heartland, and there were no two streams, 176; British and French policy agreed in the Nineteenth Century, 177; The Great War caused by German attempt to control East Europe and the Heartland, 178; The Economic Reality of organised man-power—the Going Concern, 179; Political Economy and National Economy, 180; The great Economic change of 1878, 181; The German policy was to stimulate growth of man-power and then use it to occupy the Heartland, 182; But Laissez-faire also a policy of Empire, 186; Clash of the two policies, 188; Inevitable from the fact that they were two Going Concerns, 189.
VI.—We have won the War, but were nearly defeated, 191; Had Germany won, if only on land, you would have had to reckon with a Heartland Empire, 193; The Heartland the persistent Geographical threat to World liberty, 194; How came Germany to make the mistake of offensive on West front, 198; Hamburg and the man-power policy, 199; We must now divide up East Europe and the Heartland, 200; It must be a division into three not two State-systems, 204; The peoples of the Middle Tier, 206; Feasibility of League of Nations, if this done, 215; But there must be no predominant partner, 217; Yet you will have to reckon with Going Concerns, 218; A reasonable equality of power needed among a considerable number of members of your League, 221; Of certain strategical positions of World importance, 223; The Going Concern in the future, and the unequal growth of Nations, 228; The ideal is the Independent Nation of balanced economic development, 228; Tragedies of the Going Concern, 231; The policy of truly free nations which makes for Peace, 234.
VII.—Whether men and women will be more free in such free Nations, 236; The need of basing organisation within the Nation on localities, 238; The alternative organisation is based on nation-wide classes and interests, 239; This leads inevitably to international war of classes, 239; Therefore the ideal is balanced provinces within balanced nations, 241; Such organisation gives greatest opportunity to greatest number of men, 242; Cause of Nationality movement, 245; Opposed to undue centralisation, 247; Fraternal nations must be balanced economically, and formed of fraternal provinces. 253; Fraternity, if it is to last, depends on controlling the development of Going Concerns, 261.
VIII.—The recent General Election, its meaning in a World setting, 263; Of the saving virtue of Neighbourliness, 266.
LIST OF MAPS AND DIAGRAMS
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