sighed he, ^^a hero should fly like a cock and not brood like a hen.*' Accordingly, he resigned his post and retired into private life. Soon afterwards there was a severe famine, and he spent the whole of his private fortune in relieving the sufferers. This coming to the ears of the Emperor Hsien Ti, he was at once summoned by his Majesty who took him to Gh^ang-an and made him Minister of State, at the same time ennobling him as Marquis. In 208 he incurred the displeasure of Ts'ao Ts^ao, and was obliged to throw up his post.
193 Chao Yeh ^^ (T. ^^). 1st cent. A.D. A native of Chehkiang, who after serving for a while in a subordinate official capacity, studied for twenty years under Tu Fu. Author of the ^ ^ ^ ^ , a history of the States of Wu and Yiieh between the 12th and 5th centuries B.C., in which there is a mixture of feuit, unauthentic anecdote, and romance. He also wrote the ^ on the Odes.
194 Chao Yüan ' ^ TC (T. ^ @ ). A scholar and official of the 7th cent. A.D., known chiefly from his intimate friendship with the poet Gh^dn Tzti-ang. He was at Lo-yang during the reign of the Empress Wu Hou, when he found it more consistent with safety to lead a quiet and retired life. He died at the age of 49, and was canonised by his friends as ^ ^ ^ Jt\^ .
195 Chao Yüan-hao ^ tC ^- A.D. 1003—1048. The founder of the Hsia State. He was the son of ^ ^ V^ Chao T£-ming, who had beeu Governor of Hsia-chou in Kansuh, and had been posthumously ennobled as King of Hsia. The family was descended from the Tobas.- Under the T^ang dynasty the surname ^^ Li had been bestowed upon them for services rendered; and this again had been similarly changed under the Sung dynasty to Chao. Chao YUan-hao succeeded his father in 1032 as Governor of Hsia-chou.He was of a fierce and suspicious nature, a student of Buddhism,