New Hampshire Constitution
|Constitution of the State of New Hampshire (1990)
Constitution of 1783 (Still in use)
|Part First - Bill of Rights→|
|Established October 31, 1783 To Take Effect June 2, 1784 As Subsequently Amended and in Force December 1990|
- l. Equality of men; origin and object of government.
- 2. Natural rights.
- 2-a. The bearing of arms.
- 3. Society, its organization and purposes.
- 4. Rights of conscience unalienable.
- 5. Religious freedom recognized.
- 6. Morality and piety.
- 7. State sovereignty.
- 8. Accountability of magistrates and officers; public's right to know.
- 9. No hereditary office or place.
- 10. Right of revolution.
- 11. Elections and elective franchises.
- 12. Protection and taxation reciprocal.
- 13. Conscientious objectors not compelled to bear arms.
- 14. Legal remedies to be free, complete, and prompt.
- 15. Right of accused.
- 16. Former jeopardy; jury trial in capital cases.
- 17. Venue of criminal prosecution.
- 18. Penalties to be proportioned to offenses; true design of punishment.
- 19. Searches and seizures regulated.
- 20. Jury trial in civil causes.
- 21. Jurors; compensation
- 22. Free speech; liberty of the press.
- 23. Retrospective laws prohibited.
- 24. Militia.
- 25. Standing armies.
- 26. Military, subject to civil power.
- 27. Quartering of soldiers.
- 28. Taxes, by whom levied.
- 28-a. Mandated programs.
- 29. Suspension of laws by legislature only.
- 30. Freedom of speech.
- 31. Meetings of legislature, for what purposes.
- 32. Rights of assembly, instruction, and petition.
- 33. Excessive bail, fines, and punishments prohibited.
- 34. Martial law limited.
- 35. The judiciary; tenure of office, etc.
- 36. Pensions.
- 36-a. Use of retirement funds.
- 37. Separation of powers.
- 38. Social virtues inculcated.
- 39. Changes in town and city charters; referendum required.
- 1. Name of body politic.
- 2. Legislature, how constituted.
- 3. General court, when to meet and dissolve.
- 4. Power of general court to establish courts.
- 5. Power to make laws, elect officers, define their powers and duties, impose fines, and assess taxes; prohibited from authorizing towns to aid certain corporations.
- 5-a. Continuity of government in case of enemy attack.
- 5-b. Power to provide for tax valuations based on use.
- 6. Valuation and taxation.
- 6-a. Use of certain revenues restricted to highways.
- 6-b. Use of Lottery Revenues Restricted to Educational Purposes.
- 7. Members of legislature not to take fees or act as counsel.
- 8. Open sessions of legislature.
- 9. Representatives elected every second year; apportionment of representatives.
- 9-a. Legislative adjustments of census with reference to non-residents.
- 10. [Repealed, 1889.]
- 11. Small towns, representation by districts.
- 11-a. Division of town, ward, or place; representative districts.
- 12. Biennial election of representatives in November.
- 13. [Repealed, 1976.]
- 14. Representatives, how elected, qualifications of.
- 15. Compensation of the legislature.
- 16. Vacancies in house, how filled.
- 17. House to impeach before the senate.
- 18. Money bills to originate in house.
- 18-a. Budget bills.
- 19. Adjournment.
- 20. Quorum, what constitutes.
- 21. Privileges of members of the legislature.
- 22. House to elect speaker and officers, settle rules of proceedings, and punish misconduct.
- 23. Senate and executive have like powers; imprisonment limited.
- 24. Journals and laws to be pub lished; yeas and nays, and protests.
- 25. Senate; how constituted.
- 26. Senatorial districts, how constituted.
- 26-a. Division of town, ward, or lace; senatorial districts.
- 27. Election of senators.
- 28. [Repealed, 1976.]
- 29. Qualifications of senators.
- 30. Inhabitant defined.
- 31. Inhabitants of unincorporated places; their rights, etc.
