Kosovo OSCE UNMIK Political Party Guide 2000

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Kosovo Political Party Guide 2000  (2000) 
by OSCE UNMIK

See original OSCE UNMIK Politcal Party Guide 2000 CE00904.pdf Date Printed: 04/21/2009

JTS Box Number: 1FES 65

Tab Number: 60

Document Title: Politcal Party Guide

Document Date: 2000

Document Country: Kosavo

Document Language: English

1FES 1D: CE00904

~I ~lmll~l~ nu ~llIIm

8 E- 0 E1 8 - 4 CD

UNMIK

[i]~D

MISSION IN KOSOVO

United Nations Interim Administration in Kosovo

.---~-.P."ITICAI.-.-·--,

.. -

.

.

.

-

PARTY GUIDE .

-

..

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MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS,

L-"..:.....-.---<--~eSeVe;-2'00A-------'---.J

Foreworel .....•..........................•.............•.•...........•.•..•..........••.•.••..... 3

Sedlon A. Albanian Parties ......••..........•••..•........•....•••........••.•.••••..... 5

AAK ................................................................................................... 5

.

.

AQK ............................................................................................. 6

PPK ............................................................................................... 6

LKCK ............................................................................................ , 7

LPK ................................................................................................ 7

UNIKOMB ...................................................................................... 8

UShDK ................................................................ :.......................... 8

BKDK ..............................: ................................................................ 9

KP ................................................................................................... 10

LBO ............. ................................................................................ 11

PLSH .............. ......................................... ..................................... 11

LDK ................................................................................................ 12

LNDSH ........................................................................................... 14

PDK ............................................................................................... 15 l

PGJK ............................................................................................. 17

PLDK ............................................................................................. 19

PLK ................................................................................................ 20

PNDSH .......................................................................................... 22

PQLK ............................................................................................. 23

PRK ............................................................................:................... 25

PRSH .............................................................................................. 27

PSDK .............................................................................................. 29

PShDK ........................................................................................... 31

USD .......................................................................; ....................... 33

Section B. Ashkall Party .................................................................. 34

PDAShK ......................................................................................... 34

Sedlon C. Bosnlac Parties ...........•.•........••..•.........•••..•.......•.••••......•• 35

BSDAK ........................................................................................... 35

DRSM ..........................................................................., ................. 37

SDA ................................................................................................ 38

Sedlon D. Turkish Party .•.•.........•••••••...••••••••..........•.•••.....••.•••••......• 40

KTHP ............................................................................................. 40

-.

I

L--for.eword

K

asavo is now only a matter of weeks away from its first truly democratic elections.

- municipal elections that will be contested by no less than 19 political parties,

1 alliance (of six parties) and 1 coalition (of 2 parties). This short guidebook is

intended to serve as an introduction to these parties - their histories, their leaders, their

main aims at the regional and Kosovo-wide level and their progrommes at the municipal

level.

There are some parties, particularly from Kosovo's Serbian community, that are not

contesting these municipal elections. Like the Turkish and Albanian parties that are not

contesting the elections, they have not been included in this book. Our hope is that in

future elections, they too will have a place in a publication such as this. We have also

not included the citizens' initiatives and independent candidates participating in the

elections. This book is a guide to the parties that will appear on the ballot paper on

October 28'" 2000.

.

The information in this book was compiled both from written submissions from the

parties to the United Nations Interim Administration in Kosovo, and from a series of

interviews conducted during the summer of this year. On the whole, the process has

been an easy one, and we would like to express our gratitude to all the parties for their

co-operation over the past few months.

In some cases, we were unable to achieve agreement between parties about their

history. There are several parties that today compete with a similarly named rival with

whom they were once united. In each case, both parties involved in the dispute claim

to represent the continuation of the original party. In many cases, the 'legal' judgements

involved are extremely fine. We have not sought to adjudicate in these matters, but

have instead, conveyed as best we can, each party's own version of' events.

The

parties involved in these disputes are the PLK and the PLSH, the'UShDK and the PShDK,

the USD and the PSDK, the SDA and the BSDAK, and the LNDSH and the PNDSH. In

each case, we have attributed both parties with the same founding date, with the one

exception of the SDA and the BSDAK where the BSDAK held a founding convention in

the year 2000, and is therefore judged to be clearly the newer, 'break-away' party. In

the case of the PLK and the PLSH, and LNDSH and PNDSH, the parties involved have

. also provided different dates for the foundation of the original party.

Despite these complications, we hope that all those people participating in, or observing,

these elections, will find this booklet useful and interesting. Any comments or suggestions

that readers may have for future publications of this sort, will be gratefully received by

the oseE Democratisation Department, Pristina.

3

Political Party Guide

Name:--~--------------~--------------------------.

AAK - Aleanca per Ardhmerine e Kosoves

I-----(Alliance-for-the-Future-of-Kosovo),-------'

President:

Mr. Ramush Haradinaj

Founded:

2000

History:

N/A

Municipalities to be contested:

29 - Prishtine/Pristina, Podujeve/Podujevo, Gllogoc/Glogovac, Fushe Kasove/

Kosavo Polje, Obiliqi/Obilic, Shtime/Stimlje, Lipjani/Lipjan, Peje/Pec, Decan/

Decani, Gjakove/Djakovica, Istog/lstok, Kline/Klina, Gjilani/Gnjilane, Ferizaj/

Urosevac, Viti/Vitina, Kamenice/Kamenico, Shterpce/Strpce, Kacanick/Kacanik,

Novo Brde/Novo Brdo, Prizren/Prizren, Rahoveci/Orahavac, Suhareke/Suka

Reke, Dragash/Dragas, Malisheve/Malisevo, Mitrovice/Mitrovica, Vushtrri/

Vucitrn, Skenderaj/Srbica, Leposaviq/Leposavic, Zvecan/Zvecan

Stated Aims:

. The general aim is described as "normalising every citizen's·life". But, more

specifically, to do so in a way which involves people in their own future. The

MK sees politics as a grass-roots exercise. Because society is made up of

smaller units, they argue, Kosovo will only advance as a whole, if people first

become actively engaged in political and public affairs at the individual, family

and community levels. This being a long process, the MK is viewing these

elections as a first step towards the fulfilment of their objectives. In the long

run, they look to a time when an independent Kosovo takes its place as a full

member of both the EU and NATO.

5

Political Party Guide

Municipal Programme (key points):

The Alliance identifies political and economic reforms as its twa main priorities.

