Order 79: The Iraqi Nonproliferation Programs Foundation

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Order 79: The Iraqi Nonproliferation Programs Foundation
L. Paul Bremer, Coalition Provisional Authority
Deficient OCR, possibly incomplete. Original PDF available at Commons:Category:Coalition Provisional Authority documents.

COALITION PROVISIONAL AUTHORITY ORDER NUMBER 79

THE IRAQI NONPROLIFERATION PROGRAMS FOUNDATION

Pursuant to my authority as Administrator of the Coalition Provisional Authority
(CPA), and under the laws and usages of war, and consistent with relevant United
Nations Security Council resolutions, including Resolutions 1483 (2003), 1511
(2003), and 1546 (2004);

Furthering paragraph 1 of Resolution 1483, appealing to member states and
concerned organizations to assist the people of Iraq in their efforts to reform their
institutions and rebuild their country, and to contribute to conditions of stability
and security in Iraq,

Further noting the provisions of the preamble and subsection 27(E) of the Law of
Administration for the State of Iraq for the Transitional Period calling on the
government to respect and implement Iraq’s international obligations regarding
the non-proliferation, non-development, non-production, and non-use of nuclear,
chemical, and biological weapons, and associated equipment, materiel,
technologies, and delivery systems for use in the development, manufacture,
production, and use of such weapons,

Recognizing that United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004) affirms
that proliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and their means of
delivery constitutes a threat to international peace and security and requires that all
States take effective measures to prevent the proliferation of such weapons,
including by establishing appropriate controls over materials, equipment and
technology which could be used for the design, development, production or use of
such weapons,

Reaffirming the need to prevent the proliferation of technologies and expertise
related to weapons of mass destruction (WMD)—nuclear, chemical, and
biological weapons—their delivery systems, and other advanced military
technologies,

Determining to establish a national foundation to support and assist former WMD
scientists, technicians, engineers, and technical personnel involved in the design of
delivery systems for WMD in Iraq to transition into activities for peaceful civilian
purposes so as to minimize the risk of WMD and delivery system proliferation,

CPA/ORD/19 June 2004/79


Realizing that the success of this foundation will require strong support from the
Iraqi government, other foundations, academic and scientific institutions, intergovernmental,
and non-governmental organizations,

I hereby promulgate the following:

Section 1
Establishment and Purpose


1)
The Iraqi Non-proliferation Programs Foundation (hereinafter “the INPF”)
is hereby established. The INPF shall be a not-for-profit, tax-exempt,
juridical entity with full legal personality and shall be independent of any
Iraqi Ministry.

2)
The INPF shall have authority to develop, approve, and finance science,
technology, and commercialization projects and related activities carried
out at institutions and facilities, public and private, located principally but
not solely in Iraq in order to provide individuals employed by the former
regime in the development, creation, or production of WMD, particularly
those who possess knowledge and skills related to nuclear, chemical, and
biological weapons, or delivery systems (collectively “WMD and delivery
system personnel”), opportunities to redirect their expertise to transparent
peaceful civilian activities that further the scientific, technological,
nonproliferation, and economic development of Iraq. In accordance with
Section 6(2), the INPF shall also have the authority to audit and monitor
any and all projects that it sponsors.

3)
After transfer of full governance authority to the Iraqis on June 30, 2004,
all responsibilities herein ascribed to the Administrator of the CPA shall be
assumed by the head of the Iraqi government.

4)
The INPF shall operate under its Statute (“INPF Statute”). The INPF
Statute shall include all elements needed to organize, manage, and maintain
the INPF, including provisions which specify: general principles of
operation, terms of reference of the Scientific Advisory Committee,
description of financial management, contracting, grant-making, and
acquisition practices, project oversight guidelines, and audit requirements.
The INPF Statute is annexed hereto but may be amended by the Board of
Directors in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2,
paragraph 3.

