Page:A Chinese Biographical Dictionary.djvu/154

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A Chinese Biographical Dictionary 135

several historical and biographical works , such as ^ ^ H J^ A History of the Kitan Tartars, ^ j^ 10^ ^ ^ # Biographies of Officials, etc. etc. The treatises on the Constitution entitled an unfinished work of his.

342 Chiang T'ing-hsi (T. ^-^ ^^^ SS #• H. ^ f^). A.D. 1668—1732. A native of Eiangsn, who graduated as cAtfi shih in 1703, and in 1717 became one of the Readers to the Emperor E'ang Hsi. Under Yung Ghdng he rose rapidly to be a Grand Secretary. As a youth, he was successful as a poet and a flower-painter. Author of a collection of poems and essays entitled ^ |^ ^ ^ ^ 9 ^^^ President of the Commission under which the H ^ ^ J^t the vast encyclopaedia initiated by the Emperor E'ang Hsi, was ultimately brought to completion. He had also been Vice President of the Commission appointed to compile the Institutes of the present dynasty. Canonised as

343 Chiang Tzŭ-ya . 11th and 12th cent. B.C. The common designation of an old man named § ^ LO. Shang (T. -^ ^)f whose clan name was Chiang, and who became the chief counsellor to Wdn Wang. One day, when the latter was going out hunting, he was told by the divining-grass that his quarry would be none of the usual animals, but a "Prince's Teacher." He fell in with the above old man, then eighty years of age, who was fishing with a straight piece of iron instead of a hook, upon which the fishes readily allowed themselves to be caught, in order to satisfy the needs of this wise and virtuous angler. "Ah!" cried W6n Wang, "it is you for whom my grandsire ^ looked." Thereupon he carried the old man home with him in his chariot, and named him accordingly ^ ^ ^ . For twenty years he served Wen Wang and his son, aiding them