Encouraging papular political participation and developing the new political

institutions are its political aims, while attracting foreign investment and sup-

porting small businesses and workers are its main economic aims. It describes

crime-as "a gangrene in society", and promises to "eliminate it". It also pledges

to look after the interests of pensioners, the disabled and the poor through a

system of social protection.

Name:

AQK - Aleanca Qytetare e Kosoves (Alliance of Citizens of Kosovo)

President:

Mr. Romush Haradinaj

Founded:

2000

History:

N/A

Name:

PPK - Partia Parlamentare e Kosoves (Parliamentary Party of Kosovo)

President:

Mr. Bajrom Kosumi

Founded:

1990

History:

The PPK was borne aut of the student movement of 1990, and was led by Mr Veton

Surrai (now chief editor of Koha Oilore daily newspaper) until 1994 when Mr Kosumi

became President. In these early years, the Parliamentary Party supported the pursuit of

a political solution to the Kosovo question by peaceful means. It contested the 1992

elections to the parallel parliament, and was one of the few parties to gain representa-

tion in the LDK dominated body. But, frustrated by the lack of progress this strategy of

non-violence seemed to be delivering, the party threw its weight behind those engaged

in the emerging armed struggle against the Serb authorities. Between 1997 and 1998

the PPK was led by Albanian dissident, Mr Adem Demaci, who stood dawn in June

1998 to become KLA spokesman. Until May 2000, PPK was part of the LBO coalition

which participated in the Rambouillet conference of February 1999.

6

Political Party Guide

Name:

LKI;K - Levizja Kombetare per I;lirimin e Kosoves (National Move-

ment for the Liberation of Kosovo)

President:

Mr. Sabit Gashi

Founded:

1993

History:

The LKCK began as on illegal movement, led by Roil Cela who was imprisoned lor 10

years in 1993. From then until 1997, the LK<;K was led by Mr Avni Klinaku, who was·

then also arrested and sentenced to 10 years in prison. It is believed that both men are

in Nis Prison in Serbia. In March 1998, the lK<;K signed an agreement with the KLA

putting themselves under direct control of KLA centro I command. Although they sup~

ported the KLA during the conllict, differences between the LK<;K and the KLA leader, Mr

Hashim Thaci, remained. For example, the LK<;K opposed the Rambouillet plan which

Mr Thaci signed. Such differences convinced- them to pursue their own course once

more when hostilities ceased in June 1999. The current President, Mr Gashi, was min-

ister of culture in the provisional government of Kosovo before taking over the party in

August 1999. The LKCK has kept its distance from the international community, pulling

out of the Kosovo Transitional Council in May 2000, in protest to what they believed was

an inadequate response from the UN to the ongoing problem of Kosovar Albanian

political prisoners in Serbia.

Name:

LPK - Levlzla Popullore e Kosoves (Peoples Movement of Kosovo)

Pre.ldent:

Mr. Emrush Xhemajli

Founded:

1982

History:

The LPK was one of the first political groupings in Kosovo to advocate armed resistance

to Belgrade. Many of its leaders have been killed in the struggle against the Serb

authorities. It began as an illegal resistance movement which organised a large number

of demonstrations and agitated for Kosovo to be granted full Republican status within

FRY. At its first convention in 1987, Mr Fazliu was elected President of the party, a post

he would hold for 11 years. Overtime, however, the movement adopted an increasingly

hard line, pushing for an independent Kosovo, rather than increased autonomy within

Yugoslavia. Its methods were also hard line - in its general assembly meeting of 1993,

the LPK decided to pursue its aims through armed struggle. It supplied both men,

weapons and political/military directions to the KLA. At this time, some of the most

prominent politicians in modern day Kosovo, such as Mr Thoci (PDK), Mr Haradinaj

and Mr Kelmendi

were LPK members. After the conflict, the LPK

7

Political Party Guide

fragmented with the majority of members now in one of fwo parties - some members

followed Mr Mohmuti into the PBD then the PPDK (now PDK), while those who remained,

continue to represent the LPK.

Name:

UNIKOMB - Partia e Unitetit Kombetar Shqiptar (Albanian Unification

Party)

President:

Mr. Ukshin Hoti

Acting President:

Muhamet Kelmendi

Founded:

1991

History:

Born out of the Albanian resistance movement in Kosovo which they date back to the'

League of Prizren in 1878, UNIKOMB has always been a party of Albanian unification.

It was established in its modern form, by Mr Halil Alidemai in 1991 and was regularly

harassed by the Serb security forces during its early years. By 1993, Mr Alidemai felt

it necessary to move to Albania to escape likely arrest. In 1994 the role of party

president was entrusted to Bajrush Behrami, who led the party for a year. Mr Hoti,

who succeeded him as president, was arrested on the day of his inauguration. With

Mr Hotj still incarcerated, the party's convention entrusted the role of acting president

first to Mr Afrim Morino (1996 - 2000) and then to Mr Kelmendi (2000 -I. Prior to the

NATO bombin·g of 1999, UNIKOMB was part of the LBD coalition led by Mr Qosia.

Today, it is standing as part of the Alliance far the Future of Kosovo.

Name:

UShDK - Unioni Shqiptare DemoKristiane (Albanian Union of Christian

Democrats)

President:

Mr. Lazer Krasniqi

Foundod:

1990

History:

Mr Lazer Krasniqi founded Kosovo's Christian Democrats in 1990. In 1994 he left

the province to live in Croatia, to escape the authorities who had, in 1989, impris-

oned him for crimes against the State. He was 'replaced as President by Mr Mark

Krasniqi. In 1999, after the bombing, Lazer Krasniqi returned to Kosovo, and, find-

ing that Mark Krasniqi was intending to remain President of the party, established a

new party called, simply, 'the Union of Albanian Christian Democrats' which is now

part of the Alliance. Mr Lazer Krasniqi claims that his party represents the continua-

tion of the original party, and therefore cites 1990 as the year it was founded.

8

Political Party Guide

r-Narne:

...

. ---

-. ---- -- ----------- ------- .----

BKDK - Balli Kombetar Demokrat i Kosoves

f-------'--(National-Democratic-Front-of-Kosovo),---...J

President:

Mr. Durmish Rizvanalli

Founded:

1999

History:

Originally an Albanian party dating back to the 1930s, Balli Kombetar's pres-

ence in Kosova can be traced back to 1942 when they formed an illegal group-

ing in Pristina. Its members fought in the Second World War against the Ger-

mans and Italians. As an Albanian unification party, BKDK based itself in Alba-

nia during the 1990s.