CPA/ORD/19 June 2004/79


5) The Administrator shall have the right to audit the INPF’s activities and the
INPF shall submit to the Administrator an annual report on its activities that
will include a statement of accounts.
Section 2
Board of Directors, Executive Officer, and Management of Staff
1) The Ministers of Science and Technology, Higher Education and Scientific
Research, Agriculture, Industry and Minerals, Health, and Environment,
and the President of Iraqi National Academy of Science shall constitute the
founding Board of Directors for the INPF. Board members (whether
founding or otherwise) may be represented by designees (who shall have all
the rights, privileges, and powers of a Board member) provided that the
designee has experience in both management and technology. The Board
of Directors shall be responsible for:
a. Determining the INPF’s policy and its own rules of procedure;
b. Providing overall guidance and direction to the INPF staff;
c. Approving the INPF’s budget for submission to funding authorities;
d. Governing the financial and other affairs of the INPF;
e. Approving general criteria and priorities proposed by the Scientific
Advisory Council for the approval of projects;
f. Funding projects recommended by the Scientific Advisory Council;
g. Amending the INPF Statute and other implementing documents as
necessary; and
h. Other functions necessary for the implementation of this Order.
2) Each Director will a serve two-year term. The terms of the founding Board
members will be staggered, so that initially the Ministers of Agriculture,
Industry and Minerals, and Health will be appointed to one-year terms and
the remaining Directors will be appointed to two-year terms. When a
founding Board member’s term expires, his or her successor shall be
appointed by the head of the Iraqi government after consultation with Iraqi
ministries, civil society, and, as appropriate, relevant international experts.
3) Decisions of the Board shall be by simple majority of all the members of
the Board for procedural decisions. Full consensus of the Board is required
to amend the INPF Statute and in other special cases as defined in the INPF
Statute.
4) The Board of Directors will select a Chairman and Vice Chairman from
among its members.

CPA/ORD/19 June 2004/79


5) In the event of a vacancy on the founding Board of Directors, the
Administrator will appoint a new director, as appropriate, in accordance
with Section 2(1) of this Order. In all other circumstances, the
Administrator shall fill a vacancy on the Board by appointing a new
director, as appropriate, in accordance with Section 2(2) of this Order.
6) The Board of Directors shall appoint an Executive Officer who will report
directly to the Board of Directors. The Executive Officer will lead the daily
operation of the INPF. The Executive Officer will serve a three-year term,
which may be renewed once.
7) The Executive Officer will organize the INPF’s personnel in a way that
he/she deems necessary and appropriate to carry out the functions of the
INPF. The Board of Directors will approve the organization plan of the
INPF.
8) The Board of Directors may remove a director or the Executive Officer for
malfeasance, misuse of public funds, failure to fulfill INPF duties or
because of permanent incapacitation.
9) The INPF shall consult with relevant Iraqi governmental ministries not
already represented on the founding Board of Directors, including, but not
limited to Oil, Interior, Communications, Foreign Affairs, and Electricity to
ensure that proposed projects are not duplicative and that they support
Iraq’s reconstruction efforts.
Section 3
Scientific Advisory Council
1) The Board of Directors shall establish a Scientific Advisory Council
(“SAC”), made up of 16 members at least half of whom will have WMD or
delivery system backgrounds. The SAC shall have a balanced membership
that reflects the diversity of Iraq.
2) The SAC shall be composed of qualified Iraqi scientists, technicians,
engineers, or managers from a range of disciplines. They will provide the
INPF with expert scientific and other necessary professional advice in
furtherance of the INPF’s goals, including the review of grants, proposals
and other funding initiatives of the INPF.
3) The terms of reference and method and duration of appointment will be
specified in the INPF Statute.

