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as ^ ^ , and his tablet was placed in the Confucian Temple.
225 Ch'ên Hsü (T. ^j^). A.D. 531-582. Brother of 225 Ch'6n Ch4en and uncle to Ch'6n Po-tsnng, whom ]^e deposed in 558, mounting the throne as fourth Emperor of the Ch'6n dynasty. In 573 he recoTered many Districts from Ch4, but was OTcrawed by the rising power of Ghou. Canonised as ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ .
226 Ch'ên Hsüan 陳撰 (T. 楞山 H. 玉几) A famous calligraphist and bibliophile of the 18th cent. A.D.
227 Ch'ên Huang-chung (T. ^ ;^. H. ;^ ^). 18th cent. A.D. An historical writer, who refused to be recommended to the Emperor Ch4en Lung, preferring a life of comparative poverty. Author of the 5|c ^ ^t « ^ bistory of the Sung dynasty, of the ^ ^ ^ j^ ^ , a work on the canonisations of the present dynasty, of two books on the dates of metropolitan and provincial high o£5cials, and of a collection of poems and essays.
228 Ch'ên Hung-mou 陳宏謀 (T. 汝咨 H. 褣門). A.D. 228 1695—1771. Graduated as chin shih in 1723. Afber serving in the Censorate he was sent to the provinces, and soon rose to be Grovernor; and during the next twenty years he was moved about from province to province over half the empire. In 1757 he was Viceroy of the Two Euang, but lost the post in consequence of alleged incapacity in dealing with a plague of locusts. In 1763 he was President of the Board of War, and in 1767 Grand Secretary and President of the Board of Works. In 1771 he retired from ill- health, with the title of Senior Tutor to the Heir Apparent, and died soon afterwards. Ch'6n was a most successful administrator. He always had his room hung round with maps of the province in which he was serving, so as to become familiar with its geography. He was severe but just to his subordinates, and always anxious to improve the condition of the people. He encouragedthe production of copper in Yunnan by allowing the sale of all