Municipalities to be contested:

4 - Peje/Pec, Gjakove/Djakovica, Dragash/Dragas, Skenderaj/Srbica

Stated Aims:

Balli Kobetar describes itself as a party of the 'right' in favour first and foremost

of independence for Kosovo, and ultimately, of the unification of all Albania'")

"territories" (Kosovo, Albania qnd parts of Macedonia and Montenegro) in one

state. It wants to establish railways and airlines to Albania.

Municipal Programme (key points):

The BKDK has identified unemployment, the environment, and health and edu-

cation services as its highest priorities for municipal action. Beyond the specific

competency of Municipal Assemblies, they identify security/law and order is-

sues as being of great importance.

9

Political Party Guide

Name:----.".------,------,------,----,

.' KP .;. Koalicioni PerPavaresi

·1

!----(Coalition-for-Independ~nce)---'--'-"--'----'-

President:

Mr. Rexhep Qosja

Founded:

July 2000

Historyl'

N/A

Municipalities to be contested:

19 - Prishtine/Pristina, Fushe Kosove/Kosovo Polje, Obiliqi!Obilic, Shtime/Stimlje,

Lipjani/Lipjian, Peje/Pec, Decan/Decani, Gjakove/Djakavica, Kline/Klina,

Gjilani!Gnjilane, Ferizaj/Urose:ac, Viti/Vitina, Kamenice/Kamenica, Prizren/

Prizren, Rahoveci/Orahavac, Suhareke/Suka Reke, Malisheve/Malisevo,

Mitrovice/Mitrovica, Vushtrri/Vucitrn

Stated Alms:

The coalition has identified two main aims: independence for Kosovo and de-

mocracy for Kosovo. It supports the creation of all the democratic institutions

that one would find in an open, free, democratic and tolerant saciety based on

the rule of 10':", independently applied.

Municipal Programme (key points):

The KP cites the stimulation of the agricultural sector, particularly through the

use of loans, as a key plank in its municipal programme. Such an initiative

forms a concrete part of their more general plans to reform the economy, satisfy

needs and create jobs and prosperity. In social policy terms, the KP is committed

to protecting the vulnerable, particularly those disabled by the war and the

elderly who are not receiving pensions. For the young, they point to the creation

of a modern education system based on modern methods and technologies as

the key priority.

10

Political Party Guide

Name:

LBD - L;;vizja e Bashkuar Demokratlke (United Democratic Movement)

President:

Mr. Rexhep Qosja

Pounded:

1998

History:

.,

The LBO started out as a coalition of seven parties which came together to bridge the

gap between the LDK on the one hand and the KLA on the other. In this woy, the LSD

coalition viewed itself as a unifying influence in the increasingly polarised Kosovor

Albanian political scene. In the view of the LBO, such unity would prove crucial in the

context of any future international conference on the 'Kosovo question'. When such

a conference was held in Rambouillet, France, the following year, the LBO was one of

the three groups present from the Kosovar Albanian side, along with the KLA and the

LDK. This same Rombouillet 'formula' was ,used by the UN Mission in Kosovo after

the conflict to determine the composition of the Interim Administrative Council (lAC),

which Mr Qosja has attended, along with Hashim Thaci of the PDK and Ibrahim

Rugova of the LDK, since December 1999.

Name:

PLSH - Partia Liberale Shqlptare (Albanian Liberal Party)

President:

Mr. Gjergj Rapi

Pounded:

1992

History:

Formed in 1992, the PLSH ciaims the titie of the oldest liberal party in Kosovo. Mr

Dedaj, the leader of the Liberal Porty of Kosovo, was also a member of the PLSH until,

in 1993, he established the PLK. Today, there are no less than four Kosovar Albanian

parties participating in the municipal elections with the word 'liberal' in their title. As

its name suggests, the PLSH originally stood for the unification of all Albanian peoples,

but later abandoned this aim, largely as a result of pressure from its branches in the

Albania/Kosovo border areas where tensions/differences between the two groups

were most apparent. The PLSH was never represented in the parallel parliament

during the 1990s, but did belong to the 'Democratic Forum', a body established by

Mr. Demaci and composed of seven parties. In July 2000, the party joined forces

with Mr Qosja's LBO to form the KP coalition.

L - - - - - · - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -n

Political Party Guide

Nam~t:

, .'.

.

.

'.'

,:0ii:lKff' Lidhla·:Qe;h~ki:~tik~<~,~~s~v.~~> ";':" ~:'::"

"T,j-'{l)errio~rdtid?eagueiof-KdSMdupont (talk)) >,.",

·""1

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',.,"

,.:

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President:

Dr, Ibrahim Rugova

Founded:

1989

History:

Such was the monopoly of support enjoyed by the LDK for its first ten years that

it more closely resembled a political movement than a political party. Through-

out this time, virtually all Kosovar Albanian resistance to Belgrade was chan-

nelled through the LDK and its leader, Ibrahim Rugova. Academic by back-

ground and intellectual by nature, "President" Rugova, as he became, preached

non-violence, coupled with non co-operation with Belgrade. This policy of non

co-operation with Belgrade was perhaps best illustrated by the parallel institu-

tions that were set up during this period, in particular, a parallel education

system, primary health care system, sports events and a parallel political sys-

tem, based on a parallel parliament elected by a parallel electoral process.

Rugova and his party received over 80% of the votes in the two such elections to

be held in the 1990s - first in 1992 and then again in 1998. Added to this twin

approach of non violence and non co-operation was a third strand to Rugova's

strategy - a determined drive to 'internationalise' the Kosovo problem through

political and diplomatic means. He hoped that these three tactics would, in

combination, lead to a peaceful resolution of the latent conflict in Kosovo. But

the exclusion of Kosovo from the Dayton agreement of 1996, and the subse-

quent emergence of the KLA and the escalation of violence that culminated in

. the NATO action of 1999, led gradually to a decline in the effectiveness of this

strategy. Despite this, the LDK and its leader have today re-assumed their

central position in Kosovo's re-shaped political landscape. Dr Rugova has,

since December 1999, been one of three Kosovar Albanian political leaders on

the UN's highest joint central body - the Interim Administrative Council (lAC).

They continue to play an important role in Kosovo's political evolution.