CPA/ORD/19 June 2004/79


Section 4
Budget, Funding, and Taxes
1) Within 7 days of the Administrator’s approval of this Order, $37.5 million
(“Initial Funding”) shall be transferred from the Development Fund for Iraq
to the INPF. The Initial Funding shall be used to effectuate the
responsibilities given to the INPF under Section 6 of this Order. In
addition, such funding shall also be used to finance the operating and
programmatic expenses of the INPF for its first two years of operation
2) Following transfer of full governance authority, resources for staffing and
staff training, headquarters and equipment acquisition and maintenance,
and operational costs necessary for the INPF to discharge its
responsibilities (including all duties set forth in Section 6) shall be provided
through the national fiscal process and reviewed annually.
3) In financial transactions, the INPF shall not pay in the Republic of Iraq
taxes of any kind, including profit tax, value added tax, personal income
tax, local taxes as well as any other tariffs, dues, custom duties, import
taxes, fees, or any other similar imposed taxes or charges.
Section 5
Salary and Employment Conditions
1) The Executive Officer shall have the power to hire, employ and discharge
personnel in accordance with Iraqi law, as amended by CPA Orders,
Regulations, and Memoranda. CPA Order Number 1, De-Ba’athification of
Iraqi Society (CPA/ORD/16 May 2003/1)), shall not apply to WMD or
delivery system personnel hired by the INPF and shall not be construed to
prohibit WMD or delivery system personnel from participating in any of
the programs set forth in Section 6 of this Order.

2) Salaries of INPF staff shall conform to the salary structure applicable to
Iraqi government employees.

Section 6
Authority and Functions

1)
The INPF is empowered to:

a)
issue grants and contracts to individuals, foundations, universities,
consortia, and other organizations to employ former Iraqi WMD and

CPA/ORD/19 June 2004/79


delivery system scientists, technicians and engineers to undertake
peaceful, civilian activities;

b)
establish training programs to retrain and redirect former WMD and
delivery system scientists, technicians and engineers toward
peaceful, civilian employment;

c)
fund travel and other expenses related to participation by former
Iraqi WMD and delivery system scientists, technicians and engineers
in conferences, national and international research collaborations,
and training activities;

d)
issue grants and contracts to renovate, construct, and equip facilities
in which WMD and delivery system scientists, technicians and
engineers will undertake peaceful, civilian activities;

e)
allocate funds to support commercial development of products and
technologies that support the transition of former Iraqi WMD and
delivery system scientists, engineers, and technicians to civilian
employment, including establishing a venture capital fund;

f)
engage in outreach and information activities to promote the goals of
the INPF;

g)
participate in multilateral efforts to reduce the proliferation of WMD
and missile/delivery system expertise;

h)
support initiatives that the Iraqi government takes to comply with its
obligations under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540
(2004); and

(i)
develop a voluntary code of conduct which Iraqi scientists,
engineers, and technicians can utilize to ensure that their endeavors,
activities, and expertise are utilized for transparent peaceful civilian
activities that further the scientific, technological, and economic
development of Iraq.
2)
All funding initiatives described in Section 6, paragraph 1 must comply
with the purposes set forth in Section 1, paragraph 2.

3)
The INPF shall have the right to access, monitor, and audit funds used in
support of all projects and activities funded through the INPF and monitor
scientific and technical progress, including:

CPA/ORD/19 June 2004/79


Annex


Iraq Nonproliferation Programs Foundation
STATUTE


This Statute is adopted and promulgated pursuant to Section 1, paragraph 4 of Coalition Provisional
Authority Order 79, The Iraqi Non Proliferation Programs Foundation, (CPA/ORD/19 June
2004/79) (the “Order”). In the event of a discrepancy between this Statute and the Order, the latter
shall prevail.

