Page:A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism - Volume 2.djvu/422

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390 ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY OF LIGHT. [791.

and since there is no motion of the medium, equations (B), Art. 598,

^

K rW

(18)

��i,

become P = ,

dt

��K d 2 F

Hence u = ,

4 TT dt*

��47T

��Comparing these values with those given in equation (14), we find

��dz*

��) }

��(19)

��The first and second of these equations are the equations of pro pagation of a plane wave, and their solution is of the well-known form F =/! (z - Vt) +/ 2 (z+ Vt\ |

G =/ 3 (z- Vt) +/ 4 (z+ Vt\ \ (20)

The solution of the third equation is

KfjiH = A + Bt, (21)

where A and B are functions of z. H is therefore either constant or varies directly with the time. In neither case can it take part in the propagation of waves.

791.] It appears from this that the directions, both of the mag netic and the electric disturbances, lie in the plane of the wave. The mathematical form of the disturbance therefore, agrees with that of the disturbance which consti tutes light, in being transverse to the di rection of propagation.

If we suppose G = 0, the disturbance will correspond to a plane-polarized ray of light.

The magnetic force is in this case paral lel to the axis of y and equal to - y- , and

the electromotive force is parallel to the

dF

���axis of x and equal to

��dt

��The mag-

��Fig. 66.

��netic force is therefore in a plane perpen dicular to that which contains the electric force.

The values of the magnetic force and of the electromotive force at a given instant at different points of the ray are represented in Fig. 6 6,

�� �