12

Political Party Guide

Municipalities to be contested:

29 - Prishtine/Pristina, Poduieve/Poduievo, Gllogoc/Glogovac, Fushe Kosove/

Kosovo Polie, Obiliqi/Obilic, Shtime/Stimlie, Lipiani/Lipion, Peie/Pec, Decan/

Decani, Giakove/Diakovica, Istog/lstok, Kline/Klina, Giilani/Gniilane, Ferizai/

Urosevac, Viti/Vitina, Kamenice/Kamenica, Shterpce/Strpce, Kacanick/Kacanik,

Novo Brde/Novo Brdo, Prizren/Prizren, Rahoveci/Orohavac, Suhareke/Suka

Reke, Dragash/Dragas, Malisheve/Malisevo, Mitrovice/Mitrovica, Vushtrri/

Vucitrn, Skenderai/Srbica, Leposaviq/Leposavic, Zubin Potok

Stated Aims:

The LDK cites democratic institution building, and the creation of an open and

liberal society based on the rule of law and respect for minority rights as its

priorities at the Kosovo-wide level. In particular, it supports measures to guar-

antee security for all groups in society, Albanian as well as non-Albanian; a

programme of privatisation and economic reforms; and a range of social mea-

sures, particularly in the fields of health and education. Like all the Kosovar

Albanian parties, it continues to press for full independence for Kosovo.

Municipal Programme (key points):

Whilst stressing that different circumstances require different programmes, the

LDK nonetheless identifies agricultural support, iob creation, infrastructure im-

provement, and education and health service reforms as its key priorities at the

local level.

13

Political Party Guide

Name:.

.

I

~" 1:~'D$""~{,~il:eviziaJ~d:~i~naIEitg~m~ktatike Shgiptare . 1

. ..,- :".': (AibaHia'n":!Ntitional~b~.ff6cratic~Mo"enl'ent).-J

President:

Mr. Kajtaz Fazliu

Founded:

1991

History:

The LNDSH had a shared histary with the PNDSH until 1994 when the parties

split over an internal statutory issue. Like the PNDSH, the LNDSH claims to

represent the continuation of the Albanian national movement thot dates back

to the 1940s.

Municipalities to be contested:

4 - Prishtine/Pristina, Gllogoc/Glogovac, Mitrovice/Mitrovica, Skenderaj/

Srbica

Stated Aims:

Like the PNDSH, the Albanian National Democratic Movement perceives itself

to be 0 nationalist party of the right. It is in favour of Albanian unification. It

views the resolution of the future status of Kosovo, law and order and economic

reforms as the three main priorities at the provincial level. Economic reforms

are also identified as important.

Municipal Programme (key points):

The Party intends to campaign in the municipol elections of October 2000 on

the 'quality of life' issues of law and order and urban planning as well as on

education and health care reforms, social welfare provision, agriculturol devel-

opment and the cultivation of cultural values.

14

Political Party Guide

Narne:----~~--------------------------------~

PDK - Portia Demokrcitike e K o s o v e s ' /

I------(Democratic-Party-of-Kosovo)--------'·

Presldenlz

Mr. Hashim

Tha~i

Founded:

1999

History:

When the KLA was disbanded after the NATO action of 1999, the majority of its

members joined one of three new institutions - the Kosovo Police Service (KPS),

the Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC), or the PPDK, the new political porty formed

by then PBD leader, Bardhyl Mahmuti ond the former KLA political head ond

"Prime Minister" of the self-declared provisional government of Kosovo, Hashim

Thaci. In May 2000, the party held its first convention at which Mr Thaci was

elected party president and the nome of the party was changed to PDK. Until

the appearance of other ex-KLA leaders on the political scene this year, the PDK

was assumed to be the sole inheritor of the KLA legacy and the sole beneficiary

of ex-KLA support. It was this position which gave the PDK a pre-eminent

position in post-conflict Kosovar politics, and a central role in the Joint Interim

Administrative Structure (JIAS) established by the UN in December 1999. De-

spite the proliferation of political parties in Kosovo over the post year, however,

the PDK remains ci potent political force as we approach the municipal elec-

tions.

Municipalities to be contested:

27 - Prishtine/Pristina, Padujeve/Podujevo, Gllogoc/Glogovac, Fushe Kosove/

Kosovo Polje, Obiliqi/Obilic, Shtime/Stimlje, Lipjani/Lipjan, Peje/Pec, Decon/

Decani, Gjakove/Djakovica, Istog/lstok, Kline/Klina, Gjilani/Gnjilane, Ferizaj/

Urosevac, Viti/Vitina, Kamenice/Kamenica, Shterpce/Strpce, KacanicklKacanik,

Novo Brde/Novo Brdo, Prizren/Prizren, Rahoveci/Orohavac, Suhareke/Suka

Reke, Drogash/Drogas, Malisheve/Malisevo, Mitrovice/Mitrovica, Vushtrri/

Vucitrn, Skenderaj/Srbica

15

Political Party Guide

Stated Aims:

The PDK is committed to "freedom, independence and democracy" and to

creating "ethnic tolerance and integration in Europe". It promises to "solve the

problems for the people of Kosova".

Municipal Programme (key points):

Among the priorities identified by the PDK for action at the municipal level are:

infrastructure improvements, healthcare, education, care of the elderly, job cre-

ation, urban planning regulation and women's emancipation. On the economy,

they promise to "improve" small and medium sized enterprises and to "stimu-

. late" farmers' productivity. The PDK argues that iis size and the experience of

it~ me~bers and candidates make' it an attractive party to the voters and one

capable of delivering once in government ..

L._______

16

Political Party GuIde

NaRle:--------------------------------------~~

.. PGJK - Partia e te Gjelberteve te Kosoves

I-----(Green-Party-of-Kosovo)-----~·-----------'

President:

Mr. Daut Maloku

Founded:

1991

History:

The PGJK contested the elections of 1992 to the parallel parliament. In addi-

tion, it spent most of the 1990s looking beyond Yugoslavia's borders, trying to

forge international links and heighten internotional awareness of the growing

conflict in Kosovo. In December 1998, the PGJK joined the LBD coalition to

enable Kosovar Albanians to "speak with one voice" in any future international'

conferences or negotiations on the Kosovo crisis. It left the LBD after Rambouil-

let.

Municipalities to be contested:

6 - Prishtine/Pristina, Shtime/Stimlje, Peje/Pec, Gjakove/Djakovica, Gjilani/

Gnjilane, Mitrovice/Mitrovica

Stated Aims:

As its name suggests, the Green Party is primarily concerned with the environ-

mental agenda. Whilst it has stated its commitment to democratic institution

building, the creation of a market economy, the provision of social welfare

services and the attainment of independence for Kosovo within the European

Union, it distinguishes itself from the other parties by insisting that suc.h devel-

opments must take place within a strict ecological framework. It is committed

to preventing the expansion of coal mining and other forms of non-renewable

energy production, as part of a broader drive to reduce emissions and pollu-

tion generally. It has recently set up an environmental commission on emis-

sions, focusing in particular on the led smelting plant in Zvecan.

