On Improved Dwellings and their Beneficial Effect on Health and Morals

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On Improved Dwellings and their Beneficial Effect on Health and Morals
by Charles Gatliff
Journal of the Statistical Society of London, 38, No. 1. pp. 33-63.
Agency Families Accommodated. Individuals Accommodated. Amount of Capital Expended (£).
1. Metropolitan Association for Improving Dwellings of Industrious Classes 1,060 5,206 189,028
2. Society for Improving Condition of Labouring Classes 341 1,657 36,407
3. St. George's, Hanover Square, Parochial Association for Improving Dwellings of Labouring Classes. 67 240 6,000
4. Marylebone Association for Improving Dwellings of Industrious Classes 572 2,860 28,203
5. Strand Buildings Company 38 200 5,000
6. Central Dwellings Improvement Company 180 800 10,823
7. London Labourers' Dwellings Society 383 1,915 50,294
8. Trustees of Peabody's Gift to the London Poor 954[1] 3,815 380,284
9. Improved Industrial Dwellings Company 1,452[2] 7,260 274,773
10. The Baroness Burdett Coutts 189 694 24,000
11. C. J. Freake, Esq. 108 700 10,000
12. William Gibbs, Esq. 175 660 36,500
13. The Corporation of the City of London 180 849 54,000
14. Countess of Ducie, J. Ruskin, Esq. and others 312 1,560 17,467
15. Right Hon. Russell Gurney, M.P 10 44 2,400
16. W. E. Hilliard, Esq. 108 540 *
17. G. Newson, Esq. 93 465 *
18. Mr. Matthew Allen 126 630 18,860
19. Sir Sydney Waterlow, Bart., M.P 95 475 12,500
20. W. H. Hall, Esq. 35 140 5,689
21. Mrs. Harrison 61 230 9,085
22. Miss J. Ogle 100 500 10,000
23. G. Cutt, Esq 80 400 *
24. J. H. Bedford, Golden Lane, Old Street * * *
25. Brewers' Company 24 120 6,495
26. Duchy of Cornwall 50 250 11,451
27. Jewish and East London Model Lodging House Association / Miss Octavia Hill 29 145 7,800
28. C. Gatliff, Esq. 16 80 2,300
Total 6,838 32,435 1,209,359
* Information not received at time of survey.

Dwellings for Families on Flats. Date when Built. Superficial Area in Feet. Population. Rents.
Total Superficial Area of Land. Superficial Area Covered. Area for Recreation Number of Families. Average Total Population, 1 Year. Rent of Four Rooms per Week. Rent of Three Rooms per Week. Rent of Two Rooms per Week
1. Albert Family Dwellings, Spitalfields (freehold) 1849 16,000 5,848 10,152 60 303 4/8 to 6/ 4/ to 4/8 -
2. Albion Buildings, Bartholomew Close, Aldersgate Street (freehold) Bought 1854 1,966 1,621 345 20 80 - - 4/ to 5/
3. Farringdon Road Buildings, Farringdon Road (leasehold) Built 1874 33,880 17,909 15,971 264 1,260 6/9 to 9/6 6/ to 7/3 5/ to 5/6
4. Gatliff Buildings, Commercial Road, Pimlico (leasehold) 1868 30,016 11,004 19,012 149 610 - 5/6 4/3
5. Hamilton Square, Snow's Fields, Bermondsey (freehold) 1855 27,900 10,580 17,320 108 635 6/6 to 7/ 5/ to 6/6 -
6. Howard Buildings, Albert Street, Spitalfields (freehold)* 1849 9,800 7,360 2,440 46 219 6/ to 7/6 5/ to 6/ 4/9 to 5/6
7. Ingestre Buildings, Golden Square (leasehold) 1854 11,250 8,446 2,804 60 380 6/6 to 8/6 6/ to 6/6 -
8. Pancras Square, Old St. Pancras Road (leasehold) 1846 25,920 11,852 14,068 110 648 6/ to 7/9 4/3 to 5/9 -
Total 156,732 74,620 82,112 817 4,135 - - -
Cottages.
9. Albert Cottages, Albert Street, Spitalfields (freehold) 1858 17,550 7,437 10,113 33 130 - 5/ to 5/8 5/ to 5/8
11. Queen's Place Cottages, Dockhead (leasehold) Bought 1854 2,277 2,117 160 10 54 4/6 - -
12. Victoria Cottages, Albert Street, Spitalfields (freehold) Built 1864 17,435 8,194 9,241 36 81 7/ to 7/6 5/ to 5/8 -
Total 374,852 89,406 85,446 243 1,141 - - -
* This building was originally erected as a lodging house for 234 single men, at a cost of 13,1221l. 7s. 3d., but not being sufficiently occupied to yield an average net return of 1 per cent during a period of eighteen years, the directors felt it their duty to convert it into dwellings for forty-six families, thereby increasing the cost to 17,860l. 8s. 10d.; and they have now the satisfaction of the building being fully occupied, and the percentage increased to near 2½ per cent. on gross cost of the experiment, against which they have warned their followers.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. Buildings in course of, erection for 422 families.
  2. Ibid., for 462 families.
This work published before January 1, 1923 is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.