ARTICLE I
NAME AND LOCATION


A. The Iraqi Nonproliferation Programs Foundation (hereinafter referred to as “the INPF”) is
established pursuant to Section 1 of the Order.
B. The Headquarters of the INPF shall be located at Baghdad, in the Republic of Iraq.
ARTICLE II
POWERS


A. Section 1, paragraph 2 of the Order provides as follows:
The INPF shall have authority to develop, approve, and finance
science, technology, and commercialization projects and related
activities carried out at institutions and facilities, public and private,
located principally but not solely in Iraq in order to provide
individuals employed by the former regime in the development,
creation, or production of WMD, particularly those who possess
knowledge and skills related to nuclear, chemical, and biological
weapons, or delivery systems (collectively “WMD and delivery system
personnel”), opportunities to redirect their expertise to transparent
peaceful civilian activities that further the scientific, technological, and
economic development of Iraq. In accordance with Section 6(3), the
INPF shall also have the authority to audit and monitor any and all
projects that it sponsors.

B. The INPF is authorized to carry out the activities enumerated in Section 6 of the Order and shall
use its resources solely for the accomplishment of its objectives.
ARTICLE III
BOARD PURPOSE, MEMBERSHIP, PROCEDURES



A. The Board has the responsibilities set forth in Section 2 of the Order.
B. The Board’s membership is fixed at seven members. Founding Board members shall be the
Ministers of Science and Technology, Higher Education and Scientific Research, Agriculture,
Industry and Minerals, Health, and Environment, and the President of Iraqi National
Academy of Science. Succeeding Board members shall be appointed by the head of the Iraqi
government after consultation with Iraqi ministries, civil society, and, as appropriate, relevant
international experts.
C. The Board shall select from its membership a Chair and Vice Chair who shall serve for one year.
D. The Board shall meet as needed, but not less than four times annually, upon fifteen (15) days
prior notice from the Chair, except whenever a shorter period of notice is agreed to by all members.
At a request from four or more members of the Board to the Chair, an extraordinary meeting of the
Board shall be held upon fifteen (15) days prior notice except whenever a shorter period of notice is
agreed to by all the Parties.
E. The Board may meet physically, through written procedure, or by teleconference. All actions
taken at such meetings shall be confirmed in writing to the INPF Executive Officer within 5 days
following such meetings.
F. A simple majority of the Board is necessary to approve any procedural matters, including, but not
limited to, determining the INPF’s policy; approving the INPF budget; general financial issues;
approving the INPF’s internal documents, such as financial regulations; and approving
recommendations and proposals from the Scientific Advisory Council. Full consensus of the Board
is required to amend the INPF Statute, appoint or remove the Executive Officer, and make
recommendations to the Iraqi Head of government on changes to the Order establishing the INPF.
G. The Board may establish any committees and task forces it believes are necessary to carry out
the objectives of the INPF.
H. The Board shall decide its own rules of procedure, which shall address, inter alia, the method by
which representatives to the Board shall cast their votes and the participation of non-Board
members, including other governments, inter-governmental organizations, non-governmental
organizations, in Board meetings, and the establishment of any committees and task forces.
ARTICLE IV
STAFF


A. The Executive Staff of the INPF consists of the Executive Officer and other staff as necessary to
carry out the work of the INPF.
B. The Executive Officer supervises the INPF’s daily administration and is responsible for

implementing the Board’s policies and decisions. All members of the Staff report to the Executive
Officer. The Executive Officer is appointed for a three-year term, which may be renewed once.

C. The Executive Officer, consistent with decisions of the Board, shall develop an organizational
plan for the INPF staff and will submit the plan to the Board for approval. In making staff
appointments, the Executive Officer shall consider the paramount importance of employing staff
members who possess the highest standards of efficiency, technical competence, integrity, and
commitment to nonproliferation principles. The Executive Officer shall limit appointments of staff
to only those necessary to carry out the work of the INPF and shall seek to limit the administrative
costs of the INPF.
D. Under the guidance of the Executive Officer, the Staff shall be responsible for, inter alia:
[i] Disseminating information about the INPF, including its objectives and functions;
[ii] Receiving project proposals and information required in accordance with this Statute and
preparing proposals for transmission to the Board;
[iii] Responding to statements of interest from institutions and individuals;
[iv] Assisting the participants in the development of project proposals and communicating with
those who submit project proposals;
[v] Collating the advice on the scientific and technical merit of project proposals given pursuant
to Article VII of this Statute;
[vi] Bringing together specialists in Iraq with other specialists with similar interests;
[vii] Proposing the INPF’s activity plan and a budget for each year;
[viii] Preparing Annual Reports of the INPF’s activities, with the first Report to be submitted to
the Board at the end of calendar year 2004 ; and
[ix] Making the necessary arrangements for handling business confidential information, as
defined in Article XI.A. The INPF personnel shall conclude confidentiality agreements with the
INPF for the period of their work at the INPF and two years thereafter. Upon a complaint or
on his or her own initiative, the Executive Officer shall take appropriate administrative actions,
up to and including dismissal, against an INPF employee who has disclosed business
confidential information.
[ix] Other functions assigned to the Staff by the Order, this Statute, the Board, or the Executive
Officer.
ARTICLE V
SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY COUNCIL