17

Political Party Guide

Municipal Programme (key points):

The PGJK has identified clean air and clean water as its tap twa priorities,

although it will tailor its local programmes to local circumstances. It also

emphasises the importance of public health, pointing to AIDS, drug abuse,

concer, alcoholism and smoking as the major threats in this respect.

18

Political Party Guide

~"anle:--------------------------------------------~----,

. ,PLD~ ··.Partia. Liberal Demokratike e Kosoves

(l;iberal-DemocraticcParty-of-Kosovo)--'--_...J

President:

Mr. Agim Rugova

Founded:

2000

History:

N/A

Municipalities to be contested:

2 - Peje/Pec, Gjakove/Djakovica

Stated Alms:

To build a democratic political system and civil society through the 'politics of

example'. The party claims to have a democratic, and non-prescriptive policy

formulation process, a de-centralised structure and an inclusive, participatory

culture. It believes that only by working in a non-corrupt, non-intimidatory

manner, can a party build a peaceful and democratic Kosovo. In policy terms,

it talks the language of free market economics, European integration, social

welfare and institution building. It also cites "freedom of artistic creativity" as

an important aspect of Kosovo's development.

Municipal Programme (key points):

It sees the education system as the key to the development of a "new, modern

generation" which can find it's place within the established "national conscious-

ness". It believes that the development of municipal self-government will be

the basis for future progress in Kosovo.

19

Political Party Guide

.Nam~

.....

,

.... P.LK- ,Partia· LiberaJe~i.~~soves

'

..

(liberal-Party~of~Kc;sov'O)I----~-"----

President:

Mr. Gjergj Dedaj

Founded:

1991

History:

Although only operating under the name PLK since 1993, the PLK claims to

represent the continuation of the PLSH (of which Mr Dedaj and others were

previously members) and as such dates itself from the year 1991. During the

90's the PLK was an active participant in the parallel institutions run by the LDK.

The PLK contested the 1998 elections, winning 6 seats in the Parliament. Mr

Dedaj, the Leader of the Party since its inception, was the deputy-speaker in the

Parliament. In 1999, the PLK became an associate member of ELDR (European

Liberal, Democratic and Reformist parties). It has also been an observer mem-

ber of Liberal International since 1997.

Municipalities to be contested:

19 - Prishtine/Pristina, Podujeve/Podujevo, Fushe Kosove/Kosovo Polje, Obiliqi/

Obilic, Shtime/Stimlje, Lipjani/Lipjan, Peje/Pec, Gjakove/Djakovica, Istog/lstok,

Kline/Klina, Gjilani/Gnjilane, Ferizaj/Urosevac, Viti/Vitina, Kamenice/Kamenica,

Prizren/Prizren, Rahoveci/Orahavac, Malisheve/Malisevo, Mitrovice/Mitrovica,

Vushtrri/Vucitrn

Stated Aims:

The PLK places great .emphasis on European integration. It looks to a future in

which an independent Kosovo enjoys full membership of the European Union.

It is committed to a referendum on the future status of Kosovo. The PLK talks

. the language of reform, particularly in economic matters. It believes that

privatisation, low taxation and a more 'laissez-faire' approach to market regu-

lation will lead to a greater economic output and increased levels of inward

investment. The PLK is also an enthusiastic advocate for building a strong

Kosovar defence capacity.

20

Political Party Guide

Municipal Programme (key points):

The PLK names education and health services as its highest priorities, citing the

large number of party members employed in these sectors as a factor. The

social and political emancipation of women in society is also highlighted.

21

Political Party Guide

Name::-:.---------------------,

.PNDSH .. 'PGrtla Naclonale Demokratlke Shqlptare.

',.

(Aibanlan-National-Democratlc-PGrty)I-----'-

.1

President:

Mr. Rexhep Abdullahu

Founded:

1992

History:

The PNDSH is the successor to one of the oldest Albanian political movements

- the NDSH Albanian National Democratic Movement, although it shares this

mantle with too LNDSH, the parly it split from in 1994. An underground

organisation far Kosovar independence, the NDSH dates back to 1943. As a

nationalist parly af the right, the PNDSH continues to define itself in terms of its

staunch opposition to all things communist and totalitarian, whether in the

form of Tito in Yugoslavia, or Enver in Albania. In its own words, the PNDSH

"does not co-operate with fascist, racist, terrorist and communist parties".

Municipalities to be contested:

10 - Prishtine/Pristina, Podujeve/Podujevo, Gllogoc/Glogovac, Peje/Pec,

Gjakove/Djakovica, Gjilani/Gnjilane, Prizren/Prizren, Rahoveci/Orahavac,

Suhareke/Suka Reke, Skenderaj/Srbica

Stated Aims:

As its name suggests, the Albanian National Democratic Parly has historically

been a parly of Albanian unification, an objective it maintains today. It talks of

a future in which Albanians can be integrated into a free Europe "like all the

other nations in Europe". It's stated "permanent objectives" are the creation of

a pluralist system, a free market and a democracy. It sees tradition and the

family as the basis on which society should be built.

Municipal Programme (key points):

The PNDSH will not be drawn on specifics beyond the need to base its

programme on tradition and the family. It points out that its programme will be

adjusted to the "present political and economic circumstances".

22

Political Party Guide

'

I

(l;ib~ra'-Eenter-Party'of-Kosovo )I-'-'--~--'--';""

Mdupont (talk)lt'~arti~:Q'e~dra Liber~lee Kosoves

'

'

..:...'.'

President:

Mr. Naim Malaku

Founded:

March 2000

History:

PQLK is a new party. Mast of the members of the party's presidency lived in the

diaspara during the 90's. Mr Maloku himself was arrested in 1985 and was

incarcerated for three years. During the 1990s, he was involved in training

military units in Croatia, before returning to Kosovo in 1998 to assume a senior

position in the KLA command structure.

Municipalities to be contested:

20 - Prishtine/Pristina, Podujeve/Podujevo, Obiliqi/Obilic, Shtime/Stimlje, Lipjani/

Lipjan, Peje/Pec, Decan/Decani, Gjakove/Djakovica, Kline/Klina, Gjilani/

Gnjilane, Ferizaj/Urosevac, Viti/Vitina, Kacanick/Kacanik, Prizren/Prizren,

Rahoveci/Orahavac, Suhareke/Suka Reke, Dragash/Dragas, Malisheve/

Malisevo, Mitrovice/Mitrovica, Vushtrri/Vucitrn.

