Mishnah/Seder Zeraim/Tractate Berakhot/Chapter 3/4
Seder Zeraim, Tractate Berakhot: Chapter 3, Mishnah 4
|Translation is public domain and by the contributors of the Open Mishnah Project.|
Having discussed various people who are exempt from the recital of the Shema, the Mishnah now turns to people who due to reasons of ritual impurity are unable to recite the Shema (as decreed by Ezra).
Hebrew Text 
- בַּעַל קֶרִי – מְהַרְהֵר בְּלִבּוֹ וְאֵינוֹ מְבָרֵךְ,
- לֹא לְפָנֶיהָ וְלֹא לְאַחֲרֶיהָ.
- וְעַל הַמָּזוֹן – מְבָרֵךְ לְאַחֲרָיו, וְאֵינוֹ מְבָרֵךְ לְפָנָיו.
- רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר:
- מְבָרֵךְ לִפְנֵיהֶם וּלְאַחֲרֵיהֶם.
English Translation 
- The baal keri should think about the Shema in his heart and should not in his heart recite the blessings,
- not before and not after.
- And about food: the blessing after, and not the blessing before.
- Rabbi Yehudah says:
- He blesses before and after the Shema and food.
Baal keri: Baal keri is a Mishnaic euphemism for a person who has had a seminal emission but has not yet been purified according to the relevant laws.
Think about: I.e. he should say the words in his head, concentrating on their meanings.
Blessings: I.e. the blessings of the Shema.
About food... before: This refers to the blessings before eating, which are described in more detail later in this tractate. These blessings must be recited in one's head, similar to the Shema. The 'blessings after' refers specifically to Birkat Hamazon (Grace After Meals).