A. Within sixty (60) days of the Order’s signature, the Board will appoint 16 individuals to serve on
the INPF Scientific Advisory Council (SAC), which is established pursuant to Section 3 (1) of
the Order. The persons appointed shall be prominent members of Iraq’s scientific, technical, or
engineering communities relevant to the INPF’s objectives and shall have fulfill the duties set
forth in this Article and Article VII.
B.
The SAC members shall serve for two-year terms and shall receive an honorarium for their
service to the INPF. The level of the honorarium will be set annually by the Board.
C.
The SAC shall meet at least once a quarter to advise the Board on fields of research and
applications to be encouraged, discuss and establish proposal application processes, develop
project selection criteria, and monitor the progress of grants. Its first meeting shall occur within
thirty (30) days after all members of the SAC are appointed. SAC members are not prohibited
from submitting proposals to the INPF but shall recuse themselves from meetings where their
presence may result in a conflict of interest.
D. The members of the SAC may also represent the INPF at international meetings and engage in
general outreach activities to promote the INPF’s nonproliferation, scientific, and reconstruction
objectives.
E. In addition to meetings described in paragraph C. of this Article, the SAC shall meet upon
request of the Board, to provide advice on questions referred to it by the Board. The Chairman
of the SAC may also request that the Board call a meeting of the SAC.
ARTICLE VI
PROPOSAL SUBMISSIONS


A. Proposals may be accepted from individuals, qualified governmental and private institutions and
organizations provided that a clear link can be established to the nonproliferation goals of INPF.
Standards of qualification will be set by the SAC with INPF Board approval.
B. Proposals shall be made through the Executive Officer.
C. Each acceptable proposal shall comply with the instructions issued by the INPF, which shall set
forth requirements concerning information to be contained in proposals and the format for
proposals. These instructions are prepared by the Executive Officer and approved by the Board. At
a minimum, the instructions shall require for each proposal:
[i] A summary of the project, including names and resumes for the project manager and
principal investigator(s); a short narrative description of the project’s purpose, activities,
anticipated results, materials and methods, contribution to science, location, and participants; a
clear statement of the relationship of the project to INPF nonproliferation goals and the
reconstruction of Iraq; and the project’s duration and budgeted costs, identified by element of
expense to include at least: salaries, equipment, materials, travel, and institutional overhead of

up to 10% of direct costs, excluding equipment and travel;

[ii] A description of all program and financial aspects of the project, including anticipated
commercial results and intellectual property rights, if any;
[iii] A statement certifying that all participants concur with the work being proposed; and
[iv] Technical monitoring and financial auditing assurances from the institution, individuals,
entities, or organizations submitting the proposal sufficient for implementing the obligations of
Section 6(3) of the Order.
These instructions will help ensure that each proposal contains information sufficient for the
Executive Officer, Scientific Advisory Council, and Board to fulfill their responsibilities under this
Statute and the Order.

D. The INPF will give due regard to preventing:
[i] the transfer of information prohibited under relevant international rules and practices for the
nonproliferation of weapons and other sensitive technologies,
[ii] unauthorized disclosures of proprietary and business confidential information.
Applicants are responsible for ensuring that their proposals comply with applicable laws and
regulations regarding sensitive information and with all laws governing export controls.