Stated Aims:

The PQLK sees itself as a centrist party, bridging the gap between the LDK at

one end of the political spectrum and PDK at the other. It acknowledges the

contribution of the LDK during the 1990s and of the KLA during the war, but

believes that the people of Kosovo want a political party that takes a centrist

position, avoiding what it views as the political extremes of. one-party domi-

nance or militarism. It believes itself to be a liberal and pluralist alternative to

both, capable of attracting support from each. It also claims to differ from

other' centre' parties because of its comparatively "youthful, post-communist

culture". It is committed to the attainment of independence for Kosovo and

membership ofthe European Union, and to co-operation with the international

23

Political Party Guide

community in the mean-time. It cites freedom of expression and ideas, toler-

ance, diversity and the free circulation of people, products and businesses as

characteristics of the liberal society it wants to create.

Municipal Programme (key points,:

The PQLK has identified security and social services as its top two priorities

during the municipal election campaign.

24

Political Party Guide

Name:--~----:---------~------,

PRK - Partia Republikane e Kosoves

" , '(Republican-Party-of-Kosovo)-'-',-'-----'---"---'

President:

Mr. Feti Grapci

Founde.1I

1990

History:'

From 1990 to 1995, the PRK was led by Reshot Nurbaja. Mr Grapci has led the

party since then. The party's second full congress, which met in 1993, was

overshadowed by the arrest, and subsequent incarceration, of several senior

members of the party by the Yugoslav authorities. The party contested the

elections of 1992 and 1998 to the parallel Parliament, but failed to win any

seats. It supported the KLA during its struggle against the Serb military.

Municipalities to be contested:

13 - Prishtine/Pristina, Fushe Kosove/Kosovo Palje, Shtime/Stimlje, Lipjani/Lipjan,

Peje/Pec, Decan/Decani; Gjakove/Djakovica, Viti/Yitina, Kacanick/Kacanik,

Prizren/Prizren, Malisheve/Malisevo, Mitrovice/Mitrovica, Vushtrri/Yucitrn

Stated Aims:

The PRK sees the attainment of ingependence for Kasovo as the first priority, but

maintains its longer term commitment to Albanian national unification. It be-

lieves that the rule of law and protection of civil rights should form the corner-

stone of a democratic Kasovo. The party is also committed to securing compen-

sation from the Serbian government for all damage they believe was inflicted,

and the assets and money they believe were "stolen" by the authorities between

1981 and 1999, Economic reforms (free market, new technologies, recon- .

struction etc.) are the PRK's top 'domestic' policy priorities for the future. The

PRK also wants to farge links with the Republican Party in the US and other

l_:~ilar parties in E,_u_ra_p_e_._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

25

Political Party Guide

Municipal Programme (key points):

The PRK has identified infrastructure investment- in electricity, water, roads and

telecommunications - as its first priority for the municipal elections. This is

followed by economic regeneration, with the focus on small business develop-

ment, industrial support and job creation, and the provision of health and edu-

cation services on a comprehensive, universal basis.

26

Political Party Guide

Narne:----~------------------------------~--,

PRSH- Partia Republikane Shqiptare

I----'~,(Albanian-Republican-Party)----------'

President!

Mr. Skender Hoti

Founded:

1990

History:

Lounched by 33 members in a Mitrovica mosque, the PRSH also had branches

in other Albanian populated areas in the region such as Macedonia, Montenegro

and Presovo and Bujanovac. Mr Hoti has been the party's President since it's

creatian. Despite failing to win any seats in the parollel elections of 1992 and

1998, the PRSH was very actively engaged in the community, providing free

kitchens and running local health centres (known as "popular ambulances"

and "popular kitchens") in the Mitrovica area. When the political situation

worsened, the party estimates that 60% of it's members joined the KLA, with

more than 10% losing their lives in during the armed struggle. Since the arrival

of the internotional community in Kosovo, the PRSH has been the only ethnic

Albanian party to have an office in Serb populated northern Mitrovica - a

situatian which lasted until the end of the 1999/2000 winter when it was burnt

down.

Municipalities to be contested:

3 - Gllogoc/Glogovac, Mitrovice/Mitrovica, VushtrriIYucitrn.

Stated Alms:

Like all other Kosovar Albanian parties, the first priority mentioned by the PRSH

is Kosovo's "freedom". Beyond this reference to the issue of Kosovo's constitu-

tional status, the PRSH sees economic development and the privatisation of

Kosovo's industriol assets as a high priority for Kosovo-wide legislative action.

On the social side, it believes pensions, and investment in schools and hospi-

tals to be the most urgent requirements.

27

Political Party Guide

Municipal Programme (key points,:

As a Mitravica based party, the PRSH has develaped some very specific policies for the

area. First among these, is the reunification and reconstruction of the town of Mitrovica.

They are also committed to the re-opening of the Trepca led smelter which UN Interim

Adminstration closed down due to concerns about its emissions levels, and a rebuild-

ing of the ferro-nickel factory in Glogoc which was bombed by Nato during its air

campaign. In terms of process, the PRSH is committed to accepting the results of

Kosovo's municipal elections this autumn.

28

-. ,

Political Party Guide

Nante:----------------------~--------------__.

PSDK .• ' Partia Social De~okr~tee Kosoves'

I-----(Social-Democrat-Partycof-Kosovo),-------'

President:

Ms. Kaqusha Jashari

Founded:

1990

History:

Established by 12 intellectuals, the Sacial Demacrat Party af Kasava was led,

far its first twa years, by Mr Muhamedin Kullashi and Shkelzen Maliqi. He was

succeeded by Mrs Luljeta Pula in 1992, but, having failed ta secure her re-

election a year later, Mrs Pula split from the party and .established her own

social democrat party (USD). Mrs Pula was replaced in the Social Democrat

party she had left, by Mr Besim Bokshi who served as President for four years

befare being succeeded in 1998 by the current leader, Mrs Kaqusha Jashari.

Mrs Jashari was re-elected on 27 May 2000.

Municipalities to be contested:

15 - Prishtine/Pristina, Podujeve/Podujevo, Fushe Kosave/Kosovo Polje, Lipjanil

Lipjan, Peje/Pec, Gjakave/Djakovica, GjilanilGnjilane, Ferizaj/Urosevac, Vitil

Vitina, Kamenice/Kamenica, Prizren/Prizren, Rahoveci/Orahavac, Suharekel

Suka Reke, MitrovicelMitrovica, Vushtrri/Vucitrn

Stated Aims:

The party claims to represent a traditional 'social democratic' agenda. It has

identified faur priarities for political action: First, repairing the damage done to

Kasovar society by the war. Second, protectian of the vulnerable, particularly

the elderly and disabled, through a range of social welfare measures. Third,

econamic reforms, including a programme of privatisation and support for

defunct industries and businesses. And fourth, reform of the educational and

cultural fabric of Kosovar society. The party is seeking to forge links with other

social democrat parties in Europe, and has applied for membership of the

international group of social democrats. It also cites an increase in female

party membership and political participation as priorities.

