Mishnah/Seder Zeraim/Tractate Peah/Chapter 4
- The corner is given while connected to the ground.
- For vines, and for palm trees, the master of the house brings them down and separates them for the poor.
- R’ Shimon says, “Even separate nut trees.”
- Even if ninety-nine say to separate and one says to plunder,
- Listen to him as he has spoken as is the law.
- For date trees and vines, this is not so.
- Even if ninety-nine say to plunder, and one says to separate,
- Listen to this one, for he has spoken as is the law.
- If one took a corner of the harvest and threw it on the rest, there is nothing for him.
- Even if he falls down on it, and spreads his shawl on it, it has already been transferred.
- And thus it is for the gleanings of the poor, and thus it is for the forgotten sheaf.
- The corner cannot be harvested with a scythe,
- And one cannot uproot it with a spade,
- In order to not hit his friend.
- Thrice in the day there were beggars, in the morning, at midday, and in the afternoon.
- Rabban Gamliel says, “They didn’t say this except for the purpose that they should not be reduced.”
- R’ Akiva says, “They didn’t say this except for the purpose that they shouldn’t increase.”
- Of those that were in Beth Nameir, they would collect with a rope and give a corner from every line and furrow.
- An idol worshipper that harvests his field,
- And after thus becomes a convert to Judaism,
- He is exempt from leaving the gleanings,
- And from forgetting (the sheaves) and from leaving a corner.
- R’ Yehuda obligated him in forgetting (the sheaves),
- As he cannot forget except in the hour that the sheaves would be left.
- One who dedicates a crop which was standing, and redeems it,
- That which was standing is obligated (in gleaning).
- One who dedicated sheaves and redeemed them, the sheaves are obligated.
- That which was dedicated while standing and then was redeemed,
- The sheaves are exempt, for in the hour that it would be obligated, it was exempt.
- Like that which came out on this,
- If one dedicates his fruit, but it wasn’t the season to tithe them, and he redeems them,
- They are obligated.
- If the season to tithe them comes and he redeems them,
- They are obligated.
- If he dedicated them, and they weren’t ripe,
- And they ripened while possessed by the treasurer,
- And after thus he redeemed them,
- They are exempt,
- For in the hour that they would have been obligated, they were exempt.
- He who collects the corner and says:
- “Indeed, this is for so-and-so, a poor man.”
- R’ Eliezer says, “He acquired it for him.”
- And the Sages say, “He gives it to the first poor man that he finds.”
- The gleanings, the forgotten sheaves, and the corners of an idol worshipper,
- They are obligated to be tithed,
- Except if he abandoned it.
- What is a gleaning?
- That which drops in the hour of harvesting.
- If he harvested a handful, or grabbed a fistful,
- And a thorn pricked him,
- And it fell from his hand to the earth,
- Indeed, it belongs to the master of the house.
- If it was from the inside of his hand, or from the blade of the scythe,
- It belongs to the poor.
- If from outside his hand, or the back of the scythe,
- It belongs to the master of the house.
- Also if it is from the tip of the hand or the tip of the scythe.
- R’ Yishmael says, “It is for the poor.”
- R’ Akiva says, “It is for the master of the house.”
- Anything in ant-holes that is within a standing crop,
- Indeed this belongs to the master of the house.
- If this is after the harvesters,
- The upper parts belong to the poor,
- And the under parts belong to the master of the house.
- R’ Meir says, “Everything is for the poor,
- As that which is a doubtful gleaning is still a gleaning.”