E. Proposals are regarded as submitted when the Executive Officer determines that the information
required in paragraph C. of this Article is complete.
ARTICLE VII
SCIENTIFIC AND OTHER PROFESSIONAL ADVICE


A. Within five (5) days of a proposal’s submission, the Executive Officer shall send it to at least two
SAC members with relevant competencies in the field of the proposal. The Executive Officer shall
include at least the information required in Article VI.C. and other information he or she deems
relevant, and a form on which the review shall be completed. The Executive Officer shall prepare
that form after consultation with the SAC.
B. SAC members may solicit the opinions of up to three (3) experts scientific or other appropriate
professional when reviewing a proposal. Reviewers may be Iraqi and/or international experts and
may (if the Board so approves) receive compensation for their work.
C. Not more than sixty (60) days after receiving a proposal from the Executive Officer, SAC
members shall provide the Executive Officer with a single completed form which synthesizes the
reviews obtained in accordance with paragraph B. of this Article, together with copies of those
reviews and his or her own recommendation as appropriate; or confirmation that no review has

been undertaken.

D. A completed review shall contain:
[i] The reviewers’ names and qualifications, including any qualifications related to the specific
proposal;
[ii] An analysis of the scientific, technical, and commercial merit of the proposals and how the
proposed work supports nonproliferation goals and Iraq’s reconstruction;
[iii] An opinion as to whether the project’s objective can be accomplished within the framework
proposed and time allowed;
[iv] An analysis, to the extent possible, of the qualifications of the proposed participants and of
the skills necessary to meet the project's objectives; and
[v] Recommendations for the proposal’s improvement, approval, and/or rejection.
ARTICLE VIII
PROJECT APPROVAL


A. The Executive Officer shall transmit, the proposal, the completed review, and an assessment
(which the Executive Officer shall prepare) as to whether the project is in accordance with the
objectives of the INPF, as described in Section 1, paragraph 2 of the Order.
B. Approval of projects by the Board:
[i] Unless the Board decides otherwise with regard to a specific proposal, it shall have at least
thirty (30) days to consider a proposal after the proposal has been transmitted to it by the
Executive Officer. It shall consider the proposal no later than its first meeting after the thirty
(30) day period ends.
[ii] The Executive Officer shall communicate the Board’s decision to approve or reject the
proposal to the institution, individual, entity, or organization that submitted the proposal.
C. In deciding whether to approve a project, the Board will be guided by criteria and priorities
established according to Section 1, paragraph 2 of the Order and shall consider whether the
financing requested is adequate to accomplish the proposal’s goals.
D. The Board shall effectuate the approval of a proposal by issuing a grant to or entering into a
written contract (collectively “project agreement”) with the institution, individual, entity, or
organization that submitted the proposal.
ARTICLE IX
PROJECT AGREEMENTS