29

Political Party Guide

Municipal Programme (key points):

The PSDK has not set province-wide priorities for the municipal elections, stressing

that different circumstances require different solutions. In Pristina, it identifies

law and order as the top priority, followed by investment in the city's infrastruc-

ture, particularly electricity, water and roads. In other places, the emphasis

may be different. For instance, in areas badly damaged during the conflict,

house building or employment may be the most important issues. Regardless

of circumstances, however, the PSDK promises to "respect the loccil governance

that is elected in the free elections".

i

I

L.

I ____________________________.___________________

30

Political Party Guide

Narne:----------------------------------------,

PShDK - Partia Shqiptare Demokristiane e Kosoves

I----'----(Albanian-Christian-Democratic-Party-of-Kosovo)

President:

Mr. Mark Krasniqi

Founded:

1990

History:

Founded by Mr Lazer Krosniqi, the Christian Democratic Porty of Kosovo led by

Mr Mark Krasniqi now competes with its similarly named rivol which has joined

the AAK. The PShDK cloims to represent the continuotion of the original Chris-

tian Democrot party. With 7 deputies elected in the parallel elections of 1992

and 12 elected in 1998, the Christion Democrats were Kosovo's second big-

gest political party during this period. Indeed, the vice-President of the parallel

parliament was a member of the PShDK. Historically, Christian Democrats

were a party of academics and urban intellectuals.

Municipalities to be contested:

14 - Prishtine/Pristina, Podujeve/Podujevo; Obiliqi/Obilic, Peje/Pec, Decon/

Decani, Gjakove/Djakovica, Istog/lstok, Kline/Klina, GjilanilGnjilane, Ferizaj/

Urosevac, Viti/Vitina, Kamenice/Kamenica, Prizren/Prizren, Suhareke/Suka Reke

Stated Aims:

The PShDK sees itself as a moderate party of the centre/right. It cites democ-

racy, self-government and membership of the European Union. as the main

components of its vision of a future Kosovo. The party is a full member of the

International Christian Democrats organisation. Pointing to its even mix of

Muslim and Catholic members, it also cites tolerance and peaceful co-exist-

ence as important principles for the party. In policy terms, the PShDK identifies

the issues of law and order, economic reform (part'icularly privatisation), and

the creation af a praper tax system to finance future services os the 'main priori-.

ties.

31

Political Party Guide

Municipal Programme (key points):

The main priorities for the Christion Democrats at the municipol level are. im-

provements in the performance of utilities (porticularly water and electricity)

and investment in infrastructure (particularly roads).

32

Political Party Guide

Narne:----------~------~------------------~

USD - Unioni Socialdemokrat

. (Union-of-Social-Democrats)-----------'

President:

Mrs. Luljeta Pula

Founded:

1990

History:

The Party was barne aut af the rift between Mrs Luljeta Pula and the Social

Democrat Party af Kosovo now led by Mrs Kaqusha Jashari and as such, shares

its early history with the PSDK. Mrs Pula claims that her party, the USD, repre-

sents the continuation of the original social democrat party in Kosovo.

Municipalities to be contested:

8 - Prishtine/Pristina, Podujeve/Podujevo, Peje/Pec, Gjakove/Djakovico,

Kamenice/Kamenica, Prizren/Prizren, Suhareke/Suka Reke, Mitrovice/Mitrovica

Stated Aims:

The USD's first stated aim is independence for Kosovo. But in addition, it has

stated its opposition to any form of partition, to the division of the town of

Mitrovico and to the emergence of ethnic enclaves. It also wants to see "war

criminals" delivered to the Hague and "war hostages" released from Serbia.

The USD is committed to democratic institution building and the provision of

"moral and material support" to the Kosovo Protection Corps and a future

Kosovo army.

Municipal Programme (key points):

In terms of municipal issues, the USD is committed to a wide-ranging pragramme

of social provision, in particular to finding institutional care for war invalids and

social support for the poor, unemployed, retired, disabled and for orphans.

33

Political Party Guide

J

Name:

.

I

PDAShK - Partia Demokratike Ashkali Shqiptare Kosoves

I-----~(Democratic-Party-of-Albanian-Ashkali-in-Kosovo)

President:

Mr. Sabit Hamiti

Founded:

1999

History:

The party was founded in December 1999 in its inaugural party congress held

in Urosevac/Ferizaj, and has spent the last few months building up its network

of seven branches in the municipalities it will contest this October.

Municipalities to be contested:

7 - Prishtine/Pristina, Podujeve/Podujevo, Fushe Kosova/Kosovo Polje, Shtime/

Stimlje, Lipjani/Lipjan Ferizaj/Urosevac, Mitrovice/Mitrovica

Stated Aims:

Peace and security are by far and away the highest priorities for the PDAShK

and the community they represent. While the Ashkali are an Albanian speak-

ing community, they are often associated with the Roma community that stands

accused by some in the Albanian community of conspiring with the Serbs over

recent years. Consequently, they too have seen their freedoms impinged and

their security threatened since the end of the NATO action last summer.

. Municipal Programme (key points):

The PDAShK's programme focuses almosrexclusively on the protection of mi-

nority rights within Kosovo's new political system.

34

Political Party Guide

Name:

,,"""

I

BSDAK ...: Bosnjacka Stranka Demokratske Akcije Kosova

1---~-(Bosniac-Party-of-Democratic':Action-of-Kosovo)

President:

Mr. Hilmo Kandic

Founded:

2000

History:

The BSDAK was established under its current name earlier this year, but its

members were formerly part of the SDA. Mr Kandic, the party's'President, had

previously been vice-President of the SDA until he decid.ed to split from the

party and set up on his own. The reason given for the split relates to Mr Balic's

retention of the SD~s Presidency despite his absence from Kosovo for seven

years.

Municipalities to be contested:

5 - Prishtine/Pristina, Peie/Pec, Diakove/Diakovica, 'Prizren/Prizren, Mitrovice/

Mitrovica

Stated Aims:

The main preoccupation of the BSDAK, like the Bosniac community it seeks to

represent, is security. As with some other minority groups in Kosovo, the Bosniac

community has seen its security situation deteriorate over the past year or so.