- 32. Biennial meetings, how warned, governed, and conducted; return of votes, etc.
- 33. Secretary of state to count votes for senators and notify persons elected.
- 34. Vacancies in senate, how filled.
- 35. Senate, judges of their own elections.
- 36. Adjournment.
- 37. Senate to elect their own officers; quorum.
- 38. Senate to try impeachments; mode of proceeding.
- 39. Judgment on impeachment limited.
- 40. Chief justice to preside on impeachment of governor.
Executive Power --- Governor 
- 41. Governor, supreme executive magistrate.
- 42. Election of governor, return of votes; electors; if no choice, legislature to elect one of two highest candidates; qualifications for governor.
- 43. In cases of disagreement, governor to adjourn or prorogue legislature; if causes exist, may convene them elsewhere.
- 44. Veto to bills.
- 45. Resolves to be treated like bills.
- 46. Nomination and appointment of officers.
- 47. Governor and council have negative on each other.
- 48. [Repealed, 1976.]
- 49. President of senate, etc. to act as governor when office vacant; speaker of house to act when office of president of senate also vacant.
- 49-a. Prolonged failure to qualify; vacancy in office of governor due to physical or mental incapacity, etc.
- 50. Governor to prorogue or adjourn legislature, and call extra sessions.
- 51. Powers and duties of governor as commander-in-chief.
- 52. Pardoning power.
- 53. [Repealed, 1976.]
- 54. [Repealed, 1976.]
- 55. [Repealed, 1976.]
- 56. Disbursements from treasury.
- 57. [Repealed, 1950.]
- 58. Compensation of governor and council.
- 59. Salaries of judges.
- 60. Councilors; mode of election, etc.
- 61. Vacancies, how filled, if no choice.
- 62. Subsequent vacancies; governor to convene; duties.
- 63. Impeachment of councilors.
- 64. Secretary to record proceedings of council.
- 65. Councilor districts provided for.
- 66. Elections by legislature may be adjourned from day to day; order thereof.
Secretary, Tresurer, Etc. 
- 67. Election of secretary and treasurer.
- 68. State records, where kept; duty of secretary.
- 69. Deputy secretary.
- 70. Secretary to give bond.
County Treasurer, Etc. 
- 71. County treasurers, registers of probate, county attorneys, sheriffs, and registers of deeds elected.
- 72. Counties may be divided into districts for registering deeds.
Judiciary Power 
- 72-a. Supreme and superior courts.
- 73. Tenure of office to be expressed in commissions; judges to hold office during good behavior, etc.; removal.
- 73-a. Supreme court, administration
- 74. Judges to give opinions, when.
- 75. Justices of peace commissioned for five years.
- 76. Divorce and probate appeals, where tried.
- 77. Jurisdiction of justices in civil causes.
- 78. Judges and sheriffs, when disqualified by age.
- 79. Judges and justices not to act as counsel.
- 80. Jurisdiction and term of probate courts.
- 81. Judges and registers of probate not to act as counsel.
Clerks of Courts 
- 82. Clerks of courts, by whom appointed.
Encouragement of Literature, Trade, Etc. 
- 83. Encouragement of literature, etc.; control of corporations, monopolies, etc.
Oaths and Subscrptions Exclusion From Offices, Etc. 
- 84. Oath of civil officers.
- 85. Before whom taken.
- 86. Form of commissions.
- 87. Form of writs.
- 88. Form of indictments, etc.
- 89. Suicides and deodands.
- 90. Existing laws continued if not repugnant.
- 91. Habeas corpus.
- 92. Enacting style of statutes.
- 93. Governor and judges prohibited from holding other offices.
- 94. Incompatibility of offices; only two offices of profit to be holden at same time.
- 95. Incompatibility of certain offices.
- 96. Bribery and corruption disqualify for office.
- 97. [Repealed, 1950.]
- 98. Constitution, when to take effect.
- 99. [Repealed, 1980.]
- 100. Alternate methods of Proposing amendments.
- 101. Enrollment of constitution.