A. For each proposal approved and financed through the INPF, the INPF, acting through the
Executive Officer or his or her designee, shall enter into a project agreement with the recipient
organization, individual, entity, or institution. The project agreement shall expressly provide that it
is subject to the provisions of the Order and the Statute, both of which shall prevail in the case of
conflict with the project agreement.
B. At a minimum, a project agreement shall contain provisions that:
[i] Specify conditions under which costs shall be eligible for reimbursement and ensuring that
they are allowable under the terms of the project or activity, reasonable as to amount and
properly allocated to the project or activity;
[ii] Designate responsibility for performance of technical and financial tasks under the project or
activity and delineate procedures to be followed in the resolution of disputes;
[iii] Establish a schedule for performance and conditions to be met in order to obtain payment;
[iv] Provide for the INPF the right of full INPF access pursuant to the Order, after notice of not
less than 10 days or as specified in the agreement, to carry out on-site scientific or technical
monitoring and financial audit of all activities of the project or activity; specify the portions of
the facilities, equipment, documentation, information, data systems, materials, supplies,
personnel, and services which will concern the project and so will be accessible for the
monitoring and audit;
[v] Require the recipient entity to account for resources used, to identify the types of records
required to support expenditures for the project, and to return unspent funds within a stated
period of time;
[vi] Require regular technical and financial reports detailing the progress of the project or activity
and of expenditures made against the agreement by the same elements of expense identified in
the approved proposal, including accounting for any interest earned by the recipient on funds
accepted from the INPF;
[vii] Require that allowable costs not include, inter alia, any element of profit;
[viii] Set a standard contribution for overhead costs up to 20% of direct costs, excluding
equipment and travel;
[ix] Require that allowable costs not include amounts imposed for taxes of any kind, including
profit tax, value added tax, personal income tax, local taxes as well as any other tariffs, dues,
custom duties, import taxes, fees, or any other similar taxes or charges;
[x] Prohibit the transfer of sensitive information that is prohibited under relevant international
rules and practices for the nonproliferation of weapons, delivery systems, and other sensitive

technologies, and unauthorized disclosures of proprietary and business confidential information;
and

[xi] Provide for the termination of the project as follows:
(a) When the agreement is terminated other than pursuant to paragraph (b) below, costs
shall be limited to the allowable costs incurred by the recipient entity prior to the
termination and such other costs as the INPF considers to be fair and reasonable, having
regard to commitments reasonably entered into and which cannot be cancelled or
avoided. The recipient entity shall comply with any directions of the INPF in the
termination notice to reduce or mitigate these costs.
(b) When the INPF determines that the recipient entity has not complied with the terms
and conditions of the project agreement, the recipient entity shall, upon demand,
promptly return all payments and equipment contributions previously made.
(c) Any disputes on the above matter shall be settled by a procedure involving, in case of
appeal, a final decision of the Board.
ARTICLE X
CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE INPF


A. Without prejudice to Articles XI and XII, foreign governments, international organizations,
nongovernmental organizations, foundations and scientific organizations, private concerns, or
individuals may contribute funds in any currency to the INPF for operating costs, projects, and all
other expenses in accordance with its laws and regulations into an account in the name of the INPF
or directly into the INPF project and administrative accounts. Private concerns or individuals who
contribute funds to the INPF may require (by written contract) that the funds be utilized for a
specific project.
B. Funds that are deposited in the INPF's bank accounts pursuant to paragraph A. of this Article
shall be disbursed from the bank account by the Executive Officer or his designee in accordance
with procedures approved by the Board.
C. Contributions made to the INPF may be maintained in an INPF account established by the
Executive Officer, with the approval of the Board. Disbursement procedures for these funds shall
be established by the Board.
D. Disbursements of funds for projects may be made to the appropriate organizations and
individuals in hard currency or local currency.
ARTICLE XI
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS



A. For the purposes of the Order and this Statute:
“Intellectual Property” shall have the meaning defined in Article 2 of the Convention Establishing
the World Intellectual Property Organization, done at Stockholm on July 14, 1967.

“Business confidential information” means information containing know-how, trade secrets, or
technical, commercial or financial information, which either:

[i] Has been held in confidence by its owner;
[ii] Is not generally known or available from other sources;
[iii] Has not been made available by its owner to other parties without an obligation concerning
its confidentiality; or
[iv] Is not available to the receiving party without obligations concerning confidentiality.
B. Each project agreement shall provide for the adequate protection of intellectual property and -
business confidential information exchanged or provided in the course of an INPF project or
activity.
C. The INPF shall use its best endeavors to ensure that rights acquired are exercised in such a way as
to encourage, consistent with the Statute:
[i] The dissemination and use of non-confidential information created, provided, or exchanged
in the course of a project;
[ii] The adoption and implementation of international technical standards; and
[iii] Fair competition in areas affected by the Order. Entities having rights should make adequate
efforts to exploit their intellectual property rights consistent with the objectives of the
Agreement. To that end,
the INPF (or its designee) and the recipient entity (or its designee) shall agree to protect, allocate,
and manage intellectual property arising under the project agreement, consistent with the principles
of the Order and relevant laws and regulations.