Consequently, a return to "normal life", and the freedoms that go with it (free-

dom to travel, to speak one's own language etc.), are of much more immediate

concern to them than is the debate over the future status of Kosovo (on which

they too support independence as the preferred outcome). They are opposed

35

Political Party Guide

to the portition of Kosovo olong ethnic lines, ond emphasise the importance of

securing the return of those Bosniacs who are currently living outside the prov-

ince. The BSDAK want to see the Bosniac community represented proportion-

ally in the public services and in government.

Municipal Programme (key points):

Beyond the over-riding priority issue of security, the BSDAK identifies education

(particularly the right to education in the Bosniac language), urban develop-

ment (planning, traffic, re-construction), ecology (refuse collection, environmental

improvements) and job creation as the highest priorities at the municipal level.

36

Political Party Guide

Name:...

.

I

DRSM - Demokratska Reformaska Stranka Muslimana

f---~ (Democratic-Reform-Party-of-Muslims)

I

President:

Mr. Dzezair Murati

Founded:

1990

History:

Based in the Prizren area since its establishment, DRSM was legally registered

with the Federal Yugoslav authorities in Belgrade, and twice succeeded in win-

ning a seat in the Republic of Serbia's National Assembly. It also won several

seats in Prizren in local elections during the 1990s. From 1997 onwards, how-

ever, the DRSM's relations with Belgrade deteriorated dramatically, particularly

when they entered a coalition with the SDA party in the Sanjak region of Serbia,

led by a Mr Rasim Ljacic. With the party excluded from participating in further

elections, and its members increasingly facing "persecution" from the Serb au-

thorities, many of the senior members of the party left Kosovo. Many of those

who went into exile are yet to return.

Municipalities to be contested:

1 - Prizren/Prizren

Stated Aims:

I

Above all, the DRSM seeks to protect "the national and political rights of the

members of its national community". More generally it looks to a future in'

which it, along with all other parties, will "defend the rights of all the citizens,

regardless of notion, faith, race, gender and language".

Municipal Programme (key points):

The DRSM is committed to working with the international community in the

process of democratisation that is underway in Kosovo.

37

Political Party Guide

.Narne:------------------~~----------__----~··I

.$DA';"$trankaDel11C)ckra~skCi Akcije

..

f-----Party of Demcratic~Action----'---------'

President:

Mr. Numan Balic

Founded:

1990

History:

While it is certainly the case that the Basniac cammunity suffered less at the

hands of the authorities than did their Kosovar Albanian neighbours, the SDA

leader, Mr Balic, still spoke out against State repression, and the party partici-

pated in the 1992 and 1998 elections to the parallel Parliament. On both

occasions, the SDA won 5 seats. Not withstanding a deterioration in relations

between Kosovo's Bosniac community and the Serb authorities during the war

in Bosnia, their security was not really threatened until the weeks immediately

following the NATO action of 1999, when several Bosniacs were killed, and a

few thousand left the province altogether. They have reported that their situa-

tion has improved markedly in the past year, however. So far as Mr Balie is

concerned, his leadership of the party has been uninterrupted for the past ten

years, despite living outside Kosovo from 1993 to June 1999. In the party's

convention of May 2000, Mr Balic was challenged for the presidency by his

vice-President, Mr Kandic, but survived the vote by a comfortable margin (Mr

Balic received more than 90% of the vote). Mr Kandic was later to break away

and form his own party, the BSDAK.

Municipalities to be contested:

6 - Prishtine/Pristina, Peie/Pec, Istog/lstok, Prizren/Prizren, Dragash/Dragas,

Mitrovice/Mitrovica

Stated Aims:

At the Kosovo-wide level, the SDA seeks a return to "normal life" for its citizens.

By this they mean a secure life for members of their community, characterised

by freedom of movement, freedom to speak the Bosniac language (which is

38

Political Party Guide

very similar to the Serbian language), and the freedom to live and work without

fear for one's personal safety. A related issue, also identified as a priority, is the

return of those members of the Bosniac community who left Kosovo in the last

couple of years. So far as the future constitutional status of Kosovo is con-

cerned, the SDA is not opposed to the notion of full independence, but stresses

that any such settlement must only be reached once minority rights and free-

doms are guaranteed. One concern they have in this respect is the possible

severance of their links to Bosnia and to the Bosniacs living in the Saniak region

of Serbia.

Municipal.Programme (key points):

At the local level, the SDA points to the provision of education services in the

Bosniac language and to Bosniac participation in public life and government

as the priorities for the immediate future. Beyond this, they believe reconstruc-

tion to be the most important issue.

39

Political Party Guide

Narne:----------------------------~-----~----.

. KTHP-Turk Hcilk Partisi e Kosoves

f-----(Turkish People's Party of Kosovo)----'---'

President:

Mr. Sezair Saipi

Founded:

1991

History:

Like many of the Kosovar Albanian parties, the KrHP was never legally recognised

by the Serb authorities, but operated to protect the interests of the Turkish com-

munity. In 1995, the party's president was arrested and sentenced to three and

a half years in prison. After serving seven months of this sentence;he spent the

following three years in exile in Turkey ~nd Bosnia, returning to Kosovo after the

Nato action of 1999.

Municipalities to be contested:

4 - Prishtine/Pristina, Prizren/Prizren, Mitrovice/Mitrovica, Vushtrri/Vucitrn

Stated Aims:

l

By its own admission, the KrHP differs from the Kosovar Albanian parties in

only one respect - the defence of the Turkish language and Turkish interests in

Kosovo. It is committed to greater legal recognition of Turkish as an official

language, to the "re-vitalisation" of the Turkish media (particularly in relation to

the now defunct independent Turkish daily newspaper TAN/) and the right to

·Turkish language education. In all other aspects of public policy, it shores the

aims of the Albanian parties for economic and political reforms and a system

of social protection.

~-

40

Political Porty Guide

Municipal Programme (key points):

Beyond the longuage reloted issues mentioned obove, the KTHP hos identified

tronsport as a key municipol issue in the forthcoming elections with rood recon-

struction being the moin priority.

41

ERRATUM

Page 9[edit]

Page 19

P~ge

23

Name of Party is "BKD (Partia Balli Kombetar Democrat i Kosoves)"

not "BKDK (Balli Kombetar Demokrat i Kosoves)"

President is IIMr Agim Gjakova" not liMe Agim Rugova ll

Municipalities to be contested are "16" not "20". Delete "Podujeve/Podujevo"

"Decan/Decani" "Ferizaj/Urosevac" and nVushtrri/Vucitrn"

Page 31

. Page 34

Municipalities to be contested are 1113" not "14", Delete "Decan/Decani"

President is liMe Sabit Rrahmani" not liMe Sabit Hamiti ll