Mishnah/Seder Zeraim/Tractate Peah/Chapter 2
- And these are the things that divide the corner of the field:
- A river, irrigation ditches, a private road, a public road,
- A public path, a permanent private path for summer and winter days,
- A pit, a meadow, and a different crop. If one harvests hay, this is a division,
- These are the words of R’ Meir.
- And the Sages say, "This is not a division unless it is plowed."
- For an irrigation ditch that one cannot harvest from within,
- R’ Yehuda says, “This is a division.”
- And all the hills that are dug with a hoe,
- Even though cattle cannot cross them with their vessel,
- He gives Peah for the whole thing.
- All of this divides for seed crops,
- And does not divide for trees except for a fence.
- If there were branches that were overgrown,
- This is not a division,
- But rather one gives Peah for everything.
- And for all carob trees, when this one sees that one.
- Rabban Gamliel said, “It was customary in my father’s house to give one Peah
- For the olive trees on every side,
- And for the carob trees, each one that sees the other.”
- R’ Eliezer, son of R’ Tzadok, says in his name,
- “Even for the carob trees that they had in the entire city.”
- When one sows his field with one kind,
- Even though he makes two granaries,he gives one corner.
- If he sows two species, even though he makes one granary,
- He gives two corners.
- If he sows his field with two species of wheat,
- And makes one granary,he gives one corner,
- But if two granaries, two corners.
- It happened that R’ Shimon, the man of Mitzpah,
- Sowed and came before Rabban Gamliel,
- And they went up to the Chamber of Hewn Stone (the Great Sanhedrin)
- And they asked a question there.
- Nachum the clerk said, “I have received it from R’ Meiasha
- Who received it from his father who received it from the Pairs
- That received it from the Prophets, that the Law of Moshe at Sinai is:
- One who sows his field with two kinds of wheat,
- If he makes a granary, he gives one corner,
- If two granaries, he gives two corners.”
- If a field was harvested by Samaritans, or harvested by robbers,
- Or if ants chewed it up (or locusts consumed it),
- Or if it was broken by wind or an animal, he is exempt.
- If he harvests half, and robbers harvest half,
- He is exempt as the obligation of the corner is when the crop is standing.
- If robbers harvested half, and one harvested half,
- He gives a corner from what he harvested.
- If he harvested half, and sells it, and takes half for himself,
- He gives a corner for all of it.
- If he harvests half and dedicates half,
- The one who redeems it from the treasurer gives a corner for it all.