ARTICLE XII
FINANCING OF ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES


A. The fiscal year of the INPF shall be the same as that of the Iraqi national fiscal year.
B. Beginning in 2005, the Executive Officer shall submit (by May 1) to the Board the annual budget
estimates for the operating and program expenses of the INPF for the following fiscal year. The

Board shall approve the INPF’s budget requirements and submit it to the Ministry of Finance by
June 1 of each fiscal year. The Ministry of Finance shall consider the budgetary request and will
determine the appropriate amount of funding for the forthcoming fiscal year according to the
budget preparation process set forth in CPA Order 95, Financial Management Law and Public Debt
Law, (CPA/ORD/2 June 2004/95).

C. Relevant government Ministries and agencies will be encouraged to second staff and provide
other support to the INPF at no cost to the INPF’s budget. The INPF may, as necessary, enter into
agreements concerning seconded staff and support.
ARTICLE XIII
FINANCIAL PROCEDURES


A. Quarterly financial reports shall be provided to the Board on the INPF’s administrative costs,
project awards, grants, contracts and other expenditures in a format consistent with Iraqi law and
standard international accounting practices.
B. An annual audit by an auditor approved by the Board shall be conducted of the INPF’s
expenditures and related financial activities. Results of the audit shall be reported to the Board
within 30 days after completion and will be included in the INPF’s annual report to the Iraqi head of
government.
ARTICLE XIV
AUDITING AND MONITORING


A. All funds contributed for a project or activity through the INPF shall be subject to audit and
technical monitoring by the INPF and the Board of Supreme Audit in accordance Iraqi law and the
following principles:
[i] Audit of costs shall assure that costs reimbursed are allowable under the terms of the project
agreement;
[ii] The INPF or audit organizations as specified by the Board may perform such audits, or
engage others to do so.
[iii] Accounting systems used by project recipients must be acceptable to the INPF in regard to
projects and activities it finances and shall be subject to review and audit;
[iv] Audit reports pertaining to a project shall be available to the entities audited, to the INPF,
the Board.
[v] Allowable costs based on the result of an audit shall be determined by the entity performing
the audit or engaging others to do so. Any disputes shall be settled in accordance with resolution
of dispute procedures contained in the project agreement.

[vi] The INPF or its designees shall have access to facilities, personnel and records for technical
monitoring of scientific, technical, engineering, or other work conducted under the project to
ensure that work is being performed in a manner and according to timelines provided in the
project agreement.
[vii] Provisions for an entity that wholly or partly finances a project or activity and for the INPF
to have the right of full INPF Order access, after notice of not less than 10 days or as specified
in the project agreement, to carry out on-site monitoring and audit of all activities of the project;
specifications of the portions of the facilities, equipment, documentation, information, data
systems, materials, supplies, personnel, and services which will concern the project and so will be
accessible for the monitoring and audit; such specification shall permit the recipient entity the
right to protect those portions of facilities that are not related to the project. After completion or
termination of an INPF project or activity the recipient entity may utilize the facility or portion
of the facility previously used for the INPF project for other work; however, all documentation
and records including those associated with equipment, data systems, materials, supplies and
services utilized on the INPF project or activity must be maintained for up to two years
following such completion or termination and such documents and records and personnel must
be available to the auditor for up to two years following such completion or termination.
B. Approved projects and activities funded other than through the INPF shall be subject to audit by
the funding entity and/or their representatives taking into account the principles set forth in
paragraph A of this Article.
ARTICLE XV
AMENDMENT OF STATUTE


This Statute may be amended by unanimous consent of the Board.

ARTICLE XVI
EFFECTIVE DATE


This Statute is effective as of the date the Order is signed.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).