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Index:The new British province of South Australia.djvu

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The new British province of South Australia.djvu

CONTENTS.




INTRODUCTION.

Object of the work—South Australian Land Company of 1831 —South Australian Association—Theory of Colonization— Practice of Colonization, like the transplanting of a full- grown tree—Attention to details all-important—Details of the plan the subject of this work—Subject divided, p. 1


CHAPTER I.
NATURAL FEATURES OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA.

Advantage of introductory remarks—Natural features of extra-tropical Australia—Difference of temperature between the northern and southern hemispheres—Sterility of the sea-coast—The richest land not preferred in Australia—The management of water totally neglected—Vulgar error as to the unfitness of Australia for agricultural purposes—Means of water-communication in the new colony—Description of the south coast of Australia—Opinions on that subject, p. 9


CHAPTER II.
RELATIVE POSITION OF THE COLONY.

For the purposes of foreign trade—For obtaining live-stock and cheap food—Table of Sailing Distances to and from Port Lincoln—Table of the prices of provisions and live-stock in New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land—Advantage of the new colony to the British inhabitants of India—Exportable commodities produceable in South Australia, p. 67


CHAPTER III.
MODE OF COLONIZATION.

The proper disposal of waste land, the first object in colonization—Purpose of the Government in disposing of waste land—Evils of profusion in granting land—Effects of profusion at Swan River—Causes of the failure of the Swan River settlement—Best mode of dealing with waste land—Method of proceeding for the new colony—Disposal of the purchase-money of waste land—Selection of poor emigrants—Anticipation of the emigration fund, p. 86


CHAPTER IV.
THE INDUCEMENTS TO EMIGRATION.

To capitalists—To labourers—To men of small fortune and large family—To young men of good fortune—To younger branches of the nobility, p. 113


CHAPTER V.
GOVERNMENT OF THE COLONY.

Provisional legislation by the King in Council—Appointment of officers by the Crown—Present security for good government—Favourable promise as to the future, during the provisional state—Provision for local self-government when the population of the colony shall amount to 50,000 souls—The transportation system never to be inflicted on this colony—Apology for speaking evil of other colonies, p. 130


CONCLUSION.

No expedition of settlers ought to take place until a large one be ready—The emigrants a distinct society before their departure—Means of concert and co-operation—Preparatory measures for religious instruction, education, a well-planned town, and written laws—Colonial Newspaper. p. 138


APPENDIX.

I. Prospectus of South Australian Church Society, 143

II. Report of a Public Meeting held at Exeter Hall, on Monday, June 30, 1834, 149

III. An Act to empower his Majesty io erect South Australia into a British province, or provinces, and to provide for the colonization and government thereof, 15th August, 1834, 221

IV. Regulations for the disposal of Land in the Colony, for the preliminary sales of Colonial Lands, in this country, aud for the emigration of Labourers, 239

List of Works relating to Australia, 254


ILLUSTRATIONS.

Chart of the South Coast of Australia, (beginning of Vol.)

View of Port Lincoln, (to face Title)

Chart of Port Lincoln 28

Chart of Kangaroo Island 36

View of Kangaroo Island 38

Chart of the World 66